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Development in North East- Republic of India

Discussion in 'Internal Affairs' started by Hindustani78, Nov 21, 2017.

  1. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    President's Secretariat
    20-November, 2017 19:03 IST
    President of India in Assam; Graces the closing ceremony of Namami Barak Festival

    The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, graced and addressed the closing ceremony of the Namami Barak festival in Silchar, Assam, today (November 20, 2017).

    Speaking on the occasion, the President said that the geographical location of the Barak valley gives it the potential to become a hub for inter-state and international trade. Several connectivity-related initiatives have been taken to achieve this potential. The Northeastern part of the “East West Corridor” – which runs from Cachar in Assam to Kutch in Gujarat – starts from Silchar. A broad-gauge railway line, connecting Agartala to Delhi, passes through the Barak valley. All this will benefit business and tourism.

    Speaking on cross-border initiatives, the President said trade with Bangladesh is being promoted through the Border Trade Centre located in Karimganj district. India is being connected to Southeast Asia under the Act East Policy, taking advantage of the geographical location of the Northeast, including Assam. He emphasised that there is tremendous potential for growth of business and trade links between Southeast Asia and the Northeast region of India. He expressed confidence that with the development of infrastructure by Union and state Governments, this region would become a driver of international trade and commerce.

    Later in the day, the President attended a civic reception hosted at Guwahati University in Guwahati. Addressing the gathering, the President said Assam is the gateway to the Northeast region of India. He commended the state’s rich geographical, social and cultural diversity. Assam has developed industries such as oil and natural gas, tea, and silk. By building modern infrastructure, the prospects for Assam and the entire Northeast will be even greater.

    The President said that the tourism industry has immense scope in Assam. This state is already an important part of the tourist map due to the Kaziranga and Manas National Parks. He was confident that by facilitating the right ecosystem for tourism, the Government of Assam could multiply the economic and social benefits of the tourism industry.

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  2. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
    As Assam gets ready to publish the final draft of the National Register of Citizens by June 30, neighbouring Arunachal Pradesh is tightening its borders.

    Last month, contractors in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh said 90 infrastructure projects were on hold because 2,000 labourers had left to ensure that their names figured in the NRC. More than a fortnight later, the police in Longding district caught 87 labourers without the Inner Line Permit (ILP) and pushed them back to where they came from — Assam. Similar drives against “ILP violators” saw more than 350 people being thrown out from other districts of the State over the next few days. But the administration in Itanagar indicated that the drive had more to do with keeping out illegal migrants “who may create a law and order problem and disturb peace.” This is linked to the theory that Assam might end up with lakhs of stateless people after the final draft is made public.

    Where is ILP applicable?

    A British-era system, the ILP is a travel document Indian citizens need to possess to enter the frontier States of north-eastern India: Aruanchal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. It is issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, to regulate the movement of people who do not belong to these States. The ILP is valid for a week, but can be extended. People who frequent these States for work can opt for a special ILP renewable annually. Since the ILP is mandatory for Indians and the Protected Area Permit for foreigners, the fact that the labourers ejected from Arunachal Pradesh did not possess the permit put their nationality under a cloud.


    http://mizoram.nic.in/more/ilp-regu.pdf

    “The North East Frontier of India” in which lays down the reasons for the passing of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. Sir Alexander Mackenzie (1842-1902) was a Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. He joined Civil Service in 1862;was Under-Secretary to Local Government, Bengal in1886;Home Secretary to Government of India in 1882;helped to shape Bengal Tenancy Act of 1885;became C.S.I. in 1886 and Chief Commissioner of Central Provinces (1887-1890), and of Burma (1890-1895) and became K.C.S.I. in 1891.He suppressed hill tribe raids and restored order in 1892.As Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal (1895-1898) he did a sanitary survey of Calcutta, enlarged powers of Bengal Municipalities, co-operated with Assam in Lushai expedition of 1895-1896;expedited land settlement operations in Bihar and Orissa, dealt efficiently with the famine and the plague of 1896-1897

    Marathas undertook /en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expeditions_in_Bengal">six expeditions in Bengal from 1741–1748. Maratha general, Raghunath Rao was able to annex Orissa to his kingdom and the larger confederacy permanently as he successfully exploited the chaotic conditions prevailing in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa after the death of Murshid Quli Khan in 1727. Constantly harassed by the Bhonsles, Orissa, Bengal and parts of Bihar were economically ruined. Alivardi Khan made peace with Raghunathrao in 1751 ceding in perpetuity Orissa up to the river Suvarnarekha, and agreeing to pay ₹12 lacs annually in lieu of the Chauth of Bengal and Bihar

