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Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) : News and Updates

Discussion in 'Indian Defence Industry' started by Manmohan Yadav, Oct 19, 2011.

  1. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO to showcase Agni missile, LCA models at science meet

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    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will showcase models of Agni missiles and the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) at the Indian Science Congress to be held in Jammu from Feb 3.

    Visitors will be able to see models of Agni I, II and III that have been inducted into service, an official spokesperson said.

    A model of LCA Tejas, which is all set to be inducted into the Indian Air Force, will also be seen at the Congress along with navy LCA.

    Models of other aeronautical systems on display will include Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft, pilotless target aircraft Lakshya and unmanned aerial vehicles, he said.

    The DRDO will also display torpedoes, mines and decoys.

    “DRDO has developed several material technologies and established production facilities as well. A few samples such as titanium sponge and high-power rare earth magnets can be seen,” the spokesperson said.

    Avinash Chander, scientific adviser to the defence minister, will deliver a lecture on “Scientific Innovation in Security” Feb 3.

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  2. Gessler

    Gessler BANNED BANNED

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    A New Year for DRDO

    Right folks, it is the beginning of the year (well, we are still in the first quarter at least)
    and 'Geek at Large' has decided to take a look at what we can expect from the
    Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in the coming period. In the
    first quarter of this year itself we are likely to see the first ever test of the Agni-V
    Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) from a canister and may also see the official
    unveiling of the K-4 submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM). The Nirbhay Ground
    Launched Cruise Missile (GLCM) is also set be tested for a second time soon.
    However,
    this post will focus on other programs that are just as significant for national security
    as the above.

    India's internal security environment has got better in recent times. Nevertheless, beyond improvements in tactics and training there is a need to leverage new technology to
    completely defang asymmetric warfare strategies being used by insurgents on Indian
    soil. It is here that DRDO's 'Divya Chaksu' program becomes significant given that under
    its aegis, sensors especially useful for providing situational awareness in low intensity
    warfare environments are being developed. Most significant among these are indigenous
    versions of foliage penetrating Radar (FOPEN), ground penetrating radar (GPR) and
    through wall detection radar (TWDR).


    FOPEN mounted on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or even ground based platforms
    obviously makes a lot of sense given that Indian forces often have to undertake
    counter-insurgency operations in wooded areas. A rugged militarized GPR will prove rather
    significant in detecting tunnels and the counter-IED fight. TWDRs are naturally quite
    useful in built-up areas to locate targets hiding behind concrete structures. These
    systems are of course already available from companies abroad but cost and security
    considerations ordain that indigenous development and production be pursued.

    The electronic warfare realm will be further bolstered in 2014 when India's first
    dedicated electronic intelligence satellite, CCI-SAT will be lofted into space by a PSLV.
    CCI-SAT could well augment the joint Signal Intelligence Directorate - DRDO program
    'Divya Dhrishti' which is an extensive electronic support measures (ESM) network
    consisting of some 12 ground stations connected via satellite along India's borders and
    has the capability to detect otherwise difficult to detect aircraft. Of course CCI-SAT is
    more oriented towards picking up signals from enemy communication networks.
    Incidentally, developments in the field of multi-static radars are on the anvil as well.


    2014 may also see forward movement in the area of directed energy weapons with
    Indian efforts in the arena of solid state lasers being unveiled. Much work has already
    been done in the field of gas dynamic laser(GDL) and chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COIL).
    For instance enclosed below(see Fig I) is the 'solid model' of a 25 kilowatt (KW)
    vehicle mounted GDL developed by DRDO's Laser Science and Technology Centre
    (LASTEC)
    that has been successfully tested against airborne in the past. The auto
    laser pointing system used on this 'transportable' GDL originally belongs to a 100 KW GDL.
    Solid state systems with 20 per cent laser efficiency have also been developed.

    [​IMG]
    Fig I. 25 KW 'transportable' gas dynamic laser developed by LASTEC

    Perhaps a future LASTEC developed free electron laser (which are also being
    researched) could be miniaturized enough to fit the Rustom-2 UAV (see fig 2 below)
    which will soon take to the skies for the first time. A future post at 'Geek at large'
    will detail some of the engine options for this UAV which has been designed to fly
    at 30,000 feet with an endurance of up to 35 hours
    putting it in the medium altitude
    long endurance (MALE) category.

