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Indian Automobile Industry News

Discussion in 'World Economy' started by Gessler, Jan 11, 2015.

  1. Gessler

    Gessler Mod MODERATOR

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    Bajaj Auto could produce Husqvarna models in India - Report
    Dec 21, 2015

    NEW DELHi: Husqvarna Motorcycles, the European brand known for its dirtbikes, will likely use India as a production hub for on-road motorcycles. Its parent, Austrian KTM-Sportmotorcycle, is working on plans to develop such bikes for the global market with partner Bajaj Auto at Chakan near Pune.

    [​IMG]
    Husqvarna 401 Vitpilen concept

    KTM plans to initially source engines and components from India and assemble bikes at its facility in Austria for sale in Europe and the US starting 2017. Products would then be rolled out in emerging markets, including India. Production too could subsequently happen in India.

    "The focus was previously on off-roaders. Now we are developing on-road models which are partly based on the engine platforms we are doing together with Bajaj," KTM chief executive Stefan Pierer told ET in an interview. "In model year 2017, we will launch the first models in Europe and then in the US. We are looking at how it works and then rolling out globally, coming basically back to India."

    Bajaj, through subsidiary Bajaj Auto International Holdings, holds a 48 per cent stake in KTM.

    The new Husqvarna motorcycles would be powered by 125cc and 390cc engines, similar to the ones KTM is currently using in the products it has jointly developed with Bajaj. "We are getting engines and components for the models from Chakan for assembly in Austria initially. Later on, India could be part of the production plan. It is a step-by-step process," Pierer said.

    India has emerged as a key base for exporting 125cc, 200cc and 390cc bikes for KTM because of the benefits of low-cost production accruing from its partnership with Bajaj. "In my opinion, Bajaj is the most efficient producer and it helps us price our KTM entrance products very competitively in emerging markets. Together we could achieve very good quality levels on the products we sell globally," Pierer said.

    [​IMG]
    Husqvarna 401 Svartpilen

    "KTM's alliance with Bajaj gives them access to a low-cost production hub for motorcycles below 500cc, which is where the volumes are," said Deepesh Rathore, founder and director at Emerging Markets Automotive Advisors.

    India likely to be production hub for Husqvarna Motorcycles - The Economic Times

    --

    Earlier reports, also based on interviews with Pierer, and one of Husqvarna's two managing directors, Reinhold Zens, have said that the
    production versions of the Husqvarna 401 Vitpilen and the 401 Svartpilen will be manufactured at Bajaj's Chakan plant as CKD kits which will be sent to Mattighofen, Austria for assembly, and that the models will hit UK showrooms in 2017.

    Husqvarna to enter India after 2017 with Bajaj-made models
     
    Last edited: Dec 22, 2015
  2. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Introduction:
    [​IMG]
    Chennai is home to around 35-40% of India's total automobile industry.
    [​IMG]
    A Tata Motors next generation concept car 2015 Geneva Motor Show


    The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world with an annual production of 23.37 million vehicles in FY 2014-15, following a growth of 8.68 per cent over the last year. The automobile industry accounts for 7.1 per cent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). The Two Wheelers segment, with 81 per cent market share, is the leader of the Indian Automobile market, owing to a growing middle class and a young population. Moreover, the growing interest of companies in exploring the rural markets further aided the growth of the sector. The overall Passenger Vehicle (PV) segment has 13 per cent market share.

    India is also a prominent auto exporter and has strong export growth expectations for the near future. In FY 2014-15, automobile exports grew by 15 per cent over the last year. In addition, several initiatives by the Government of India and the major automobile players in the Indian market are expected to make India a leader in the Two Wheeler (2W) and Four Wheeler (4W) market in the world by 2020.[1]
    [​IMG]
    A pre-Independence car showroom in Secunderabad
    [​IMG]
    Indian Royalty were one of the largest buyers of luxury cars during pre-Independence British India
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    Kolkata street traffic in 1945
    In 1897, the first car ran on an Indian road. Through the 1930s, cars were imports only, and in small numbers.

