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Egypt Crisis

Discussion in 'International Politics' started by layman, Jul 3, 2013.

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  1. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    I think F16 Sale has not gone through yet to claim.
     
  2. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Sporadic clashes erupted after Friday prayers as supporters of Egypt's ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi demonstrated in several cities, leaving some people wounded, state media and a witness said.

    In the capital's Dokki district, two people were wounded when a pro-Morsi march came under attack, witness Hussein al-Gindi said.

    An AFP correspondent saw several streets in the district littered with rocks and broken glass and two army tanks and police vehicles in the aftermath of the clashes.

    Gindi said he saw two civilians wounded but that it was unclear how the clashes erupted.

    State news agency MENA reported that six people were also wounded in the city of Suez, while 30 people were arrested in Alexandria.

    Clashes were also reported in Bahaira in northern Egypt.

    The Islamist Muslim Brotherhood to which Morsi belongs has regularly called for demonstrations against the military, which ousted him on July 3 after just one year in office.

    But the group's ability to mobilise supporters has greatly waned because of sweeping arrests of the Brotherhood's top leaders among at least 2,000 Islamists detained since mid-August.

    On Friday, police and troops were searching for Islamist militants in the village of Kerdassah near Cairo as part of a sustained crackdown on pro-Morsi supporters.
    Read more: Clashes after pro-Morsi demos in Egypt - News - World - Voice of Russia American Edition
     
  3. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    An Egyptian court on Monday banned the Muslim Brotherhood from carrying out any activities in the country, widening a campaign to debilitate the Islamist movement of deposed President Mohamed Mursi.

    The court also banned "any institution branching out from or belonging to the Brotherhood," the official MENA news agency reported, possibly restricting the Islamist movement's political arm the Freedom and Justice Party.

    The ruling comes amid a crackdown on the Brotherhood and more than a month after hundreds of Islamist protesters died in a police operation to disperse their Cairo sit-ins, sparking a wave of nationwide violence.

    A judicial source told AFP the court ruled that a government committee should be created to manage the Brotherhood's seized assets.

    The Cairo court "ruled to ban all activities by the Muslim Brotherhood organisation, the group emanating from it and its non-governmental organisation," MENA reported.
    Read more: Egypt bans all Muslim Brotherhood activities - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  4. Averageamerican

    Averageamerican Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Evidently the Egyptians did not want an Islamist government, perhaps Islamic countries are starting to see the light that religious goverments are a bad idea.
     
  5. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Egypt's central bank has received a $2 billion deposit from Kuwait, the Reuters news agency reported quoting its governor on Thursday.

    The deposit is part of $12 billion in aid that Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates promised Egypt after the military deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi on July 3.

    Hisham Ramez said one week ago that Egypt had returned a $2 billion deposit from Qatar, which strongly supported Morsi, after negotiations to turn it into three-year bonds had failed.

    Read more: Egypt receives $2 billion deposit from Kuwait - News - Economy - Russian Radio
     
  6. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Russia hopes the Egyptian authorities will offer security guarantees enabling Russian travel companies to resume selling holiday tours to Egypt.

    Officials of the Federal Tourism Agency said at the Sochi economic forum on Sunday that the sales may resume in early November, when Russia has a long weekend.

    Last August, the Russian Foreign Ministry strongly advised Russian nationals to postpone travel to Egypt.

    In 2012, Egypt hosted almost 2mln holiday visits from Russia. In the first three months of 2013, the number amounted to almost 600,000. In August, about 40,000 Russian holidaymakers enjoyed the beach pleasures of Egypt’s Red Sea resorts. At the moment, there are a little more than 1,000 Russian holidaymakers in Egypt.

    Egypt’s political unrest has already cost the country’s holiday and hospitality industries tens of millions of dollars.
    Read more: Russians eager to resume Egypt holidays - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  7. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    UAE recalls Tunisia envoy amid Egypt row

    The United Arab Emirates has recalled its ambassador from Tunisia to protest calls by the Tunisian president for the liberation of Egypt's deposed head of state, reports said Saturday.

    Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki had called on the UAE-backed new rulers in Cairo to free Mohamed Morsi, the Islamist president deposed in a military-led coup on July 3, in a speech this week at the UN General Assembly.

