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India 100th on global hunger index, trails North Korea, Bangladesh

Discussion in 'Internal Affairs' started by Zer0reZ, Oct 12, 2017 at 9:34 PM.

  1. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    India stood at 97th position in last year’s rankings.

    [​IMG]


    India has a “serious” hunger problem and ranks 100th out of 119 countries on the global hunger index — behind North Korea, Bangladesh and Iraq but ahead of Pakistan, according to a report.

    The country’s serious hunger level is driven by high child malnutrition and underlines need for stronger commitment to the social sector, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) said in its report.

    India stood at 97th position in last year’s rankings.

    “India is ranked 100th out of 119 countries, and has the third highest score in all of Asia — only Afghanistan and Pakistan are ranked worse,” IFPRI said in a statement.

    “At 31.4, India’s 2017 GHI (Global Hunger Index) score is at the high end of the ‘serious’ category, and is one of the main factors pushing South Asia to the category of worst performing region on the GHI this year, followed closely by Africa South of the Sahara,” it added.

    As per the report, India ranks below many of its neighbouring countries such as China (29th rank), Nepal (72), Myanmar (77), Sri Lank (84) and Bangladesh (88). It is ahead of Pakistan (106) and Afghanistan (107).

    North Korea ranks 93rd while Iraq is at 78th position.

    The GHI, now in its 12th year, ranks countries based on four key indicators — undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting.

    The report ranked 119 countries in the developing world, nearly half of which have ‘extremely alarming,’ ‘alarming’ or ’serious’ hunger levels.

    “India’s high ranking on the Global Hunger Index [GHI] again this year brings to the fore the disturbing reality of the country’s stubbornly high proportions of malnourished children,” the statement said.

    IFPRI pointed out that more than one-fifth of Indian children under five weigh too little for their height and over a third are too short for their age.

    “Even with the massive scale up of national nutrition-focused programmes in India, drought and structural deficiencies have left large number of poor in India at risk of malnourishment in 2017,” said P.K. Joshi, IFPRI Director for South Asia.

    However, he said that the on-going efforts are expected to make significant changes in improving the existing situation.

    Mr. Joshi appreciated that India has developed and launched an action plan on ‘undernourishment free India’ by 2022. The plan shows stronger commitment and greater investments in tackling malnutrition in the coming years.

    “As of 2015-16, more than a fifth [21%] of children in India suffer from wasting [low weight for height] — up from 20% in 2005-2006,” IFPRI said.

    Only three other countries in this year’s GHI — Djibouti, Sri Lanka and South Sudan — show child wasting above 20%. India’s child wasting rate has not shown any substantial improvement over the past 25 years.

    However, India has made considerable improvement in reducing its child stunting rate, down 29% since 2000, but even that progress leaves India with a relatively high stunting rate of 38.4.

    http://www.dnaindia.com/india/repor...global-hunger-index-condition-serious-2552323
     
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  2. Rajaraja Chola

    Rajaraja Chola 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    I dont understand competitive nutrition things and stuffs. Even well fed kids are thin. Doesnt mean its poverty. Second India has lots of rice/wheats and SC have ordered it to be given for free if its going to get wasted. All BPL families get 20kg of rice free with Dhal and extra kg of rice is 2/kg. Are we not able to even distribute properly? Or the regular suspect states playing havoc again?
     
  3. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    India slips in hunger index ranks: Nutrition not just about food but sanitation and access to health care too

    Index has four parameters: under-nourishment (insufficient calorie intake, which could be a function of food deprivation), child wasting, child stunting and child mortality. A 2013 study by Neeraj Kaushal of Columbia University on how consumer price subsidies affect nutrition also pointed to the weak link between the PDS and nutrition outcomes. The study, covering six states where the PDS functioned effectively, found that though the food subsidy put more money in people’s hands, it had no effect on nutrition measured by per capita calorie intake, per capita protein intake, and per capita fat intake. It increased the consumption of cereals and sugar but reduced the consumption of cheaper and unsubsidised coarse grains, which are also the source of other essential nutrients.


    IMF bats for Universal Basic Income in India, eliminating food and fuel subsidies


    The uniform UBI for every person is calculated for 2011-12 at Rs 2,600 annually, which is equivalent to about 20 percent of median per capita consumption in that year. IMF reached the estimation by combining the cost of Public Distribution System (that focuses on rationing food and kerosene) and energy subsidies. Even though it is deemed to be a modest amount (less than Rs 100 per day) and would need to adjusted to inflation for present year, it would still incur a fiscal cost of about 3 percent of GDP for 2011-12. Though the aim of UBI is said to alleviate poverty and social exclusion and reduce economic inequality, it is argued that the policy would give unnecessary benefit to higher-income groups who may not need that money.
    An earlier paper by IMF had stated that, “While UBI may help overcome some failures of the current system, concerns on fiscal affordability and political feasibility weigh heavily on policy discussions.” Energy tax subsidies have been reduced to 0.2 percent of the GDP in l 2016-17. Consequently, better targeting of food subsidies has reduced the expenditure to about 1.5 percent of the GDP.
     
