Dismiss Notice
Welcome to IDF- Indian Defence Forum , register for free to join this friendly community of defence enthusiastic from around the world. Make your opinion heard and appreciated.

Chinese military helicopters

Discussion in 'China & Asia Pacific' started by Agent_47, Dec 4, 2016.

  1. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2011
    Messages:
    2,958
    Likes Received:
    5,851
    Country Flag:
    India
    Z-8/S/J/JH (SA-321Ja) Super Frelon

    [​IMG]
    Z-8 is a land or ship based ASW/SAR helicopter based upon French SA-321Ja Super Frelon (13 were bought in the late 70s). The helicopter was developed in the 80s by Changhe Aircraft Industrial Corporation (CHAIC) and gave the Chinese valuable experience of building a medium-sized helicopter. Its maximum TO weight is 13t, cruise speed 248km/hr, ferry range 1,400km, service ceiling 3,050m. Its power plant are 3 WZ-6 turboshafts. For ASW mission, Z-8 is equipped with a surface search radar, French HS-12 dipping sonar while carrying a Whitehead A244S/ET52 torpedo under the starboard side of the fuselage. It may also carry YJ-83K ASMs in the future for anti-ship mission. Several Z-8s (S/N 90x7, 91x7, 8400x) were delivered to PLAN in the late 90s but poor quality had hampered additional orders from the Navy. Later the problems seemed to have been solved and the small batch production resumed in 2002 for the Navy as Z-8J (S/N 95x6, 95x7) transport helicopter. A naval SAR version called Z-8S (S/N 91x7) with upgraded avionics and a search light, a FLIR turret and a hoist first flew on December 25, 2004. At least two have been delivered to PLAN. Another SAR variant with dedicated medical equipment onboard was also developed for the Navy as Z-8JH (S/N 95x6). Four are in service with PLAN. Some were installed with a nose FLIR turret and additional external pylons to carry rocket and gun pods for anti-piracy operations. At least one Z-8J (S/N 9566) and two Z-8JHs (S/N 9516, 9546) were seen onboard the aircraft carrier Liaoning for the SAR purpose. The naval Z-8 series is expected to be replaced by the new Z-18.
    - Last Updated 8/25/16

    Z-8A/K/KA/KH Super Frelon

    [​IMG]

    As an army transport version, Z-8A was developed by CHAIC and 602 Institute and was certified in February 1999. Two Z-8As were delivered to the Army for evaluation in 2001 but suffered from poor quality and performance due to the insufficient WZ-6A engine. Only a small batch of 9Z-8A (S/N LH978xx) were delivered to the Army since November 2002. Consequently Army decided to order more Mi-17V5s from Russia instead of additional Z-8As. Finally in 2007 PLAAF started to acquire dozens of much improved Z-8K (S/N30x7x, 621x, 73x6x, 2177x) SAR helicopters and Z-8KA (S/N 619x, 626x) transport helicopters for downed pilots or paratroopers. These specialized variants are equipped with a FLIR turret and a search light underneath the cabin, RWR antennas on both sides of the nose, plus a hoist and a flare dispenser attached to the fuselage. Several Z-8K/KAs were fitted with a terrain following radar (?) under the nose. The engines is thought to be the upgraded WZ-6G turboshaft. A dust filter is installed in front the of engine intakes. Z-8K/KA also features a glass cockpit. Another variant dubbed Z-8KH was developed for the PLAAF unit stationed in Hong Kong, which has chaff/flare launchers installed in the floats. The first batch of 4 will be delivered in early 2010 (S/N 630x). The army Z-8Ais expected to be replaced by the new Z-18A.
    - Last Updated 8/13/16

    Z-8B Super Frelon
    [​IMG]

    Since 2011 PLA Army has acquired a number of the improvedZ-8B transport helicopters (S/N LH958xx, 968xx, 978xx, 988xx, 998xx,9108xx, 9128xx) similar to Z-8KH but with the floats removed to reduce weight. A new glass cockpit similar to AC313 has been installed. It was rumored that Z-8B is powered by Canadian P&W PT-6B-67A turboshaft but this has not been confirmed. It appears that Z-8B has become a major component of PLA Army's transport helicopter fleet. The latest image (July 2015) indicated that some Z-8Bs have the floats reinstalled to improve its survivability over the water.
    - Last Updated 11/9/16

    Z-9A/B/Z-9EH (AS-365N) Dauphin

    [​IMG]

