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Illegal immigration from Bangladesh has turned Assam explosive

Discussion in 'International Relations' started by santosh, Mar 25, 2014.

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  1. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Illegal immigration from Bangladesh has turned Assam explosive

    [​IMG]

    The vote-bank politics practiced by India’s politicians has transformed Assam into a simmering cauldron of communal violence between the indigenous Assamese Bodos and the Bangladeshi Muslims who have immigrated illegally. The violence in Assam has exposed the fault lines, and is capable of exposing and worsening the communal divide in the State. The volatile situation was summed up by Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi as “living on a volcano”. :coffee:

    A brief history of the conflict

    Assam shares an international border with Bangladesh and has been plagued with the problem of illegal immigration by Bangladeshi Muslims for the past four decades. The Governor of Assam, in a secret communique to the Central Government in 2005, revealed that “upto 6000 Bangladeshis enter Assam every day.” According to conservative estimates, India is host to around ten million illegal Bangladeshi immigrants. Assam itself is inhabited by around five million illegal immigrants. :coffee:

    Successive Governments in New Delhi have tried to brush aside the problem for the fear of offending and alienating minority interests and alienating the valuable votebank, much to the chagrin of the BJP and its partners like the AGP. Delhi has always adopted a myopic view of the problem, and Assam seems to be paying for Delhi’s mistakes.

    In 1947, Pakistan was divided into a Bengali-speaking East Pakistan and an Urdu-speaking West Pakistan by the geographical presence of India. In 1971, it became clear that religion could not bind the two disparate entities into a single nation. The revolt against the linguistic hegemony of West Pakistanis resulted in genocide of the East Pakistanis.

    Unable to withstand the brutality of the Pakistani army, millions of Bangladeshis crossed over into the safer climes of India. Indian States like Assam and West Bengal bore the brunt of this influx. Although India provided sanctuary to these refugees, it nonetheless referred to this influx as “bloodless aggression” which could irretrievably impair the “economic and political well being” of the country.

    India’s military intervention against the Pakistani army’s genocide of the East Pakistanis led to the creation of Bangladesh in 1971.

    However, despite the creation of Bangladesh, India did not get any respite from the influx of Bangladeshi Muslims. The magnitude of this influx can only be assessed from the fact that the period between 1971 and 1991 witnessed the growth of Muslim population in Assam by 77.42 per cent as compared to a Hindu growth of 41.89 per cent. The population explosion has subsequently stabilised but even then, the decadal growth of 1991-2001 at 29.3 per cent for Muslims remained abnormally high as compared to a Hindu growth at 14.9 per cent.

    Dhubri, which shares a long riverine border with Bangladesh, is an example of how illegal infiltration into the State continues unabated. As per provisional census details for the period 2001-2011, the decadal population growth for Dhubri at 24.4 per cent was distinctly higher when compared to the population growth of Assam at 16.9 percent for the same period. With the Brahmaputra River providing convenient entry points, the district is being virtually overrun by Bangladeshi infiltrators. Incidentally, Dhubri was one of the flash points during the violence in the State.

    Ostrich head in sand approach

    The Indian polity, with its penchant for encouraging illegal immigration for the sake of vote-bank politics, prefers the ‘ostrich head in sand’ approach to this issue. This has grievous national implications.

    Porous and inadequately defended international borders, coupled with a lack of political will to counter the menace of illegal immigration, have ensured a massive and uncontrolled demographic upheaval in the State. Taking advantage of this demographic shift, illegal immigrants have staked their claims to the resources of the State. This, in turn, has raised the hackles of indigenous populations of the State — now poised to become a minority in their own homeland. While the latter are obviously disgruntled, neither side is in a mood to back down.

    Lack of political will to confront illegal immigration manifested itself in the blatantly perverted Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act of 1983. The Act was introduced specifically for Assam, replacing the Foreigners Act of 1946 which remains in effect for the rest of India.

    The provisions of the IMDT Act ranged from the bizarre (the State can only act against the illegal immigrants on the basis of a complaint and not suo motu); to the tragic (the onus of establishing the foreign origin of the accused lies on the complainant and not the accused).

    Such provisions made it virtually impossible to deport any illegal immigrant from Assam. It did not come as a surprise to many when only 1,481 illegal immigrants had been expelled upto April 30, 2000 based on over three hundred thousand enguiries.

