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Akash Surface to Air Missile System

Discussion in 'Indian Military Doctrine' started by Spirit27, Jun 10, 2010.

  1. Star Wars

    Star Wars Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Awesome... finally some of the defense budget being circulated within the country :dance3:
     
  2. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Akash Missile - Medium range mobile anti-aircraft missile

    Basically an upgraded Russian SA-6 system, the Akash is a command guided missile system that has been under development by DRDL for 25 years, and has already cost Rs. 516.86 crore, the highest for any of India's missile systems.

    [​IMG]


    Operational Status
    Two squadrons of the missiles are operational with the IAF, an additional six are likely to be ordered soon (as of February 2010).

    Each squadron will have two Flights equipped with four Akash launchers, and a total of 125 missiles. The total IAF order will now by for 1,000 missiles.

    The Indian Army has shown interest in acquiring the missile. It is expected to order two Akash regiments with six firing batteries each, for around Rs 4,000 crore.

    Missile Characteristics
    The 720kg, 5.78-metre long missile has a diameter of 35 cm and a length of 5.78 meters. With a top speed of Mach 2.5, the missile can engage targets as far as 25 km away flying at heights ranging from 20m to 18kms.

    The all weather missile features a digitally-coded command guidance system and has a 60kg warhead.

    "The fully-automated Akash has an 88% kill probability within a specified kill zone... It has even intercepted a target with a 0.02 sq metre of radar cross-section (a fighter has a 2 sqm RCS)," a DRDO official told TOI in March 2011.

    According to DRDO, the missile is capable of engaging cruise missiles.

    Akash is supported by multi-target and multi-function phased array fire control radar called 'Rajendra' that has a range of about 60 km.

    The Akash missile system is mobile, with the missile launcher, radar and command center all mounted on T-72 chassis.

    The mobile command centre selects up to four of the most threatening air targets, and two Akash missiles are fired at each from the T-72 based Akash launchers, which move alongside. The Rajendra radar continuously guides the missiles, eventually “flying” them smack into the enemy fighters.

    The Akash missile offers better maneuverability than typical surface-to-air missiles because it does not have a coast phase; it's boosted through out its flight envelope. According to DRDO, no other missile in the world offers this feature.

    Akash Missile System: Configuration and Components

    The Akash Missile System comprises a Group Control Center (GCC), an early warning Rohini 3D Central Acquisition Radar (CAR), and 2-4 Missile Batteries deployed around within 25km from the GCC.

    An Air Force squadron comprises of 2 Akash batteries, while an Army regiment can comprise three or four batteries.

    Group Group Control Center (GCC)

    [​IMG]
    Akash GCC at Aero India 2011 in Bengaluru.

    The GCC serves as the C41 Center for the Akash Weapon System.

    • Receives surveillance data from 3D CAR and cues batteries through BCC
    • Data links with 3D CAR and BCC over radio and land line.
    • Multi radar track fusion (BLR and 3D CAR)
    • Displays coherent integrated air picture
    • Identify and classify target.
    • Integrated IFF
    • Threat evaluation and prioritization
    • Target assignment
    • Provision for manual override by commander
    • Initial readiness check of batteries
    • Supports cued acquisition in BLR
    • Controls upto 8 batteries
    • Tracking of 64 targets
    • Connectivity with higher echelons

    Rohini 3D CAR

    [​IMG]
    Rohini 3D CAR at Aero India 2011.

    The Rohini 3D CAR is medium range surveillance radar mounted on a mobile platform. The radar operates in S-band and is capable of Track-While-Scan [TWS] of airborne targets up to 150 kms.

    ECCM features - side-lobe blanking, frequency agility and jammer analysis.
    Integrated IFF Mk XI with extractor & co-mounted antenna.
    Configured as three mobile units mounted on three vehicles.
    Fully automated and controlled from Radar Console with user friendly GUI.
    Dedicated on-line BITE facility.
    Data remoting of Tracks and plots over LAN to remote stations.
    Data remoting of Digital data Link to remote data center.

    Akash Battery

    [​IMG]
    Akash launcher

    An Akash battery comprises four tracked launchers each with three missiles each, a Rajendra Battery Level Radar (BLR). and a Battery Control Center (BCC)

    Battery Control Center (BCC)

    [​IMG]
    BCC at Aero India 2011 in Bengaluru.