    The treaty included ₹20 lacs as Chauth for Bengal (includes both West Bengal and Bangladesh) and ₹12 lacs for Bihar (including Jharkhand). After this, Maratha promised never to cross the boundary of the Nawab of Bengal's territory

    After the Revolt of 1857, in which Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah had rendered material assistance the salute of nineteen guard was restored.the Nizamate at Murshidabad became involved in debts and people started making several claims against the Nawab Nazim. It was in 1880, when the title of "Nawab of Bengal" was abolished.



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    1907 Antique Map BENGAL PROVINCES Burma & Southern Tibet INDIA Calcutta ASSAM
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    Where does NRC fit in?
    Two days after the first draft of the NRC was published on December 31, 2017, Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal said those who were identified as foreigners after failing to make it to the list would be barred from all constitutional rights. Political commentators have said the NRC may leave 5 to 10 lakh people, mostly those with the ‘Bangladeshi’ tag, stateless. Assam’s neighbours fear some of those declared non-citizens may relocate to their territories to cash in on the demand for cheap labour. On January 4, Aruanchal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu ordered the police to strengthen vigil along the border with Assam. Around the same time, the former Nagaland Home Minister, Kuzholuzo Nienu, wanted to bring the State’s commercial hub Dimapur under the purview of the ILP because “illegal migrants sneak into Nagaland through the city.” The ILP is not applicable in Dimapur.

    Where will they go?
    The sister States often blame Assam for their problems with “illegal migrants” who are ironically indispensable as skilled and unskilled workers. Nagaland even has a term for them — IBI, which expands to Illegal Bangladeshi Immigrant. Organisations such as the Naga Students’ Federation conduct a ‘census’ to keep a record on the number of non-Nagas as well as IBIs. In 2008, several Bengali-speaking Muslims were driven out of Nagaland’s Mokokchung town, and this triggered vigilantism against “demography-changing” migrants. A similar drive happened in 2015, while in October 2017, residents of Chumukedima town adopted a resolution to keep IBIs out. Social scientists in Assam say the movement of flood- and erosion-displaced people to urban spaces usually trigger doomsday theories about illegal migrants outnumbering the indigenous people in the near future. The bulk of such people live on impermanent chars or sandbars on the Brahmaputra river system. There are more than 3,500 sandbars in Assam, though the official count, according to the last census by the State’s Char Areas Development Authority 14 years ago, is 2,089. These chars had 24.9 lakh people then, 9.35% of Assam’s population. It is believed the ‘ILP violators’ or ‘IBIs’ or the stateless-to-be will disappear — allegedly to the chars that often fall off the radar of the administration — until their need to survive meets the demand for labour.
     
  3. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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  4. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat unveiling the plaque to inaugurate the SAMETI building, at Agriculture Campus, Khanapara, in Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The Minister for Agriculture, Assam, Shri Atul Bora is also seen.
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    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat lighting the lamp at the Review Meeting on “Doubling Farmers Income and e-NAM”, in Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The Minister for Agriculture, Assam, Shri Atul Bora is also seen.
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    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat releasing the book, at the Review Meeting on “Doubling Farmers Income and e-NAM”, in Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The Minister for Agriculture, Assam, Shri Atul Bora is also seen.
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    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat interacting with the Radio Jockeys “Chai Pe Charcha”, in Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The Director General (M&C), PIB, Guwahati, Shri K.S. Dhatwalia is also seen.
    [​IMG]
    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat in a group photograph with the Radio Jockeys “Chai Pe Charcha”, in Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The Director General (M&C), PIB, Guwahati, Shri K.S. Dhatwalia is also seen.
    [​IMG]
     
  5. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Foreign tourists need to obtain Protected Area Permit (PAP) and Restricted Area Permit (RAP) to visit Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim due to security reasons.
    india Updated: May 28, 2018 14:45 IST
    https://www.hindustantimes.com/indi...gn-tourists/story-JNix2OLepBrJYSaykQzRUN.html


    Foreign tourists need to obtain Protected Area Permit (PAP) and Restricted Area Permit (RAP) to visit Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim due to security reasons. Indian tourists also need to get an Inner Land Permit (ILP) to go to these two states.