    The Supreme Court of India struck down the IMDT Act in 2005 as ultra vires to the Constitution of India. The Court referred to the Act as the “main impediment or barrier in the identification and deportation of illegal mmigrants.” The Court also compared illegal immigration with “external aggression,” which had made the life of the people of Assam “wholly insecure and the panic generated thereby had created fear psychosis.”

    In a revealing observation, the Supreme Court called upon the Government of India to protect “Assam from such external aggression and internal disturbance.” Ironically, it was this very “bloodless aggression” which India had used as a pretext to go to war with Pakistan in 1971.

    The Congress which has been the dominant political force, both at the Central level and in Assam post independence, has often been accused of tacitly encouraging this infiltration for political gains. So far, Gogoi and his friends seem to be in no hurry to dispel this accusation.

    Illegal migrants are mobilised to vote en masse for Congress candidates as quid pro quo to unhindered access to every national resource. In catering to myopic political returns, the party and the Government have turned a blind eye to the destabilising impact of the socio-economic volatility arising out of this influx. In a statement which is telling of the party’s abetment of illegal migration, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi was quick to rescind his initial statement of Assam “living on a volcano,” with a “There are no Bangladeshis in the clash but Indian citizens.”

    Evidently, the vote-bank cannot be disturbed and therefore national interests are being sacrificed at the altar of political expediency. It is disturbing to know that the political class (by their actions) believe that the two are mutually exclusive.

    Encouraged by the pusillanimous approach of the Governments, fundamentalists have started manipulating illegal migrants for their own gains. Fundamentalist Muslim leaders in Assam have already issued calls for ‘jihad’ if the indigenous Bodos involved in retaliation during the violence were not arrested.

    Even attempts by the Government of India to prepare a National Register of Citizens based on the 1971 rolls in the State for an authentic documentation of the population have failed to make any headway in the face of strong opposition from these Muslim groups.

    Fundamentalist groups are apprehensive about political power slipping away from their hands, once the process of identification of the illegal migrants is initiated in earnest. That the effort to prepare the NRC is abandoned at the slightest resistance, exemplifies the connivance of the politicians with this illicit immigration. :coffee:

    http://www.niticentral.com/2012/10/...gladesh-has-turned-assam-explosive-16664.html

     
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  2. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    What the future may hold

    Political shortsightedness has resulted in a situation where most Indian cities are getting burdened with these illegal Bangladeshi immigrants. The immigrants who have started shifting to greener urban pastures, which offer greater economic opportunities. However, it is in Assam that the conflict between the Indians and illegal Bangladeshi Muslims is growing. Emotions have been running high ever since the migrants started obtaining squatters rights on the lands which they were initially employed to till.

    With the demography being dramatically altered by their steady influx, illegal immigrants have started wielding enormous political power in Assam. Muslims have become the majority in 11 out 27 districts in the State and the dominant factor in determining electoral fortunes in 54 out of 126 constituencies in the local Assembly. A stage has been reached where no party can expect to attain political dominance without support from the Bangladeshi Muslims.

    It is this conversion of the illegal migrants into a political force, that has made the indigenous population apprehensive of losing its identity and culture.

    This unfettered illegal migration has ominous implications for national security and socio-economic stability. Intelligence inputs indicate that the Inter Service Intelligence Agency (ISI) of Pakistan is utilising these migrants as conduits to ferry in terrorists and arms into India. Counterfeit Indian currency with its origins in Bangladesh has flooded border areas, crippling the economy in these parts.

    It is often said that those who forget history are condemned to repeat it. Kashmir is a case in point. Gogoi and his friends should brush up on their history.

    First published in the Fair Observer.


    http://www.niticentral.com/2012/10/...gladesh-has-turned-assam-explosive-16664.html
     
  3. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Illegal immigration drive in North East

    In the midst of hullabaloos for re-implementation of Inner Line Permit [1] in Manipur, the government of Manipur is taking up some measures to crack down illegal immigrant in Manipur. Unquestionably, the drive that is currently enforced by government of Manipur is definitely an inevitable tool if the illegal immigration and the apparent socio-political repercussion are to be checked. In fact, the drive is already late if the illegal immigration is supposed to be checked. It should have been done long time ago.