    The BCC is a fully automated system that facilitates command, control and communication at the battery level

    • Air situation display with threat assessment.
    • Weapon assignment and control
    • Missile acquisition and target kill assessment.

    Rajendra Battery Level Radar (BLR)

    [​IMG]
    Rajendra BLR at Aero India 2011 in Bengaluru.


    The Rajendra is a multifunction radar for surveillance, tracking and missile guidance with integrated IFF.

    • Tracking of 64 targets simultaneously
    • Precision monpulse tracking
    • Frequency, time and space diversity
    • Low level tracking
    • Advanced ECCM features



    Development History

    The first test flight of the missile was conducted in 1990, and since then many development and field trials have taken place.

    The last field trials for the missile were conducted at Pokhran in Rajasthan in late 2007.

    According to DRDO, the missile was tested 9 times during the last development phase and on all occasions met the guidance and accuracy control requirements.

    However, the missile has consistently fallen short of IAF requirements, which wants a smaller, lighter missile with a longer range, greater maneuverability and an active seeker.

    DRDO proposes to remove the shortcomings in the missile through batch-by-batch improvements. Management of launcher and missile resources


    [​IMG]
    Akash Missile at Aero India 2011 in Bengaluru.

    Orders

    Air Force

    Indian Air Force placed a Rs 1,200 crore order with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for two squadrons of medium range, surface-to-air missile Akash in 2008.

    Bharat Electronics will be the nodal production agency along with Bharat Dynamics and there will be at least 40 industries from the public and private sectors that will be involved with the manufacture of these missiles in large numbers.

    Additional IAF Order for Six Squadrons

    On February 2, 2010 Defence Minister A. K. Antony told the press that the Defence Acquisition Council in a meeting on Monday, February 1, had cleared acquisition of an additional six Akash squadrons for the IAF.

    The six squadrons are in addition to the two ordered by the IAF earlier, he said, adding that the order value would be around Rs. 5,000 crore.

    He said the IAF, which initially had doubts about the missiles capability, was now keen to acquire additional squadrons after having been satisfied with the performance of the missiles systems that it had acquired.

    “They (IAF) are now happy. There were doubts in the past, but now they are becoming a reality,” he said.

    IAF Akash Deployment

    The first IAF Akash squadron, with two 'flights' of four launchers each, is expected to be operational at Gwalior airbase by 2011.

    One Akash squadron will be deployed at Pune, under SWAC.

    Six squadrons will be based in the north-east to counter the Chinese threat. (Reference)

    Army

    Order for Two Akash Regiments
    The Cabinet Committee on Security on Thursday, March 17, 2011, cleared the purchase of two Akash regiments, with six firing batteries and hundreds of missiles each, for the Army. The total order value is Rs 14,180 crore.

    On December 1, 2010 in a written reply to Smt. T Ratna Bai in Rajya Sabha, Defense Minister Shri AK Antony said:

    Request for Proposal (REP) for procurement of Akash Weapon System for Army has been issued to a Defense Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) in October 2010.

    On April 14, 2010 Hindu reported that COAS General VK Singh had agreed in principal to the purchase of the Akash missiles for use by the Army during a meeting of the Defense Acquisition Council a week earlier.

    The Army's interest is conditional to BEL's ability to deliver the missiles promptly, despite the Air Force order for six additional Akash missile squadrons.

    Earlier, the Army was reported to be interested in acquiring several Akash squadrons for its ground forces.

    The DRDO’s Chief Controller for R&D, Prahlada, told Business Standard in early November 2009:

    “I cannot say whether the army is interested in the Akash for its strike corps, or for another role. In any case, the Akash is a mobile system that is suitable for various roles.”

    Akash Mark-2

    India wants to build a version of Akash for use on ships, and is already looking into a longer range (60 kilometers) version.

    A 2010 year end GOI press release referred to a Mark-2 version of the missile


    Source/Credit : http://knol.google.com/k/vijainder-k-thakur/-/yo54fmdhy2mq/0
     
    Last edited: Jul 6, 2011
  3. Vritra

    Vritra Major ELITE MEMBER

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    @Galaxy.... Please credit the KNOLs you're taking the info from...
     