    An Army Z-9A light transport helicopter was taking off. The initial batches of AS-365Ns (Z-9) license-built by Harbin Aircraft Industrial Group (HAIG) in the 90s were used mainly as transport helicopters (can carry up to 8 soldiers). However as a large number of bigger and more versatile Mi-17/171 medium transport helicopters were imported from Russia, Z-9 has become Army's primary utility helicopter for training, and other special missions which resulted in a number of specialized variants such as communication, artillery fire correction (JZP-9A) and battlefield surveillance (Z-9BZK-101) etc. A few Z-9Bs were also produced for the special PLAAF unit stationed in Hong Kong (S/N 600x, 610x). Based on Z-9A, Z-9Buses 72% indigenous components. In June 2000 two Z-9EAs (able to carry machine gun pods or rocket launchers) were purchased by Mali AF, marking the first exporting success of Z-9. Two were delivered to Mauritania AF in 2003. The production of Z-9A/B has been superseded by the further improved Z-9EH design (H425). Two Z-9s were delivered to Laos in June 2007, two more Z-9s in December 2008. The first batch of the new Z-9 entered the service with PLAAF in 2010 (S/N 70x2x,3x1x) with a bigger nose cone. It was reported that Zambia ordered 7, Cambodia ordered 12, Bolivia ordered 6 and Ghana ordered 4. Namibia AF took delivery of at least 2 Z-9EHs in early 2012. The first batch of 4 Z-9EHs were delivered to Zambian AF in June 2012. The first batch of 2 Z-9EHs were delivered to Cambodia in April 2013. The rest of 10 were delivered in August 2013.


    Z-9C Dauphin

    [​IMG]

    A PLAN AS-565SA shipborne ASW helicopter was taking off carrying a Whitehead A244 torpedo. 8 AS-565SA Panther were imported in the late 80s (S/N 96x6) from France. Its domestic version is called Z-9C. The helicopter is equipped with either a French ORB-32 (onboard AS-565SA) or an indigenous KLC-1 (onboard Z-9C) surface search radar, a Thomson Sintra HS-12 (or Type 605) dipping sonar and can carry up to two A244S/Yu-7K torpedos. The helicopter was recently seen (March 2015) carrying a new low frequency sonar with a design similar to American AN/AQS-22 ALFS. A small beacon antenna is also mounted on the roof of the cabin onboard Z-9C. However no MAD or sonobuoys has been seen carried by the helicopter. Therefore it might need support from the surface ship to provide target coordinates before releasing the torpedo, and not be able to carry out the ASW mission independently. Z-9C (S/N 92x7, 96x6, 97x6) can be viewed as a low-cost alternative to complement the heavier and more advancedKa-28s. Z-9C was co-developed by HAMC and 602 Institute and has been in production since late 2003. Some Z-9C/AS-565SA (S/N 96x6) were converted into SAR role with a search light, an EO turret and a hoist installed. Lately in order to conduct anti-piracy patrol mission off the Somali coast, several Z-9Cs (as Z-9CG? S/N 96x6, 97x6, 93x7) have been further modified to boost its firepower, with a 12.7mm PC-1A gun pod carried on the starboard side and a 57mm rocket launcher on the port side. As the result, the EO turret (housing TV and FLIR cameras) was relocated to the helicopter roof and an air data sensor was installed. A downgraded training version (S/N 98x0, 84x7x?) without the ASW gear was also produced for the Naval Academy. Pakistani Navy took delivery of 6 Z-9ECs between 2009 and 2010 to support their F-22P frigates. These were upgraded with RWRs on both sides of the nose. Z-9C is expected to be replaced by Z-9D (see below).
    - Last Updated 3/24/16

    Z-9D Dauphin
    [​IMG]
    The new Z-9D anti-ship variant prototype is shown here. Based on Z-9C, Z-9D was developed to carry up to 4 AShMs under a pair of detachable stub wings against small surface targets. The missile could be the new YJ-9, which may have been evolved from the earlier TL-10B developed by Hongdu. TL-10B is a light, radar-guided anti-ship missile used against smaller FACs and gun boats (<1,000t). Its range is 15km, speed is Mach 0.85 and its warhead weighs 30kg. The helicopter features a new fire-control radar (KLC-3B) with embedded IFF antennas installed in a bigger nose cone and the weapon control officer is seated in the rear cabin. RWR antennas are installed on both sides of the nose and the tail rotor. The helicopter could provide target coordinates to the surface ship via datalink so that the later could launch YJ-83 AShM for over-the-horizon attack. This anti-ship variant has been seen stationed onboard the new Type 056 FFGs patrolling in the South China Sea. Two prototypes (001 & 002) were built. Currently Z-9Ds are in service with PLAN (S/N 97x6, 98x6). At least two Z-9Ds (Z-9JH? S/N370 & 371) have been converted to the SAR role with a nose mounted FLIR turret and a search light. It also has a hoist installed on the starboard side. Both helicopters are stationed onboard the aircraft carrier Liaoning.
    - Last Updated 11/7/16

    Z-9W/WA/WZ/WE Dauphin

    [​IMG]