    [​IMG]

    More 'earthbound' developments likely to gain momentum this year include the
    Arjun Mk-2 MBT (see Fig 3 below) which has already featured in this year's Republic
    Day parade and which needs to be ordered by the Indian Army in the high hundreds
    for India's overall tank programme to justify the production of homegrown (with some
    foreign help) 1500 HP and 1800 HP class gas turbine engines.


    [​IMG]

    Looking to fulfil its brief of also directly augmenting the most basic unit of warfare,
    i.e the soldier itself, DRDO is set to unveil the multi-caliber individual weapon system
    (MCIWS) being develped by the Armaments Research and Development Establishment
    (ARDE),
    Pune, (see Fig 4 and 5 below)

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    which will allow operators to alternatively fire 7.62mm, 5.56mm and 6.8 mm rounds by
    changing the barrel group, breech block & magazine.
    Provision has also been made to
    mount an indigenous 40 mm Under Barrel grenade Launcher (UBGL) (pictured above)
    capable of firing programmable air-burst rounds. CCD camera day sight and thermal imaging
    night sight can also be mounted on its picatinny rail system to engage targets in day &
    night conditions. The weapon body is machined with Aluminium alloy and a metal insert
    based 30 Round engineering plastic magazine and adjustable butt are also featured.
    Ambidextrous features for cocking, lever change and magazine change have also been
    incorporated.

    DRDO believes that MCIWS is a contemporary assault rifle and will help put an end to
    a recurring critique focused on the vintage of the existing INSAS family.

    Saurav Jha's Blog : A new year for DRDO

    [MENTION=8719]layman[/MENTION] [MENTION=6541]Sancho[/MENTION] [MENTION=6916]Manmohan Yadav[/MENTION] [MENTION=9307]WMD[/MENTION] [MENTION=9331]BMD[/MENTION] [MENTION=8533]tunguska[/MENTION] [MENTION=9175]grond[/MENTION] [MENTION=8061]Marqueur[/MENTION]
    [MENTION=8921]Picdelamirand-oil[/MENTION] [MENTION=7118]Himanshu Pandey[/MENTION]
     
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  3. Soumya

    Soumya Major STAR MEMBER

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    India's DRDO showcases Low Frequency Dunking Sonar for ASW helicopters

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    LFDS is an airborne sonar system which can be deployed from rotary wing platforms, for acting as force multiplier for surface vessels. It provides the advantages of lower frequency combined with higher source level for range advantage in littoral ASW. It enables the deployment of sensors to deeper depths for detection of deep dived submarines, thereby substantially enhancing performance. LFDS is an integrated system using indigenous technology capable of simultaneously processing inputs from sonobuoys and operating the dunking sonar for establishing exact range and bearing values with active low frequency transmission.

    The LFDS has been primarily developped to be fitted onboard Indian Navy's Dhruv helicopters.

    India's DRDO showcases Low Frequency Dunking Sonar for ASW helicopters
     
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  4. Soumya

    Soumya Major STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO develops corner-shot rifle for counter-insurgency​

    India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a corner-shot rifle for the special forces that provides greater safety during counter-insurgency operations as its user is not in the direct line of fire, a top official has said.

    DRDO chief Avinash Chander told India Strategic defence magazine that the lightweight rifle is made of composite materials and is multi-calibre, capable of firing both 5.56 and 7.62 rounds. It is at present undergoing final tests at its small arms unit in Pune.

    Once the evaluation trials are over, the rifle design would be offered to a public or private sector industry for manufacture as per the government's decision, and then made available to special forces like the National Security Guard (NSG), Indian Army and police units.

    The corner shot rifle, which enables a soldier to fire at 90 degrees or at an angle from behind a wall without facing a terrorist or a target, was first developed in Israel. India is reported to have bought some rifles for anti-terror operations.

