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Indian Laser and Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) Thread

Discussion in 'Indian Military Doctrine' started by Indx TechStyle, Dec 11, 2016.

  1. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    10kW for taking down UAVs. Future Destroyers will use 100kW solid state laser weapon, both for offence and defence. Firing for 1st time will consume much energy, reload time depends on that and cooling quickly. First Railgun by US was able to burst only once. But ours will be different from theirs. It will happen as missiles will be toys of past.
    Railgun too is under development (or probably in study) in India for P18 DDGs and Indian Navy's plan 2031. Though, I have no details of Indian Railgun project, I only know that there was a research paper published by DRDO over the project (somebody told actually). If someone can get me? I'm unable to find.
    @randomradio
     
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  2. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    DRDO developing high energy beam weapons; project likely to be completed by 2017
    The Directed Energy Weapons (DEW), which is also being called Star Wars-like, is being developed by Indian defence lab DRDO.
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    [Representative Image] India's DRDO is developing directed energy weapons that can beam high energy (laser, electromagnetic, microwaves) to take on a UAV or ballistic missiles. In Picture: An Indian army soldier stands guard next to an Indian army's communications and radar facility at the India-Pakistan border near Amritsar, May 25, 2002.Reuters
     
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  3. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    DRDO's Active Denial System (ADS)
    ‘Active denial systems to smoke terrorists out of hideouts’ - The Hindu
    Active Denial System - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Directed-energy weapon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Directed Energy Weapons, India’s Strategic Game Changer? |
    ‘Active denial systems to smoke terrorists out of hideouts’

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    The active denial systems (ADS) being developed by the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) can freeze terrorists without causing any physical harm. It can create an uncomfortable pain-like feeling in terrorists taking shelter at a safe zone and force them to come out from their hideout.

    This system works with High Power Electro Magnetic Waves which is part of developing Electromagnetic Warfare.

    Disclosing these details at a lecture on ‘Opportunities for Research in DRDO’ held at GITAM, Hyderabad campus, on Friday, V. Bhujanga Rao, Director General (Naval Systems and Materials), DRDO, said that the defence organisation has also been developing microprocessors – Anurag and Anupama – to meet the requirements. Informing that Rs. 15,000 crore is being released annually by the Union Government to take up research by 52 establishments across the nation, Dr. Bhujanga Rao said that it took Rs. 20,000-crore investment and two decades of struggle involving 500 industries to develop Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). Stating that the engines of LCA need to be developed indigenously, he said that the process is on. Dr. Bhujanga Rao also explained radar technologies covering different radius, 3D mobile range surveillance radar systems that are being used at border areas, array radar systems, weapon locating radars, airborne radar system and aerostat technology. Informing about Lakshya, Nishant and Rustum, he said even a man walking on the road or any vehicle can be identified through these systems.

    “It is costing about $20,000 to take a payload of one kilogram into the space and we want to reduce it to $200 by 2050,” he said.

    GITAM Pro-Vice-Chancellor R. Shiva Kumar, Director N. Shiva Prasad and others were present.

    System is part of developing Electromagnetic Warfare, says DRDO Director General Bhujanga Rao
     
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  4. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    DRDO beings testing of Gas dynamic laser-based Aditya technology demonstrator
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    Credit: Indian Defence Research Wing
     
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  5. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    India is currently working upon a series of DEWs to improve its anti-ballistic missile capability. According to officials at the Laser Science and Technology Center (LASTEC), a laboratory developing lasers and related technologies, belonging to the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) – an agency under India’s Ministry of Defence working on various areas of military technology while striving to meet cutting edge weapons technology requirements – a laser weapon (one among the DEWs pack) could fire a beam with a potency of 25 kilowatts to intercept and destruct an incoming ballistic missile in its terminal phase within the range of seven kilometers (4.3 miles). The targeting laser beam raises the shell temperature of the ballistic missile to 400+ degrees Fahrenheit, as a consequence of which the ballistic missile would explode.

    Work is also in progress for a 100-kilowatt solid-state laser system to eliminate missiles that are in their boost phase. Besides, LASTEC, functioning under the DRDO, with a mandate to develop DEWs for the Indian Armed Forces, announced in 2010 that it was developing a vehicle-mounted gas dynamic laser-based DEW system under itsAditya project, slated for completion by 2013. Having already overshot its time stipulation, this project is still a work in progress. Once ready, the Aditya project will be a technology demonstrator to prove beam control technology. Last, LASTEC will commence developing solid-state lasers, for which no timeline has yet been set, at least in the public domain.

    The Ray of Death: Directed-Energy Weapons » Indian Defence Review
    Saurav Jha's Blog : Interview with the Chief of DRDO, Avinash Chander -Part II
     
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  6. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
    DRDO has confirmed that it has recently undertaken a project for the development of a self-contained HMV-mounted laser weapon system for detection/tracking and physical destruction of UAVs up to a range of 5 km under normal environmental conditions.

    Preliminary system design architecture and technology gaps have been identified and efforts are being made for international collaborations for fast-track development in the project.

    100 kW Class Directed Energy Laser Weapon System is very powerful Laser which DRDO is developing said Defence Expert Vinayak Shetty when he first heard about it and it will have ability to take down much more then UAV’s thanks to such a powerful Laser said Shetty. he further explained that only Last year U.S. Army awarded Lockheed Martin to design, build and test a 60-kilowatt electric laser to be integrated and tested in a truck-mounted weapon system demonstrator which will have ability to counter rockets, artillery, mortars and unmanned aerial threats.

