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C-919: first Chinese-built passenger jet completes 'beautiful' maiden flight

Discussion in 'China & Asia Pacific' started by RMLOVER, May 5, 2017.

  1. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/may/05/chinas-first-home-made-plane-makes-maiden-flight

    The first Chinese-built passenger jet has taken to the skies for a politically charged maiden flight that authorities claimed would propel the country into a new era of aviation.

    The C919, a twin-engine airliner designed to compete with the Airbus 320 and Boeing 737, took off from Shanghai’s Pudong International airport just after 2pm on Friday and landed back there again 80 minutes later.

    The symbolic flight, which the government has celebrated as further evidence of China’s rise, was broadcast live on state-controlled television.

    “Today this is it! We have witnessed the successful takeoff!” said Yang Chengxi, a reporter for state-broadcaster CGTN, as the single-aisle jet powered into the skies over China’s financial capital.

    The jet is the work of the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China(Comac), a state-run company founded in 2008 with the specific mission of producing the country’s first commercially viable passenger jet – something Chairman Mao tried but failed to achieve during the 1970s.

    Several of the plane’s key components are imported – the C919 features German landing gear, Franco-American engines and an Austrian interior – and one aviation analyst told Bloomberg the manufacturer’s claims to have produced a genuinely made-in-China jet were questionable.

    Nevertheless, the C919’s 90-minute debut was greeted with an outpouring of patriotism and pride.

    “I am very happy and proud to see the takeoff. It is very beautiful – a very smooth takeoff,” Fu Song, a Tsinghua University engineer who was involved in the project, told CGTN. “We are very proud to see that it worked.”


    [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG]
     
  2. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    http://money.cnn.com/2017/05/05/news/china-comac-c919-takes-flight/

    China's first large jetliner has successfully completed its maiden flight, a key moment in the country's push to challenge the U.S. and Europe as a global manufacturer.
    The C919, China's first domestically designed and built large airliner, took off Friday afternoon from Shanghai Pudong International Airport into hazy skies with a five-person crew aboard. The jet landed one hour and 19 minutes later after a seemingly uneventful first trial.


    With the flight, China joins the ranks of the few nations that have developed homegrown large airliners: the U.S., Russia, Brazil, Canada, the U.K., France and Germany.

    Made by the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac), the 168-seat C919 is roughly the same size as Airbus's A320 and Boeing's 737-800, which are the most popular airliners in the world.

    The C919's maiden flight was watched by people around the globe, including at least 2 million on Chinese microblogging platform Weibo.

    Comac also offered an unprecedented look inside the maiden flight of a new airliner. The company streamed live images from the jet's cockpit looking over the shoulder of its test pilots as they performed gentle maneuvers off the coast. Neither Boeing nor Airbus has ever provided a live view of the cockpit on a first flight.

    The Chinese jet's first flight is the biggest and most visible milestone in its development. But it still has a long way to go before it's carrying passengers and competing with its U.S. and European competitors.

    The start of aerial testing kicks off months or years of grueling certification tests, and meeting safety standards might require design changes. Comac will also need to win the trust of airlines in China and elsewhere by proving the jet can operate efficiently and reliably on scheduled flights.
     
  3. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comac_C919

    The Comac C919[3] is a planned family of 158- to 174-seat narrow-body twin-engine jet airliners to be built by the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac).[4][5][6]

    It will be the largest commercial airliner designed and built in China since the defunct Shanghai Y-10. The C919 forms part of China's long-term goal to break Airbus and Boeing's duopoly, and is intended to compete against Airbus A320neo, Boeing 737 MAX, Bombardier CS300, Irkut MC-21, and other next-generation single-aisle

    Dimensions of the C919 are very similar to the Airbus A320, possibly to allow for a common Unit Load Device to be used : its fuselage will be 3.96 metres (13 feet) wide, and 4.166 metres (13 feet, 8 inches) high for a 12.915 square metres (139 square feet) cross-section, its wingspan will be 33.6 metres (110 feet, 3 inches), 35.4 metres (116 feet, 3 inches) with winglets.[20]

    Payload will be 20.4 metric tonnes, it will cruise at Mach 0.785 at a 12,100 metres (39,800 feet) ceiling and there will be two variants : the standard version with a 4,075 km (2,200 nmi) range, and a 5,555 km (2,999 nmi) extended-range version.[20] At the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, Comac planned to build a 168-seat (156-seat in two class) base passenger aircraft, as well as stretched and shrunk passenger versions, business jet and freighter models, and a type designated only as "special".[6]

    The center wing box, outer wing box, wing panels, flaps and ailerons are planned to be built in Xi'an, China ; the center fuselage sections are planned to be built in Hongdu, China.[21] The center wing box was originally intended to use of carbon fiber composites.[8] It was changed later to an aluminum design to reduce program complications.[22] The airframe will be made largely of aluminum alloy. Design and assembly of the aircraft is done in Shanghai.