    The UAE, where dozens of Islamists have been jailed for plotting to overthrow the regime, had welcomed Morsi's overthrow and, following his ouster, pledged financial aid to Egypt's new rulers.

    The official WAM news agency said the foreign ministry had recalled ambassador Salem al-Guatam from Tunis "for consultations" on the situation in the region. It did not elaborate.

    But Al-Khaleej newspaper said the recall was decided after "attacks made by the Tunisian president against Egypt and its new leadership, which the Emirates find unacceptable."

    "Attacking the new regime in Egypt in such a manner is not suitable for a brotherly country such as Tunisia," said Al-Khaleej, which reflects official UAE views."

    Everyone must back the new leadership in Egypt, which came to power by popular will," it added.

    Gulf media reported that Marzouki, a centrist allied to the Islamist Ennahda ruling party in Tunisia, launched a bitter attack against the new rulers in Egypt and called on them to release Morsi.

    Both the European Union and the United States have also called for the deposed president to be freed.

    After his ouster, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait pledged a combined total of $12 million in aid to support Egypt's faltering economy.
     
  8. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    Egyptian army chief calls for quick political transition

    [​IMG]



    CAIRO: Egyptian army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called on Tuesday for a quick political transition to restore stability after he directed the overthrow of President Mohamed Mursi and installed an interim government.

    Speaking to soldiers and policemen at a seminar, Sisi “called on everyone to be truly aware of the size of the problems facing society, and which necessitate speeding up the end of the transitional phase,” the army spokesman's official Facebook page said.

    The military took over in July after mass protests against Mursi's rule, installing an interim government and announcing a “roadmap” for a transition to new election.

    Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy said last week the transitional phase of government should end “by next spring”.

    In a reference to Mursi's year in power, Sisi condemned what he said were attempts to distort “a ruling experience that failed to meet the demands of the Egyptian people” and portray it as a “religious battle and a war on Islam.”

    Later in the day, around 100 Mursi supporters staged a protest in Cairo's Tahrir Square for the first time since his ouster.


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  9. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    An Egyptian army vehicle fired live rounds in the direction of Muslim Brotherhood supporters who had been pushed away from Cairo's Tahrir Square by security forces on Friday, a Reuters witness said.

    Onlookers threw rocks at the protesters, backers of the Brotherhood's deposed president Mohamed Morsi, and protesters threw them back. Riot police had earlier fired tear gas to push back the pro-Mursi march.

    One Muslim Brotherhood Supporter has been shot dead during clashes near central Cairo. That’s according to Reuters quoting medical sources.

    Security authorities in Cairo and Giza geared up for protests by closing all entries to Tahrir and Abdel Moneim Riad squares ahead of planned protests for the supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi.

    Police and army forces and vehicles are stationed at vital spots close to Tahrir, Nahda and Rabaa al-Adaweya squares as well as in front of embassies, the Egyptian Museum, the Egyptian TV building and the Cairo and Giza governorates, laying barbed wires on entries to the squares.

    Security was also tightened in areas where there is a higher possibility of the breakout of violence such as Ayyat, Kerdasa and Saff, as well as at police stations in Cairo and Giza and their security departments and at the Interior Ministry headquarters.

    Security forces were given orders to use their weapons in addressing riots and violence.

    Major General Gamal Abdel Aal, head of the general department for Cairo Investigations, said strict orders were given to protect buildings against assaults and to fend off any attacks on the police and to face violence that threatens to undermine security or intimidates citizens.

    Abdel Aal added that security will be especially present in main roads on Friday and on 6 October. Nahda and Rabaa squares will be heavily secured to prevent the Brotherhood from using them again to hold massive rallies.

    The protests come amig Egypt's government move to seize the assets of the Muslim Brotherhood after the group's activities were banned amid a crackdown by authorities. It says it will also ban or take over the extensive social services the group provides - including hospitals, schools and charities.

    The ban came in a recent court ruling but has only now been confirmed following a hiatus for appeals.

    "By the law, by the last sentence, they are now banned," an official said.
    Read more: Egypt crisis: Army fires live rounds at pro-Morsi protesters in Cairo - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  10. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    50 dead as Egypt Islamists try to galvanise protests

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    CAIRO: At least 50 people were killed in clashes between Islamists and police in Egypt on Sunday, as thousands of the military's supporters marked the anniversary of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.