    Since the fateful 9/11 incident in the United State, immigration has become an important national security issue all over the world as, immigrants lumped alongside transnational criminals, terrorists, and drug traffickers that become a standardized problem for the state to deal with (Andreas 2003) [2] . Fears of the "other" or internal destabilization caused by an influx of migrants has been recently becoming a serious concern (Valeriano, 2009).

    The compelling exodus of India's northeast people from mainland cities like Bangalore, Poona, Mumbai, Hyderabad, etc., was a clear example that illegal immigration is becoming a serious question on India's national security [3]. The vindictive set of threat mails that was received by some of the northeast people (in Bangalore) in which, New Delhi allegedly claimed that there was a Pakistani hand (The Times Of India, 2012), create a commotion amongst the northeast people. It is rather a serious issue that needs to be addressed. It is not clear that this matter should be dealt with cautiously and with a responsible set of actors. If the reality has been tampered with, then I believe that New Delhi should not give any chances to those miscreants responsible for the information security to infringe into India's national integrity and this should be dealt seriously.

    On the other hand, it is unfortunate that India's immigration policy has always been a stumbling block to drive against illegal immigrants. In other words, there has been no Political consensus or clear political will on the issue of illegal immigration. It has been a moribund and an overdue subject. The provisions of India's Citizenship act of 1955 together with the fact that most immigrants who entered into Indian Territory have not followed the legal process to become Indian citizens complicate the issue of identifying the illegal immigrants (Singh, 2009 cited in Rameshchandra, 2012).

    In fact, the unabated cross-border migration in India's northeast region became a serious issue on the demography, social and political structure since the late 1970s. It is more worrying in a multi ethnic small state like Manipur, where the impact of immigration is affecting on the peaceful co-existence of native population. Very recently, various civil societies start showing their concern to avoid the fate of Chakmas in CHT (Chittagong Hill Tract) or the Tripuris of Tripura who became a minority community in their own homeland against Bangladeshi migrants.

    It is unfortunate that some of our politicians who seem myopic in their political decision show their unenthusiastic behavior towards the drive against illegal immigrants as it is going to affect in their electoral vote bank. However, it is not a wise consideration to castigate our very own citizens at the cost of some miscreants who already impinged into our peaceful coexistence and subsequently become a threat to the national security. :facepalm:


    Indeed, the census report of 2011 is quite disturbing, which, shows the population of non-Manipuris is much higher than that of indigenous population. The report reveals that there are 7,40,484 non-Manipuri against 6,70,000 tribal and 7,51,208 Meetei population (The Hueiyen News Service, 2012). In addition, if we look at local NGO reports or into some invented calculation of illegal immigration in Manipur, the figures are quite horrifying. Reports of local NGO like FREINDS (The Federation of Regional Indigenous Societies) and UCM (United Committee Manipur) reveals that there are around two hundred thousand Nepalese in Manipur (Service, 2012; United Committee Manipur, 2005).

    It further says that fifty percent of the total population of Jiribam subdivision of Imphal East district is comprised of Bangladeshi Muslim migrants. Further, the presence of immigrants can be undeniably felt in and around Imphal city areas, Khudrakpam constituency, Moreh town, Kanglatombi areas, Mantripukhri, Telipati, etc. (Jadumani in Hueiyen News Service, 2012). Based on latest census report, FREINDS claims that immigrant outnumbered the Meeteis (excluding Scheduled caste) by 13, 103 heads (Hueiyen News Service, 2012).

    So, to take up appropriate measures or to raise voice against a seeming danger that could impact largely on the socio-political structure of a nation in the long run, is quite appreciating for any responsible citizen. Moreover, it is also an anticipated duty for any responsible form of government. Nevertheless, we should be very careful while dealing with this issue, so that we don't harm our very own citizen at the cost of some miscreants.

    Many individuals and civil societies appreciated Manipur government's initiative on illegal immigration drive. However, the modus operandi of the drive that is being put into practice by Manipur government seems pretty unscrupulous and rather contradictory to the Article no. 19 (1) (d) of the constitution. The article no. 19 of our constitution allows any Indian subject to move or resides or settles freely throughout the territory of India. Under this provision, hundreds of thousands of northeast brethren also lives in almost all part of the mainland Indian cities, either for higher studies or as professionals or to earn their livelihood.

