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Defense Industry General News and Updates

Discussion in 'Indian Defence Industry' started by layman, Apr 18, 2017.

  1. HELLBENT

    HELLBENT FULL MEMBER

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    The Kalyani Autonomous Rover called ECARS – Enhanced Collaborative Autonomous Rover System had made its debut at the 2016 DefExpo in Goa. Developed in-house by the pune-based Kalyani Group, the new rover can be used for mine detection, bomb disposal, perimeter security, operation in a hazardous environment, and so on.

    Featuring characteristics of an ATV, the Autonomous Rover can also be controlled remotely using a computer and gaming stick, as shown in the image below.

    Kalyani Autonomous Rover (ECARS) is a 4 wheeled ATV with a skid-steer mechanism and autonomous operation using video motion sensors. It also features enhanced collision avoidance system, threat analysis, learning & mission planning. Built on a multi-functional and multi-sensor platform, Kalyani Autonomous Rover (ECARS) is capable of multi-tasking.

    Tha all-terrain amphibious vehicle derives power from a battery-powered electric motor. It can last for up to 6 hours in silent mode. In manual mode (when operated by a human remotely), it has a top speed of 20 kmph, while in the autonomous mode it has a top speed of up to 15 kmph. Climbing capability stands at max 45 degrees slope.

    Operating temperature ranges from -40 degrees C to +40 degrees C. Highlights are – easy to use, economical and low maintenance.

    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-1.jpg

    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-2.jpg
    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-3.jpg
    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-4.jpg
    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-7.jpg
    Kalyani-Autonomous-Rover-8.jpg
     
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  2. HELLBENT

    HELLBENT FULL MEMBER

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    small aerostat from CUSATS

    Cusat_1.jpg

    Cusat 2.jpg
     
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  3. Som Thomas

    Som Thomas 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    `Make In India’ Gets A Major Push With Kalyani-DRDO Made ATAGS Breaking World Record By Firing At Over 48 Km Range At Pokhran
    [​IMG]


    Yet another world record was set at Pokhran on Friday by the indigenously manufactured 155mm/52 calibre Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), jointly designed and developed by the Pune based Kalyani group along with DRDO.

    Many senior officers from DRDO and Army visited Pokhran to witness the firing. Officials present at the range said they witnessed a spectacular show during the trial firings at Pokhran Ranges, where the ATAGS variant developed by Kalyani Group, registered the longest ever distance of 48.074 kms, surpassing the maximum ranges of 35-40 kms fired by any artillery gun system in this category.

    This surpasses all previous records as similar artillery gun systems currently operational in the world can fire a maximum range of 40-45 kilometres.

    “A steady but arduous, technically challenging journey has seen many firsts in the development of this gun, culminating with achievement of range in excess of 48 KM with HE ERFB BB and 38.5 KM with HE ERFB BT ammunition (the long range high explosive-base bleed ammunition),” said a senior official who witnessed the trial firings at Pokhran range.

    The ordnance including barrel and breech mechanism, on both variants of ATAGS, is developed at Kalyani Group Advanced Artillery Manufacturing Facility.

    According to defence sources, the ATAGS trials being conducted at Pokharan ranges are targeted at various distances to validate firing capacity of zone 7 with 25 litres effective chamber volume and the guns are performing as per expectations.

    A special feature of ATAGS, all electric drives for laying and ammunition handling system, in any artillery system is a first. It ensures better and more reliable performance compared with earlier less reliable hydraulic systems.

    It may be noted here that this artillery gun project started in 2014 with the selection of Bharat Forge Ltd, a Kalyani Group company and TATA Power SED as two major Development Partners of DRDO-ARDE’s prestigious program. The two platforms which were tested earlier in PXE Balasore in Dec 2016 were publicly showcased at 68th Republic Day Parade on 26th January 2017.

    The first proof firing of the armament was conducted in 2015 with maximum record chamber pressure of over 560MPa as P2 pressure.

    The barrel and breech mechanism for ATAGS is developed by Bharat Forge with specially designed metallurgy to cater for zone 7 and comes under critical technology. Both firing platforms have the ordnance systems made by Bharat Forge Ltd., flagship company of Kalyani Group.

