DRDO Projects- News & Updates

Discussion in 'Indian Defence & Industry' started by @speaks, May 24, 2011.

  1. @speaks
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    Kindly discuss all DRDO related news and updates here, untill we can have a dedicated thread for a particular news or update.
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    DRDO to develop new aerostat system, India will have a sharper eye in the sky soon
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    After successfully demonstrating the Akashdeep aerostat system, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will develop a bigger and better aerostat system with additional payload.
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    After successfully demonstrating the Akashdeep aerostat system, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will develop a bigger and better aerostat system with additional payload.

    India's new eye in the sky can carry out surveillance up to a radius of 450-500 kms and is being developed based on the feedback from the Air Force and the Army received during the Aero India 2011. The new system will be used by the army and paramilitary forces.

    The aerostat system will be equipped with a wide range of payloads. It can carry out surveillance during night and in low-visibility condition and also intercept a variety of communication.

    The aerostats gimbals, with 360 degree azimuth freedom, can carry out steering, scanning and tracking with high precision.

    Indian Defence experts have said that the deployment of aerostats at the borders along with the Airborne Early Warning & Control System (AEW&C) will redefine the battle surveillance capabilities as armed forces can neutralise attacks from adversaries well in advance.

    In addition to the aerostat, India's indigenous Airborne Early Warning & Control System (AEW&C) which is being built on a modified Embraer EMB-145 aircraft in Brazil will be brought to India in August. The modified aircraft will be integrated with Active-Array Antenna Unit, mission systems, radar, etc. by the Bangalore- based Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS). The first flight is expected to take place in January 2012.

    Defence News - India Will Have A Sharper Eye In The Sky Soon
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    Successful flight test of Rustom UAV in Bangalore
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    A successful flight test of Rustom1 UAV was conducted at around 12 noon on 21st May 2011. It was the second successful flight of “Rustom 1â€￾ being developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a DRDO lab engaged in pioneering R&D work in the field of aeronautics.

    The “Rustom 1â€￾ has an endurance of 14 hrs. and altitude ceiling of 8000 meters. Rustom 1 has been achieved by converting a manned aircraft in to a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) by removing pilot seat and making required electrical, mechanical and aerodynamic modifications.



    The test flight was conducted at the airfield belonging to the M/s Taneja Aerospace (TAAL) located near Hosur. Many improvements have been carried outs since the last flight, in terms of piloting, landing, taxiing etc.

    The flight was a precursor to the flight with payloads as required by the Services. The complete sequence of events went off well to the total satisfaction of the scientists and technical personnel of the Bangalore’s Aeronautical Development Establishment who have developed the UAV.

    Lt Col Thappa from the Army was the external pilot for total mission flight who had no difficulty for control of the vehicle.

    Dr Prahlada, Chief controller Research and Development (Aeronautics Programs), informed that with the successful accurate flying of Rustom 1 today, ADE is geared up for integration of payloads with the Aircraft within next three months, to demonstrate performance of payloads and necessary secure data-link to the users.

    Dr Prahlada congratulated all the team members of Project team led by PS Krishnan, Director ADE. Other present to monitor the test flight were G. Natarajan, Associate director, ADE, G. Sreenivasamurthy, Project Director, R1, ADE amongst other dignitaries.


    DRDO
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    DRDO soon be launching new programmes to develop 155mm/52 cal artillery guns in both towed and self-propelled configurations.


    The Director General of India's Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), VK Saraswat today announced that he would soon be launching new programmes to develop 155mm/52cal artillery guns in both towed and self-propelled configurations. "This," he said, was to "take care of future artillery requirements of the next decade, without having to rely on the vagaries of foreign import."

    He also took a traditional swipe at his customers, the Indian armed forces, saying, "The services have always been the single most important factor shaping our programmes. We look to the services not as our customer but more importantly as our partner in development, whose inputs are essential and critical to the course of our development projects. But while we welcome all inputs and guidelines, we also feel the need for the services to firm up realistic requirements at the earliest so that we may properly plan our project requirements."

    Livefist: Be Realistic, Helps Us Plan: DRDO Chief To Armed Forces
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    Antony asks DRDO to build credible missile defence system

    Defence Minister A K Antony today asked the DRDO to prioritise the development of 5,000-km range ballistic missile while building a credible missile defence system for the country.

