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AWACS Developed by DRDO to Roll Out in January 2011; Flight Tests in 2011

Discussion in 'Indian Air Force' started by d14gtc, Sep 19, 2010.

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  1. d14gtc

    d14gtc Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Agency reports out of Bangalore have quoted Mr. Prahlada, R&D Chief of DRDO, confirming that indigenous Airborne Warning and Control Systems developed by DRDO will begin to roll out in January 2011. The DRDO is working on integrating these AWACS onboard the Brazilian aircraft EMB-145 as per Indian Air Force's requirement

    Flight tests are expected in India later in 2011. Prahlada termed the indigenous AWACS as "very cost-effective" and "probably the cheapest in the world".

    Officials said the AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control System) was being developed by the Bangalore-based Center for Airborne Systems (CABS), a lab under the DRDO for the IAF. Under a deal signed between India and Brazil in 2008, Embraer aircraft manufacturer was entrusted to modify its EMB145 to carry Active Array Antenna Unit by India on the aircraft's fuselage.

    Three modified EMB-145 aircraft would be developed under the agreement. The indigenous AWACS would detect, identify and classify threats present in the surveillance area and act as a command and control center to support air operations.
     
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  2. DaRk KnIght

    DaRk KnIght Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    How amny AWACS are expected??
     
  3. d14gtc

    d14gtc Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    The 20 Brazilian platforms on order will be used by DRDO to make their own Indigenous AEW&CS.
     
  4. Desi Jatt

    Desi Jatt Captain ELITE MEMBER

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    In details...

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  5. Desi Jatt

    Desi Jatt Captain ELITE MEMBER

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    [​IMG]

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  6. RoYaN

    RoYaN Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Embraer and the Indian Government have signed a deal for three EMB 145 AEW&C (Airborne Early Warning & Control) jets. The contract includes a comprehensive logistics package comprised of training, technical support, spare parts, and ground support equipment. The first delivery is scheduled for 2011. The three aircraft will be outfitted by the customer with cabin equipment and mission systems. Centre for Air Borne Systems (CABS), a unit of DRDO is the central agency for integration and delivery of the AEW&C.

    Embraer-145 has been the aircraft of choice by the IAF as per their operational requirement (OR) since 2002 when it was evolved. There have been no changes over it. The platform was evolved with DRDO and IAF panel. IAF has chosen Embraer-145 due to commonality with the Embraer executive jets it already operates. These 3 AEW&C jets will join four Legacy jets in operation by the Indian Air Force (IAF) used to transport Indian VIPs, as well as foreign dignitaries. A fifth Legacy belongs to the Border Security Force (BSF), under India’s Home Ministry.

    The aircraft is estimated to have an endurance of 5 hours from take off to landing. 5 hours total endurance means an operational endurance of 3 -3.5 hours of the AEW&C. 1-2 hours are reserved for taking off in and reaching the particular spot and then coming back. Initially the IAF wanted total endurance of 5-6 hours. In last 3 years, IAF has introduced new elements like IFR probe, communication support measures, SATCOM etc. A fuel to weight study found that the new systems will give an endurance of 5 hours. The introduction of the IFR will give the AEW&C an extended endurance of another 5 hours. Logically the IAF has asked for 7 extra executive chairs for additional 5 operators and 2 pilots. Hence there has been 3 years delay in the signing of Embraer platform.

    The AEW&C designed to accomodate 5 re-configurable controller workstations. The work stations can be re-configured for electronic warfare consoles or communication consoles etc.

    DRDO’s Active Array Antenna Unit (AAAU) or the Primary radar is designed to have a range of 200 kms for 2 sqm target as per the OR by the IAF. In international comparison table it translates to 5 sq meters target or RCS can be detected at a range of 300 kms in normal mode of operations and 375 kms for extended modes, i.e. while not looking 240 degree all the time. The secondary radar is designed to be of same range but for functions like identification Friend or Foe etc. The radars can function both in air mode and surface mode.

    The primary AESA antenna will be built in CABS. The central processing unit and radar processing units are made by the LRDE. Secondary radar is entirely built in CABS and has a PESA Antenna. The secondary radar will be tested in 3 months by CABS.

    The AEW&C is expected to have a 60 degree blind spot in both front and back. IAF can have 360 degree coverage with 3 antenna combination instead of 2 antennas side by side, but, that means pushing the deliveries further. It will be looked at a further date.

    The first prototype is expected to be ready by 2012, i.e, one year from the date of receipt of the first aircraft. After that it will undergo a flight testing of 200-300 hours to become fully operational.

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  7. RoYaN

    RoYaN Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    An update in DRDO's Technology Focus journal from Dr S Christopher, Director of the Indian AEW&C System Programme: "Development tasks on various subsystems like the primary radar, secondary surveillance radar, electronic countermeasures, communication countermeasures and data links are gaining momentum and the system hardware are being realised progressively. The integration of the mission system on the platform aircraft, EMB-145, should commence as soon as the same arrives with all interfaces for installation of the system."

    The labs involved in this prestigious programme include the Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) as the nodal agency heading the programme along with LRDE and DARE in Bangalore, DLRL in Hyderabad and DEAL in Dehradun.

    According to the DRDO journal, the AEW&C system comprises a primary radar (PR), secondary surveillance radar (SSR) or Identification Friend or Foe (IFF), Electronic Support Measures (ESM), Communication Support Measures (CSM), Mission Communication System (MCS) that includes C and Ku-band SATCOM data links and V/UHF voice and data links, self-protection system (SPS), data-handling and display system (DHDS) and Mission System Controller (MSC).
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  8. RoYaN

    RoYaN Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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  9. RoYaN

    RoYaN Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    [​IMG]

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    Last edited: Sep 19, 2010
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  10. RoYaN

    RoYaN Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Tough testing :woot: :woot:
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  11. linu

    linu FULL MEMBER

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    Wat is the comparison btw our domestic ones and the phalcon we have received??
     
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