    Though it is rather a necessary task for the government of Manipur to track down illegal immigration, the method, which is put into practice, could attract certain criticism. Any kind of racial discrimination or act of racial profiling anywhere in the world is reproachful and we must condemn it. If we do denounced the ill-considered behavior of the Delhi police that mistaken our northeast brethren as a Tibetan protester for asking identification card or passport verification during the recently held BRICS (Brazil; Russia; India; China; and South Africa) summit at New Delhi (India Today, 2012, also see Hindu, 2012), we should also condemn the same that is being committed by Manipur Police towards the mainlanders.

    If illegal immigration is to be checked, then government of Manipur may consider the electoral list as an alternative. Apart from this, there should be an urgent political consensus on re-implementation of Inner Line Permit system in Manipur 'or' the state may also consider a dual citizenship arrangement for the mainlander (see Baruah, 2007, pp. 183-208).

    Conclusion

    Issue of illegal immigration in northeast region is becoming a serious concern and it has been a herculean task due to lack of political consensus on the subject. The problem of immigration is far more complex in view of the ethnic ties that the migrants share with the native population. As a result, to campaign against immigrants on the other hand is not an easy task and it tends to divide people on communal lines.

    More communal ethnic conflicts are likely to happen if the government does not take up the measures scrupulously. However, taking up measures or to scapegoat migrants that migration could cause havoc to place of destination does not mean that migration should be discourage; but then again, manager of the state or the local NGOs should make a serious effort in the discourse of illegal immigration, so that any misunderstandings does not happens.

    Illegal immigration drive in North East
     
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  4. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Bandh disrupts normal life in Northeast
    Sep 6, 2012

    Normal life was today disrupted in Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh due to a 12-hour bandh called by the North East Students' Organisation to protest "harassment" of students from the region in other parts of the country and influx of illegal migrants.

    Shops, markets, business establishments, government and private offices, banks and education institutions were mostly closed in the four states due to the bandh which began this morning, according to official reports.
    A massive rally was organised in Guwahati in Assam where NESO chairman Samujjal Bhattacharjee said, "Former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi signed the Assam Accord in 1985, but Sonia Gandhi, the UPA chairperson, has failed to implement it and stop illegal migration. :facepalm:

    "Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who represents Assam in Parliament, has also failed in this context,"
    he alleged.

    He blamed Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi for trivialising the issue and said that the recent exodus of students and professionals to the Northeast following the riots in lower Assam was the outcome of the government's apathy.

    "This is not a Hindu-Muslim issue, but the problem is due to illegal migration from Bangladesh and our movement will continue till our demands and all illegal migrants, irrespective of religion who have come after 1971 leave," he said. :coffee:

    The Guwahati rally was attended by 26 student organisations.

    The NESO demanded immediate detection and deportation of illegal Bangladeshis from the North East, updating of the National Register of Citizens and its completion before the next Lok Sabha polls, sealing of the India-Bangladesh border before the next Lok Sabha polls and no land settlements of migrants who arrived after 1971 in Kokrajhar, Chirang, Dhubri and Bongaigaon districts in Assam.

    A report from Imphal said that transport services in Manipur and with neighbouring states were also cancelled with roads in the state capital deserted and people remaining indoors. Attendance in government and private offices was nil.

    In Nagaland, all shops and business establishments in the capital town of Kohima and the commercial town of Dimapur remained closed while the bandh hit normal traffic on the roads.

    Attendance was thin in government offices, banks and financial institutions across the state.

    Schools and colleges remained closed as the state government declared a holiday.

    In Arunachal Pradesh, the bandh was total in all the districts of the state.

    In Mizoram, normal life was completely disrupted in the capital city of Aizawl with all government offices, banks, financial institutions, educational institutions and shops and business establishments closed.

    Left Front ruled-Tripura was free from the shutdown with the NESO not having any organisation in the state.

    Addressing the rally, Northeast MP Forum General Secretary Biren Baishya said that the issue of illegal migration from Bangladesh was raised several times in Parliament and would also be raised in future.

    "We have been always telling the central government that this is not the problem of Assam or Northeast alone, but the entire country and we must save Assam today to save India tomorrow," he said.