    Z-9W is the first indigenous anti-armor attack helicopter derived from the license-built AS-365N. Its main armament are four KD-8 wire-guided ATGMs (range 600-3,000m, armor penetration >800mm). Besides anti-tank missiles, it can carry also two 57mm/90mm rocket pods, or two 12.7mm machine gun pods, or two 23mm cannons, or four TY-90 IR-guided AAMs. A roof-mounted optical sight provides target searching and tracking in the daylight. The helicopter wears an army camouflage but is lightly armored. It also lacks effective counter-measures against IR and laser guided SAMs. One helicopter was seen fitted with anIRCM prototype (similar to American AN/ALQ-144) behind the main rotor. However the system has yet to enter the service. Its maximum take-off weight is 4,100kg, maximum speed 315km, maximum range 664km and ceiling 4,220m. The first prototype of Z-9W flew in 1989 and dozens were produced between 90s and 2000s. An further improved night-attack version dubbed Z-9WA similar to AS 565CA Panther was developed in 2000 featuring more powerful engines and a pair of stub wings which can carry up to 8 KD-8 ATGMs or PL-90AAMs. Its nose is redesigned to carry a low-light TV/IRST turret (YY-1?) for night missions, with RWR antennas installed on both sides. A mast-mounted millimeter wave radar prototype was also tested. Z-9WA has a better armor protection in the cockpit area, a flare launcher, datalink and a redesigned NVG compatible cockpit. An air data sensor is installed on the starboard side of the cabin. A large datalink antenna is installed underneath the boom. An improved version (Z-9WZ) was also developed and it first flew on December 29, 2004. This variant is thought to feature an improved fire-control system including a laser designator which allows the helicopter to fire the new (up to 8) KD-9 ATGM or FN-6 AAM. It is also powered by two WZ-8H turboshaft engines. A few were seen carrying an EO turret under the stab wing for battlefieldsurveillance purpose. Z-9WA/WZs have been entering service with the Army Aviation (S/NLH919xx, 929xx, 939xx, 949xx, 959xx, 969xx, 979xx, 989xx, 999xx, 9109xx) since early 2005 as a stop-gap measure until Z-10/Z-19 (see below) enters the service. PLAAF also took delivery of a fewZ-9WZs in 2007 (S/N 609x, 619x, 606x, 616x). Some of them are equipped with loudspeakers and a search light for SAR purpose. A similar variant (Z-9ZH) is also in service with the PLAAF unit stationed in Hong Kong (S/N 620x). Its export version has been designated as Z-9WE. Its engine intakes can be installed with dust filters for desert operations. 4 were delivered to Kenya in 2010, marking the first export success of this variant. 2 more were expected to be delivered to Kenya in 2013. In addition Cameroon ordered 4. All were delivered in 2014.
    - Last Updated 6/22/16

    Z-10/H/K Thunderbolt

    [​IMG]

    A fully loaded Army Aviation Z-10 attack helicopter was preparing for the 2015 VJ Day Parade in Beijing. Co-developed by the 602 Institute, CHAIC and HAIG as the first dedicated modern attack helicopter for PLA Army Aviation since 1998, Z-10 is generally believed in the same class as South African Rooviak and Italian A129, yet still not as capable as American AH-64 Apache. The helicopter adopts a standard gunship configuration with a narrow fuselage and stepped tandem cockpit with thegunner in the front seat and the pilot in the backseat. The fuselage appears to have a stealthy diamond shaped cross section to reduce RCS. It also have a 5-blade main rotor made of composite material and an AH-64 style 4-blade tail rotor. All the critical areas of the fuselage including the cockpit and fuel tanks are believed to be protected by the armor plates, including shoulder armor plates to protect both pilots. It weighs about 5.5 tons and was powered initially by two P&W PT6C-76C turboshaft engines (rated @ 1,250kW each) on the prototypes. However domestic developed engines (upgraded WZ-9) are being used in production batches due to the embargo imposed by the Canadian government. It was speculated that Z-10 could be powered by the new WZ-16 turboshaft engine (~1,500kw) in the future. Its rotor and transmission systems may have been designed with sometechnical assistance from Eurocopter France and Agusta. Its main weapon are 8 KD-9 or KD-10/KD-10A ATGMs in the same class of American AGM-114 Hellfire. A 23mm chain gun (PX-10A) is mounted under the chin, aimed via gunner's helmet mounted display. Some Z-10s were also seen carrying a new gun with a reduced weight. Also up to 8 PL-90 AAMs can be carried against enemy helicopters and slow-moving fixed wing aircraft. Its range can be further extended by external fuel tanks. Similar to AH-64, Z-10 features nose mounted PNVS and TADS housing FLIR, TV camera, laser range finder and designator. RWR and PD radar MAWS antennas (similar to American AN/ALQ-156V) are installed on both sides of the forward and aft fuselage. In addition, two laser warning receivers (LHRGK003A) was installed on top of the pylon tips. The helicopter may have been fitted with an integrated communication/navigation system, a comprehensive ECM suite, IFF, chaff/flare launchers, 1553B data bus, HOTAS and a glass cockpit. A preliminary concept was developed in 1995 by Russian Kamov OKB as a contrator. The full development started in 1998 at 602. Two prototypes were built in 2003 and six more were built in 2004. The first flight of 02 prototype took place on April 29, 2003. Several Z-10 prototypes powered by PT6C-76C engine were evaluated by the Army in 2007. However the serial production was delayed due to the embargo of PT6C-76C engine imposed by the Canadian government. In 2009 it was reported that an "optimized" version was under development and expected to enter the mass production. This version is powered by the less powerful WZ-9 engines (~1,000kW) thus was forced to have its weight reduced by eliminating certain non-critical parts and structures such as less armor protection, smaller PNVS/TVDS (WXG1006) on the nose similar to that of Z-9WA and a smaller weapon load. After its design certification in October 2010, the first batch of 12 Z-10s entered the service with PLA Army Aviation (S/N LH951xx) in late 2010. More Z-10s are entering the service with the Army (S/NLH981xx, 961xx, 941xx, 991xx, 911xx, 971xx, 9101xx, 921xx, 931xx?) since late 2011. However some still carry the original PNVS/TVDS installed on the prototypes but are powered by WZ-9 turboshafts. This version (Z-10H? S/N 981xx, 991xx, 951xx) also features additional equipment such as an IR jammer (?) installed on the cockpit roof. A recent image (September 2016) showed one Z-10 was landing on a PLAN Type 071 LPD in an effort to further expand its mission to amphibious assault. In March 2015 Pakistani Army leased 3 Z-10Ps (?) for evaluation to replace its aging AH-1S fleet but has yet to decide to make the acquisition. They are equipped with shoulder armor plates for better protection. A recent image (July 2015) suggested an improved Z-10 (Z-10K?) was under development and a prototype has flown. It appears to feature an improved targeting system with an additional sensor behind the PVDS, a new 23mm gun and possibly upgraded engines. A recent video(January 2016) indicated that Z-10K has just entered the service with PLAAF (S/N 636x), wearing a new camouflage. It also carries new 19-tube rocket launchers (70mm) similar to American M261 for a bigger fire power against ground targets. The next generation heavy attack helicopter in the same class of AH-64 and Mi-28 is thought to be under development at 602. However the success of this project will depend on the availability of a powerful engine.