    An embryonic automotive industry emerged in India in the 1940s. Hindustan Motors was launched in 1942, long-time competitor Premier in 1944, building Chrysler, Dodge, and Fiat products respectively.[4] Mahindra & Mahindra was established by two brothers in 1945, and began assembly of Jeep CJ-3Autility vehicles. Following independence in 1947, the Government of India and the private sector launched efforts to create an automotive-component manufacturing industry to supply to the automobile industry. In 1953, an import substitution programme was launched, and the import of fully built-up cars began to be restricted.[4]

    1947-1970Edit
    [​IMG]
    The 1949 Hindustan 10 built by Hindustan Motors under license from Morris Motors, UK
    [​IMG]
    The Hindustan Ambassadordominated India's automotive market from the 1960s until the mid-80s and was manufactured till 2014
    [​IMG]
    Fiat 1100D, built under license by Premier Automobiles later re-christened 'Premier Padmini' was the Ambassador's only true competitor
    The 1952 Tariff CommissionEdit
    In 1952, the government appointed the first Tariff Commission, one of whose purposes was to come out with a feasibility plan for the indigenization of the Indian automobile industry. In 1953, the commission submitted their report, which recommended categorizing existing Indian car companies according to their manufacturing infrastructure, with licensed capacity to manufacture a certain number of vehicles, with capacity increases allowable, as per demands, in the future. The Tariff Commission recommendations were implemented with new policies that would eventually exclude companies that only imported parts for assembly, as well as those with no Indian partner. In 1954, following the Tariff Commission implementation, General Motors, Ford, and Rootes Group, which had assembly-only plants in Mumbai, decided to move out of India.[5]

    The Tariff commission policies, including similar restrictions that applied to other industries, came to be known as the "license raj", which proved to be the greatest undoing of the Indian automotive industry, where bureaucratic red tape ended up causing demand to outstrip supply, with month-long waiting periods for cars, scooters, and motorcycles.

    Passenger Cars

    Utility and Light Commercial Vehicles

    Medium and Heavy Commercial Vehicles

    • Tata Motors, Poona, then known as TELCO - technical collaboration with Mercedes Benz to manufacture medium to heavy commercial vehicles both Bus and Trucks.
    • Ashok Motors, later Ashok Leyland, Madras - technical collaboration with Leyland Motors to manufacture medium to heavy commercial vehicles both Bus and Trucks. Ashok Motors also discontinued its Austinventure formed in 1948 to sell Austin A40 and retooled the factory to make trucks and buses.
    • Hindustan Motors - technical collaboration with General Motors to manufacture the Bedford range of medium lorry and bus chassis.
    • Premier Automobiles - technical collaboration with Chrysler to manufacture the Dodge, Fargo range of medium lorry, panel vans, mini-bus and bus chassis.
    • Simpsons & Co, Madras part of Amalgamations group (TAFE Tractors)- technical collaboration with Ford to manufacture medium lorry and bus chassis, but did not utilise that option till 80's.
    Scooters, Mopeds and Motorcycles

    [​IMG]
    The Vespa 150 Sprint
    known as Bajaj Chetak, by Bajaj became the largest sold scooter in the world

    1970 to 1983Edit
    However, growth was relatively slow in the 1950s and 1960s, due to nationalisation and the license raj, hampered the growth of Indian private sector.

    The beginning of the 1970s saw some growth potential and most of the collaboration license agreements came to an end but with option to continue manufacturing with renewed branding. Cars were still meant for the elite and Jeeps were largely used by government organizations and some rural belts. In commercial vehicle segments some developments were made by the end of the decade to cater improved goods movements. The two-wheeler segment remained unchanged except for to increased sales in urban among middle class. But more fillip was target towards farm tractors as India was embarking on a new Green Revolution. More Russian and eastern bloc imports were done to increase the demand.

    But after 1970, with restrictions on the import of vehicles set, the automotive industry started to grow; but the growth was mainly driven by tractors, commercial vehicles and scooters. Cars still remained a major luxury item. In the 1970s, price controls were finally lifted, inserting a competitive element into the automobile market.[6] However, by the 1980s, the automobile market was still dominated by Hindustan and Premier, who sold superannuated products in fairly limited numbers.[7] During the eighties, a few competitors began to arrive on the scene.

    The OPEC oil crisis saw increase need to installing or redesign some vehicle to fit diesel engines on medium commercial vehicle. Till early 70's Mahindra Jeeps were on Petrol and Premier commercial vehicles had Petrol model options. The Defence sector too had most trucks on Pertol engines.

    1984 to 1992Edit
    [​IMG]
    First generation Maruti 800 launched in 1984
    End of 70's and beginning of 80's saw no new models but the country continued with 2 decade old designs forcing government to encourage and let more manufacturers into fray.

