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Despite stiff resistance, India’s GM crop size now equals Canada’s and more than China’s

Discussion in 'World Economy' started by sangos, Jan 31, 2015.

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  1. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Are genetically-modified crops on course to being the future of food despite the opposition? Evidence suggests they may well be, as more emerging economies try them out -- Brazil to India.

    The facts can astonish. At 11.6 million hectares, the area of GM crops in India is now equivalent to Canada’s and more than China’s.

    The upsurge is extraordinary, since it entirely comes from just one crop India has approved so far: BT Cotton. In contrast, Canada grows a range of such GM crops, canola and soybean. India’s adoption rate for BT cotton has been 95%.

    GM crops are those whose seeds are genetically altered for various types of benefits, such as resistance to pests or higher nutrients.

    For the third year in a row in 2014, developing countries planted more biotech crops than industrialised nations, the update by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAA), a non-profit that advocates GM crops, stated.

    The growth comes in spite of a fiercely polarised debate around GM crops. Last year, protestors destroyed a field where Gold Rice was being tested in Philippines. In China, where public protests are highly regulated, anti-GM protestors have turned up to protest before the agricultural ministry.

    But with large chunks of the population in developing countries dependent on farms, more poor and small-holding farmers now grow GM crops, signaling the faster scale of adoption. Brazil ranked second for the sixth consecutive year, increasing its area under GM crops by 1.9 million hectares from 2013. Argentina has retained its third spot, with 24.3 million hectares.

    Latest provisional estimate by economists G Brookes and P Barfoot indicate India had enhanced farm income from Bt cotton by US$16.7 billion (about Rs 98000 crore) in the 12-year-period between 2002 and 2013.

    What has led the upsurge?
    Although GM crops are deemed unsafe by those opposing them, it is widely reckoned there is no scientific evidence yet of any harm to human health. Last year, the biggest study so far by Matin Qaim and Wilhelm Klümper, both of Göttingen University, and published in PLOS ONE found that GM crops have large benefits.

    Critics in India, such as the Alliance for Sustainable and Holistic Agriculture, claim macroeconomic data indicate the opposite. For instance, it says in the US, food insecurity has risen from 12% in pre-GM 1995 to 15% in 2011.

    In poor and middle-income countries, such as India, biotech seeds companies are fast filling in a critical gap of providing on-farm crop-care advice and direct handholding. Success of these crops is as critical for seed firms, such as Monsanto, as for farmers. These services, known as extension and officially supposed to state-run, have long collapsed in India. Such close coordination and rising aspirations have made BT cotton quite popular.

    Although the debate over safety or environment isn’t likely to end, the biggest growers of GM crops could be those where opposition has been most fierce.

    With 2.7 million hectares under GM crops in 2014, South Africa ranks as the leading developing country to grow biotech crops in Africa. Sudan increased Bt cotton hectarage by approximately 50% in 2014. Cameroon, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Uganda are conducting field trials on several crops including rice, maize, wheat, sorghum, bananas, cassava and sweet potato.


    Despite stiff resistance, India’s GM crop size now equals Canada’s and more than China’s
     
  2. TickTickIndian

    TickTickIndian BANNED BANNED

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    Americans are doing biowarefare against this nation. Hindustan times is a traitor.
     
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  3. INDIAN NATIONALIST

    INDIAN NATIONALIST Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Come on now. So anyone who disagrees is a traitor?
    What about farmers that choose one crop over another? And scientists that do research but find evidence to the contrary of your opinions?

    Let's put this issue aside and realize that disagreement is not evidence of a hoax or sabotage.

    Acceptance of GM crop probably has grown partly because it is often more cost effective for farmers to plant crop that requires less pesticide.

    Of course there are risks associated with food technology such as GM; research genrally hasn't suggested any threat to health, but we don't yet have data from longitudinal studies of outcomes. There are risks to not adopting new technologies as well, both economic and humanitarian. There are risks no matter what.

