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Impressive decline in Malrourishment among Indian children

Discussion in 'Internal Affairs' started by Gessler, Oct 13, 2014.

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  1. Gessler

    Gessler BANNED BANNED

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    A new provisional data from a survey conducted by the government and UNICEF shows

    [​IMG]

    The proportion of underweight children in India might have declined from 45.1 per cent in 2005-6 to a historic low of 30.7 per cent last year, new provisional data from a survey conducted by the government and UNICEF shows.

    Since 2005-6, there has been no new data on child and adult weights and heights, key in determining malnutrition, because of a delay in the National Family Health Survey, India’s key source of health data. Now back on track, new NFHS data will only be out towards the end of next year. In the interim, UNICEF and the union Ministry of Women and Child Development carried out a `Rapid Survey on Children’ in 2013-14, the key provisional data for which it made available. According to this survey, India’s proportion of children underweight fell from 45.1 per cent in 2005-6 to 30.1 per cent in 2013-14.

    Ending what has been referred to as a “data drought”, these provisional numbers have significantly altered India’s position in global health indices. India’s ‘hunger’ status no longer ranks as “alarming” in the International Food Policy Research Institute’s (IFPRI) Global Hunger Index, but has instead been reclassified as “serious”. In the last decade, India has improved its health status faster than other South Asian countries, the new data indicates, as opposed to the widespread belief that countries like Bangladesh had done a better job on reducing malnutrition than India despite India’s faster economic growth.

    What caused this change? IFPRI credits the government’s push to extend nutrition schemes like the Integrated Child Development Services along with better monitoring by a Supreme Court-appointed committee, improve access to health under the National Rural Health Mission, provide access to work under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and strengthen the implementation of the Public Delivery System for subsidized grain.

    “In the last 10 to 15 years, what happened in India was similar to what we have seen in Brazil and China – fast-growing economies with reasonably concurrent investments in social sector programmes, leading to what we would expect to see, which is an improvement in health outcomes,” Dr. Purnima Menon, senior research fellow at IFPRI, told The Hindu. While countries like Nepal and Bangladesh conduct health surveys every three years, India has not had one for nearly ten years, Dr. Menon added.


    Even so, India still has the highest number of underweight children under five in the world and 70% of children are anaemic. The proportion of undernourished people in the overall population has fallen from 21.5 per cent in 2004-06 to 17 per cent in 2011-13, according to IFPRI estimates. Moreover, state-wise differences are not yet known; it’s necessary to wait for the full results from India’s survey to get a sense of which states in India had seen faster and slower reductions, Dr. Menon said.


    Globally, two billion people are suffering from “hidden hunger”, a lack of essential vitamins and minerals in their diet, IFPRI said while releasing the 2014 Global Hunger Index on Monday. The Index is comprised of three equally weighted indicators: proportion of undernourished people in the population, proportion of children who are underweight and child mortality.


    'Malnourishment declined sharply among children in India | The Hindu

    Reading up other sources, our
    ranking at 55th position in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) is better than neighbours Pakistan (57), Bangladesh (57)...but still lags behind Nepal (44) and Sri Lanka (39). But these two are very small countries with very less population to begin with.

    This news can be quite uneasy for our Pakistani friends here and over at the 'other' forum. It's
    very clear now that while India is developing, Pak is either stagnating or declining.

    @Tailchopper @farhan_9909 @omya @Marqueur @INDIAN NATIONALIST @layman @Manmohan Yadav @Anees @Vyom
     
  2. omya

    omya Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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  3. omya

    omya Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    1.jpg 2.jpg
     
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  4. randomradio

    randomradio Colonel REGISTERED

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    I don't know why other South Asian countries are being compared to us. Some have very weak democratic institutions and the figures will be falsified or simply wrong.
     
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  5. Zeus_@21

    Zeus_@21 Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Looks like Mid day meal is working good.... (y). Even though it should be below 10 per cent.
     
  6. Gessler

    Gessler BANNED BANNED

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    Should be sometime next decade.
     
  7. forjeet

    forjeet Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Yup
    That prog is actually have many benefits like
    All kids sit together&eat (No caste or Religion barriers)
    Poor kids come to school at least for a MEAL implies malnourishment decreased,Literacy level increased
    Employment for 3+people for cooking food for each school
     
    Last edited: Oct 14, 2014
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  8. Mohan

    Mohan REGISTERED

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    Wrong survey...many people in Gujarat cant eat 1 time,
     
  9. Gessler

    Gessler BANNED BANNED

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    "Many" as in how many? How many underage? How many as a percentage of total underage people? How many as a percentage of
    total number of people? That's how you arrive at figures.
     
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  10. INDIAN NATIONALIST

    INDIAN NATIONALIST Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Sorry, but we're comparing ourselves to theocracies, failed states, states with little or no modern industry.

    We should be comparing ourselves with Europe, East Asia, even Russia.

    This is surely an achievement given that our govt has been so incapable of organizing Indians toward development; the poorest of Indians have mostly struggled alone to achieve a better life for their children.

    But no Indian should be satisfied with the results thus far; we have been, as a whole, very far from performing to our potential.
     
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  11. Averageamerican

    Averageamerican Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    India will need to concentrate on food for children from the time the they are conceived until they finish school, but for India to better their IQ from an average of 81 they will have to see the children have adequate nutrition from birth.'

    Nutrition & Brain Development in 1-2 Year Olds
    Last Updated: Apr 11, 2011 | By Kristin Conley, R.D.
    [​IMG] Kristin Conley, R.D.
    Kristin Conley is a registered dietitian and writes nutrition articles for hospital staff and patients on an ongoing basis. She has worked as a clinical dietitian in a hospital setting for more than seven years. Conley specializes in teaching individuals how to balance nutrition and lifestyle with their medical conditions.
    [​IMG]
    Nutrition plays a key role in brain development in early childhood. Photo Credit blue brain image by John Sfondilias from Fotolia.com
    The human brain undergoes rapid growth during the first two years of life. Neuroscience research done at the University of Washington shows that by the age of two, the brain is about 80 percent of the size of an adult's brain. There are many factors that can affect brain growth and development, and nutrition is one of the key factors.
    Toddler Brain Development
    The human brain is made up of about 100 billion neurons, according to the Neuroscience Department of the University of Washington. Each neuron has an axon and a dendrite, which help send and receive information throughout the body. The speed at which the information can be sent is largely impacted by myelin. Myelin is a thick substance made of fat that insulates the neuron's axons and dendrites. This insulation of the nerve fibers allows information to be sent and received by the brain at a much faster rate. Myelination, or the formation of myelin, begins at birth and continues rapidly throughout the first two years of life.


    Nutrition and Brain Growth
    Inadequate nutrition affects the growth of a child's entire body, including the growth of their brain. A child who does not receive adequate calories and protein will have a smaller brain and decreased myelination, which can result in behavioral and cognitive deficits. Because myelin is made from fat, infants and toddlers up to the age of two require increased amounts of dietary fat to support the rapid myelination occurring in their brains. The Zero to Three Foundation recommends that up to 50% of total calories should come from fat from birth until the age of two.
     
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