An empire built by Copying Apple

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by Manmohan Yadav, Jun 5, 2013.

  1. Manmohan Yadav
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    Manmohan Yadav Moderator Staff Member

    China is notorious for its knockoffs. But now comes a knockoff of one of the gods of American ingenuity: Steven P. Jobs.

    In a country where products like iPhones are made but rarely invented, Lei Jun - entrepreneur, multimillionaire and professed Jobs acolyte - is positioning himself and his company as figurative heirs of Jobs. The Chinese media have nicknamed his company, Xiaomi, the "Apple of the East."

    The title is a stretch, by almost any measure. But Lei nonetheless is carefully cultivating a Jobsian image here, right down to his jeans and dark shirts. He is also selling millions of mobile phones that look a lot like iPhones. Chinese consumers - and deep-pocketed investors overseas - seem to be believers.

    And yet Lei's biggest believer may be himself. He bounds onto podiums to introduce new cellphones. He proclaims things that may, to many, sound outlandish. For instance:

    "We're making the mobile phone like the PC, and this is a totally new idea," Lei, Xiaomi's chief executive, said during an interview at the company's spacious, high-rise headquarters here. "We're doing things other companies haven't done before."

    That might come as a surprise to Apple and Samsung Electronics, the twin giants of smartphones. But Xiaomi (pronounced SHAO-mee) did sell $2 billion in handsets in China last year. It is emerging as a force in China, the world's largest mobile phone market, and it expects its revenue to double this year.

    Lei, for his part, hardly discourages comparisons to Apple and Jobs. To the contrary.

    And why not? Founded by a group of Chinese engineers three years ago, his company sold 7 million mobile phones last year by using designs that mimic the look and feel of the iPhone and using marketing that seems right out of Apple's playbook.

    It's no surprise that entrepreneurs aspire to create a Chinese Apple. Many talk about moving China beyond the dead end of assembling devices for other companies. So far, however, true innovators have been scarce. At best, they have adapted others' technology to the Chinese market.

    Lei has attracted believers because no company's annual revenue has reached the $1 billion mark in China faster than Xiaomi, not even Amazon, which took five years to get there. Xiaomi did it while earning a profit.

    Its backers include Qiming Venture Partners, the venture capital arm of Qualcomm and Digital Sky Technologies, an investment firm run by Yuri Milner, an early backer of Facebook, Groupon and Zynga.

    Skeptics say the company produces low-price iPhone imitations with no significant software or hardware advantages. They also say the company faces stiff challenges from Apple and Samsung, which are in a position to offer low-price smartphones. The marketing power of bigger local handset makers like Lenovo, Huawei and Taiwan's HTC, which together recently sold about 25 percent of all smartphones in China, cannot be discounted either.

    Whether the company succeeds, its rise has solidified Lei's reputation as a startup wizard. Part entrepreneur and part startup investor, he spent more than a decade at the Chinese software company Kingsoft and took it public in 2007. (He remains chairman and holds a $300 million stake.)

    He also invested in a string of successful software and Internet companies, including YY, an online social platform that went public on the Nasdaq stock exchange in the United States last year and is now worth $1.63 billion. One of Lei's earliest successes came in 2004, when Amazon paid $75 million to acquire his e-commerce company Joyo.com.

    "Lei Jun is a phenomenal entrepreneur," said Kai-Fu Lee, the former Google executive who now runs Innovation Works, a Beijing-based firm that invests in Chinese startups. "He's insightful about user needs and markets, and now he has this incredible desire to create a household brand in technology."

    With $41 million in initial financing, Lei teamed up with a former Microsoft and Google engineer, Bin Lin, and five other engineers to set up Xiaomi in a small office on the outskirts of Beijing.

    Work began in 2010 on a software platform for the phone adapted from Google's Android system. The company also sought out many of the same suppliers and contract manufacturers that worked with Apple, including Qualcomm, Broadcom and Foxconn.

    In August 2011, Xiaomi introduced its first smartphone, the Mi-1, which sold out in two days. The Mi-2 was released last August, and sold out so quickly that some analysts claimed Xiaomi was creating artificial shortages to generate buzz through "scarcity marketing."

    To lower costs, the company cut out middlemen and distributors, selling directly through its website. The marketing was not just innovative for China, the company said, but allowed Xiaomi to sell smartphones for just half the price of the iPhone or Samsung Galaxy phones.

    Xiaomi also outsources designs and features online from its so-called Mi-Fans, and releases a new version of the operating system every Friday, to add new features and keep the Mi-Fans excited.

    "For a startup it's quite impressive what they've achieved," Sandy Shen, an analyst at the research firm Gartner, said. "But the question is: how are they going to grow their market share beyond the narrow segment they've targeted?"

    Lei, listed by Forbes as one of China's wealthiest entrepreneurs, worth $1.7 billion, has already helped create three multibillion-dollar startups in the last decade. Little wonder, then, that he comes across as confident, even a little cocky.

    "We're not just some cheap Chinese company making a cheap phone," he said. "We're going to be a Fortune 500 company."
  2. layman
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    layman SENIOR MODERATOR Staff Member

    If Someone has to beat Apple or Samsung, they need to come up with something new tech like flexible or surface, etc. Else there is no way any new company can beat them.

    These stalwarts can simply lower the price to cut throat margins and these new budding companies will be swept out.
  3. Alpha1
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    Alpha1 FULL MEMBER

    :lol: my teacher has one.
    Pretty decent and cheap, feels like an Iphone but it isnt, :lol: an Iphone!
  4. INDIAN NATIONALIST
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    INDIAN NATIONALIST FULL MEMBER

    Steve Jobs wasn't god of anything but clever marketing and overpriced hardware in sexed-up packaging. And predictably so impressionable Chinese are eating up everything the medias tell them.
  5. layman
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    layman SENIOR MODERATOR Staff Member

    And you point being ?
  6. INDIAN NATIONALIST
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    INDIAN NATIONALIST FULL MEMBER

    contesting one of the article's premises

    maybe i'm just biased because i took offense at apple's policy of refusing to service iranian customers because some of my family is iranian by heritage.
    they're fully within their rights to do so and i wouldn't want to be serviced by them if that's how they honestly felt. I still thik they're despicable tools for this sort of pointless discrimination however.
    Last edited: Jun 8, 2013
    1 person likes this.
  7. Sagar alias Jacky
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    Sagar alias Jacky FULL MEMBER

    Last edited: Jun 8, 2013
  8. AccessDenied
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    AccessDenied FULL MEMBER

    And in this context, our tech geniuses (like Pranav Mistry) go all 'Gandhi' and open-source their technologies instead of patenting them and building multi-billion dollar empires.:hitwall:

    Why is entrepreneurship so often divorced from technological genius in our country?
    1 person likes this.

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