    He also congratulated the Defence Research Development Organisation for developing the interceptor missile allowing India to join an elite club of nations possessing such advance technology.

    "DRDO must demonstrate the capability to develop missiles of the range of 5000 km at the earliest. This is a challenge for the DRDO and I hope they will successfully meet this challenge at the earliest," he said here.

    Antony was addressing a gathering of defence scientists who received the DRDO's annual award for excelling in their respective areas.

    "The interceptor missile defence program has taken India into the elite club of nations that possess the capability to demonstrate this technology. DRDO should now concentrate on developing a credible ballistic missile defence for the country," he added.
    He also asked DRDO scientists to focus on the development of Mark II version of the Main Battle Tank (MBT) Arjun for the Indian Army and Kaveri Engine.

    "The development of MBT Arjun and Kaveri Engine has been hit by delays. Development of MBT Arjun is a major milestone. But Mark II is another area of challenge. That challenge you have to meet," he told the gathering.

    Antony also asked DRDO and Indian Air Force (IAF) to ensure on schedule the induction of the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas into the force.

    "After getting the Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) for the LCA Tejas, we are moving towards its Final Operational Clearance (FOC). I am sure DRDO and IAF will work together to deliver Tejas on schedule," he said.

    He added that the delays in the development of indigenous engine for the fighter jets had given more time for the induction of the LCA and the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) for the IAF.

    Antony asks DRDO to build credible missile defence system
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    MODS can we make this thread sticky??
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    DRDO's most potent weapon systems

    [​IMG]

    India's Defence Research and Development Organisation has made many significant achievements in the recent past. Many of the important systems developed by the agency were inducted/accepted by the armed services.

    The production value of systems based on technologies developed by the DRDO (inducted/accepted/orders placed) during the past one decade is well over Rs 110,000 crore.

    Let's take a look at some of the best technologies that DRDO has given

    [​IMG] Agni missile

    Under its missile development programme, the DRDO has been developing ballistic missiles with longer ranges.

    Agni-III is capable of carrying warheads weighing up to 1.5 tons, is 16 metres tall and weighs 48 tons.

    Agni-I is a 750-800 km short-range missile. Agni-II has a range of more than 1,500 km. Both have already been inducted in the armed forces.

    Agni-III is capable of reaching strategic targets deep inside China like Beijing and Shanghai. The 5,000 km-range Agni-V is a further advancement of the existing systems and is expected to be test-fired later this year.

    [​IMG]Prithvi missile

    Considered a world-class medium range missile, Prithvi, with a range of over 150 km has been inducted into the armed forces. The army had raised two specially trained missile groups, 333 and 355, to handle it.

    The 8.56-metre-long missile is part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.
    The Prithvi-I (150 km/1,000 kg) in army service, is capable of striking about a quarter of Pakistani territory, including Islamabad and most other major cities.

    Prithvi-II (250 km/500 kg), in air force service, could strike at least half of Pakistan, including almost all military targets of importance and all major cities.

    [​IMG] Akash missile

    Akash is a mobile area defence medium-range medium and high altitude surface-to-air missile with a range of 27 to 30 kilometres.

    It is said to be indigenously developed, though it has a very strong resemblance to the Russian SA-6 GAINFUL. Akash has a multi-target handling capability, and employs a command guidance system with provision for terminal guidance. Powered by a ram rocket propulsion and an air breathing engine, Akash can cut through electronic jamming with its electronic counter measure equipment.
    Akash has a launch weight of 720 kg, a diameter of 35 cm and a length of 5.8 metres. It can fly at supersonic speed of around 2.5 Mach and can reach an altitude of 18 kms. It has a capacity to carry 50 kg payload.

    Orders worth over Rs 25,000 crore for surface-to-air missile AKASH have been placed by the users. These include eight squadron for the IAF and two regiments for the army.


    [​IMG] Endo-Atmospheric Interceptor

    The DRDO has carried out successful flight tests of the missile defence system for 2,000 km class target were carried out.

    Each flight led to a direct target hit and disintegration of the target.

    The interceptor, designed for endo-atmospheric conditions (up to an altitude of 30 km) is a seven-metre-long and single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile, and is equipped with an inertial navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator totally under command by the data uplinked from the sophisticated ground-based radars to the interceptor.
    Similarly, the interceptor designed for exo-atmospheric conditions is a two-stage missile with a maximum interception altitude of 80 km.