    Chander said that the rifle is of simple design and would be easy to manufacture

    DRDO develops corner-shot rifle for counter-insurgency | Business Standard
     
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  5. shah86

    shah86 FULL MEMBER

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    India’s first nuclear submarine and ICBM will be ready for induction next year: DRDO

    NEW DELHI: Seeking to jettison its widespread reputation as a laggard in delivering cutting-edge weapons to armed forces, the Defence Research and Development Organizationis planning a flurry of missile and other tests as well as futuristic projects this year.
    From spy and combat drones, cyber-security and directed-energy weapons to tests of the two-tier missile shield, the 5,000-km nuclear-capable Agni-Vballistic missile and Nirbhay cruise missile, sea trials of nuclear submarine INS Arihant, final operational clearances for Tejas fighter and Arjun Mark-II tank, DRDOis promising them all.
    During the Def-Expo on Friday, DRDO chief Avinash Chander expressed confidence that the Agni-V and INS Arihant, the country's first intercontinental ballistic missile and first SSBN (nuclear-powered submarine armed with nuclear-tipped missiles), would be ready for induction by next year.
    There has been some concern over the delay in sea trials of the 6,000-tonne INS Arihant, whose 83 MW pressurized light-water reactor went "critical'' on August 10 last year. "The submarine is undergoing the power-raising (in the miniature nuclear reactor) phase, which I am sure will be completed in a month or two. Thereafter, it will go for sea trials. The K-15 missiles (nuclear-tipped with a 750-km strike range) are fully ready and will be tested from the submarine this year," said Chander.
    DRDO is also working on a longer range submarine-launched ballistic missile called K-4, with a 3,500-km range, which is likely to be tested for the first time from a submerged pontoon next year.
    While the 4,000-km Agni-IV is now ready for induction after completing its three developmental trials, the Agni-V will be tested in a canister-launch version later this year, said Chander.
    A canisterized Agni-V, which brings the whole of China within its strike envelope, will allow the armed forces the requisite operational flexibility to swiftly transport and fire the missile from atop a launcher truck. "After two-three trials, Agni-V should be ready for induction by end-2015," said Chander.
    On the ballistic missile defence front, the DRDO chief said the final "system configuration" of the two-tier system -- designed to track and destroy ballistic missiles both inside (endo) and outside (exo) the earth's atmosphere - was now being frozen after seven developmental tests. "It will be tested in its final configuration in a month or so," he said.
    But the sprawling DRDO, with over 50 labs and 532 R&D projects worth Rs 47,575 crore under its belt, has often failed to live up to its promises with huge time and cost overruns.
    Chander, however, contended that DRDO had undergone an "internal transformation" over the last one year to ensure it becomes dynamic and capable of faster delivery of military hardware and software to the armed forces.
    As per recommendations of the Rama Rao Committeereport, submitted way back in February 2008, DRDO has been re-organized into seven vertical technology clusters like missiles and strategic systems, aeronautics, armament and combat engineering, life sciences, electronics and communication, naval systems and material sciences. But the key reforms of creating a Defence Technology Commissionand a commercial arm are yet to be implemented.

    India?s first nuclear submarine and ICBM will be ready for induction next year: DRDO - The Times of India
     
  6. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    ‘Work on long range UAV on track’

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    Work on assembling Rustom II, long range unmanned aerial vehicle is going on now. It can go on surveillance for 36 hours as against Rustom I that can go flying for eight to 10 hours, Dr Kota Harinarayana, architect of India’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas and Dr D S Kothari DRDO Chair at Aeronautical Development Agency, Bangalore, has said.

    Delivering the Dr. V. Bhujanga Rao Endowment Lecture on “Technology, aviation and national security” at GITAM University here on Thursday, he said without technological advances in aviation and air power superiority it was difficult to become an economic or military power. Successive wars since 1991 Iraq invasion had shown that air strikes proved decisive. Even in the Kargil war, precision-guided bombing by aircraft had played a major role, he said. “Stealth technology had become quite crucial in which the difference between life and death is 20 seconds depending upon who sees first,” he said.

    The lecture was organised by GITAM University and Condition Monitoring Society of India (CMSI).