    He also said that it was the responsibility of the government to provide security to people of the Northeast living across the country.
    NESO vice-chairman and Mizo Student leader S Khunte said that the Northeast was united on the issue of deportation of Bangladeshis.

    "The problem faced recently by the Northeast people in mainland India was due to the government's failure to check migration and deport Bangladeshis from the country," he said.

    Nagaland Students' Federation Advisor NSN Lotha said "there is no place for Bangladeshis in the Northeast and if the government fails to deport them, indigenous people have to step in and carry the movement forward as their identity is under threat." :coffee:

    The rally was also addressed by NESO leaders from Manipur, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh and a protest march was taken out later.

    Bandh disrupts normal life in Northeast - India - DNA
     
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  5. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    .
    I have prepared a revised statement for the two previous posts of mine as below. I think it would be put here again to get more ideas from other members to revise it further to have better understanding on this topic :tup:


    => A Country is Responsible to Build Itself Only

    we can only have better friendship/ trade relations with other nations, including our neighbors

    few days before I discussed that its very simple to talk to the representatives of Pakistan/ Bangladesh, if you have fair intentions. India is responsible to build its own society, Chinese is for China and yes they have done the work to an extent, Brazilians are doing so too, and similarly Pakistan/ Bangladesh have to do little more to build their society. with respect to the level of population of Bangladesh, which is more than even the largest country of the world by area, Russia, no one would let them enter in their country straight away from the border, no one will offer them citizenship on arrival, and there is no need to invite destruction to this country only :disagree:

    we have seen may minorities sitting on the border of India-Pakistan, also running from Bangladesh due to local riots/ Sectarian Wars, as discussed in this thread too, but we can hardly make 100 times request to our neighbors to have more sympathy for their minorities, who are badly suffered from Sectarian Wars, but we mustn't let this problem come to India, definitely not :disagree:. we can only have good friendship/ trade with others, but we certainly can't interfere in other countries, nor they can do the same with India too :disagree:

    and with that, as i have already stated in this thread too, we welcome all those countries who invite people from Bangladesh-Pakistan as India is already overly populated :cheers:


    => Our Freedom, The Independence We Got in 1947

    and its all about our Freedom/ Independence we got in 1947, as discussed before. there was a time when we had "Super Human" as British, while now we have "Equal Rights" for all the people of India, with Equal Opportunities, regardless their religion/ race/ language/ state etc, along with providing more opportunities to the weak part of Indian Society like Dalits/ Female in different jobs/ exams, with scholarships for them only etc, and that's fair. we now pay tax to that Indian government which use the tax money to help the people based in India itself, develop infrastructure in India to improve life of the people based in India, while before that we were paying tax to those British to help them in their wars. Mr Gandhi struggled to have Industries in India, who may then provide jobs to Indians and hence pay taxes to Indian government for the purpose to use this tax revenue for the people based in India. and yes we have got that 'freedom', and trying to improve. and we now proud to say that we have made a place where the most deserving people get higher success, regardless in which family they took birth, (of any religion/ race/ language/state etc). and we hope India will become one of the best place to live by using their talent/ knowledge this way :india:

    but we find Pakistan/ Bangladesh still on the same colonized state, where all the people of all the community don't have equal rights/ equal opportunities, highly violent and very populated. but here again, we may hardly show our best wishes for them, but we certainly can't let India destroyed for any reason, whether secularism or anything else.... we may either request our neighbors to help their people who are running from there, or, we may hardly request US and Italy to invite them, but we certainly won't compromise with our 'freedom'/ 'independence'.
     
  6. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    25,000 Muslim rioters torch Buddhist temples, homes in Bangladesh

    [​IMG]
    A statue of Lord Buddha is left standing amidst the torched ruins of the Lal Ching Buddhist temple at Ramu, some 350 kilometres (216 miles) from the capital Dhaka on September 30, 2012 (AFP Photo)

    Tens of thousands of rioters left a trail of destruction in southeastern Bangladesh as they torched Buddhist temples and homes near the town of Ramu. The violence was sparked by a photo posted on Facebook that allegedly insulted Islam.

    A 25,000-strong mob set fire to at least five temples and dozens of homes throughout the town and surrounding villages after seeing the picture, which they claimed was posted by Uttam Barua, a local Buddhist man, AFP reported.

    The group chanted God is Great while setting fire to the centuries-old temples.