    [​IMG]Nag Anti-Tank missile

    Nag is a third- generation "fire and forget" anti-tank guided missile with a range of 4 to 6 kilometres. Nag can be mounted on an infantry combat vehicle and helicopter launched version of Nag is also available.

    Nag is a third generation anti-tank missile system with "fire and forget" and "top attack" capabilities.

    Capable of defeating modern armour, Nag uses Imaging Infra-Red guidance having both day and night capability.

    The state-of-the-art Imaging Infra Red homing guidance system has lock-on-before-launch capability for day and night operation.


    [​IMG]BrahMos cruise missile

    The BrahMos missile is a two-stage vehicle that has a solid propellant booster and a liquid (propellant) ram jet system.

    The missile can fly at 2.8 times the speed of sound. It can carry warheads up to 200 kg in weight and has a maximum range of 290 km.

    The missile is capable of being launched from multiple platforms based on land, sea, sub-sea and air. The modular design of the missile and its capability of being launched at different orientations enables it to be integrated with a wide spectrum of platforms like warships, submarines, different types of aircraft, mobile autonomous launchers and silos.

    Thus, BrahMos block II with target discrimination precision strike capabilities has been test-fired. Similarly, BrahMos block III with capability for steep diving from high altitudes and high manoeuvres at multiple points during supersonic flight has also been test fired.


    Continue:
    Last edited: Jun 3, 2011
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    [​IMG]Light Combat Aircraft Tejas

    In the area of Aeronautics, Tejas, the Light Combat Aircraft concluded its extensive flight tests including weapon trials, dropping of bombs, jettisoning drop tanks and night flights; leading to its Initial Operational Clearance on January 10, 2011.

    The LCA is the smallest and lightest combat jet in the world.

    Confusion may arise with respect to the South Korean T-50, but it must be remembered that T-50 is primarily a hybrid trainer, that can assume fighter roles when necessary. The T-50 has a higher height and longer wingspan than the LCA, while its length is shorter by 22 cm.

    Over 1,640 flights covering a period of over 969 hours have been completed by Tejas Mark 01. The first prototype of LCA Navy was rolled out and its induction tests were concluded.

    [​IMG]Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    In tune with changing war of scenario, DRDO gave major thrust to develop Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Rustom-1: The Rustom 1 has a planned endurance of 12-15 hours, can carry payloads of up to 75kg and has a maximum ceiling of 25,000ft. The UAV's datalink was designed and developed by India's Defence Electronics Applications Laboratory, while its airframe and most of its electronics were produced by Indian companies.

    Nishant: In a battlefield, Nishant can help army units to acquire targets to direct heavy artillery shelling and for guiding fighter aircraft to fire rockets and drop precision bombs at enemy positions and in an anti-tank role. Nishant, a remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) designed and developed by ADE, has an endurance of four to five hours and a range of 100 km in its primary roles. Flying at a speed of 40 to 60 metres per second, the UAV is capable of relaying data in real time to the army units moving forward in a battlefield condition.

    Micro Aerial Vehicles: MAVs weigh only 300 grams and are 300 millimetres long. Since they are not entirely made of metal and carbon fibres, they are hard to intercept by radars and sensors. These MAVs have a range of two to five kilometres and they fly some 100 to 200 metres above the ground for 30-40 minutes and capture images.

    [​IMG]Sudarshan missile system and Kaveri engine

    Sudarshan: The Sudarshan missile system has been developed indigenously to occupy the niche of a precision delivery mechanism. It can neutralise any target in a 800-1,000 km range with a zero margin of error.

    Sudarshan will use a laser of a specific frequency bandwidth to locate the target. The laser creates a heat signature on the target. The missile recognises the signature and homes in on it even if the target is moving

    Kaveri: The Kaveri engine is a major milestone for the DRDO. The indigenous development of the fighter aircraft engine was achieved with the completion of its simulated operating conditions.