    Dwelling on the success of LCA, he said it was the outcome of 300 industries, 40 R&D institutes and 120 academic institutes and took 15 years for development and it got the first operational clearance. Technological and organisational innovation led to the development of the lethal, survivable, supportable and versatile LCA, Dr. Harinarayana said. NSTL and BHPV also played a key role in providing the input, he said.

    Stressing the importance of integrated vehicle health management system (VHMS), he said it was extremely crucial as maintenance cost had turned out to be 10 times that of acquisition and around 30 per cent of the cost of operation.

    Dr. Harinaryana said IVHM should be a national programme with academic institutes, R&D and industry coming together and wanted GITAM to be a part of it.

    Distinguished Scientist and Director General Naval Systems V. Bhujanga Rao lauded the efforts of Dr. Harinarayana in developing LCA and said it would cost Rs.120 crore to make and Rs.200 crore if imported. CMSI was founded 10 years ago and it was crucial for any assets including dams and heritage buildings. It could ultimately lead to monitoring fifth generation aircraft onboard, online. GITAM University Vice-Chancellor G. Subrahmanayam said the university had entered into an MoU with Karnataka government to set up Central Research Laboratory at its Bangalore campus. Its scientific activity centre had 18 patents, including two by its students.

    GITAM Engineering College Principal K. Lakshmi Prasad, Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering V. Srinivas, senior faculty M R S Satyanarayana and Ram Turaga, and CMSI general secretary and NSTL scientist P.V.S. Ganesh Kumar participated.

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  7. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    SAM-C to Assess DRDO Weapon Systems

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    In its bid to give a renewed thrust to all weapon system development in the country, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has silently launched a new centre operating out of its head quarters in New Delhi.

    The System Analysis and Modelling Centre (SAM-C) is the outcome of one of the strongest recommendations of the Rama Rao Committee, which played a key role in DRDO’s structural revamp. The SAM-C has the principle role of identifying all weapon systems that are projected for Indian defence. The unit is currently headed by senior missile scientist Dr N Prabhakar, in his capacity as the Chief Controller.

    An official confirmed to ‘Express’ that the idea of creating SAM-C was to maintain consistency across various weapon spectrum. “The Forces are fast-moving towards network-centric warfare capabilities. Hence, it is important to have the proper command, control structures and integrate the systems into a coherent entity,” said a top scientist, who didn’t want to be identified.

    The DRDO has so far kept most of the operations of SAM-C under wraps, with its team members already undertaking weapon assessment missions. Set up in September 2013, one of the main tasks of SAM-C is to optimise the DRDO resources spread across seven clusters (52 labs).

    Missiles, aircraft, sensors and command, control and communication systems will all be assessed by the SAM-C team over a period of time.

    “Currently the team has around 20 scientists drawn from all the DRDO clusters, including aeronautics, missiles, combat vehicles and naval systems. We have identified some major problems and are currently addressing the same,” the official said.

    When asked whether the setting up of SAM-C would prevent the DRDO from running into ‘time and cost over-run whirlpool,’ the official said that the unit has kept performance, schedule and cost as the three measures of merit.

    SAM-C is setting up a test bed to analyse systems of systems, in addition to run the mandate of prediction and negation of futuristic threats.

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  8. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    India has capacity to make anti-satellite weapons: DRDO chief

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    India has the capability to build anti-satellite weapons but has no plans for any activity that affects peaceful use of space, DRDO chief Avinash Chander said Friday.

    Talking to media persons at Defexpo ’14 here, Chander said anti-satellite weapon capacity includes ability to reach the target and a pinpoint hit.

    “Configurations are available. We are confident we can do it,” he said.

    However, he said there were no plans for activity “which will affect space”.

    Answering another query, he said the Defence Research and Development Organisation was working on converging technologies concerning high energy systems.

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  9. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    Nation faces major cyber threat from imported defence systems, DRDO Chief

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    India faces a major cyber security challenge from imported Defence products which can come laden with snooping virus or malwares and should thus get involved with the production of weapon systems from their nascent stage, chief of Defence Research and Development Organisation Avinash Chander said on Friday.

    Addressing the media at Defexpo 2014 here, Mr. Chander, who is also the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister, said cyber security can be enhanced by getting involved with the software of the projects from the time they are developed so that “cocoons” could be built around them.