  4. uptotrix

    uptotrix Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Here's a video

     
    Last edited by a moderator: Mar 12, 2014
  5. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Ya it's all knoll. Is it copyright ? Sure, will do next time onwards...Thanks
     
  6. Vritra

    Vritra Major ELITE MEMBER

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    ^^^Nah, don't think its copyright, but credit where its due, right? They did take the time to put all this info together.
     
  7. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Yes, I will do that .. Edited also with source.
     
  8. Vritra

    Vritra Major ELITE MEMBER

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    :cheers:
     
  9. Steel

    Steel Lieutenant SENIOR MEMBER

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    Akash missile to be inducted to counter China



    [​IMG]
    India will achieve a major milestone inthe development of indigenous military technology when Defence Minister AK Antony hands over the first batch of Akash surface-to-air missiles to the Indian Air Force inHyderabad on Saturday, ahead of its deployment in the northeast against possible Chinese threats.

    Antony will also hand over TAL, an advanced indigenously developed lightweight torpedo, to the Indian Navy.

    “The defence minister will hand over Akash and TAL to the air force and the navy on Saturday in Hyderabad,” a defence ministry official said here Thursday.

    The two weapon systems that will greatly enhance the air force and navy’s strike capabilities, have been indigenously and manufactured by theHyderabad-based Bharat Dynamics Limited, a defence public sector undertaking.

    Akash and TAL were developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

    India plans to deploy two squadrons of the Akash missile in the northeastern region as a counter to threats from China.

    Akash missile to be inducted to counter China
     
  10. ManuSankar

    ManuSankar Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Akash missile test-fired for third time in 5 days\

    Balasore: India on Monday test-fired two indigenously developed "Akash" missiles in quick succession from a test range in Odisha.

    The test-fire of the surface-to-air anti-aircraft defence missiles was the third in five days.

    Last week, India had twice successfully test-fired the indigenously developed missile from the test range at Chandipur near Balasore.

    The tests were conducted on May 24 and 26.

    The missile has a strike range of 25 kilometres with warhead of 60 kilograms.

    Akash, an anti-aircraft defence system, can simultaneously engage several targets with ‘Rajendra’ radar developed by Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), a DRDO laboratory situated at Bangalore. Rajendra does the surveillance, tracks the target, acquires it and guides the missile towards it.

    The development of Akash missile took place during 1990s under country’s integrated guided missile development programme (IGMDP). After many trials, was inducted into armed forces in 2008. An air-force version of ‘Akash’ missile has also been developed by DRDO.

    Rajendra is a multifunction radar, capable of tracking as many as 64 targets and controlling up to 12 missiles simultaneously.

    Defence experts have compared Akash missile system with the American MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile system.

    They claim that like the MIM-104, the Akash is capable of neutralising aerial targets such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles.

    Akash missile test-fired for third time in 5 days
     
  11. Steel

    Steel Lieutenant SENIOR MEMBER

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    Rajendra Battery Level Radar fails to Detect pilot-less target aircraft (PTA) leading to No launch of Akash



    [​IMG]

    In an embarrassment to the DRDO, the most sophisticated surface-to-air missile, Akash, failed to take off on Wednesday during a user-specific trial from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) off the Odisha coast. The tests are being conducted by the armed forces.

    The missile was lined up for trial around 11.10 am from a road launcher at the launching complex-III of the ITR. Like the earlier trials last week, a pilot-less target aircraft (PTA) was flown from the launching complex-II which was to be targeted by the missile.

    A source at the test facility said the radar in the Akash system usually tracks the target and provides required command to the launcher to fire the missile. “But during this trial, the radar could not locate the PTA and failed to give command to the launcher,” the source said.

    “The scientists are looking at the faults in the system and hope to rectify it. They are preparing for the next trial on Thursday,” the source said and termed it as a minor snag in the system.

    Rajendra Battery Level Radar fails to Detect pilot-less target aircraft (PTA) leading to No launch of Akash | idrw.org
     
  12. Averageamerican

    Averageamerican Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Akash missile fails a routine test flight

    Akash missile fails a routine test flight

    India's defense industry experts are investigating the failure of the surface-to-air missile Akash to lift off during a test in which it was to hit a target in flight.

    The medium-range Akash was launched from the Integrated Test Range at Balasore in Orissa state to hit a target pulled by a pilot-less Lakshya aircraft flying over the Bay of Bengal, a report by The Hindu newspaper said.