    Chinese companies recently developed a powerful anti-drone laser for use in urban areas. 10 kilowatt lasers has ability to target mini-UAVs like quad copters and hand launched drones which could be used by terrorists to scout out attacks, or act as impromptu bombers on Urban areas. Laser has a range of 2km and a 50 metre altitudes.

    US Navy is currently fielding the Laser Weapons System (LaWS), a 15-50kW laser on board USS Ponce which is an Austin-class amphibious transport dock of the United States Navy which has ability to target drones and enemy missiles .
    From the Indian Defence Expo 2014 -

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    DRDO's Counter IED 1 KW Laser - enables remote disposal of surface laid unexploded ordnances, mines, directional mines and IEDs. The laser is mounted on a Light Security Vehicle made by TATA Motors. The system’s effective range is 30-250 meters. The smaller aperture adjacent to the main laser unit is a rangefinder, designed to determine the exact distance to target. The system also employs a target sighting camera.

    Range 50 to 250 meters.
     
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  7. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
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    Vehicle Mounted Laser Weapon System called as Dazzler.
     
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  8. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    DRDO working on Star Wars-like weapons
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    A stormtrooper in front of a to-scale 'Star Wars' TIE fighter. DRDO is working on Star Wars-like weapons. (AP photo for representation purpose)
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  9. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    DRDO's Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) Program & LASTEC's Aditya Project

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    DRDO's CHESS (Center for High Energy Systems and Science), Hyderabad is developing Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) systems for use by the Indian Armed Forces (AFs).

    Laser Science and Technology Center (LASTEC) is developing laser source technologies for Directed Energy Weapon (DEW), as also for dazzling and imaging applications.

    LASTEC Capability Development

    LASTEC has developed core technologies including Gas Dynamic Laser (GDL) and Chemical Oxygen Iodine Lasers (COIL) and demonstrated 100 kW (multi mode) GDL and 20 kW (single mode) COIL sources.

    LASTEC's Aditya Gas Dynamic High Power Laser based Directed Energy System

    LASTEC's Aditya project was an experimental test bed to seed the critical DEW technologies. The Gas Dynamic High Power laser based Directed Energy System can be broadly divided into two major subsystems:


    1. Laser Power Source
    2. Beam Delivery System



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    The Laser beam used in a DEW is subject to attenuation (loss of intensity) due to atmospheric air and jitter due to the turbulence within the atmospheric air. The damage caused by the beam progressively reduces with target distance.

    In order to cause the stipulated damages at 0.8 km and 2.5 km distance using a 0.7 m aperture telescope, laser power of the order of 100 kW is required . The beam delivery system has to simultaneously perform several roles. It acquires and tracks the distant static and moving target in real time and points and focuses the laser beam on the target. The adaptive optical system has to compensate for the jitter and wave front distortion of the laser beam from the source.

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    The technology related to laser source, beam delivery and issues related to system integration on mobile platforms were addressed during the execution of the Aditya project which will provide useful input to future laser weapon programs of DRDO

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    You can read more about the Aditya project here.
    DEW for Use Against UAVs

    One of the DEW weapon systems being developed would target UAV's.

    Project Progress

    In July 2015, CHESS invited tenders for 3 radio control (RC) aero models with minimum wingspan of 1600-mm, min. wing area of 800 sq in., and min fuselage length of 1200-mm. The aero-models should be able to fly at altitudes in excess of 400-m.

    It's likely that the procurement is aimed at field testing the IIR sight CHESS has developed for its anti UAV weapon. Typically battlefield mini UAVs fly at around 1000-ft AGL in order to stay clear of small arm fire.


    Earlier on March 2, 2015 CHESS invited tenders for Off-axis concave and convex parabolic mirrors.

    The concave mirror is required to have a parent focal length of 2000mm and mirror diameter of 150mm, while the convex mirror is required to have a parent focal length of 200mm and a mirror diameter of 25mm.

    In early July 2015, DRDO's IRDE (Instruments Research & Development Establishment), Dehradun invited tenders for supply of High Resolution thermal imager for CHESS platform.

    The IRDE tender seeks a Thermal Imager based on Pelican-D 640x512 MWIR IDDCA with 14.5X zoom capability. The Imager is required to have recognition range capability of 5-km against a 1.5m x 3m UAV target.

    IDDCA (Interleaved Double Dynamical Clustering Analysis) is a sampling algorithm based on clustering.

    It appears that the imager being sought by IRDE would be used to aim a DEW developed by CHESS for use against UAVs.

    Indian Navy's Interest in DEW

    An HT report dated July 20, 2015 quoted a senior navy officer as saying that the Navy plans to develop and deploy high-energy lasers and high-power microwave weapons on Navy ships.

    "The navy’s policy and plans wing has identified directed-energy weapons as a key long-term development project. We are sharpening focus on it,” said another officer familiar with the plan.
     
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  10. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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  11. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]

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    Thanks to @proud_indian
     
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  12. Aqwoyk

    Aqwoyk Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Attached Files:

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  13. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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  14. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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  15. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    American System
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    Indian System
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    Getting there!
    :cool:
     
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