    Z-11/11WB

    [​IMG]

    Z-11 is a light utility helicopter designed for training and liaison missions which only saw limited production. Two batches of Z-11s are in service at the Army Aviation Training School (S/N LH904xx), wearing a distinct red and white color scheme. Among them a few Z-11were seen wearing an army camouflage. Developed by CHAIC and 602 Institute, Z-11 passed the certification in December 1996 and the first batch were delivered to the Army Aviation in August 1998. Compared to Z-9, it weighs less (2,200kg) and is powered only by a single WZ-8D turboshaft engine (rated @ 510kW) instead of two. Its maximum speed is 278km/h, service ceiling 5,240m, max range 598km, endurance 3.9hr. It appears that Z-11 was actually based on French AS-350BA Ecureuil, 7 of which were in service with the Army Aviation before they were retired. A scout version similar to US Army OH-58D was developed in 2004 and dubbed Z-11WA. This version features a roof-mounted TV/FLIR turret and an NVG compatible cockpit. It can carry 57mm unguided rockets, 12.7mm machine gun pod and up to 4 KD-8 ATGMs. However the program was terminated after the helicopter failed to attract any order from the Army. It was reported in October 2011 that China and Argentina signed an agreement to assemble CZ-11utility helicopter in Argentina aiming at the South American market. The first CZ-11 assembled by FAdeA took off on October 10, 2012. In October 2015 a new scout version called Z-11WB flew for the first time based on AC311 light utility helicopter. The helicopter features a nose mounted EO turret and external pylons for missiles, rocket launchers and gun pods. It is possible the helicopter might beacquired by the armed police for anti-terrorism purpose. Z-11WB was unveiled at the 2016 ZhuhaiAirshow carrying a nose mounted weather radar and a floor mounted machine gun.


    Z-19 Black Cyclone

    [​IMG]

    A PLA Army Z-19 is shown here performing training exercise without any weapons. Z-19 is a light scout/attack helicopter based on H425 and developed by HAIG. The helicopter features a narrow fuselage and a tandem cockpit layout similar to those of Z-10 (see above), but with pilot sitting in the front seat and gunner in the back seat. Both crew are protected by shoulder armor plates, crash-resist seats and non-retractable front landing gears. It also features Z-9WA style nose mounted RWRs and an EO turret (FLIR, TV and laser range finder). In addition, an MMW phased array radar (from 14th & 10th Institute) was seen tested on top of the mast, suggesting Z-19 could have a capability of attacking ground targets in bad weather conditions using improved KD-10 ATGM with an MMW seeker. Z-19 is thought to retain the same engine (WZ-8), transmission and rotor systems with minor modifications from H425 which speeds up the development. The helicopter can also carry the air-to-air and air-to-ground weapon package similar to that of Z-9WA under a pair stub wings, including KD-9 ATGMs (up to 8), PL-90AAMs as well as 12.7 or 23mm gun pods and rocket lanchers. Some specifications: TO weight 4,500kg, empty weight 2,350kg, max cruising speed 245km/h, max climb rate 9m/s, range 700km, ceiling (no ground effect) 2,400m, endurance >3hr. Z-19 is expected to support the heavier Z-10attack helicopter from Changhe in a high-low combination, replacing the earlier Z-9WA. It was reported that Z-19 prototype first flew in May 2010. However one prototype reportedly crashed on September 18, 2010. Currently Z-19 is in production and in service with the Army likely replacing Z-9WA (S/N LH989xx, 929xx, 999xx, 919xx, 949xx, 9109xx, 9129xx, 939xx, 979xx). Its export version was first unveiled in September 2015 as Z-19E. So far Bangladesh and Myanmar have showed some interest.