    However, the missile failed to launch from its mobile land launcher and immediately tumbled onto the ground, the news Web site IBN Live said.

    Five minutes after the first missile's failure, a second missile was launched and hit its target, IBN said.

    The flights of the Akash missiles were a routine post-induction test, The Hindu newspaper said, and more similar tests are planned for the missile that was developed for the army and air force by the government's Defense Research and Development Organization.

    The Lakshya drone, which reportedly performed well, also is a DRDO development project that was first used in 1985 and is manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.

    The recoverable drone is powered by a HAL PTAE-7 turbojet and has a crushable nosecone to absorb the impact of heavy landings that may occur during its two-stage parachute descent. It flies at just under 30,000 feet and has a maximum speed of around 530 miles per hour.

    Around 3,000 of the 18-foot Akash missiles have been built by Bharat Dynamics and Bharat Electronics since production began n 2009. The missile is guided by a phased-array fire control radar called Rajendra -- named after India's first president Rajendra Prasad.

    Defense experts have compared the Akash missile system to the MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile manufactured by Raytheon in the United States. Similar to the MIM-104, the Akash can neutralize aerial targets, including unmanned aerial vehicles, fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles, the defense news Web site Defense Professionals said.

    The development of Akash missile took place during 1990s under India's Integrated Guided Missile Development Program that ran from the early 1980s up to 2007 to set up a range of missile defense systems. The program was managed by the DRDO in conjunction with other Indian government labs and research centers.

    Apart from the Akash, the program's systems include the short-range surface-to-surface Prithvi ballistic missile, intermediate range surface-to-surface Agni missile, short range low-level surface-to-air Trishul missile and the third-generation anti-tank Nag missile.

    Akash missile fails a routine test flight
     
  13. ManuSankar

    ManuSankar Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Air Force version of 'Akash' missile successfully test-fired

    BALASORE (ODISHA): India on Wednesday successfully test-fired its indigenously developed surface-to-air 'Akash' missile of Air Force version from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur near here, the fifth trial of the anti-aircraft system in the last fortnight.

    "The Air Force version of Akash missile was test-fired from the ITR. The trial was successful and met all the mission objectives," a senior defence official said.

    The anti-aircraft missile, with a strike range of 25 km and capable of carrying warhead of 60 kg, was test fired from a mobile launcher at launch complex-III of the ITR.

    The trial, which formed part of the country's routine air defence exercises, was conducted at 0757 hrs, an official of Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) associated with the Akash missile project said.

    To re-validate the technology and operational efficacy of the missile, defence forces conducted the trial with logistic support provided by the ITR, the official said. The Akash weapon system, which has its Army version too, was inducted into the armed forces in 2008.

    Today's test-fire came after similar trials conducted from the same test range on May 24, 26, 28 and June 1. On June 1, two Air force version of Akash missiles had been test fired successfully in quick succession, the official said.

    "During the trial, the sophisticated missile was aimed at intercepting floating object supported by a pilotless target aircraft at a definite altitude over the sea," defence sources said.

    Akash, an anti-aircraft defence system, can simultaneously engage several targets with 'Rajendra' radar developed by the Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), a DRDO laboratory in Bangalore.

    'Rajendra' does the surveillance, tracks the target, acquires it and guides the missile towards it.

    The development of Akash missile took place during 1990s under the country's Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and after many trials, it was inducted into the armed forces.

    The DRDO has developed both the Air Force and Army versions of the Akash missile.

    Rajendra is a 'passive phased array radar'. It is a multifunction radar, capable of tracking as many as 64 targets and controlling up to 12 missiles simultaneously.

    Defence experts have often compared Akash missile system with the American MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile system.

    They claim that similar to the MIM-104, the Akash is capable of neutralising aerial targets such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles.

    Air Force version of 'Akash' missile successfully test-fired - The Times of India
     
    1 person likes this.
  14. Steel

    Steel Lieutenant SENIOR MEMBER

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    [video=youtube_share;SZr9xEknv-4]http://youtu.be/SZr9xEknv-4[/video]
     
  15. Himanshu Pandey

    Himanshu Pandey Don't get mad, get even. STAR MEMBER

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    we had ordered more then 3000 Akash missiles for IA and IAF... does so many are required as its range is less and is there any plan for more orders?
     

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