    "I have seen 11 wooden temples, two of them 300 years old, torched by the mob. They looted precious items and Buddha statues from the temples. Shops owned by Buddhists were also looted," local journalist Sunil Barua said.

    [​IMG]
    Statues are pictured at the burnt Buddhist temple of Shima Bihar at Ramu, some 350 kilometres (216 miles) southeast of the capital Dhaka on September 30, 2012 (AFP Photo)

    [​IMG]
    A Bangladeshi man stands amidst the torched ruins of the Buddhist temple called Ramu Moitree Bihar (Ramu Friendship Temple) at Ramu, some 350 kilometres (216 miles) southeast of the capital Dhaka on September 30, 2012 (AFP Photo)

    Security forces were deployed to contain the uprising: "At least 100 houses were damaged. We called in army and border guards to quell the violence," district administrator Joinul Bari said.

    No casualties were reported, and authorities did not confirm whether police arrested any of the rioters.

    Buddhist monks protested against the attacks on Sunday, forming a human chain in the country's capital of Dhaka.

    Bangladeshi Home Minister Mohiuddin Khan Alamgir said the attacks were pre-planned, and vowed to bring the perpetrators to justice. :coffee:

    [​IMG]
    A temple burnt by Muslims is seen in Cox′s Bazar September 30, 2012 (Reuters / Stringer)

    "The attack was conducted in a coordinated manner. Temples and houses were set on fire using patrol and gun powder. It would have been impossible if the attacks were not planned," he told Bangladesh Bd news24.

    The government will provide financial assistance for reconstruction of the damaged houses and temple, Alamgir said.

    Before launching their attacks, Muslims publicly rallied against the picture and called for Barua's arrest. However, several Facebook users said that Barua did not post the photo, and that he was linked to the photo after group called 'Insult Allah' tagged his name on the image.


    Religious tensions on the rise

    [​IMG]
    Bangladeshi Buddhist monks form a human chain during a protest against attacks on Buddhist temples and homes, in front of national press club in Dhaka September 30, 2012 (Reuters / Andrew Biraj)

    Buddhists make up less than one percent of Bangladesh's population, and sectarian clashes between they and the country's Muslim majority are rare. Tensions between the communities have risen since June, when deadly clashes erupted between Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya in nearby Myanmar.

    Thousands of Muslims also took to the streets across Bangladesh over the past few weeks in protest against a US-made video and French cartoons that mock the Prophet Muhammad.

    On Saturday, tens of thousands of activists from the Islamist group Jamiyat-e-Hizbullah protested the video and cartoons near the national mosque in Dhaka.

    A Bangladeshi man stands amidst the torched ruins of the Buddhist temple called Ramu Moitree Bihar (Ramu Friendship Temple) at Ramu, some 350 kilometres (216 miles) southeast of the capital Dhaka on September 30, 2012 (AFP Photo)

    Bangladeshi Buddhist monks form a human chain during a protest against attacks on Buddhist temples and homes, in front of national press club in Dhaka September 30, 2012 (Reuters / Andrew Biraj)

    25,000 Muslim rioters torch Buddhist temples, homes in Bangladesh (PHOTOS)
     
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  7. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Bangladesh minorities 'terrorised' after mob violence
    9 March 2013

    [​IMG]
    Residents of the village of Aladin Nagarhave been living in fear since the attack last month

    Saraswati Rani Das ran for her life with her two young children when a Muslim mob rampaged through her village in the southern Noakhali district of Bangladesh.

    Mrs Das broke down repeatedly as she tried to explain how their tiny tin-roof house was destroyed and set on fire.

    The attack started hours after a senior hardline Islamist leader was sentenced to death by a special tribunal in late February.

    Jamaat-e-Islami party Vice President Delwar Hossain Sayedee was given a death sentence for crimes committed during the war of independence from Pakistan in 1971.

    The sentencing triggered a wave of angry protests from the Islamist party's supporters. In many districts, buildings and vehicles were damaged. More than 60 people were killed in clashes with the security forces.


    Living in fear

    Minority Hindu and Buddhist communities bore the brunt of the attacks as their houses and temples were vandalised and burnt down.

    "We heard the mob was coming towards our house. So, we just ran away. Our house was completely burnt. They looted all our belongings, including our savings. We have lost everything," Mrs Das says.