    The way the project is unfolding the gun has come up well and continues to be one of the finest gun platforms in its class in the world. The aim of the ATAGS is to provide the Indian Army with domestic artillery platform that will surpass foreign designs.

    https://defenceaviationpost.com/mak...king-world-record-firing-48-km-range-pokhran/
     
  4. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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  5. An Indian

    An Indian 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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  6. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Belarus to Manufacture Defense Equipment under Make in India Program

    India would immensely benefit from military cooperation with Belarus as it would ensure transfer of high-end Belarusian technology for upgrading Soviet-era tanks and military equipment.

    New Delhi (Sputnik) — Belarus has agreed to manufacture defense equipment in India in partnership with the Indian industry. An agreement to this effect was signed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko on the last day of the latter's visit to New Delhi.

    "We will encourage joint development and manufacturing in defense sector under the Make in India program. We have also progressed our discussion on utilizing the US$ 100 million line of credit that India had offered in 2015 to specific projects in Belarus," Narendra Modi said after the signing of 10 Memorandum of Understanding with Belarus in New Delhi.

    Prime Minister Modi also said that apart from the defense sector, there were possibilities for partnership between the two countries in the manufacturing of tires, agro-industrial machinery, and mining equipment. However, both the leaders chose not to divulge specific details about joint defense projects.

    In the last few years, Belarus has turned to the Asian market for its defense equipment. The country has its eyes set on major defense deals with India Pakistan, China, and Vietnam. It is particularly interested in India as most of India's defense equipment are of Russian origin and Belarus' defense industry has high level of skills in maintaining and upgrading Soviet-era equipment.

    Meanwhile, the two countries are also exploring the possibility the setting up of a technology demonstration center in India to showcase Belarusian technology. India is linked with Belarus under multi-lateral economic initiatives such as the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and the International North South Transport Corridor. India is negotiating a Free Trade Agreement with the EEU.
     
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  7. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Swadeshi 84 mm Recoilless Gun Made By OFB | Tank Killer



    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
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  8. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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    India’s BHEL to expand in defence
    Jon Grevatt - IHS Jane's Defence Industry
    25 September 2017
    Indian corporation Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), one of the country’s largest power and transmission equipment manufacturers, has outlined an intention to invest in further expanding its capabilities in defence and aerospace.

    Atul Sobti, the chairman and managing director of the state-owned company, said at its annual meeting on 22 September that it has created an internal business group to identify opportunities in the defence sector as part of efforts to diversify.

    The company is already established as a Tier 2 supplier in India’s defence sector. Mainly contracted by Tier 1 Indian companies, BHEL supplies equipment including gun mounts, platform management systems for naval vessels, integrated bridge systems, turret castings for tanks, training equipment, and heat exchangers for military aircraft including India’s Tejas Light Combat Aircraft.

    http://www.janes.com/article/74354/india-s-bhel-to-expand-in-defence
     
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  9. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    CBI, police probing defalcation of funds, smuggling of weapon parts at India’s oldest army rifle factory

    A vigilance report which is part of the CBI’s FIR mentions a former general manager, a joint general manager, a deputy general manager, an additional general manager and an assistant general manager as main suspects in the defalcation case.

    KOLKATA Updated: Oct 30, 2017 10:45 IST
    [​IMG]
    Tanmay Chatterjee
    Hindustan Times
    [​IMG]
    Founded by the British, Rifle Factory Ishapore is one of the oldest arms manufacturing units in Asia. (Govt of India website)

    • Madhu Sudan Mukhopadhyay, a cashier at RFI, has been named as the prime accused along with other “unknown persons.” Finding “prima facie” evidence the CBI has charged Mukhopadhyay with defalcation of Rs 1.70 crore. Mukhopadhyay is currently under suspension.

      RFI produces the INSAS rifle and its variants used in Kargil, the 12 gauge pump-action shotgun (infamously known as the “pellet gun” in Kashmir), a pistol and some new rifles for the army and police and six types of firearms meant only for civilians. Because of its production schedule, the factory has to maintain a stock of finished and unfinished weapons as well as components.

      In a disturbing development, the Special Task Force (STF) of the Kolkata Police on September 21 arrested Sambhu Bhattacharjee, a junior works manager, for allegedly smuggling out parts of the 7.62 mm SLR and 5.56 mm INSAS. These components were allegedly being sold to gunsmiths who cater to the underworld.

      Deepak Shaw, who allegedly deals in illegal firearms and has links with gangs in Bihar, was arrested along with Bhattacharjee. About two dozen magazines of semi-automatic rifles and several components, including firing mechanisms and triggers, were seized by the STF.