    Loyalists of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, overthrown in a July military coup, tried to converge on a central Cairo square for the anniversary celebrations, when police confronted them.

    At least 45 people were killed in Cairo and five south of the capital, as another 268 people were wounded across Egypt, senior health ministry official Ahmed al-Ansari told AFP.

    An interior ministry official said no policemen were killed in the clashes.

    Sunday's death toll was the highest in clashes between Islamists and police since several days of violence starting on August 14 killed more than 1,000 people, mostly Islamists.

    In central Cairo, police fired shots and tear gas to disperse stone-throwing protesters. AFP correspondents saw several suspected demonstrators being arrested and beaten.

    An interior ministry statement said police arrested 423 protesters in Cairo, accusing them of vandalism and “firing live rounds and birdshot”.

    Three months after Morsi's overthrow, followed by a harsh crackdown on his Muslim Brotherhood movement, the Islamists had planned to galvanise their protest movement in a symbolic attempt to reach Tahrir Square.

    After several weeks of relative calm, the Islamists had said they would escalate their protests by trying to rally in the symbolic Tahrir Square.

    Hundreds of thousands of people had filled the square in February 2011 to force president Hosni Mubarak to resign, and again in July 2013 to urge the army to depose his successor Morsi.

    But on Sunday, security forces guarded entrances to the square, frisking people arriving for the anniversary celebrations.

    Several thousand people, some carrying pictures of army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, waved Egyptian flags as warplanes flew overhead in formation and patriotic songs blared from loudspeakers.

    Sisi, flanked by interim president Adly Mansour and Jordanian Prime Minister Abdullah Nsur, attended a fireworks display in a military stadium, followed by a long song-and-dance show.

    “The army, police and the people are together hand in hand...We will protect Egypt, the Egyptian people and the will of Egyptians,” Sisi told the gathering amid loud cheers.

    Earlier in Cairo, the air was thick with tear gas and the crackle of gunfire as police confronted several marches heading for Tahrir.

    Prime Minister Hazem Beblawi urged Egyptians to unite, saying the country was on the road to recovery. “As we go through these critical times all Egyptians should stand together, be confident and be optimistic about the future,” he said in a televised address.

    The Islamist Anti-Coup Alliance called for more protests this week and specifically urged students across Egyptian universities and schools to protest on Tuesday “against these continuing massacres”.

    “The alliance holds coup authorities and the military-appointed government fully responsible for all the blood of Egyptians being spilt right now, and for every Egyptian killed on this day,” it said in a statement.

    Morsi's opponents demonstrated in their millions in June and July to urge the army to remove him, accusing the Islamist of failing the revolution that brought him to the presidency and concentrating power in the hands of his allies.

    Interior ministry warning

    His supporters decried his overthrow a year after his election in Egypt's first free polls as a violation of democratic principles.

    Away from the main squares, Cairo's streets were largely deserted on Sunday, a public holiday to commemorate the October War, known as the Yom Kippur War in Israel.

    The conflict, remembered proudly by the Egyptian army because it caught Israel by surprise, led to the recovery of the Sinai Peninsula in a 1979 peace treaty.

    The interior ministry had warned it would “firmly confront” any violence or attempts to disturb Sunday's celebrations, state news agency MENA reported.

    Attempts by Islamists to reach Tahrir on Friday sparked clashes with Morsi opponents and security forces that killed four people.

    Analysts called the Islamists' call for protests a high-risk attempt to strip the current high command of the army's legacy and patriotic pride in the Arab-Israeli conflict.

    “They will try to show that the present army is not the army of all Egyptians, but only of those who backed the coup,” Hassan Nafaa, political science professor at Cairo University, told AFP.

    “But this message will not go down well.”The Anti-Coup Alliance's ability to mobilise large numbers in its demonstrations has waned as security forces have arrested some 2,000 Islamists, including Morsi himself and several Brotherhood leaders.

    Hundreds were killed on August 14 when security forces moved in to destroy two large pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo, and ensuing clashes in the following days.