    The village of Aladin Nagar, about 120km (75 miles) south of the capital Dhaka, was strewn with torn tin sheets, broken glass, food grain, damaged books and burnt bicycles.

    Its residents have been living in fear since the attack and are afraid that they may be targeted again.

    Hindu community leaders allege that the attacks were co-ordinated and widespread. So far, they say, more than 50 temples have been damaged and more than 1,500 houses destroyed in the attacks, which took place in nearly 20 districts over the last few weeks.

    In some villages near the southern city of Chittagong, statues of Buddha were damaged and Buddhist temples were vandalised.

    But the authorities say that such crimes will not go unpunished.

    "We are fully committed to protecting the minorities. We have taken enough measures so that these people are not attacked in the future. We have also provided sufficient relief," Home Minister Mohiuddin Khan Alamgir told the BBC.


    'Targeted again'

    Hindus make up nearly 10% of the population of about 153 million in this Muslim-majority nation. The two communities live side by side in villages across Bangladesh.

    Muslim community leaders have condemned the attacks.

    "This should not have happened. We feel sorry about it. It is not in the Holy Koran," Noakhali district cleric Mohammad Nurul Alam Bhuiyan said.

    While people like Mrs Das witnessed communal violence for the first time, Hindu businessmen like Subash Chandra Ghosh in southern Satkhira district say it was similar to what happened to them in 1971, when Bangladesh fought a bloody nine-month war against Pakistan to gain independence.

    "In 1971, our house was damaged and our neighbour's house was set on fire by anti-liberation forces. We are being targeted again. What should we do?" laments Mr Ghosh, who fought for independence.

    Some say the minorities are attacked because they mostly support the governing Awami League party and are a soft target.

    Bangladesh has long prided itself on its secular values - but that image has taken a knock following the recent violence.

    Buddhist villages in Cox's Bazar district also came under attack by Muslim mobs last year, when an image allegedly insulting the Koran was posted on Facebook by a Buddhist youth. Many Buddhist temples were vandalised in the subsequent violence.


    War crimes

    Investigations by the local media later revealed the youth had nothing to do with the incident.

    The independence war came to an end after India sent in troops on behalf of the Bengalis. More than 90,000 Pakistani soldiers and officers surrendered to the Indian army and were taken as prisoners of war.

    Official estimates say more than three million were killed and tens of thousands of women raped during the war. The minority Hindu community suffered disproportionately because some Pakistanis blamed them for Bangladesh's secession.

    A special tribunal in Bangladesh is prosecuting those accused of collaborating with Pakistani forces and carrying out atrocities more than 40 years ago.

    The recent violence is mainly blamed on the opposition Jamaat-e-Islami party, whose leaders are facing war crimes at the tribunal. But the party - which opposed Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan - denies the charges.

    "The Jamaat-e-Islami is a peaceful political party and they do not encourage any violent activities. People who took part in the attack on minorities belong to other political parties," asserts Mohammad Tajul Islam, a Jamaat leader in Noakhali district.

    Hindu community leaders say the attacks are systematic and have been going on for years. They say they are not only carried out by hardline Islamists but also by supporters of other mainstream political parties, including the Awami League and the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party. :coffee:

    The aim of the violence, Hindu leaders allege, is to grab land and other property. As a result, they say, many Hindus are fleeing to India to escape harassment, intimidation and violence.

    "In 1947, Hindus constituted around 30% of the population," says Subroto Chowdhury, a Hindu community leader in Dhaka.

    "Now it is less than 10%. Hindus are being warned to leave so that locals can take over their land and houses.

    "Our community is being persecuted."

    But Mr Alamgir, the home minister, says historically there have been movement of Hindus to India and Muslims to Bangladesh - because of various incidents.

    "These are aberrations. The governments of the two countries are determined to make sure that they stay in full peace and security."

    And people like Mr Ghosh say they will resist attempts to drive them away from Bangladesh.

    "This is our motherland and we have been living here for 25 generations. We cannot imagine of leaving this land. This is our country."

    BBC News - Bangladesh minorities 'terrorised' after mob violence
     
  8. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    The root of the problem is the absence of governance and rule of law, which causes explosions. Politicians are next to blame because they are supposed to make and uphold the laws.
     
