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Egypt Crisis

Discussion in 'International Politics' started by layman, Jul 3, 2013.

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  1. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Supporters of former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi have urged the people of Egypt to participate in the protests on November 4th .

    It is on November 4th that the trail against Morsi and 14 others is scheduled to begin in Cairo. The ex-President and his men are accused of murder of demonstrators at the presidential palace in Cairo in December 2012.

    The alliance of Islamic parties has assured that there will be every effort to keep the demonstrations peaceful.

    Egyptian Islamists call for bigger demonstrations on November 4th - News - Politics - Russian Radio
     
  2. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi has rejected the authority of the court that is due to try him next week for incitement to murder, his backers said Monday.

    "No lawyers will be defending president Mohamed Morsi, neither Egyptians nor foreigners, because the president does not recognise the trial or any action and processes that result from the coup," the Anti-Coup Alliance, led by the Muslim Brotherhood, said in a statement.
    Read more: Morsi rejects authority of Egypt court due to try him - News - Politics - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  3. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Turkey should respect the will of the people of Egypt, said Egypt’s Foreign Affairs Minister Nabil Fahmy on Tuesday.

    According to Fahmy, the Egyptian people have finally woken up and after two revolutions and now are ready to create their own destiny.

    “The revolutions occurred to drive the country to a new democracy and Turkey must respect the will of the people and not interfere in the internal affairs of Egypt,” Fahmy said .

    Turkey strongly criticized the ouster of Mohammed Morsi in July this year by Egypt’s army, and the Turkish leadership said the removal of a democratically elected head of the state contradicts the law of the land. Egypt’s leadership reacted in a negative way to this statement and asked Turkey to stop interfering in the internal matters of Egypt.

    Speaking about relations with Qatar, Fahmi said that the Qatari government not only has problems with Egypt but also with most other countries of the Arab World. He singled out Qatar’s "Al Jazeera" television channel, which according to him, goes beyond what is permitted.

    “Qatar should seriously evaluate the situation and make a strategic decision on its stand in relation to other Arab countries,” said Fahmy.

    Talking about relations with the United States, Fahmy said that the relation could be termed as "strained", since both sides had different ideas regarding the American aid to the country. The US side had considered the aid to the country as a "cornerstone" of bilateral relations, while Egypt differs in its idea, said Fahmy.
    Read more: Turkey should stop interfering in matter of Egypt and Qatar should think over its stand: Egypt?s Foreign Minister - News - Politics - Russian Radio
     
  4. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    US lawmakers Tuesday urged the White House to lift its suspension of military aid to Egypt, warning freezing funds and weapons deliveries might unravel decades of cooperation with a key regional ally.

    Democratic Representative Eliot Engel, ranking member of the House foreign affairs committee, said he had initially supported a temporary halt to deliveries of F-16 aircraft to the Egyptian military following its ouster of president Mohamed Morsi in July.

    The United States earlier this month said it was recalibrating its $1.5 billion a year in annual aid to Cairo including 1.3 billion in military aid after the bloody repression of Morsi supporters since his ouster.

    Marking a dramatic break with years of unqualified support to Cairo, President Barack Obama in early October decided to freeze deliveries of big-ticket items, including Apache helicopters, F-16 fighter jets, M1A1 Abrams tank parts and Harpoon missiles.

    More than 1,000 people - mainly Morsi supporters - have been killed since July 3 - and authorities have rounded up some 2,000 Islamists, including most of the Muslim Brotherhood's leadership.
    Read more: US lawmakers urge resumption of Egypt military aid - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  5. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    A major explosives production plant was found today in the suburbs of Cairo by Egyptian law enforcement officials, the local media report.

    The underground enterprise was located in the industrial zone in the vicinity of 6th of October City - a satellite city of the Egyptian capital.

    57 kg of explosives, 141 suicide bombers’ belts as well as automatic weapons and about a ton of chemicals used for manufacturing home-made bombs were found there, Al Balad Internet portal reports. According to security officials, the discovered amount of explosives was enough to blow up the whole neighborhood, where the workshop was located.

    It is established that a group of jihadists was engaged in the illegal production. According to the Interior Ministry, they were preparing a series of major terrorist attacks on November 4 - the beginning of the hearing of the ousted President Mohammed Mursi’s case of murdering demonstrators outside the Cairo Palace Al-Ittihadiya last December.

    The owner of the plant and his assistants managed to escape. Currently, they are being searched for.
    Read more: Major explosives production plant discovered in Cairo suburbs - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  6. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    An Egyptian court sentenced 12 supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi to 17 years in prison on Wednesday for taking part in a violent protest, state media reported.