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  11. layman

    layman Aurignacian STAR MEMBER

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    Egypt to remove Brotherhood group from list of accredited NGOs



    CAIRO, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) -- An Egyptian cabinet committee ordered to remove the banned Muslim Brotherhood group from a government list of accredited non-governmental organizations (NGOs), state- run Ahram website reported on Tuesday.

    The cabinet approved deleting the Brotherhood group from the documents of NGOs, Ahram and state TV quoted Minister of Social Solidarity, Ahmed Hassan el-Borai, who is presiding the committee, as saying.

    In September, a Cairo court ordered to ban the group's activities, seize its funds and form a panel to administer its assets.

    Founded in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood group has been outlawed most of the time. In 1948, it was dissolved over charges of involving in explosion and murder. In 1954, it was banned again due to attempts of pressing the country into religion ruling during the era of late president Gamal Abdel Nasser.

    The group's political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party was formed following the toppling of president Hosni Mubarak in 2011, then the party candidate Mohamed Morsi won the presidential election in 2012. The group was officially registered as a NGO in March under Morsi's rule.


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  12. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Egypt court announces trial for ex-president Morsi

    An Egyptian court on Wednesday set November 4 as the opening date for the trial of ousted president Mohamed Morsi on charges of inciting the murder of protesters, State media reported.

    Facing trial alongside him are 14 other members of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, state news agency MENA said.

    Morsy, who is backed by the Brotherhood, will be tried at Egypt's Criminal Court on charges relating to his alleged involvement in violence that took place around the Ittihadiya Presidential Palace, the news agency said.

    Egypt's military forcibly removed Morsy from office in early July. He has been in detention ever since and a military-backed interim government has been in power.

    In September, an Egyptian court banned all activities of the Muslim Brotherhood and froze its finances, drawing complaints from the international community.

    At least seven people were killed in violence between the Islamist group's loyalists and opponents that erupted after he passed a temporary decree placing his decisions beyond judicial review.

    Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood claimed that most of those killed were Islamists, an assertion disputed by his opponents. One journalist who opposed Morsi was killed in the violence.

    The clashes broke out when Brotherhood supporters dispersed a sit-in outside the palace by Morsi's secular leaning opponents.

    Morsi's co-defendants will include several of his aides and Brotherhood leaders.

    The military has detained Morsi at a secret location since his overthrow. The other defendants have been jailed since then or are on the run.

    Following Morsi's ousting, security forces launched an extensive crackdown on his backers that has killed over 1,000 people, while strangling the Muslim Brotherhood with mass arrests and a ban on the organisation.

    Western nations, including the United States and Britain, have urged Egypt's temporary government to have an inclusive political process.

    Egypt's interim foreign minister, Nabil Fahmy, told the UN General Assembly last month that the government is following a road map that will see nationwide elections by next spring.

    Murder trial of Egypt's Morsi to start November 4 - state media

    The trial of Egypt's deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi on charges of inciting the murder of protesters will start on November 4, the official MENA news agency reported Wednesday.

    Morsi will stand trial with 14 other defendants over the killings of protesters outside his presidential palace in December 2012, almost seven months before his ouster in a military coup.

    At least seven people were killed in the clashes on December 5 between the Islamist's loyalists and his opponents after he passed a temporary decree placing his decisions beyond judicial review.

    Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood claimed that most of those killed were Islamists. The clashes broke out after Brotherhood supporters dispersed a sit-in outside the palace by Morsi's secular leaning opponents.

    Morsi's co-defendants will include several of his aides and Brotherhood leaders.

    The military has detained Morsi in a secret location since his overthrow on July 3. The other defendants have been jailed since then or are on the run.
    Read more: Egypt court announces trial for ex-president Morsi - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  13. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Reports surfaced late Tuesday that the US is considering curtailing military aid to Egypt, a move that would end months of closed door consideration as the Obama administration has weighed how to handle the $1.3 billion in aid it was set to give a government that recently overthrew a democratically elected leader.

    CNN first reported that the US would stop military aid altogether, citing an anonymous US official. That would be one step further than the administration took in August, when it withheld the delivery of a half dozen F-16 aircraft. Abrams tank kits were delivered subsequently, with officials describing the review of weapons deliveries as analyzed on a case-by-case basis.