    The wing is supercritical, increasing aerodynamic efficiency by 20% and reducing drag by 8%.[23] Aluminium-lithium alloys account for 8.8% of the structure and composite materials for 12%.[24]

    Pratt & Whitney offered its PW1000G geared turbofan.[25] CFM International was ultimately selected to supply its LEAP-1C engine.[26] AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co is tasked to develop indigenous engines.[27] The ACAE CJ-1000A was unveiled at the 2012 Zhuhai Airshow.

    The engine's nacelle, thrust reverser and exhaust system will be provided by Nexcelle, with such features as an advanced inlet configuration, the extensive use of composites and acoustic treatment and an electrically operated thrust reverser.[28] Michelin will supply Air X radial tyres.[29]

    Orders and deliveries
    At the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, Comac announced orders for 55 C919 aircraft from six airlines, with an additional 45 options. The purchasing airlines or lessors included China Eastern Airlines, Air China, Hainan Airlines, China Southern Airlines, CDB Leasing Company, and GE Capital Aviation Services.[35]

    On 20 October 2011, Chinese leasing company ICBC Leasing announced an order for 45 C919s, as well as an agreement to be the launch customer for the aircraft.[36]On 11 November 2014, Comac announced at the 2014 Zhuhai Airshow that China Merchants Bank's aircraft leasing division made a firm commitment for 30 C919s, and that total orders were now up to 450 aircraft.[37]

    Production of the first C919 testing prototype began on 9 December 2011.[38] The flight testbed was expected to enter final assembly in 2014, and perform its first flight sometime in 2015.[39] However, as of the 2014 Zhuhai Airshow, the first flight has been delayed to 2017, with the first delivery delayed to 2018.[40]

    At the 2015 Paris Air Show, Ping An Leasing signed a letter of intent for 50 C919s.[41] This deals makes the Shanghai-based Chinese lessor one of Comac's largest customers. In addition to Ping An Leasing, Puren Group also signed a letters of intent for seven C919s and seven ARJ21s, intended for the start-up Puren Airlines.[42]Also during that time Nepal Airlines was interested in acquiring 2–3 to replace older aircraft. Separately, COMAC has received an order for 20 C919s (5 on firm order) from the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Financial Leasing Co. and for 36 C919s from the CITIC Financial Leasing (18 on firm order).[43]
     
  4. WhyCry

    WhyCry Reaper Love IDF NewBie

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    Good for china but Airbus and Boeing are way-way ahead. Good for chest thumping for china but even the engine is not theirs. Sukhoi will be better in adoption internationally.

    This will definitely help them with their regional airliner situation. Keep up the good work.
     
  5. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    CFM International LEAP

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CFM_International_LEAP

    The CFM International LEAP is a high-bypass turbofan engine. It is produced by CFM International, a 50-50 joint venture company between GE Aviation of the United States and Safran Aircraft Engines (formerly known as Snecma) of France. It is a modernized replacement for the successful CFM International CFM56, intended to compete with the Pratt & Whitney PW1000G in the single-aisle jetliner market.



    Model Application[29] Thrust range[29] Introduction[30]

    1A Airbus A320neo family 24,500–35,000 lbf (109–156 kN) 2 Aug 2016[31]
    1B Boeing 737 MAX 23,000–28,000 lbf (100–120 kN) 2017 (planned)
    1C COMAC C919 27,980–30,000 lbf (124.5–133.4 kN) 2018 (planned)

    [​IMG]
     
  6. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Avic Engine Pushes Alternative To ACAE CJ-1000 Turbofan For C919

    Avic Engine, well into development of a technically conservative high-bypass turbofan, is pushing to replace affiliate ACAE as the supplier of a Chinese engine for the Comac C919 airliner.