    The official MENA news agency reported the protesters were convicted of attacking the headquarters of the Islamic Al-Azhar institution during a violent protest.

    'I’ve been kidnapped forcibly' before announcement of removal – Morsi

    Deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi said on Wednesday he was kidnapped by the Republican Guard the day before the army announced his removal and was later held at a naval base for four months.

    Lawyer Mohamed Damati read on television what he said was a letter from the Islamist leader, who is still being detained, to the Egyptian people.

    For the first time, Morsi indicated that he was held against his will as early as July 2, a day before the army announced his removal following mass protests against his rule.

    "The kind Egyptian people should know that I have been kidnapped forcibly and against my will since July 2 and until July 5 in a Republican Guard house until I and my aide were moved again forcibly to a naval base belonging to the armed forces for four full months," Morsi was quoted as saying.

    The letter marked the first time outside the courtroom that authorities allowed Morsi, who accuses the army of staging a coup, to tell his side of the story.

    "Egypt will not recover until everything that happened due to this coup goes away...and the holding to account those who spilled blood everywhere on the nation's land," Morsi said.

    "I salute the Egyptian people who rose up against this coup, which will fall by the power of the Egyptian people in their jihad for the sake of their rights and freedoms."

    Morsi said that while in detention, he had only met with European Union Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton, an EU delegation and four prosecutors whose questions he refused to answer.

    "What happened is a military coup and for there to be stability and reconciliation in Egypt, the people of Egypt need to take a stand and that this coup is treason and a crime," Morsi said.

    The Republican Guard is an elite military unit which protects the presidential palace and other government sites.

    Morsi and other Islamists appeared in court on November 4 on charges of inciting violence in connection with the death of about a dozen protesters at the presidential palace in December. Most were members of Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood.

    Damati said Morsi still refused to recognise the court which is trying him at a police academy - the same site where Mubarak is on trial on similar charges.

    If convicted, Morsi could face a life sentence or the death penalty.

    Egypt's Morsi to sue rulers over 'coup' - lawyer

    Egypt's deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi intends to sue the army-installed authorities over his ouster in July, his lawyer told reporters on Wednesday.

    Morsi is currently in prison as he faces trial over his involvement in the death of protesters outside his presidential palace in 2012.

    Egypt court puts off Morsi trial to Jan 8 as he claims 'I am president'

    An Egyptian court on Monday adjourned until January 8 the trial of ousted president Mohamed Morsi over his alleged involvement in the death of protesters during his year in power.

    Toppled Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi looked healthy on the first day of his trial, footage on state television showed.

    Other defendants clapped as Morsi, who was wearing a dark suit and blue shirt, stepped inside the courtroom cage.

    Morsi looked into the camera, while the others, clad in white outfits, turned their backs and raised their hands with the four-finger sign referring to the sit-in dispersed by security forces in August. dpa nes sdl

    Morsi, in his first public appearance since the army deposed him in July, rejected the proceedings and told the court: "I am Dr. Mohamed Morsi, President of the republic... This court is illegal," an AFP correspondent attending the trial reported.

    He slammed his overthrow by the army and called on military leaders to face trial.

    "This was a military coup. The leaders of the coup should be tried. A coup is treason and a crime," Morsi said.

    Defiantly, Morsi arrived in court wearing a suit rather than the customary white detention clothes.

    Two of his co-defendants, senior Muslim Brotherhood leaders Essam al-Erian and Mohammed al-Beltagui, chanted "Down with military rule" at the start of the hearing and applauded Morsi when he walked in.

    Mohamed Morsi and other Islamists facing trial on charges of inciting violence on Monday will be moved to Cairo's notorious Tora prison after their court session was adjourned, a security source said.

    Morsi came to power in June 2012 in the country's first free elections, made possible by a popular uprising a year earlier.

    Morsi has been held in an undisclosed location since the army ousted him on July 3.

    He and 14 others are charged with inciting the deaths of protesters outside the presidential palace in December 2012.
    Read more: Egypt sentences 12 pro-Morsi protesters to 17 years - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video
     
  7. brahmos_ii

    brahmos_ii Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    On Tuesday, Head of the Constitutional Committee of Egypt, Amr Moussa presented a new draft of the fundamental law to the interim president, Adly Mansour for approval. On Sunday, the special commission consisting of 50 people, who worked on it for two months, voted in favor of the project. Within a month after Mansour’s signing of the draft constitution, it will be submitted for a national referendum.

    The new constitution consists of 247 articles. The “Council of 50” voted unanimously on majority of them and only some controversial articles have been left to the interim head of state for consideration. In particular, one of these articles deals with the future of the country’s electoral system and the sequence of holding elections in Egypt.