    Obama administration officials immediately denied that a complete cut to military aid was planned, but did describe an upcoming major decision on aid.

    “The reports that we are halting all military assistance to Egypt are false,” National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said in a statement. “We will announce the future of our assistance relationship with Egypt in the coming days, but as the President made clear at UNGA [United Nations General Assembly], that assistance relationship will continue.”

    Egypt has been the second largest recipient of US military aid, behind Israel. That monetary aid, in the form of Foreign Military Financing, is used to buy weapons the Foreign Military Sales process. Most of the equipment now being delivered is tied to deals struck two regimes ago in Egypt under former ruler Hosni Mubarak. When Mubarak's successor, the democratically elected Mohammed Morsi, was overthrown by the military earlier this year the continuance of US aid was cast into doubt. US law prevents the delivery of aid to governments that have just overthrown democratically elected regimes.

    Wanting to maintain influence with the new regime, with that influence largely derived from the delivery of weapons to the ruling military, the Obama administration found a clever solution deciding that it would simply avoid making any determination as to whether a coup had occurred, thus allowing weapons to be delivered.

    But as government crackdowns on Morsi supporters has continued, the administration has been put into an increasingly difficult position.

    Several weapons delivers have been stuck in limbo, with the F-16 delays, Apache components, and even Fast Missile Ships all part of the debate on what should or shouldn't be delivered to the regime.

    US Weighs Withholding Egypt Military Aid | Defense News | defensenews.com
     
  14. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    The United States is preparing to announce changes in its 1.5-billion-dollar annual aid package to Egypt following a review ordered by President Barack Obama, the State Department said Wednesday.

    A spokeswoman declined to provide details, including when the new policy would be announced, but said Egypt would continue receiving US aid.

    "We will continue to support a democratic transition and oppose violence as a means to resolving differences in Egypt," State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said. "Our relationship with the Egyptian government, including US assistance to Egypt, will continue."

    But Harf also noted that Obama has been clear that "we are not able to continue with business as usual," citing the US decision in July not to go ahead with the delivery of four F-16 fighter jets to Egypt because of unrest in the country.

    "We believe it's important to remain engaged. The question, of course, is what that engagement looks like," she said, adding "walking away from this relationship wouldn't be good for the Egyptian people."

    The State Department said the announcement will be made "in the coming days."

    Media reports quoting unidentified US officials indicated the US would make reductions in significant parts of US non-essential military aid to Egypt.

    Several types of military hardware would not be delivered to the Egyptian military, including tanks, helicopters and fighter jets - equipment that the Egyptian military could use against protesters, the reports said.

    EU foreign ministers also agreed to suspend the delivery of any equipment to Egypt that could be used against protesters.

    Egypt has experienced a surge in political violence since the military ousted democratically elected Islamist president Mohammed Morsi in July. Morsi has been detained at an undisclosed location since then.

    udicial authorities said Wednesday he would face trial starting November 4 on charges of incitement in the 2012 death of a group of 10 peaceful protesters.

    Nearly all of the 1.5 billion dollars in aid requested by the Obama administration for Egypt in 2014 is military aid, news reports said.

    US to reduce US military aid to Egypt - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  15. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Egypt's foreign minister acknowledged in comments published Wednesday that relations with Washington were in a "delicate" phase after it suspended some military aid in response to a July 3 coup.

    Nabil Fahmy said the US administration had overestimated the amount of leverage that its aid dollars bought it over the policies of the interim government installed by the army after it overthrew elected Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.

    "We are right now in a delicate phase reflecting turmoil in the relationship and whoever says otherwise is not speaking honestly," Fahmy said in an interview with state-owned daily Al-Ahram.

    Fahmy said Washington was wrong to assume that its October 10 decision to suspend deliveries of major military hardware and cash assistance of $260 million would influence the interim government's policies.

    He blamed the hiccough in relations on the dependence on US aid of the regime of Hosni Mubarak which was ousted in 2011 after three decades in power.

    "We chose the easy option and did not diversify our options... this led the US to wrongly believe that Egypt would always follow its policies and aims," Fahmy said.
    Read more: Egypt-US ties in 'delicate' phase: foreign minister - News - World - Voice of Russia - US Edition
     
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