    While Arunachal Pradesh shares its boundary with China and Bhutan, Sikkim is surrounded from three sides by three countries Bhutan, China and Nepal.

    All areas falling between the Inner line and the International Border of some states were declared as protected areas under the Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order, 1958.

    The protected areas currently include whole of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim, besides parts of Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir. Some parts of Sikkim fall under the protected area regime while others under the restricted area.



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    Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, which are out of bounds for foreign tourist without a special permit, have expressed their support for a move by the Centre to relax the system to boost tourism in the region.

    “It’s not possible to completely waive off the present system of granting permits to foreign tourists. However, to promote tourism in the state, I am in favour of not only relaxing the terms of the permit but also extending its scope,” Arunachal Pradesh’s chief minister Pema Khandu said in an interview with the Hindustan Times.

    SC Gupta, Sikkim’s additional chief secretary and home secretary, echoed the view.

    “There is no doubt that easing of the restrictions will promote tourism and benefit the state. However, since it’s a sensitive matter, deliberations among all stakeholders to define the terms and condition of such a relaxation is required,” Gupta said.

    Both the state governments said they will convey the views in this regard to the Centre in the coming few days.



    The Union ministry of tourism recently moved a proposal to the home ministry to find out ways to open the northeast states to promote their culture and tourism. The home ministry consulted the ministry of defence as both Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim are border states.

    Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, which are out of bounds for foreign tourist without a special permit, have expressed their support for a move by the Centre to relax the system to boost tourism in the region.

    “It’s not possible to completely waive off the present system of granting permits to foreign tourists. However, to promote tourism in the state, I am in favour of not only relaxing the terms of the permit but also extending its scope,” Arunachal Pradesh’s chief minister Pema Khandu said in an interview with the Hindustan Times.

    SC Gupta, Sikkim’s additional chief secretary and home secretary, echoed the view.

    “There is no doubt that easing of the restrictions will promote tourism and benefit the state. However, since it’s a sensitive matter, deliberations among all stakeholders to define the terms and condition of such a relaxation is required,” Gupta said.

    Both the state governments said they will convey the views in this regard to the Centre in the coming few days.

    On May 17, senior officials from the three ministries and the Intelligence Bureau met under the chairmanship of the special secretary of the department of border management and unanimously agreed to open these areas for tourists.

    Union tourism minister KJ Alphons confirmed it soon after the meeting and while speaking to HT said that a formal announcement would come only after consultation with the state governments involved.

    Exploring the various possibilities, Khandu says that one of the suggestions would be either extend the days for renewal of the permit or reduce the permit fee.

    “Another relaxation would be to allow foreign tourists to visit those areas which they can’t access even after obtaining tour permits. For instance, areas like Ki Gompa in Tawang district are great tourist destinations but they are off limit for foreign tourists. We can bring them in the ambit of the permit,” he added.

    Gupta said that earlier the state government had itself written to the Centre to relax permit conditions.

    “Now, we have received a proposal from the Centre to completely remove the permit conditions in certain areas. We are looking at this proposal and yet to formulate our views,” said Gupta.

    “We are hoping that by the first week of June we would be able to crystalise our views,” he added.

    Pronab Sarkar, president of the Indian Association of Tour Operators, agreed that any move to relax or extend the scope of the permit will be a boon for the tourism sector.

    “I attended a travel congress on May 25 in Itanagar where the minister of state for home Kiren Rijiju, chief minister of AP, Pema Khandu, and a lot of tourist associations deliberated on the permit issue, among other things. There was a common consensus among all stakeholders to take some measures to minimise the permit restrictions,” Sarkar said.
     
  6. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat addressing the press conference, at Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The PWD Minister of Assam, Shri Topon Kumar Gogoi and the Director General (M&C), PIB, Guwahati, Shri K.S. Dhatwalia are also seen.[​IMG]

    The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat addressing the press conference, at Guwahati on May 28, 2018. The PWD Minister of Assam, Shri Topon Kumar Gogoi is also seen.[​IMG]
     
  7. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    The Tourism Minister of Mizoram, Shri John Rotluangliana calling on the Minister of State for Tourism (I/C), Shri Alphons Kannanthanam, in New Delhi on May 29, 2018.
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    The Tourism Minister of Mizoram, Shri John Rotluangliana calling on the Minister of State for Tourism (I/C), Shri Alphons Kannanthanam, in New Delhi on May 29, 2018.
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