    Mi-17/17-1V/171 Hip

    [​IMG]

    An Mi-171 was taking off carrying two large SATCOM antennas installed on top of the external pylons. It is one of the nearly 100 Russian-made Mi-17/171s which represent a large portion of medium transport helicopters in service with PLA Army Aviation (LH) as well as PLAAF. In order to replace the obsolete Z-5/Mi-4, the first batch of 24 Mi-17s were purchased in 1991 following the US government's refusal to sell more S-70Cs. Additional Mi-17-1Vs were acquired later. Another 35 improved Mi-171s were purchased in 1995 with a weather radar installed in the chin. Both Mi-17 and Mi-17-1V have been upgraded to the Mi-171 standard in recent years. Since then they have been gradually upgraded by adding IFF, ASO-2V chaff/flare dispensers and external pylons for carrying up to six bombs, fuel tanks (either external or internal), or rocket launchers. Some are also able to lay mines or drop paratroopers. However unlike the similar type in service with Russian Army (Mi-8TV), these locally modified Mi-171s lack cockpit armor plates, nose machine gun, engine exhaust IR suppressors. Its cruise speed is 230km and range is 1,000km. Apparently this cheap, robust and versatile helicopter has become the backbone of LH. A few Mi-171s (S/N 3067x, LH 957xx) are upgraded with a search light, an IRST turret, and a terrain following radar (?) in the nose for SAR missions. Some Mi-171s had an IR jammer (SOEP-V1A?) installed which works together with the flare dispenser to protect the helicopter from MANPADS attacks. Some Mi-171s (S/N LH947xx, 967xx, 997xx) was seen with a cylindrical SATCOM antenna installed on top of the tail boom. At least one Mi-171 communication jamming (?) variant was installed with multiple blade antennas on top and beneath the cockpit, as well as on the rear boom. A hemispherical antenna was installed beneath the fuselage as well. Several Mi-171s (S/N 997xx,9107xx?) were installed with a retractable battlefield surveillance radar (KLC-11?) similar to the one carried by French AS-532 Horizon battlefield surveillance helicopter. A SATCOM antenna was installed on top of the tail boom. A pair of blade communication antennas were installed underneath the nose. It also carries the fuel tanks externally to make room for the additional equipment and crews.


    Mi-17-V5/V7 Hip

    [​IMG]

    In 2001, the Army Aviation introduced the new Mi-17-V5 transport helicopter (S/N LH917xx, 927xx, 937xx, 947xx, 977xx). This variant features a solid nose, two TV3-117VM engines (max power 2,200hp) and a hydraulically operated loading ramp. The two sliding doors on both sides of the cabin are also enlarged for quick troop disembarkation. Some specifications: max TO weight 13,000kg, max internal load 4,000kg, max external load 4,500kg, cruise speed 230km/h, range 715km, hover ceiling 3,980m (no ground effect). All were imported from Russia via China United Airline for "civilian purpose". 25 more were imported in 2003-04 as the improved Mi-17-V7s with the more powerful VK-2500 engines (max power 2,400hp). They are mainly used for high altitude and VIP missions in Tibet and Xinjiang replacing the old S-70Cs (S/N LH927xx, 937xx, 947xx). Like Mi-171, some have been fitted with external pylons to carry rocket launchers and fuel tanks (attached to the outside of the cabin wall). Others were modified with an IRST turret mounted under the cabin and a search light for all-weather SAR missions. Their pilots are equipped with NVGs. A small number of Mi-17-V7s are also in service with PLAAF (S/N 11x5x) for SAR purpose. They have been upgraded with a SATCOM antenna installed on top of the tail boom as well as a terrain following radar (?) mounted under the nose. Some Mi-17-V5s have been upgraded with laser and radar warning sensors mounted on both sides of the nose. Recent images indicated some are able to carry up to 8 KD-9 ATMs for attack role.
    - Last Updated 3/27/15

    Mi-171E Hip

    [​IMG]

    Since 2006, the newly redesigned Mi-171E has been imported by the Army (S/N LH927xx, 987xx, 997xx, 9107xx) which has a similar configuration (solid nose and loading ramp) to Mi-17V5. A few VIP models were also imported with two fuel tanks carried externally (they are installed internally on regular ones). All Mi-17/171/171Es have been upgraded with a pair of communication antennas on top of and beneath the boom. A large digital moving map display has been installed in the cockpit. Some were upgraded with a SATCOM antenna installed on top of the tail boom. Others were upgraded with a Beidou/GPSantenna installed on top of the tail boom ahead of the tail rotor. It was reported that China signed a contract of purchasing additional 52 Mi-171Es in August 2012 powered by VK-2500-03 engines. They were delivered to PLAAF and the Army Aviation (S/N 862xx, 869xx, 973xx, 998xx, 999xx,LH937xx). Recent images (May 2015) showed that some Mi-171Es are armed with a 12.7mm machine gun for suppressing "soft targets" on the ground through the side loading door.
    - Last Updated 10/9/16

    S-70C-2 Black Hawk

    [​IMG]

