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History of Indian Tricolor Proud to be Indian...

Discussion in 'National Politics' started by AmitAgrawal, Jan 26, 2011.

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  1. AmitAgrawal

    AmitAgrawal FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
    A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it.
    It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which would be a sin to destroy.
    For, a flag represents an Ideal The unfurling of the Union Jack evokes
    in the English breast sentiments whose strength it is difficult to measure.
    The Stars and Stripes mean a world to the Americans.
    The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam."

    "It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims, Christians Jews, Parsis,
    and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag
    to live and to die for."

    - Mahatma Gandhi

    Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It is a symbol of a free country.
    The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and
    adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly
    held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India's independence
    from the British on 15 August, 1947. It served as the national flag
    of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and
    that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term
    "tricolour" refers to the Indian national flag.

    The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top,
    white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
    The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
    In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel
    which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel
    which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
    Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.


    A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it.
    It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which would be a sin to destroy.
    For, a flag represents an Ideal The unfurling of the Union Jack evokes
    in the English breast sentiments whose strength it is difficult to measure.
    The Stars and Stripes mean a world to the Americans.
    The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam."

    "It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims, Christians Jews, Parsis,
    and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag
    to live and to die for."

    - Mahatma Gandhi

    Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It is a symbol of a free country.
    The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and
    adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly
    held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India's independence
    from the British on 15 August, 1947. It served as the national flag
    of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and
    that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term
    "tricolour" refers to the Indian national flag.

    The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top,
    white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
    The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
    In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel
    which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel
    which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
    Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.


    Evolution of the Tricolour:


    It is really amazing to see the various changes that our National Flag went
    through since its first inception. It was discovered or recognised
    during our national struggle for freedom.. The evolution of the Indian National Flag
    sailed through many vicissitudes to arrive at what it is today.
    In one way it reflects the political developments in the nation.
    Some of the historical milestones in the evolution of our National Flag
    involve the following:

    [​IMG]
    Unofficial flag of India in 1906

    [​IMG]
    The Berlin committee flag, first raised by Bhikaiji Cama in 1907

    [​IMG]
    The flag used during the Home Rule movement in 1917

    [​IMG]
    The flag unofficially adopted in 1921

    [​IMG]
    The flag adopted in 1931. This flag was also the battle ensign of the Indian National Army

    [​IMG]
    The present Tricolour flag of India

    The first national flag in India is said
    to have been hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park)
    in Calcutta now Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red,
    yellow and green.


    The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band
    of exiled revolutionaries in 1907 (according to some inl9OS).
    This was very similar to the first flag except that the top strip had
    only one lotus but seven stars denoting the Saptarishi.
    This flag was also exhibited at a socialist conference in Berlin.


    The third flag went up in 1917 when our political struggle
    had taken a definite turn. Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted it
    during the Home rule movement. This flag had five red and
    four green horizontal strips arranged alternately,
    with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them.
    In the left-hand top corner (the pole end) was the Union Jack.
    There was also a white crescent and star in one corner.


    During the session of the All India Congress Committee which met
    at Bezwada in 1921 (now Vijayawada) an Andhra youth prepared a flag
    and took it to Gandhiji. It was made up of two colours-red and green-
    representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims.
    Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the
    remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolise
    progress of the Nation.


    The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag. A resolution was passed
    adopting a tricolor flag as our national flag. This flag, the forbear
    of the present one, was saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi's
    spinning wheel at the center. It was, however, clearly stated
    that it bore no communal significance and was to be interpreted thus.


    On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted it as Free India National Flag.
    After the advent of Independence, the colours and their significance
    remained the same. Only the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka was
    adopted in place of the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag.
    Thus, the tricolour flag of the Congress Party eventually became
    the tricolour flag of Independent India.

    Colours of the Flag:


    In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour,
    indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band
    indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green
    in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.


    The Chakra:


    This Dharma Chakra depicted the "wheel of the law" in the Sarnath Lion Capital
    made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to
    show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.


    Flag Code:



    On 26th January 2002, the Indian flag code was modified and after
    several years of independence, the citizens of India were finally allowed
    to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories
    on any day and not just National days as was the case earlier.
    Now Indians can proudly display the national flag any where and any time,
    as long as the provisions of the Flag Code are strictly followed
    to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour. For the sake of convenience,
    Flag Code of India, 2002, has been divided into three parts. Part I
    of the Code contains general description of the National Flag.
    Part II of the Code is devoted to the display of the National Flag
    by members of public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc.
    Part III of the Code relates to display of the National Flag by
    Central and State governments and their organisations and agencies.


    There are some rules and regulations upon how to fly the flag, based
    on the 26 January 2002 legislation. These include the following:


    The Do's:


    * The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions
    (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect
    for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.
    * A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution
    may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions,
    ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour
    of the National Flag.

    * Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens
    to fly the flag on their premises.



    The Don'ts:


    * The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes.
    As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective
    of the weather.

    * The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor
    or trail in water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or
    back of vehicles, trains, boats or aircraft.
    *


    No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object,
    including flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag.
    The tricolour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette or bunting.



    The Indian National Flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people
    of India. It is the symbol of our national pride.
    Over the last five decades, several people including members
    of armed forces have ungrudgingly laid down their lives to keep
    the tricolour flying in its full glory.
     
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  2. AmitAgrawal

    AmitAgrawal FULL MEMBER

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    If any one know more please share
     
  3. CONNAN

    CONNAN Major ELITE MEMBER

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    The flag, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are laid out by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The right to manufacture the flag is held by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, who allocate it to the regional groups. As of 2009, the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha was the sole manufacturer of the flag.
     
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  4. CONNAN

    CONNAN Major ELITE MEMBER

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    BRITISH INDIA FLAG

    India was under British rule in the 19th century. A number of flags with varying designs were used in the period preceding the Indian Independence Movement by the rulers of different princely states; the idea of a single Indian flag was first raised by the British rulers of India after the rebellion of 1857, which resulted in the establishment of direct imperial rule. Several Colonial flags, whose designs were based on western heraldic standards, were similar to the flags of other British colonies, including Canada and Australia; the blue and red ensigns included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half. To address the question of how the star conveyed "Indianness",Queen Victoria created the Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India to honour services to the empire by her Indian subjects. Subsequently, all the Indian princly states received flags with symbols based on the heraldic criteria of Europe including the right to fly defaced British red ensigns.

    The red ensign became the most prominent flag used to represent British India during World War II and was used in the context of India's membership of the League of Nations and, between 1945 and 1947, the United Nations
     
  5. CONNAN

    CONNAN Major ELITE MEMBER

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    Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.

    The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.

    The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.

    The "Ashoka Chakra" in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion.

    There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change
     
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