  4. The enlightened

    The enlightened Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    All Modi's fault.
     
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  5. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri Lieutenant GEO STRATEGIC ANALYST

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    Its the sanitation in rural areas generally thats doing it. Food distribution/access can be issue in few remaining areas too of course but its really the infected groundwater and such from OD in area thats passing on various "permanent" worms, parasites etc etc and when its bacteria also creating atmosphere of antibiotic resistance. All of this wreak havoc on young bodies (and they cannot recover as well even when the problem has been dealt with some regimen of anti-xyz). Its sobering call for prevention being better than the cure.

    The fact that wasting of children is also largely in the same level for the other two large population countries in South Asia actually more than anything exposes their claims of low/zero ODF rate. Heck even Sri Lanka has a rate higher than India's which I find quite surprising but it may be a symptom of more precise institutional handling (in SL and India) compared to Pure-land and ganges delta. Best way to get some firm correlation is to look across Indian states if someone has that data (ODF vs child wasting in whichever years its available after India became calorie per capita neutral/surplus country).

    The results of swachh bharat ODF aim will have a telling result I feel in more ways than one. India must always always be as honest and precise with its data compared to its neighbours even if it makes whatever problem "look" worse....because then only we can address the problem thoroughly rather than make it go away on paper but keep the masses stay in abject misery.
     
  6. Bloom 17

    Bloom 17 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Is there anything being done to improve it? Swachh bharat doesn't seem to be working.
     
  7. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri Lieutenant GEO STRATEGIC ANALYST

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    How is it not working? We only have coverage stats to go by now for time being. More detailed stats come probably later.
     
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  8. Rajaraja Chola

    Rajaraja Chola 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    We are here and there in ODF. Toilets built in one village in Modi's constituency is being wasted right now cos nobody uses it. Its a cultural thing. Simply hope tomorrow kids fare better in rural areas. Sometimes reports like these make me wonder that there's another part of India which I have never seen.
     
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  9. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    This is an extremely serious problem. Just as China learns from our best practices on land ownership model, we should take note that they are a model @29/109.
     
  10. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri Lieutenant GEO STRATEGIC ANALYST

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    Apparently the last survey released earlier in the year by quality council India found around average 90% usage rate.

    http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala-haryana-top-sanitation-survey/article19452153.ece

    No idea if its exclusive usage rate of course (and long term retention rate given how many may just be single pit with no bio-digester+ benefits education)....and of course even 10% non-usage is plenty of room to find lots of stories for "swach bharat = complete failure" critics. In the end have to wait for the better and more numerous surveying on ground by every organisation that can do effective transparent sampling. First term I think is provide the raw capacity provision, learn from the 1st level of problems (and find which solutions work best simultaneously) and then make better follow-up program (of massive implementation of the solutions) after 100% raw coverage achieved....then long term do same for 2nd level problems etc. Staggering the resources like this (multi-tier results based approach) when it comes to such inherently bad bureaucracy is really only option to give the bureaucracy time to improve and adapt as well w.r.t specific policy objectives directed by cabinet and PMO. State bureaucracy in the laggard states also needs to be tackled for this very reason too, but can't waste time by using what can be delivered to some extent right now with what we have (apparently in UP they set some record recently in toilet construction in a few weeks time).

    Implementation of the non-food side (sanitation, primary health, women anaemia prevalence, education on first 3 years life of a child regarding adequate nutrition for mothers etc) is covered quite well by this panel, Mr Virmani specifically says that around 90% of the reason is attributable to sanitation alone (which is why he is big proponent of swach bharat whatever the immediate usage/conversion rate is), which I will have to find and read his paper(s) about:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z4DQo5xexNI
     
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  11. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri Lieutenant GEO STRATEGIC ANALYST

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    China, Brazil and many other countries set up community based efforts to tackle from the ground up....whereas India almost exclusively relied on top down approach (as though we have a bureacracy as good as Scandinavia etc w.r.t realised implementation/spending) because in India, propoganda value of "programs" ala Garibi Hatao is of much more immense value to fledging monopoly/oligarch-style democracy than actual result delivery on ground. Only slowly the philosophy is changing in India to more decentralised model with results based approach and better mapping of resolution. This is mainly thanks to internet and social media and also just the time that has elapsed now to create large differences and disparities in India itself (in the regular aam admi rural areas). This has created an organic pressure for delivery that simply didn't exist before (i.e automatic voting based on Gandhi in surname). 2020 - 2030 time frame I think is doable to rid India finally of the worst problems it still faces in the 3 - 4 heavily populated states.
     
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