    24 Sikorsky S-70C-2s equipped with a nose-mounted weather radar and upgraded engines (T700-GE-701A, 1,723shp) were bought in 1985 (S/N LH922xx). Its cruise speed is 270km and range is 560km. The helicopter can be fitted with shoulder-mounted stub wings with pylons able to carry 4external fuel tanks so that a longer range could be achieved but at the cost of increasing drag. Most Black Hawks are used for troop transportation and SAR in Tibet and in Xinjiang, due to their excellent performance at high altitude. As the result a least three were lost in the harsh environment. Some Black Hawks were equipped flare dispensers and 12.7mm machine guns when flying logistical missions along the disputed Sino-Indian border. Due to the shortage of spare parts caused by the US embargo, many are thought to be grounded and their missions have been replaced by the newly imported Mi-17-V7/171Es. Recent images indicate the remaining S-70C-2s have been upgraded with a pair of blade communication antennas on top of and beneath the boom as well as two white bar-shaped antennas on the side of the boom. There were reports that China obtained the much needed spare parts from US for the purpose of "humanitarian missions" but this has not been confirmed. It now appears that Changhe has managed to overhaul the helicopter in addition to manufacturing most of the parts. Consequently Changhe has also reverse-engineered the Black Hawk design and developed Z-20 based on it.
    - Last Updated 5/6/16

    Ka-27/28 Helix

    [​IMG]

    A PLAN Ka-28 ASW helicopter was taking off. The Navy acquired 6 ASW version (S/N 9144-9194) and 3 SAR version (Ka-27PS, S/N 9114-9134) between 1999-2000. An independent Ka-28 regiment was then established at the East Sea Fleet to fly the helicopter. These Ka-27/28 helicopters are expected to be stationed onboard the 052B/C/D DDGs as well as 4 Sovremenny DDGs purchased from Russia, where they might also provide over-the-horizon target information for the SS-N-22 supersonic missile. The ASW version is equipped with a chin-mounted a Splash Drop/Osminog surface search radar, RGB-16 sonobuoys, an APM-73V MAD underneath the tail boom and a VGS-3dipping sonar. It can carry 6-8 PLAB-250-120 depth charges or a 350mm APR-3E guided torpedo in its internal bomb bay. This allows a single helicopter to carry out ASW missions as both hunter and killer. The import of Ka-28 from Russia indicates the helicopter was selected over the lighter and less well equipped Z-9C for ASW missions, even though the later has become the standard ASW helicopter for smaller Luhu class DDGs and 054A/B FFGs. In October 2009 it was reported that 8 more Ka-28s (S/N 9204-9274) were ordered and all have been in service with PLAN. The latestimage (June 2016) indicated that an EO turret has been installed underneath the fuselage of a Ka-27PS SAR helicopter.
    - Last Updated 6/17/16

    Ka-31 Helix

    [​IMG]

    It was first rumored in early 2010 that PLAN acquired at least one Ka-31AEW helicopter for evaluation. A total of 9 were reportedly to have been ordered and the first 2 were delivered by late 2010 . All 9 were delivered by mid-2011 (S/N 9284, 9294, 9304, 9314, 9324, 9334, 9344, 9354, 9364). The helicopters is being stationed onboard the Luyang I/II and Sovremenny class DDGs to provide AEW coverage for the current combat fleets. However, it is unlikely to be stationed onboard the aircraft carrier Liaoning, which carries the bigger Z-18Y AEW helicopter instead. Based on Ka-27 ASW helicopter, Ka-31 features an E-801M solid-state early warning radar which can detect a fighter size target up to 150km away, and a surface ship up to 200km away. The radar is capable of tracking up to 40 targets simultaneously. When deployed the radar antenna is extended vertically downwards and starts rotating at 6 turns/min. When not in use the antenna is retracted horizontally upwards and stored under the helicopter's belly. Some specifications: crew 2 (pilot & navigator), length 12.5m, height 5.6m, width 3.8m, max TO weight 12,200kg, operating altitude 3,500m, cruising speed 100km/h, range 600km, mission endurance 2.5h. Ka-31 is thought to be a low-cost stop-gap measure until a fixed-wing AWACS enters the service. It was rumored that an indigenous datalink was installed onboard.
    - Last Updated 8/1/16

    HC-120 Colibri

    [​IMG]

    This light utility helicopter just entered the service with the Army Aviation in late 2005 for primary training. It is basically an EC-120 co-developed by China, France and Singapore in the mid-90s and manufactured by HAIC. Some specifications: max TO weight 1,715kg, max cruise speed 237km/hr, range 771km, hover ceiling 5,151m. It is powered by a Turbomeca Arrius 2F turboshaft engine rated at 335kW. The helicopter also uses composite materials extensively. Initial batch of 8 HC-120s were delivered to Army Aviation Training School by the end of 2005 (S/N LH908xx). Currently around 34 are in service. HC-120 has replaced the aging SA-316 fleet to train new pilots for the Army Aviation.
     