    In doing so, Avic Engine, the main propulsion subsidiary of state aeronautics group Avic, is offering a more dependable and realistic way for China to accumulate early experience in developing and building commercial aircraft engines.

    Fellow Avic unit ACAE, by contrast, is focused on developing an engine matching the efficiency of the CFM Leap, the primary engine for the C919. The goal would take China closer to making a profitable business in aircraft propulsion, but it is one that looks increasingly remote.

    Avic Engine is already test running several units of its SF-A turbofan near Shenyang, an industry official says, adding that it somewhat resembles the CFM56. Quite probably, Shenyang is aiming for at least the performance and efficiency of the CFM56-5, although even the technology of more than 20 years ago will probably be a great challenge for China. For example, the CFM56-5, used on the Airbus A320, features full-authority digital engine control, a technology in which China appears to have made little progress.

    Developing 28,700 lb. of thrust and not attempting to reach the technology level of new Western engines, the SF-A is under development for the Y-20 military airlifter by the Shenyang Engine Design and Research Institute, a part of Avic Engine. Before ACAE was set up in 2009 and charged with developing a Chinese alternative to the Leap as the C919’s power plant, the institute pushed for its military engine to take that role, another industry official says.

    The SF-A has been scheduled for production at Xian from 2016, but the first official thinks 2017 or 2018 is more likely, based on the current state of development. ACAE, meanwhile, is deferring its plans to contract suppliers for participation in its engine, the CJ-1000, evidently because it is making little progress in its attempts to enlist major Western help in developing it.

    The CJ-1000 must target Leap performance because it has to meet the same propulsion specification from Comac. The SF-A’s inability to do that was the reason for its rejection around 2008. Implicit in that decision was the idea that the C919 and its Chinese engine had to be commercially competitive; they were not merely seen as technology exercises.

    In promoting its engine to the government and upper levels of the industry (which largely overlap), Avic Engine is, in effect, calling for a technology exercise. Its argument must be that, as nice as it would be to have a Chinese engine of the standard of the Leap on the C919, in practice that probably cannot happen before the late 2020s. While waiting for ACAE to make serious progress toward its lofty target, the industry will be getting little experience in developing and making commercial engines and in working with customers to keep them running. Moreover, military funding is underwriting the SF-A, and the air force could only welcome commercial production driving down its costs.

    For ACAE, Avic Engine’s campaign seems to pose an existential threat. Just as the creation of Comac bitterly disappointed Avic, which had long dreamed of developing a trunkline commercial aircraft, some senior officials at Avic Engine, which encompasses the great bulk of Avic’s aircraft propulsion activities, have questioned the decision to keep ACAE as a separate organization within the group. If Avic Engine turns out to make the SF-A as China’s commercial engine, then the case for it taking over ACAE will strengthen.


    [​IMG]

     
  7. Hawk Wang

    Hawk Wang FULL MEMBER

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    This is a typical case of sour grapes-no matter what china does it seems someone is judging. At least we have made some progress.
     
  8. Naagraj

    Naagraj 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Sure china has made progress and is ahead by leaps and bounds.
    Congratulations on your maiden civil aircraft flight. It's always good to see rise of east vis a vis west.
     
  9. Hawk Wang

    Hawk Wang FULL MEMBER

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    Thanks for your reply ,I do not intend to offend anyone , it's just my own personal thinking.
     
    Last edited: May 6, 2017
  10. Butter Chicken

    Butter Chicken Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Any interior and cockpit videos?
     
  11. Hawk Wang

    Hawk Wang FULL MEMBER

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    Give you a link to this video:http://v.ifeng.com/video_6863891.shtml . This video was shot by BBC,but I'm not sure if you can open the URL
     
    Last edited: May 6, 2017
    Butter Chicken likes this.
  12. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    May 22 afternoon, China Commercial Aviation and the Russian joint aviation manufacturing group joint venture - Sino-Russian international commercial aircraft limited liability company will be formally established in Shanghai. The joint venture is mainly responsible for the joint development of China and Russia to develop a new generation of remote wide-body aircraft project operation. At present, the two sides have identified the remote wide-body aircraft series of development programs, completed the initial definition of aircraft-level indicators, clear the basic range (12000 km) and seat (280).

    http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/china/2017-05-22/doc-ifyfkqiv6651646.shtml
     
  13. RMFAN

    RMFAN Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    COMAC eyes 750 orders for C919 jet

    2017-09-16 11:15

    China Daily Editor: Li Yahui

    [​IMG]
    C919 lands safely at Shanghai Pudong International Airport after its maiden flight at around 3.20 pm, May 5, 2017. (Gao Erqiang/China Daily)

    Orders for the C919, the first large passenger aircraft produced in China in accordance with international civil aviation regulations, are expected to reach 750 by year's end, corporate officials told China Daily.