    In 1986, to promote the auto industry, the government established the Delhi Auto Expo. The 1986 Expo was a showcase for how the Indian automotive industry was absorbing new technologies, promoting indigenous research and development, and adapting these technologies for the rugged conditions of India. The nine-day show was attended by then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

    Post-1992 liberalisationEdit
    [​IMG]
    Tata Indica, launched in 1997
    [​IMG]
    Mahindra Scorpio was launched in 2001
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    Maruti_Suzuki_Swift_Dzire and its hatchback version is the largest selling cars in recent years in India
    Eventually multinational automakers, such as, Suzuki and Toyota of Japan and Hyundai of South Korea, were allowed to invest in the Indian market, furthering the establishment of an automotive industry in India. Maruti Suzukiwas the first, and the most successful of these new entries, and in part the result of government policies to promote the automotive industry beginning in the 1980s.[7]As India began to liberalise its automobile market in 1991, a number of foreign firms also initiated joint ventures with existing Indian companies. The variety of options available to the consumer began to multiply in the nineties, whereas before there had usually only been one option in each price class. By 2000, there were 12 large automotive companies in the Indian market, most of them offshoots of global companies.[8]

    Slow export growthEdit
    Exports were slow to grow. Sales of small numbers of vehicles to tertiary markets and neighbouring countries began early, and in 1987 Maruti Suzuki shipped 480 cars to Europe (Hungary). After some growth in the mid-nineties, exports once again began to drop as the outmoded platforms provided to Indian manufacturers by multinationals were not competitive.[9] This was not to last, and today India manufactures low-priced cars for markets across the globe. As of 18 March 2013, global brands such as Proton Holdings, PSA Group, Kia, Mazda, Chrysler, Dodge and Geely Holding Group were shelving plans for India due to the competitiveness of the market, as well as the global economic crisis.[10]

    Emission normsEdit
    In 2000, in tune with international standards to reduce vehicular pollution, the central government unveiled standards titled "India 2000", with later, upgraded guidelines to be known as Bharat stages. These standards are quite similar to the stringent European standards, and have been implemented in a phased manner, with the latest upgrade being implemented in 13 cities and, later, in the rest of the nation. Delhi (NCR), Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat, Kanpur, Lucknow, Solapur, and Agra are the 13 cities where Bharat Stage IV has been imposed while the rest of the nation is still under Bharat Stage III.

    Local manufacture encouragedEdit
    India levies an import tax of 125% on electric cars, while the import tax on components such as gearboxes, airbags, drive axles, is 10%. Therefore, the taxes encourage cars to be assembled in India rather than be imported as completely built units.[11]
    Exports:
    India's automobile exports have grown consistently and reached $4.5 billion in 2009, with the United Kingdom being India's largest export market, followed by Italy, Germany, Netherlands, and South Africa.[80]

    According to the New York Times, India's strong engineering base and expertise in the manufacturing of low-cost, fuel-efficient cars has resulted in the expansion of manufacturing facilities of several automobile companies like Hyundai, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Maruti Suzuki.[81]

    In 2008, South Korean multinational Hyundai Motors alone exported 240,000 cars made in India. Nissan Motors plans to export 250,000 vehicles manufactured in its India plant by 2011.[82] Similarly, US automobile company, General Motors announced its plans to export about 50,000 cars manufactured in India by 2011.[83]

    In September 2009, Ford Motors announced its plans to set up a plant in India with an annual capacity of 250,000 cars, for US$500 million. The cars will be manufactured both for the Indian market and for export.[84] The company said that the plant was a part of its plan to make India the hub for its global production business.[85] Fiat Motorsannounced that it would source more than US$1 billion worth auto components from India.[86]

    [​IMG]
    A Tata Safari on display in Poznań, Poland.
    In 2009 India (0.23m) surpassed China (0.16m) as Asia's fourth largest exporter of cars after Japan (1.77m), Korea (1.12m) and Thailand (0.26m) by allowing foreign carmakers 100% ownership of factories in India, which China does not allow.[87]

    In July 2010, The Economic Times reported that PSA Peugeot Citroën was planning to re-enter the Indian market and open a production plant in Andhra Pradesh that would have an annual capacity of 100,000 vehicles, investing € 700M in the operation.[88] PSA's intention to utilise this production facility for export purposes however remains unclear as of December 2010.