  2. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2011
    Messages:
    2,958
    Likes Received:
    5,851
    Country Flag:
    India

    Z-18 White Heron

    [​IMG]

    It was reported that the 602 Institute/Changhe have been developing an improved medium transport helicopter (Z-18) to replace the old Z-8. The helicopter is thought to be based on the earlier AC313 design and features a redesigned lower fuselage and improved WZ-6C turboshafts (~1,300kw), resulting in a larger internal space and a bigger load, as well as a better performance at higher altitude and temperature. It also features a nosed mounted weather radar and FLIR/TV turret. Additional communication and navigation antennas are installed underneath the fuselage. A SATCOM antenna was installed on top of the tail boom. Z-18 has entered the service with PLAN (S/N 381?) and is stationed onboard the aircraft carrier Liaoning for crew transportation. In addition an ASW/anti-ship variant (Z-18F) and an AEW variant (Z-18J) have been developed for PLAN. The latest image (September 2016) suggested that an SAR variant (Z-18S?) has been under development which has a hoist installed on the starboard side.
    - Last updated 9/24/16


    Z-18J Bat


    [​IMG]

    A PLAN Z-18J AEW helicopter just landed on the deck of the aircraft carrier Liaoning. The helicopter features a retractable radar antenna located behind a completely redesigned rear door. The radar is thought to be a long-range multi-mode AESA developed by the 38th Institute. Once the helicopter is in the air, the door opens and the rotating antenna is lowered vertically and can provide 360° coverage. The antenna is then retracted into the fuselage after the usage. The helicopter also has a redesigned nose similar to AC-313. A FLIR turret is mounted underneath the nose for night and poor weather operations. Additional antennas for MAWS and RWR are mounted on the nose and rear fuselage as well. A Z-18J prototype was first spotted near CHAIC in 2009. It has been developed to support the shipborne J-15 fighter onboard aircraft carriers such as Liaoning. As the result its rotor blades and tail boom can be folded to save parking space. However due to the limited payload and internal space of Z-18, its performance cannot match that of a fix-wing shipborne AWACS aircraft with a full C3I capability such as American E-2C. Therefore it is a stop-gap measure until a fix-wing AWACS aircraft based on Y-7 enters the service. The design of Z-18J appears similar to French AS-532 Horizon battlefield surveillance helicopter.



    Z-18F Sea Eagle

    [​IMG]

    First exposed in February 2014, Z-18F is an ASW/anti-ship variant based on the Z-18 transport helicopter. It features a large surface search radar under its nose and the FLIR/TV turret was relocated to the starboard side. It is believed to carry a new LF dipping sonar through an opening in the bottom of the fuselage. MAWS and RWR antennas are installed on the forward and rear fuselage. Additional communication and navigation antennas are installed on the bottom of fuselage. The helicopter also has 4 pylons installed on both sides of fuselage possibly for carrying torpedos and AShMs (e.g. YJ-9). 30 small openings are positioned along its rear loading ramp for dropping sonobuoys. Currently at least two prototypes have been built (01 & 02) and are undergoing various tests. As a heavy ASW helicopter, Z-18F is expected to be stationed onboard the aircraft carrier Liaoning.
    - Last updated 7/21/15

    Z-18A

    [​IMG]

    Since late 2014 PLA Army has been evaluating its own version of Z-18 (Z-18A?) for high altitude operations in Tibet. Compared to the naval Z-18, the Army version has a further protruding nose section which resembles that of Russian Mi-171E. and should reduce the drag during the flight. A terrain following radar is mounted under the nose. It also has a SATCOMantenna as well as Beidou/GPS antennas installed on top of the tail boom for long range communication. Once entering the service, Z-18A is expected to replace Z-8A/Bcurrently in service with PLA Army.
    - Last updated 10/3/16

    Z-20

    [​IMG]

    A new general purpose "China Medium Helicopter" (CMH) in the 10t class has been under development at 602/Harbin/Changhe since late 90s. It was speculated to be based on American S-70C currently still in service with PLA but also shares some common features with Z-10, such as a five-blade main rotor and twin Canadian PT6C-76C engines. However the project was delayed by the development of high priority Z-10 attack helicopter. Similar to Z-10, the helicopter also suffered several setbacks due to certain technical/political obstacles, such as obtaining a suitable engine as well as developing a new transmission system (with Eurocopter assistance). The project (now designated as Z-20) finally gained full speed after Z-10 was put into production in 2010. The helicopter features a glass cockpit with at least 5 MFDs as well as a nose mounted FLIR turret. MAWS and LWR sensors may have been installed on the nose as well as on the rear fuselage. A SATCOM antenna, two pairs of chaff/flare dispensers plus a Beidou/GPS antennawere installed on top of the tail boom. Therefore Z-20 possesses strong capabilities in terms of communication, navigation and self-protection, making it more survivable on the battlefield than theMi-17 series. The helicopter is expected to have a bigger cargo space and a higher fuel capacity than S-70Cand is powered by two WZ-10 turboshaft engines (~1,600kW). Z-20 is projected to replace eventually the large number of Russian Mi-17 series in service with the Army Aviation. The first prototype was rumored to have rolled down the assembly line in December 2012. However the exact type of engine used on the prototype is still unclear (Russian TV3-117VM?). The Z-20 #20001 prototype made its first flight at the HAIG airfield on December 23, 2013, almost 30 years since China acquired S-70C.At least three prototypes (#632, 633, 635) are being tested at CFTE. The latest rumor claimed that the WZ-10 turboshaft engine has been tested onboard a Z-20.
     