    But there's a wide range of applications for genetic engineering, and consequently a wide range of possible outcomes; so it doesn't seem reasonable to think the best solution has to be to paint GM with such a broad brush to say all applications are uniformly risky and detrimental. India is a big exporter of GM cotton; maybe you're not willing to consume it, but you're OK with wearing it. Not everything we grow or farm is sold and consumed by in India. India is a big exporter of buffalo meat, one of the largest in the world. If there are foreign populations that decide to eat GM because it's more affordable, then it may be more economical for our producers and irrelevant to the diet of most Indians.

    Granted, there may be a wide range of food technologies and potential applications, but it's not feasible for the average consumer to be well versed in all of them, and to research the process of every ingredient on every label; they will have to make generalizations.

    But we can still have government play a roll in giving consumers confidence that their food stuffs are safe to consume, and giving farmers confidence that agricultural technology is a worthwhile investment. People of all persuasions on he topic can come to an agreement on what the standards of safety for allowing Indian farmers to choose a given line of seeds. It should be some reasonable compromise. Organic farming is in many cases still essential because crop rotation is still necessary with GM. But with competent standards and sufficient enforcement, we should be able to protect the safety of Indians, while simultaneously allowing our farmers research and technology that can improve their lives with more economical tools for agricultural productivity.
     
    Last edited: Feb 1, 2015
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  4. TickTickIndian

    TickTickIndian BANNED BANNED

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    When you go to a court, you'll find two classes of lawyers - the one who defends the victim and provides proof, and also the one who defends the criminals and provide proof to stop him from being prosecuted.

    I consider the population of this nation, that is people like who who've been brainwashed with "objectivity" as not just good for nothing world class idiots, but also a strategic threat to the rest of the population.

    They will ofcource publish such journals. Since when have they been known for their reliability?? One small thing: You never trust your enemies who wants to see you destroyed. The west has made their intentions clear everytime. It is not good for us.

    Some examples from history for your reference about America and west in general:
    *America is the same nation which gave us seeds that destroy agriculture when we asked for wheat and seeds to combat famine in 1960s.
    *It is the same nation which gave the native inhabitants of Americas blankets to cover them from cold, which was actually blankets filled with different kinds of "pox" diseases.
    *it is the same nation which published research supporting evidance that cigrattes are good.
    *It is the same nation which funds propaganda against the native Bharat plant Kanjav (marijuana, cannibis) which melts cancer and cures a person and is also a great medicine and anti-depressant, relaxation medicine.

    But above all that, we don't lack seeds or productivity. What we lack is storage facilities for safe storage of food. We overproduce.
    Then why this "kolavari di"??
     
  5. INDIAN NATIONALIST

    INDIAN NATIONALIST Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    I'm not sure I fully understand the analogy. However when one goes to court, one doesn't know whether the party being prosecuted is innocent or a guilty; otherwise, there'd be no point in having courts.

    So you're not objective, then what are your standards for determining what is fact from fiction?
    Thinking differently is possible in any number of ways; the importance needs to be on arriving at the right answers that work in reality.

    'They' are not one monolithic entity. Lots of independent research has been carried out worldwide, including by Indians.

    I don't think GM is the key to food security, I don't think it's a miracle in any sense today, but I also don't think it has to be miraculous to recognize its potential. Like many increments in science and technology they can make life a little more productive and convenient, make India more competent in international markets in the long term.
     
    Last edited: Feb 1, 2015
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  6. oikare

    oikare Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Canada have smaller Armed Forces India and USA.

    Ice Hockey leaders Canada have funny last World Cup. Won 3-2 against Finland in final match.

    I were in menthal house 2004 when they played last World Cup in Ice Hockey.
     
  7. TickTickIndian

    TickTickIndian BANNED BANNED

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    You don't eat from what your enemies give you. It is as simply as that.
     
    Last edited: Feb 2, 2015
  8. randomradio

    randomradio Colonel REGISTERED

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    I hope you don't eat cotton.
     
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