    “For real security, the answer lies being involved with it from the design stage,” he said, adding that similar control cannot be possessed over a system that is procured from outside.

    Responding to a question on India’s ability to check for malware or snooping devices in advanced systems like the C-17 and C-130J Super Hercules aircraft procured from the United States, Mr. Chander said “when an equipment is bought from outside, you have no control.”

    Stressing the need to protect the country’s military equipment from hacking, he said there was a need to ensure that hackers are not able to target the “critical or core systems”.

    Noting that a major reason for the threat posed by malwares or snooping virus was that it was difficult to assess them in an “integrated system”, Mr. Chander said the problem was compounded by the fact that most foreign countries do not provide the source code for the equipment sold by them.

    The DRDO chief said the problem behind unsecured procurements also had its genesis in the fact that many agencies took their own decisions concerning foreign purchases of equipment. He called for having guidelines to protect systems against subversion. “Cyber security is our biggest security challenge and requires a new paradigm in purchase processes. When we buy, we must buy with security in mind,” he said.

    The Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister said DRDO has also undertaken in a big way the development of cyber technology tools. It has also taken to installation of controlled networks and securing the local are networks.

    Besides, it was working on its own security mobile systems, development of Avdhani processors, and developing its own routers, operating systems and analysis systems.”


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  10. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO developing UAVs to track down Maoists

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    DRDO on Friday said it is developing UAVs for use by CRPF to track down Left-wing extremists in thick forest areas of Naxal-hit states including Chattisgarh and Jharkhand.

    “We are planning to do a demonstration of Nishant UAV from Jagdalpur sometime in March and April around that region. They have roughly indicated the requirement of 16 birds to start with,” DRDO chief Avinash Chader told a press conference at the Defexpo here.

    “We have been working with CRPF to freeze the configuration required for operation in the area and elements. The configuration of Nishant in Army is much different because in remote area operations they want extra vehicles in that area,” he said.

    CRPF is deployed in large numbers in counter-insurgency operations in the states, including Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand, and was earlier using the UAVs of IAF and NTRO.

    However, due to their limited capability in penetrating thick forest areas, IAF has removed them from there.

    On development of UAV sensors which would be able to penetrate Indian rain forests, he said, “No technology is available yet to penetrate the dense foliage of Indian tropical forests.

    “We are working on lower frequency radars that will be able to penetrate foliage. Within a couple of years we will have a solution.”

    Giving an update on the Arjun Mark II user trials, the DRDO chief said, “The user trials have been completed. There are small issues with the missile system being fired, which will be rectified.”

    Arjun MkII is an advanced version of the indigenous main battle tank and is undergoing trials in the desert areas of Rajasthan for getting nod for induction into the Army

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  11. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO develops corner-shot rifle for counter-insurgency

    [​IMG]

    India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a corner-shot rifle for the special forces that provides greater safety during counter-insurgency operations as its user is not in the direct line of fire, a top official has said.

    DRDO chief Avinash Chander told India Strategic defence magazine that the lightweight rifle is made of composite materials and is multi-calibre, capable of firing both 5.56 and 7.62 rounds. It is at present undergoing final tests at its small arms unit in Pune.

    Once the evaluation trials are over, the rifle design would be offered to a public or private sector industry for manufacture as per the government’s decision, and then made available to special forces like the National Security Guard (NSG), Indian Army and police units.

    The corner shot rifle, which enables a soldier to fire at 90 degrees or at an angle from behind a wall without facing a terrorist or a target, was first developed in Israel. India is reported to have bought some rifles for anti-terror operations.

    Chander said that the rifle is of simple design and would be easy to manufacture.

    More Info
     
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  12. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    Work Restarts on Aeronautical Testing Range at Chitradurga

    Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar in Rajya Sabha today Informed that work on Aeronautical Test Range at Chitradurga, Karnataka which was halted by the National Green Tribunal from 21st August 2013 to 3rd September 2013 was restarted after Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) provided DRDO ‘Consent for Establishment (CFE)’, and accorded the CFE to develop the Aeronautical Test Range at Varavu Kaval, Challakere Taluk, Chitradurga District, Karnataka.