    [​IMG]Advanced Light Helicopter MK-III

    HAL's Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter is a multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter in the 5.5 tone weight class. Its state-of-the-art technology provides for lightweight and yet rugged construction, superior automated fuel management system and excellent all weather day and night capability.
    The Shakti-powered Dhruv Mark III is changing the operational dynamics on India's high-altitude Himalayan defences. The capability to airlift soldiers will allow far-flung posts to be manned with fewer soldiers. In a crisis, soldiers can be airlifted quickly from lower altitudes to threatened areas, and casualties can be evacuated.

    The MK-III sports a new electronic warfare suite, advanced laser warning systems, missile warning systems and electro-optical pods. It has a new-generation vibration-control system in place along with the glass cockpit. It also has an automatic chaff-and-flare dispenser.

    [​IMG]Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher System

    The indigenously built Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcher Weapon Area System can fire rockets with a range of 39-40 km, in a salvo of 12 rockets with 1.2 tons of high explosives within 40 seconds
    Pinaka can neutralise a target area of 350 square kilometres, and is meant as a supplement to the existing artillery system at a range beyond 30 km.

    It can be fitted with a variety of warheads ranging from blast-cum-pre-fragmented high explosives to anti-tank mines.

    Development of the missile system was achieved with the successful transfer of technology to production agencies, two regiments of Pinaka (worth Rs 1300 crore) have been raised by army, which is likely to place orders for another two regiments.

    [​IMG]Shivalik multi-mode grenade

    Shivalik uses a modular plastic body and pre-formed cylindrical mild steel fragments for uniform distribution of fragments to overcome these deficiencies.

    Additional features have been incorporated into the fuse's arming mechanism to ensure greater safety during storage, transportation and airdropping.

    Unlike earlier grenades, it can be para-dropped if urgent re-supplies are needed and can function in temperatures ranging from minus 20 to 55 C

    The use of plastic has also resulted in reduction of the grenade's overall weight.

    [​IMG]UBGL and the chilli grenade

    The 40 mm Under-Barrel Grenade Launcher is attached to rifles for increasing their firepower.

    The UBGL, which can be mounted on the INSAS as well as AK-47 rifles, was developed keeping in view the global trend in technology for small arms from the concept of point-target capability to area-target capability.

    Capable of night-firing, it fills the gap between the maximum range achieved by a hand grenade and the minimum range of a mortar while giving better accuracy than both.

    Another unique weapon under development by the DRDO is the chill grenade, which uses extract of Bhut Jolokia, certified as the world's hottest chilli and is native to the northeast.

    Part of a range of equipment being developed by the DRDO for counter-insurgency and internal security operations, the chilli-grenade is non-toxic and non-lethal and functions like tear-gas used by the security forces. Its pungent fumes can smoke out terrorists or hostile elements from hideouts.

    [​IMG]Arjun Main Battle Tank

    Conceived in 1973, the Arjun tank was behind schedule by more than 15 years, resulting in the Indian Army choosing the Russian T-90 tank as its main battle tank.

    The Arjun had to go through a series of trials and retrials before the army announced the tank fit for duty.

    MBT Arjun Mark I has been successfully inducted in the army and two regiments of Arjun MBT have been raised.

    The Mark-II Arjun incorporates up to 90 per cent of indigenous content, compared with 58 per cent in the earlier model, and should be ready for induction by 2014.

    The Mark-II also will feature superior missile-firing capabilities.

    [​IMG]Light-weight composite armour
    Image: Mi-17-IV helicopter

    Lightweight Ceramic Faced Composite Armour Panels for Advanced Light Helicopter and Mi-17-IV helicopter have successfully undergone integration and flight-trials.

    This provides protection to aircrews and critical parts of helicopter against hits of bullets of 12.7 mmAPI.

    Composite laminates were made using kevlar fabric as reinforcement and modified epoxy resin for matrix.

    Kevlar-epoxy composite laminates of different thicknesses were prepared by compression moulding process.

    Kevlar-epoxy composite laminates were bonded with alumina ceramic cylindrical pellets with the help of epoxy structural adhesive. Gaps between the ceramic pellets were filled with modified epoxy resin.

    [​IMG]Hull Mounted Sonar Advanced

    Humsa is an enhanced version of the state-of-the-art Hull Mounted Panoramic Sonar designed for the Indian Navy in the nineties.

    This family of medium range active-cum-passive dual band sonars, optimised for both shallow and deep-water operations has proved its efficacy even in the highly variable tropical waters for more than a decade. Humsa's advanced signal processing techniques are responsible for its superior performance.