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  9. omya

    omya Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    educated terrorists
    [​IMG]
     
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  10. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    things are getting improved, and we hope it will keep getting better......government has got its awareness so we do expect better news in future from this part of India :tup:
     
  11. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    In myanmar same story

     
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  12. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Cops attacked during raid on Bangladeshis
    February 26, 2013

    A sub-inspector and a constable were attacked by a mob of around 20 when they tried to nab illegal migrants in Navi Mumbai, police said.

    Mumbai Special Branch-I wing sub-inspector S Bandekar and constable S B Lande are currently undergoing treatment at a private hospital in Mulund, police said.

    Acting on a tip-off, Bandekar, along with his team went to Mankhurd late on Sunday night where they caught a man identified as Mohammed Samshed from Bangladesh, police said.

    During interrogation, Samshed revealed that some more Bangladeshis, who have been staying illegally, could be found in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai.

    Bandekar and his men drove to Kharghar where they caught eight more people suspected to be Bangaldeshis. With further information, Bandekar decided to raid nearby Ovale village also.

    "Bandekar left the eight Bangladeshis, a constable and a driver at Kharghar and walked up to Ovale village. He was accompanied by Samshed and four constables including two females,” an officer said.

    In the meantime, a group of about 20 people freed the eight detained, then reached Ovale village and attacked Bandekar and constable Lande around 2.30 am. An FIR has been registered at Kharghar Police Station.

    Cops attacked during raid on Bangladeshis, News - City - Mumbai Mirror
     
  13. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    IM growing stronger in northeast, Bangladesh

    NEW DELHI: Even as National Investigation Agency (NIA) has linked the Bodh Gaya blasts to Assam, intelligence agencies have found that Indian Mujahideen (IM) may have grown strong footprints in the north-east and Bangladesh. In fact, agencies have credible information that IM played a significant role in providing relief to displaced Muslims in the June 2012 Bodo-Muslim riots in Assam.

    Sources said during the 2012 strife, IM operatives used the network of certain mosques to mobilize funds from across the Hindi heartland and certain other areas to Assam to help victims from the minority community.

    "There are reports of them having developed contacts with some religious groups in Assam and their activity has been significant in areas such as Dhubri. They have also developed footprints in Sylhet region of Bangladesh and are suspected to have developed pockets of influence in Myanmar-Bangladesh border region through LeT," said an intelligence official. :coffee:

    "The objective of participating in relief operations in Assam seemed to be aimed at creation of an IM constitution and radicalization of Muslim youth at the wrong end of justice in the state," he added.

    Notably, NIA investigations have found that the Lotus brand clocks used in the Bodh Gaya blasts were bought from a shop in Assam. Investigations also point out that these clocks were bought about a year before the blasts. That was precisely the time that riots broke out in Assam and relief operations were underway.

    Arrested IM operatives Syed Maqbool and Imran Khan had revealed to investigating agencies in October last year that Bodh Gaya was one of the targets of IM to avenge atrocities on Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. Though these developments point to an IM hand behind the July 7 blasts in Bodh Gaya, agencies say it could be a confluence of different forces including disaffected Rohingya Muslim groups which have been on the radar of groups such as LeT for recruitment.

    Significantly, the Rakhine Buddhist-Rohingya Muslim confrontation of last year, which has been the trigger for a larger Buddhist-Muslim confrontation in several parts of Asia, had coincided with the Bodo-Muslim confrontation in lower Assam.

    Intelligence agencies had then expressed fear that Rohingya refugees could add another insurgency to an already volatile mix of Assam. It was also said that the outflow of Rohingya refugees could lead to stronger contacts between Myanmar Muslims and regional Islamist militants. Such militants could recruit disaffected Rohingyas to their own cause.

    "It is difficult to pinpoint any group at the moment as several forces have motive to harm Buddhists or their symbols. Though we have found that 13 clocks were bought from a shop in Assam, we cannot yet be sure if they were the same clocks used in the 13 bombs placed in the Bodh Gaya temple complex. We have also found evidence of some 50 Lotus clocks bought from another place. Why would a bomber buy exactly 13 clocks for 13 bombs? Why not more for contingency," asked an NIA officer.

    IM growing stronger in northeast, Bangladesh - The Times of India
     
  14. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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  15. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    duplicate post
     
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