    Aeronautical Testing Range in Chitradurga district will cover 4,000 acres and will include a runway , DRDO plans to use new range for flight-testing sophisticated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), air-to-ground weapons, huge parachutes, Light Combat Aircraft Tejas, aerostats and also for testing electronic warfare systems.

    DRDO already has an Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur-on-sea, near Balasore, Orissa, from where different missiles are flight-tested. Wheeler Island, off the Orissa coast, comes under this ITR and it is from here that Agni series of missiles are flight-tested.

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  13. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO, MBDA Sign MoU For India’s SR-SAM Air Defense systems

    India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with French-firm MBDA to jointly work on Short Range-Surface to Air Missile (SR-SAM).

    The announcement was made in a written statement by Defence Minister AK Antony to the Parliament.

    DRDO has already completed development of Akash – Medium Range Surface to Air Missile. The Indian Air Force and Army have placed production order with Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL).

    Akash is a Medium Range Surface to Air Missile system with a range 25 km and command based guidance system, whereas SR-SAM is a Short Range Surface to Air Missile system with a range of 15 km and seeker based guidance system.

    Therefore, it may not be appropriate to compare the costs of two different missile systems.

    The Government of India and Government of France have signed an Agreement on Defence Co-operation on 20th February 2006 and Technical Agreement between Ministry of Defence of India and Ministry of Defence of Republic of France was signed on 25th April 2007. This reason has nominated MBDA as a Joint Development partner.

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  14. Soumya

    Soumya Major STAR MEMBER

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    BUILDING WARSHIPS TOWARDS SELF-RELIANCE

    There can be no denying the fact that in charting the course of transforming Indian Navy (IN) from its hitherto 'buyers' label to present-day 'builders' navy, warship construction in India has leap-frogged to a new realm altogether.

    In that transformation, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited (GRSE), one of the four Indian shipbuilding Defence Public Sector Undertaking (PSU), ranks as the 'Best Performing Defence Shipyard' in the country since last few years.

    Remarkably, GRSE is the first Indian shipbuilding company that has launched the first-ever export warship, an Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) for the Government of Mauritius.

    It has also completed successful sea trials of the first anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvette for IN, which is expected to be commissioned soon. Besides, it has also recently launched first in the series of several Landing Craft Utility (LCU) ships it is building for our navy.

    A Mini-Ratna Category-1 company since 2006, GRSE is among the profit making PSUs. Currently engaged with projects worth 10,000 Crore and credited with an 'Excellent' MoU rating for last three years, GRSE overhauled its turnover of 1,500 crore of previous fiscal by 100 in the fiscal that ended last month.

    Founded in 1884 as 'River Steam Navigation Company' of England, the small ship-repair yard on the western bank of Hooghly transformed into a Joint Stock Company in 1934 renaming itself as 'Garden Reach Workshops' (GRW) deriving its 'Garden' nomenclature from the famous botanical garden on its opposite bank. The word 'Reach' means a stretch of land between two bends of a river.

    The company was finally acquired by Government of India on April 19, 1960 and was placed under the Ministry of Defence. The company was rechristened 'Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited' on January 1, 1977.

    The initial years of GRSE remained essentially marine repair work. By 1961, however, it proved its warship building capability by offering IN its first indigenously built ship, INS Ajay. The warship was later gifted to Bangladesh Navy in 1974 and was rechristened BNS Surma.

    GRSE is also the only Indian shipyard to have built an oil tanker and hovercraft so far. It has also to its credit the proven design and delivery of a 'Landing Ship'. Although a marine repair work company, GRSE is also the largest manufacturer of portable or bailey bridges in India, an unheralded feat, much lesser feted.

    More than 5,000 bailey bridges have so far been delivered to the Indian Army. It includes bridges at highest altitudes in the world. The bridges developed include double-lane bridges with enhanced load carrying capacity. GRSE has the capacity to build 43 single-lane and 26 double-lane bridges in a year.

    Among its other users are Bhutan and Myanmar besides Public Works Department of various states and private firms. Now the states of Odisha and Jharkhand have also evinced interest in acquiring bailey bridges from GRSE.