    [​IMG]
    The Maruti Ertiga, a model exported by Maruti Suzuki, India.
    In recent years, India has emerged as a leading center for the manufacture of small cars. Hyundai, the biggest exporter from the country, now ships more than 250,000 cars annually from India. Apart from Maruti Exports' shipments to Suzuki's other markets, Maruti Suzuki also manufactures small cars for Nissan, which sells them in Europe. Nissanwill also export small cars from its new Indian assembly line. Tata Motors exports its passenger vehicles to Asian and African markets, and is preparing to sell electric cars in Europe in 2010. The firm is planning to sell an electric version of its low-cost car the Tata Nano in Europe and in the U.S. Mahindra & Mahindra is preparing to introduce its pickup trucks and small SUV models in the U.S. market. Bajaj Auto is designing a low-cost car for Renault Nissan Automotive India, which will market the product worldwide. Renault Nissan may also join domestic commercial vehicle manufacturer Ashok Leyland in another small car project.[89] While the possibilities for the Indian automobile industry are impressive, there are challenges that could thwart future growth. Since the demand for automobiles in recent years is directly linked to overall economic expansion and rising personal incomes, industry growth will slow if the economy weakens.[89]

    Top 10 export destinationsEdit
    India exported $14.5 billion worth of automobiles in 2014. The 10 countries below imported 47.8% of that total.[90]

    Rank Country Value (US$) Share
    1 United States 1.2 billion 8.4%
    2 Mexico $1 billion 6.9%
    3 South Africa $888.8 million 6.1%
    4 United Kingdom $637.4 million 4.4%
    5 Sri Lanka $596.9 million 4.1%
    6 Bangladesh $592.1 million 4.1%
    7 Turkey $580.4 million 4%
    8 Nigeria $546.8 million 3.8%
    9 United Arab Emirates $433.6 million 3%
    10 Colombia $428.9 million 3%
    Source:https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automotive_industry_in_India
     
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  3. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    @PARIKRAMA
    Sir can we make a sticky thread for automobile sector ?
     
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  4. PARIKRAMA

    PARIKRAMA Angel or Devil? Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    Done My friend...

    An excellent topic.. I look forward to you and members contributing and populating this thread with auto industry details, news and updates..
     
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  5. R!CK

    R!CK 2nd Lieutant Technical Analyst

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    Excellent post. Keep em coming !

    Good Day!
     
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  6. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Nope, I just want to add more Posts in this same thread .
    Is it done by simply pressing button and then posting as reply ?
    @R!CK

    Tata Hexa to be launched on January 16
    http://auto.economictimes.indiatime...ta-hexa-to-be-launched-on-january-16/55205301
    [​IMG]


    Tata Hexa will come in three variants XE, XM and XT in a manual transmission. While the automatic transmission will come only in two variants XM and XT.

    NEW DELHI: After seeing the runaway success of Tiago hatchback, Tata Motorsis planning to launch its upcoming SUV Hexa on January 16, 2017 as informed by a Tata Motors dealer on the condition of anonymity. Dealers have already started accepting bookings for the same for an amount of Rs 25,000.

    Tata Hexa will come in three variants XE, XM and XT in a manual transmission. While the automatic transmission will come only in two variants XM and XT. The dealer confirmed that the carmaker has already booked 250 units of the SUV in just two days.

    Customers can get to know the vehicle inside out at the dealerships from first week of December, as the carmaker would be dispatching the first lot of the SUV during this time only.

    Read Also: Tata Hexa Review: SUV that deserves to be noticed in all senses

    It is expected to be priced in the range of Rs 11 lakh to 16 lakh. With this price tag, Tata would be pitting Hexa against Mahindra XUV 500 and Toyota Innova Crysta.

    Tata Hexa will feature a host of safety features like anti-lock braking system, electronic brake distribution, hill control and boasts of four driving modes - comfort, Dynamic, Rough and Auto. The SUV will come with Harman Kardon infotainment with 10 JBL speakers as standard across all the variants.

    It will come equipped with Varicor 400 2.2L diesel engine, which was first used in the Tata Safari Storme. The 2,179cc engine mounted on Hexa produces 156 ps of power and 400Nm of torque. After Tiago's success, the carmaker is betting big on Hexa to maintain the growth momentum.

    The company on Tueday has announced that it recorded highest sales in the last four years at 16,311 units in October 2016, with a growth of 28 percent, compared to 12,747 units, sold in October 2015. Cumulative sales growth of all passenger vehicles in the domestic market, were 88,976 units, as compared to 77,465 units in October 2015, thereby registering growth of 15 percent.


    More pics [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    Mahindra XUV Aero coupe-inspired crossover unveiled at Auto Expo 2016
    [​IMG]

    Source: indianautosblog.com

    Mahindra has unveiled a new design study concept at the Auto Expo 2016 today.