      The STF went into action after Lalu, a contractual labourer who used to work at the pistol section of RFI, was arrested in Kolkata on September 18. A 9 mm pistol, assembled with components made at the factory, was seized from him. The discovery shocked the administration.

      “Vigilance inside the factory has been intensified manyfold after the smuggling was detected,” Ratneswar Varma, who took charge of RFI as general manager in April 2016, told HT. “Some people have been identified. Others are being cross-examined by the task force,” he added.

      While the Kolkata Police is pursuing the smuggling racket, the CBI probe into defalcation of funds from the cash section of a Centre-run unit has raised eyebrows inside RFI. A section of officers and workers feel that none of the crimes could have been committed without the involvement of officers.

      “This is not the first reported incident of smuggling. In 2015 the RFI authorities received a complaint that ammunition was being secretly shipped out of the factory. There is a shooting range inside the factory for employees. Lockers allotted to the shooters were searched. Ammunition that nobody could account for were seized from some lockers,” said an officer on condition of anonymity.

      The first information report on financial corruption that Gautam Mandal, an Indian Revenue Service officer, submitted to the joint director of CBI on April 4 this year mentioned that Rs 28.56 crores were withdrawn from the bank during 2012-2016 but no entry was made in the books.

    • “The factory did not offer its cash books for audit for the last six years despite repeated reminder from the internal audit department. It is equally surprising that in spite of repeated reminders from OFB internal audit office to the management of the factory, including the general manager, no action was taken to remedy the situation and stop the malpractice,” the chief vigilance officer of OFB said in his report. He also sent a letter in March this year to heads of the rest of the 40 factories run by OFB, mentioning the mismanagement of funds and asking them to be vigilant.

      The vigilance report which is now part of the FIR filed by CBI names seven senior officers as “main suspects” in the defalcation case. They include a former general manager, a joint general manager, a deputy general manager, an additional general manager and an assistant general manager.

    • “I suspended Madhu Sudan Mukhopadhyay, the cashier, after the internal investigation. I was convinced by the findings,” Ratneswar Varma told HT when asked about the CBI probe.

      Interestingly, the full vigilance report (HT has a copy) mentions Arijit Mukherjee, “a young Indian Ordnance Factory Service Officer posted as cash officer of the factory”on May 11, 2015” as the “whistle blower.” He “repeatedly tried to expose the misdeeds” and brought the matter to the notice of Varma, the report says.

      Set up in 1875 as a gunpowder factor and developed into a rifle-making unit in 1904, RFI armed the British Indian army with the famous Lee-Enfield rifle and Vickers machine gun and started making rifles and pistols for the armed forces, police and civilians after Independence.
     
  10. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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  11. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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    Indigenous test rig for aircraft head-up display units developed

    An indigenous test rig for head-up display (HUD) units of aircraft has been developed by the Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO) here that will replace imported equipment in use at present, thereby leading to significant cost saving.

    The test rig will be produced commercially by the public sector undertaking Bharat Electronics Limited that is already manufacturing HUDs for various fighter and training aircraft in Indian inventory.


    All IAF and Navy fighters and advanced trainers as well as the C-17 transport aircraft are equipped with HUDs. A project to develop a HUD system for helicopters is also on the drawing boards.


    The test rig is part of an end-to-end solution that will help in evaluating different functionalities of HUDs and similar systems at the intermediate and operator level at airbases as well as at depot level, maintenance level and at manufacturing agencies. According to CSIO scientists, the rig is an important import substitute which will help in reducing the overall time taken as well as the costs incurred to test new HUDs.


    Besides being an exhaustive testing and evaluation platform for HUDs and identifying faults up to the component level, the test rig can also be used for testing and calibrating other equipment such as gun sights, bore sighting tools for laser ranger and marked target seekers.
    http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/na...t-head-up-display-units-developed/490501.html
     
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  12. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    The Union Minister for Defence, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman receiving a dividend cheque of Rs. 18 crore for the financial year 2016 – 17 from the Chairman and Managing Director, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Shri D.K. Hota, in New Delhi on November 22, 2017.
    [​IMG]
     
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  13. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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    Services Qualitative Requirement (SQR): Need To Realise the Potential of New Provisions

    Making the Services Qualitative Requirement (SQR) for a weapon system or an equipment not only marks the beginning of a defence procurement case, but also is a foundation on which rests the entire edifice of the subsequent procedure. Whether the effort of many years will result in realising the weapon/equipment desired, or the case will fall, is decided in many cases on soundness of the SQR or the lack of it.