    "We expect to receive more than 100 new orders for the C919 from some Chinese companies in the coming months," said Xu Pei, deputy chief of the marketing division of Commercial Aircraft Corp of China, the plane's Shanghai-based manufacturer.

    The C919, which made its maiden flight on May 5, has a standard range of 4,075 kilometers, making it comparable to the updated Airbus 320 and Boeing's new-generation 737 planes.

    The C919 has secured 600 orders from 24 customers both domestic and foreign. COMAC has received 34 orders from GE Capital Aviation Services, the largest commercial airline leasing company in the world, German start-up Puren Airlines, and City Airways of Thailand.

    Boeing and Airbus have long dominated the passenger aircraft market, and the C919 is not meant to compete head-to-head with them in fully developed, mature markets.

    "Our marketing team is focusing on three major target markets, which are our home market, Africa, and Southeast Asian countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative," Xu said.

    Hu Shuangqian, 57, who was a member of the manufacturing team for the Y-10, the nation's first locally made passenger aircraft, is now leading a team working on computerized controls at COMAC. He said he was lucky to be part of the project.

    "Since the (Y-10) project was suspended in the 1980s due to various reasons, many of my former colleagues had been dreaming of another chance to build Chinese planes. They did not see that day before their retirement," said Hu.

    Since its establishment in 2008, COMAC has worked on the regional jetliner ARJ21, the C919 and a wide-body aircraft to be jointly developed by China and Russia.

    In November, COMAC published a report about the global passenger aircraft market between 2016 and 2035, predicting that a total of 39,948 aircraft with a value of $5.23 trillion will be needed in the coming two decades. China alone will need 6,865 passenger aircraft, 65.5 percent of which would be single-aisle planes, 21.2 percent wide-body jets, and 13.3 percent regional jets.
     
  14. RMFAN

    RMFAN Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    China’s ARJ21 Gains Production Certificate
    by Gregory Polek
    - July 11, 2017, 4:33 PM

    [​IMG]
    Chengdu Airlines' first ARJ21 takes off from Shanghai. (Photo: Comac)
    The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) has issued certification for serial production of the Comac ARJ21-700, meaning the manufacturer can now deliver airplanes without the need to gain a separate certificate for each example. The approval, issued on July 9, comes some two and a half years after the airplane gained its type certificate and more than a year and a half after launch customer Chengdu Airlines took first delivery. Now flying two of the airplanes in a 90-seat configuration, Chengdu expects to receive five more of an order for 30 by the end of the year.

    During a delivery ceremony in Shanghai, CAAC deputy director Li Jian said he hoped the issuance of the production certificate would mark a “new starting point” for Comac, from where the company could concentrate on solving problems that surfaced during the airplane’s operation. He also called for “an attitude of being responsible to the party and the people,” and for Comac to further integrate design, production and services into safety and operation management systems. He added that that the CAAC would support the ARJ21 program as always, and regulate for continuous improvement in production and operation “to ensure that the aircraft operates safely and smoothly and achieves commercial success.”

    Also speaking during the July 9 ceremony, Comac president He Dongfeng promised to develop the ARJ21 into an aircraft that “airlines are willing to purchase, pilots are willing to fly and [on which] passengers are willing to ride.” He added that Comac intends to accelerate production to satisfy the shortage of Chinese civil aircraft and make new contributions to building China into a manufacturing power.

    Yang Shuanchang, deputy director general of the equipment industry department of China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), said the ARJ21 will help serve as the basis for development of other civil airplanes such as the C919, which flew for the first time on May 5. Schedules now call for that airplane to gain Chinese certification in 2019.

    Comac claims to have accumulated orders for 413 ARJ21s from 19 customers.
     
  15. RMFAN

    RMFAN Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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