    Dubbed as the Mahindra XUV Aero, it previews a future coupe-inspired four-door crossover from the Indian manufacturer.

    [​IMG]

    Can go into mass production
    Chairman of Mahindra Group, Anand Mahindra, has divulged that the XUV Aero can go into mass production, but it depends on the feedback of the public.

    He has also confirmed that the XUV Aero was styled by Mahindra and built by Pininfarina, which is now under the ownership of Mahindra.



    Tata tiago
    Tiago may be the wind in Tata Motors' comeback sail

    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Nov 5, 2016
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  7. Levina

    Levina Admin- Social media Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    I think now you know how to do it.

    Unless a sticky thread is closed you should not be having problems posting in the thread.
     
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  8. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Yes , thanks :tongue:
    Please delete the unnecessary posts

    Tata nexon
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    Tata kite5
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    Tata safari storme
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    Tata Aria
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    Tata bolt
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    Tata Zest
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    Sumo raptor [​IMG]

    Sumo grande
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    Sumo
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    Tata nano
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    Mahindra
    XUV 500
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    TUV300

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    [​IMG]

    KUV100
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    [​IMG]

    Scorpio
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    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]

    Bolero
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    Thar
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Nov 5, 2016
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  9. R!CK

    R!CK 2nd Lieutant Technical Analyst

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    Very impressive looking car, a futuristic touch with some inspiration from the BMW X6 design. Really interesting car to watch out for.

    Good Day!
     
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  10. Robinhood Pandey

    Robinhood Pandey SECOND IN COMMAND Staff Member SECTION CHIEF

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    [​IMG]

    i like Nuvosport.
     
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  11. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Force Gurkha
    [​IMG]

    Force One
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    Force viano (To be launched )
    [​IMG]


    Force Trax
    [​IMG]

    Traveller
    [​IMG]
     
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  12. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Nuvosport is actually Scorpio Mini:mrgreen:
     
  13. Robinhood Pandey

    Robinhood Pandey SECOND IN COMMAND Staff Member SECTION CHIEF

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    Gifted it to My Pitaa ji this Diwali . . :)
     
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  14. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Tata divo

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    Highlights:
    • The range starts from Rs. 66 lakh, ex-showroom Thane.
    • The body design comes from Hispano Carrocera of Spain, a fully owned subsidiary of Tata Motors.
    • It offers semi-sleeper and seater configurations.
    • Largest luggage space in the category.
    • The body is built at the ACGL facility at Goa with an annual capacity of around 600 units.
    • The Divo brand and design is sold all over the world by Hispano.
    • No plans for export.
    • Target sales for the first year: 150 units .
    Technical Details:
    • 6.7L BSIII Cummins Engine.
    • Power: 285 bhp @ 2500 rpm.
    • Torque: 970 Nm @ 1600 rpm.
    • ZF 6-speed transmission with overdrive.
    • Voith VR 120-4 Hydrodynamic Retarder.
    • Brakes: Front discs, rear drums. With ABS.
    • Air Suspension. Front independent suspension.
    • Carrier 353 Gen IV, 10T roof mounted AC.
    • Max Speed: 114 kmph.
    • Gross Weight: 16200 kg.
    • V twin engine sourced from Cummins
    • Source http://www.team-bhp.com/forum/comme...iled-look-tatas-divo-starbus-ultra-buses.html
     
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  15. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Tata star bus ultra



    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    Highlights
    • This is an extension to the existing Starbus range and offers more features.
    • Available in Luxury, Standard, School and Deluxe variants. Has different seating configurations (22 – 46 seater), on different wheelbases.
    • It is the first bus in its category with the front door ahead of the front axle, resulting in more seats for the same length of bus and subsequently better returns for the operator.
    • Based on new LCV platform that was launched at the Auto Expo 2012. Thus, this bus has a wider track and lowest in class turning circle diameter.
    • Body manufactured at the Marcopolo Facility at Dharwad. This facility is almost running at its full capacity of 18000 units per annum.

    Technical Details:
    • Has the Tata 497 engine along with a viscous fan (used for the first time in this class of buses), resulting in higher fuel efficiency and lowest NVH levels in its category.
    • Power: 123 bhp @ 2400 rpm.
    • Torque: 400 Nm @ 1300-1500 rpm.
    • Gearbox: G550, 6-speed with overdrive.
    • Tiltable and telescopic steering with a power steering.
    • Dual circuit brakes with ABS.
    • Max. Speed: 101 kmph.
    • Gross Wight: 8750 kg.


    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
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