    It has been more than a year and a half (since March 2016) since the SQR appeared in their new formulation in the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016. The run time thus far has however shown that the real power of the new dimensions of the SQRs in the DPP - namely, utilising multiple options, capability to provide to a discerning user the stretch capability in a weapon system in a finite time, rewarding a vendor who promises to provide 'more than the minimum bottom line', not getting tied to a fait-accompli of a lowest quote (L-1), etc. - have somehow not been fully utilised by the users at large.

    The above assertion flows out from the observation that in most of the procurement cases now rolling out anew, the users (especially in the Army cases) are by and large still seen to be following the conventional set of a uni-dimensional SQR, where the minimum bottom line profile parameters are quoted as the base line one. There is hardly any attempt to quote a parameter (range, rate of fire, band/area of operability, high altitude capability etc.), which is presently not available but is operationally required in the foreseeable future, and which a prospective vendor can take it as a challenge to provide in a finite time frame provided it resides in their stretch of capability domain. Also, such SQRs as quoted above do not utilise the option of rewarding promising vendors who are ready to provide beyond the minimum bottom line. In that they are doomed to the L-I syndrome where a lower capability and inferior solutions score over more enabled, albeit costlier, option out of further consideration.

    This paper makes an attempt to revisit the enabling options now available in the SQR with an aim to provide a brief in drawing out a draft SQR. Since all is not that simple and straight forward as it looks in the DPP narration of SQR nuances, points of caution, based on the author's experience have therefore been quoted, where necessary.

    The current format of SQR has the following three parameters:-

    Essential Parameters- A (EP-A)

    Parameters that are part of the contemporary equipment available in the market and form the core of the SQR. These are to be tested and validated at the Field Evaluation Trials (FET) stage itself.

    Essential Parameters- B (EP-B)

    The important attributes of EP-B are that while these are not available originally in the equipment fielded for the FETs, the same can be developed and achieved by the vendors using available technologies. EP-B are basically meant to meet different/higher specifications for specific operational requirements. These need to be tested and validated within a specified timeframe as stipulated in the Contract. The said tests must validate that (by having EP-B) there is no adverse effect on any of the EP-A. Also, the vendors need to provide an undertaking (by way of an additional Bank Guarantee between 5-10 percent of contract value) at the bid submission stage that they will develop and meet EP-B. The exact percentage is to be decided by the Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) according authority.

    Failure to meet EP-B in the stipulated timeframe will make a vendor lose all bank Guarantees. EP-Bs are non-negotiable requirements to be met by the vendor prior to the commencement of equipment delivery. These are to be incorporated only when required. These need to be approved by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC).

    Points of Caution

    Since EP(B) relates to those parameters which are currently not available in the products being offered for procurement, the user has to be very sure about two aspects of EP(B) before including them in the SQR. The first of these is the conviction of the user, that that a particular parameter (read capability) which is currently not there in the equipment being offered (say a higher range or a higher rate of fire) is essentially required by the user as his operational requirement. Secondly, the user has a total confidence and assurance in his mind that the additional capability being asked for through EP(B) can actually be developed by the vendor in a specific time frame which will be stipulated in the Contract. This belief of the user has also to be substantiated by the vendor before he accepts the commitment of providing the EP(B) parameter in a specific timeframe.

    Even before the vendor substantiates (or otherwise) the conviction of the user, the latter must be sure that the 'stretch' capability is something essentially required. Conversely, by implication this would mean that presently the contemporary products in the market do not meet the operational requirement. Taking it forward from here, EP-B will then essentially relate to the technologies that are in the process of realisation; a part realised in the form of products that meet the essential 'core' requirement and a part as 'work-in-progress’ and essentially realisable in a finite and an assessable time frame.

    An example to illustrate the above point is quoted below:

    There is an Air Defence Gun-Missile System (ADGMS) which features terminal guns and a Very Short Range Air Defence (VSHORAD) missile (Fire and Forget Type) on separate platforms. While the above meets the 'core' requirement of the SQR, the user will like to have the following as his operational requirement:-

    1. Equipment essentially configured on one platform.
    2. The VSHORAD missile should also get a cue from the Fire Control Radar (FCR) during target lay.