    In its early years, post its acquisition into the defence PSU fold, it also manufactured equipment such as level luffing wharf cranes, EOT (Electrical Overhead Travelling) cranes, road rollers, bailey bridges, mining machinery, turbine pumps, railway signalling equipment, package boilers, electric cargo winches, air compressors, aerial ropeways and even vitreous-enamelled sanitary ware among other things.

    Today, capable of building 14 ships at any given time including both large and small ships, it has steadily modernised its infrastructure and yard capacity to not only building ships but also has enhanced its manufacturing capability of single and double-lane bridges.

    In the first decade following its acquisition, GRW as it was then known was slowly but steadily making inroads into sturdier warship building projects. By 1969-70, GRW had also become the principal manufacturers of harbour crafts like tugs, dredgers, hopper barges and several other marine vessels for government and several Port Trusts.

    By 1973-74, the company also delivered to the Indian Navy a superbly versatile 40-Ton, Bollard pull-tug INS Gaj, the biggest 'Ocean going Tug' of its time in Asia. In the subsequent decades a resurgent GRSE continued to be the bulwark of Indian shipbuilding industry hauling out 89 warships for the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard and nearly 700 vessels for a number of State Governments and Port Trusts.

    GRSE, today, is manufacturing a wide range of high-tech modern warships and hovercraft including frigates, corvettes, ASW corvettes, landing ship tank, fleet replenishment tankers, LCU ships, survey vessels, water-jet fast attack craft and interceptor boats.

    Among the deck machinery it manufactures include davits, winches, capstans, helicopter traversing systems for ship-borne applications and portable steel bridges for hilly areas, notably for Indian Army operations as also for rural road appliances. It also assembles high-value engineering items like diesel engines and its overhaul.

    In recent years with its modernised yards and docks, GRSE is marshalling all its efforts towards achieving near 100 per cent indigenisation in its future shipbuilding endeavours. The third ASW corvette in the series of the four P-28 corvettes being built for the IN has a remarkable 90 per cent indigenised content, not unachieved by any defence shipyard in the country so far.

    With a 20 per cent growth over its previous fiscal values of production (VOP), from a turnover of 574 Cr in 2007-08, GRSE achieved a VOP of 1,600 Cr in 2013-14. With a healthy order of 25 warships in its kitty under five different projects, three from the Navy accounting for 16 ships, one from the coast guard for eight ships and an export order of an OPV for Mauritius, GRSE is only poised to steam further.

    Owing to its recently-modernised main unit, GRSE will be able to undertake construction of large-size ships with modular construction concepts in a much shorter time-frame. GRSE long term plan includes creation of a 'Deep Sea Shipyard' in neighbouring Odisha.

    With recognition for its achievements for new inventions in warship design, hello-traversing systems, double-lane portable steel bridges and marine pumps, GRSE continues to give top priority to and engages a lot in R&D. For the time being, however, despite a market existing for very large warships, GRSE intends sticking to building of frigates and destroyers that are the mainstay of IN.

    With over 50 years of experience as a defence PSU, GRSE is fully geared to serve the maritime needs of our navy and coast guard and is integral to defence production and preparedness of our country that eventually translates into a self-reliant nation.

    It is nigh impossible to miss the work ethos of its workforce that got GRSE the justifiable award of "Best performing Defence Shipyard in the Country" for the years 2012 and 2013.

    Emblazoned everywhere in the GRSE workplace are three words -- Work is Warship -- that sums up the motto of its nearly 3,500 strong workforce set to build a self-reliant Indian Navy.

    ****
    GRSE turns a new leaf tomorrow on turning 54.
    A feature on the eve of their anniversary)

    By Group Captain Tarun Kumar Singha VSM & Bar
    Chief Public Relations Officer, Defence, Kolkata
    Photos: Maj Sandesh Rokade and GRSE archives

    Here are some photos from GRSE, Kolkata

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    And this photo will give sleepless night to our Neighbors :p:
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  15. Soumya

    Soumya Major STAR MEMBER

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    DRDO gets a new HAL-built Do-228 for a radar flying test bed.
     
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