    In addition, a new principle of conducting parliament elections and its structure will be listed in the prospective constitution, which will have a single House and the upper House – the Advisory Council (Shura) will be eliminated. Draft of the fundamental law provides for a 450-seat Legislative Body, which will be renamed and will be referred to as the House of Representatives in future. The constitution will also include a ban on the formation of political parties on religious lines.
     
  8. Anees

    Anees Mod Staff Member MODERATOR

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    Syria rebels: snipers block nuns’ evacuation

    Fire by snipers loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is blocking efforts to evacuate 12 Syrian and Lebanese Orthodox nuns from their convent in the town of Maalula, which was overrun by rebels on Monday, Al Arabiya News Channel reported Tuesday, citing rebel sources.

    The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights confirmed on Monday that fighters from the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front had captured the historic town of Maaloula after several days of fighting.

    The observatory rejected earlier reports that the nuns were kidnapped by rebels.

    Vatican Radio reported, citing Mario Zenari, the nuncio (ambassador) of the Holy See in Syria, on Tuesday the rebels were able to move some of the nuns from Maaloula to Yabroud, about 20 km (13 miles) to the north.

    Zenari said the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate had told him armed men had entered the monastery on Monday afternoon.

    “They forced the sisters to evacuate and to follow them towards Yabroud. At this moment we cannot say if this is a kidnapping or an evacuation,” he told Reuters by telephone from Damascus. “I heard now there is a very fierce conflict going on in Maaloula.”

    Reached by phone, the mother superior of the Saydnaya convent in Damascus province, Sivronia Nabhan, told AFP she had spoken with her Maalula counterpart, who confirmed the nuns were in Yabrud.

    Maalula mother superior Pelagia Sayyaf said “she and the 11 other nuns, accompanied by three young maids, were comfortably installed in a house in Yabrud and no one was bothering them,” Nabhan said.

    The two nuns spoke on Monday evening, Nabhan added.

    Zenari said it was unclear why the nuns had been forced to leave Maalula and “what the goal of this action is.”

    The nuns were first reported missing on Monday, as rebel forces recaptured Maalula, which lies north of Damascus.

    They were among the few residents left in the hamlet, and were sheltering inside the Mar Takla convent.

    In September, they were trapped inside the building with dozens of orphans during the first round of fighting between regime forces and rebels in the town.

    But Zenari said the orphans had long been evacuated from the town.

    Maalula, a picturesque village cut into the cliffs some 55 kilometers (35 miles) north of Damascus, has long been a symbol of the ancient Christian presence in Syria.

    Its residents are some of the few left in the world who speak Aramaic, the language that Jesus Christ is believed to have spoken.

    Rebels briefly captured the town in September, before being quickly forced back to its outskirts by regime forces.

    But with the army pressing an advance elsewhere in the surrounding Qalamoun region, opposition fighters seized the heart of the town once again on Monday.

    An estimated 126,000 people have been killed in Syria since President Bashar al-Assad's regime launched a brutal crackdown on pro-democracy protests nearly three years ago, setting off a full-blown civil war that has displaced millions.


    (With AFP and Reuters)

    http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2013/12/03/Islamists-take-Syrian-Christian-town-monastery.html
     
  9. Marqueur

    Marqueur Peaceful Silence ELITE MEMBER

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    'Every single female in Egypt has been harassed’

    As soon as the beat started, the young veiled woman bobbed her head to the rhythm, raised her hands to get the crowd clapping and then unleashed a flood of rap lyrics that tackled some of the biggest social challenges women face in the Arab world.

    With the Middle East’s hit TV show "Arabs Got Talent" as her stage, 18-year-old Myam Mahmoud rapped about sexual harassment, second-class treatment of women, and societal expectations of how a young religious woman should behave.

    The Egyptian teenager didn’t win the programme, she crashed out in the semifinals, but she did succeed in throwing the spotlight on something bigger than herself. "I wanted to tell girls in Egypt and everywhere else that they are not alone, we all have the same problems, but we cannot stay silent, we have to speak up," Mahmoud said.

    In Egypt, a country where politics have grabbed most of the headlines for the past three years, little space has been dedicated to addressing social problems. So Mahmoud, who is a first-year student of politics and economics at a university in a western Cairo suburb, decided to draw attention to women’s rights through rap.

    One of the biggest problems for woman in Egypt is sexual harassment. A UN report released in April said the issue had reached "unprecedented levels," with 99.3% of women in the country reporting that they have been subjected to sexual harassment.

    "There is no single women in Egypt who has not been harassed, regardless of her looks," Mahmoud said. "As soon as a girl is born in Egypt, she is repressed with many pressures."
    - See more at: 'Every single female in Egypt has been harassed? - Hindustan Times
     
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