    Humsa-NG is a technology upgrade of Humsa with lower frequency transducers and state-of-the art electronics containing Power PC processors and SHARC signal processing boards.

    The Humsa-NG was developed by the DRDO's Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory for the Indian Navy's Project 15A/Kolkata-class destroyers.

    [​IMG]Unmanned vehicles and robots
    Image: Rov Daksh

    Autonomous Underwater Vehicle: The Autonomous Underwater Vehicle maps the sea bed and observe underwater movements. It is controlled by wireless navigational instruments from land.

    The AUV-150 is used as a tool for coastal security operations. The device measures 4.8 metres in length and weighs 490 kg. This unmanned vehicle operates on battery.

    Rov Daksh: Daksh is an electrically powered and remotely controlled robot used for locating, handling and destroying hazardous objects safely. Its primary role is to recover improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

    It locates IEDs with an X-ray machine, picks them up with a gripper-arm and defuses them with a jet of water. It has a shotgun, which can break open locked doors, and it can scan cars for explosives. Daksh can also climb staircases, negotiate steep slopes, navigate narrow corridors and tow vehicles.

    [​IMG]Mobile command centres

    Carrier Command Post Tracked: The Carrier Command Post Tracked BMP-II has been designed to function as a self-propelled artillery command post.

    It affords nuclear, biological and chemical protection and protection against small arms.

    Armoured Amphibious Dozer: AAD is designed to provide integral engineering support to battle groups in offensive operations by reducing banks of water obstacles to facilitate construction of wet/dry assault bridges.

    It also improves mobility of mechanised formations by construction and improvement of existing tracks. AAD is based on re-engineered BMP-II chassis.

    [​IMG]Radar Technology
    Image: Rohini

    Rohini: The Multifunction Medium Range Surveillance Radar is capable of handling multiple targets simultaneously and also precisely calculate the height at which projectiles are flying.

    Operating in a range of upto 170 kilometres and an altitude of 15 kilometres, the Rohini radar can track multiple targets like fighter jets and missiles travelling at supersonic speeds of over 3,000 kms per hour, viz around Mach 3. The radar employs an array of Electronic Counter Counter Measure (ECCM) features including frequency agility and jammer analysis

    Aslesha and Bharani: The 3D low-level, light-weight radar is designed for use in mountainous terrain and against aerial targets

    Samyukta: Samyukta is capable of handling both ground-based and airborne threats. It has the capability to intercept, detect, search, identify and locate complex communication and radar signals.

    It monitors and analyses communication and radar activity across Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA) and many other sophisticated features. Once deployed, the system has operational frontal coverage of 150/70 km.

    In PHOTOS: DRDO's 20 most potent weapon systems - Rediff.com News
    Last edited: Jun 3, 2011
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    DRDO: focus on weapons of future


    [video]http://www.reuters.com/video/2010/02/21/drdo-focus-on-weapons-of-future?videoId=46284486[/video]
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    Railways all set to introduce green toilets

    The Indian Railways recently signed an MoU with the Defence Research and Development Organization ( DRDO) to develop environ-ment-friendly toilet system to improve further hygienic condition in toilets on running trains across the country.

    According to a Railway Board official, the design of the proposed new toilet system has been developed by the DRDO.

    The railways has decided to manufacture two rakes fitted with eco-friendly toilet system. The rail-ways would first put these rakes on trial and then the newly developed technology would be gradually introduced in superfast trains, he said.

    The Board official said that the objective behind introducing the new system is to maintain zero discharge toilet system ( ZDTS) on running trains. The Research Design and Standard Organization (RSDO) and IIT, Kanpur, have jointly developed its design. This system was put on trial on one bogie of a train recently, he said.

    The Board official maintained that the railways greatest concern is to provide homely comforts to passengers on running trains.

    The concept of providing green toilets on running trains has been the pilot project of the railways. It will be introduced gradually in most of mail and express trains in different zones of the railways, he said. During the trial of the new system, it was observed that the response of passengers travelling by Bundlekhand-Varanasi Express was good. The railways would manufacture more such new bogies fitted with eco-friendly toilets soon, the sources said.

    Railways all set to introduce green toilets - The Times of India
  11. Rudrakx
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    As far as I know, Sudarshan is LGB not missile ?
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