    The vendor had been working on both the above requirements as a 'technology add-on' to his current product. In that, the first requirement already stands realised while the second one is nearing completion in a few months time. In such a situation, the vendor may accept both the above parameters as EP(B).

    It must be ensured that due care and caution is exercised while getting into EP-B, since it has several very critical qualifying requirements. For instance, it is not only the user but the vendor also who has to substantiate that the requirement is supported as true. The vendor has to confirm that it is possible to achieve the capability being sought in a specified time frame which is stipulated in the Contract. Also, he has to provide Bank Guarantee related to substantiated EP-B to be realised. As a point of caution, the vendor has to be very sure on what he substantiates, and what specific timeframe he commits towards its realisation. The failure to meet the non-negotiable EP-B will not only make him loose the Additional Bank Guarantee but also the Performance Guarantee.

    In the above context, it is reiterated that technology development is not a geometrical theorem that smoothly proceeds from the statement of problem to its solution, there are many slips in this slow evolution process which need to be appreciated a-priori, and catered for accordingly. Both the user and the vendor must also appreciate one another fact and that is that EP-B realisation is hooked to the commencement of equipment delivery. A non-realisable EP-B (for whatever reason, even unforeseen) will translate into continued equipment void for the user due to non-commencement of delivery and inventory holding cost of realised equipment for the vendor that cannot be delivered.

    Another point of importance is the fixing of percentages between 5-10 percent for different parameters of EP-B. The DPP assigns this responsibility to the AoN according authority. Fixing percentages for parameters is a highly professional task and will demand high calibre Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) related technically and operationally to the vertical of the equipment being procured, as well as financial experts. While the latter are available in the AoN according authority, inputs from the former need to be taken comprehensively and evaluated properly.

    Essentially, the above will be an exercise of weighing in each of the EP-B parameters and assigning it comparative weightage on a common reference scale so as to state how important is a particular EP-B feature in relation to the overall SQR requirement. With the above comparative inputs at hand, the financial experts will then be able to decide as to what percentage weightage they should accord to each of the specific parameter being asked for in the EP(B). The technical inputs on the comparative value-addition of each of such parameters towards the overall operational requirement can be a suitable guide to allot such percentage weightages. These can be sought from Service experts.

    On the flip side, it is the author's opinion that the current taboo on putting in EP-B in a procurement case which is a single vendor case to start with, needs a re-think. There could be a perfect case that a technology actually required in the SQR may just be at the tipping stage and in the capability domain of the single vendor. With controls of Bank Guarantee and more in our hand, it is possible to have EP-B in this case as well, without being fleeced or delayed inordinately.

    Enhanced Performance Parameters (EPP)

    EPP enhance the capability of the equipment vis-a-vis its Essential Parameters (EP). DPP says that SQRs may not contain EPP in all cases. Inability to meet the EPP is not a disqualification for bidding/bid evaluation. Also the details of EPP are to be provided upfront at the time of submission of technical bids and tested for compliance at FET. EPP attract a credit score by cost up to a max of 10 percent with any of the individual virtues not exceeding three percent.

    Examples of EPP are easy to fathom. For instance in a missile procurement case, the SQR range is 15 km. There is an equipment that offers a higher range which actually enhances the capability of the missile vis-a-vis the EP-A. Such a system qualifies for EPP. EPP is actually a very important provision, which actually addresses a long-standing anomaly. For instance, let’s say an SQR states some parameter which is given out in minimum term (minimum range xxxx/ minimum altitude coverage xxxx/ etc.). In earlier times, the equipment that just qualified the minimum term used to get in, while better equipment with higher capability had no chance because it could never match the L-I quote of the minimalistic entry based on the simple logic that higher capability equipment will mean higher cost. This is aimed to be addressed now as the higher capability weapon system which actually enhances the EP-A, also gets cost compensation in L-1 calculus. Obviously, the net gainer will be the user. The task of assigning credit scores to the individual EPP parameters is a highly professional task, something that will require a very high degree of technical and domain expertise. The same must be sought from the experts and built into the proposal.

    With this ready guide with the user, it is hoped that the new power of SQR formulation will be better utilised. This will not only enhance the qualitative edge in procurement but will also address several existing anomalies and limitations in the current SQR formulation regime.

    (Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the VIF)

    http://www.vifindia.org/article/201...ed-to-realise-the-potential-of-new-provisions

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