  3. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2011
    Messages:
    2,958
    Likes Received:
    5,851
    Country Flag:
    India
  4. Inactive

    Inactive Guest

    Looks photoshopped :coffee:
     
    Vyom and BlackOpsIndia like this.
  5. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2011
    Messages:
    2,958
    Likes Received:
    5,851
    Country Flag:
    India
  6. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

    Joined:
    Oct 13, 2016
    Messages:
    2,591
    Likes Received:
    4,845
    Country Flag:
    India
    [​IMG]

    Avicopter AC313

    The AC313 an updated design based on the earlier Harbin Z-8, itself a development of the Aérospatiale Super Frelon. The general designer of AC313 is Mr. Xu Chaoliang (徐朝梁), and the deputy general designer of AC313 is Mr. Li Jiayun (李家云). The prototype first flew at Jingdezhen, Jiangxi on 18 March 2010. It is designed to carry 27 passengers, has a reported maximum range of 900 kilometres, and a maximum takeoff weight of 13.8 tonnes.

    With three Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6B-67A engines, the AC313 is the largest helicopter ever developed in China. The AC313 is a single-rotor helicopter with tail rotors, side-by-side pilot seating, and a non-retractable landing gear. Although based on a 1960s design, the AC313 has been developed to use composite materials for the rotor blade and titanium main rotor. Composite materials are used on 50% of the helicopter and titanium is used for the remainder. The interior comes equipped with a modern integrated digital avionics system and has a cabin height of 1.83 m and 23.5 m3 in space. Designed to carry 27 passengers and two crew in the transport role, it has also been designed to be used for VIP transport, medical evacuations, and for search and rescue operations. In terms of cargo, it can carry up to 4 tonne internally or 5 tonnes on a sling. AC313 is equipped with electronic flight instrument system.

    The AC313 is only the second helicopter to be able to operate in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, first being Sikorsky S-70C Black Hawk. The flight testing period for the 13-tonne AC313 was conducted in Hulunbuir City, Inner Mongolia, starting in January where it was tested to operate in extremely low temperatures as low as minus 46C marking the scope of Asia’s largest tonnage helicopter meeting the mission requirements of the cold climate and the Earth’s polar regions. The helicopter also set its speed record of 336 km per hour during the testing period. The AC313 became the first China-made aircraft authorized by China's civil aviation authority in January to fly in high-altitude regions of over 4,500 meters above the sea level.
     
  7. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

    Joined:
    Oct 13, 2016
    Messages:
    2,591
    Likes Received:
    4,845
    Country Flag:
    India
    [​IMG]

    Airbus Helicopters H175 or Z15

    The Airbus Helicopters H175 / Avicopter AC352 , is a 7-ton class medium utility helicopter produced by Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter Group) and the Harbin Aircraft Industry Group of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). Original launched as the Eurocopter EC175 and the Avicopter Z-15.

    In April 2014, an agreement between Airbus Helicopters and Avicopter was made for the production of 1,000 EC175; lasting for 20 years, manufacturing is split half-and-half between separate assembly lines operated by the two firms.

    It has been alleged that the People's Liberation Army intends to order a large quantity of AC352s in the next decade to replace a significant portion of their existing rotorcraft fleet, such as older Mil Mi-8s, Sikorsky S-70s, Harbin Z-8s and Harbin Z-9s.
     
  8. cuibw99

    cuibw99 FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 13, 2017
    Messages:
    85
    Likes Received:
    67
    Country Flag:
    China
    Another two Z-10 helicopter photos I have:
    123549i4wgrmmcz4e1f47f.jpeg 225955v5u5ddoe16dw5e8w.jpeg
     
    Darshan gohel, Hawk Wang and Hellfire like this.
  9. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
    Chinese Z19 helicopter with Millimeter wave radar
    http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/harbin-z-19-light-attack-helicopter/
    Avionics on board Z-19 helicopter
    The Harbin Z-19 light attack helicopter features a gyro-stabilised sensor turret fixed under the nose. This turret houses forward-looking infrared (FLIR) camera systems, laser range finder/designator and a TV.

    The helicopter is also equipped with the latest mast-mounted active millimetre-wave (MMW) radar to find and engage targets over long ranges and comes with advanced helmet mounted sight (HMS) and fly-by-wire controls.

    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]
     
    Hawk Wang and Hellfire like this.
  10. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
    Chinese Z-19E attack helicopter (export version of Z-19)

    May 18 .2017 , the first flight will be in Harbin Hafei Airport.


    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
    Hellfire likes this.
  11. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
  12. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2011
    Messages:
    2,958
    Likes Received:
    5,851
    Country Flag:
    India
  13. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
    Chinese black hawk Z-20

    [​IMG]
     
  14. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
    Z-10 inside

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
    Hawk Wang likes this.
  15. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2017
    Messages:
    436
    Likes Received:
    255
    Country Flag:
    South Africa
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
    Hawk Wang likes this.

Share This Page