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Indian nuclear power plant updates

Discussion in 'Education & Research' started by Agent_47, Dec 2, 2016.

  1. GSLV Mk III

    GSLV Mk III Captain FULL MEMBER

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    They are planning more FBRs...

    [​IMG]
     
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  2. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major REGISTERED

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    Cabinet approves 10 nuclear reactors for power generation: Piyush Goyal
    By: IANS | New Delhi |
    Published On: May 17, 2017 3:54 Pm

    The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the setting up of 10 indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) for nuclear power generation.
    “The cabinet has approved to install 10 indigenously built PWHRs,” Union Minister Piyush Goyal said at a press conference after the Cabinet meeting presided over by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    Goyal, who is Union Power and Coal Minister, said the new PWHRs will generate 7,000 MW power. At present India generates 6,780 MW from nuclear power.

    Goyal also said that nuclear reactors, which will produce 6,700 MW, are under implementation and these are expected to be completed by 2021-22.

    http://indianexpress.com/article/in...uclear-reactors-for-power-generation-4660369/
     
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  3. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major REGISTERED

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    India to set up 60000 mw indigenous nuclear plants
    By Sarita Singh, ET Bureau | Updated: May 17, 2017, 03.59 PM

    NEW DELHI: India will set up 60,000 mw of indigenous nuclear power plants, power, coal, renewable and mines minister Piyush Goyal said.

    The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the scheme that will promote energy self sufficiency, clean, carbon free sources of power and place India high among nuclear power countries, he said.

    He said the decision will lead to Rs 70,000 crore domestic orders for pressurised heat water reactors and create 33,400 direct and indirect jobs.

    http://m.economictimes.com/industry...enous-nuclear-plants/articleshow/58716024.cms
     
  4. migflug

    migflug FULL MEMBER

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    Government's decision to set up 10 atomic power plants to generate 33,400 jobs, Rs 70,000-crore opportunity
    By PTI | Updated: May 17, 2017, 09.33 PM IST
    • nuclear power production, the Union cabinet today cleared a proposal to indigenously build 10 atomic reactors, the largest ever approval granted for such facilities in one go.

      Once completed, the 10 reactors of 700 MW each will give much needed fillip to the domestic nuclear industry.


      The Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) will be developed by the Department of Atomic Energy.


      "A total of 7000 MW capacity will be added. It will help produce clean energy," Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal said. :2GUNS:

      India currently has installed nuclear power capacity of 6780 MW from 22 operational plants. Another 6700 MW of nuclear power is expected to be added by 2021-22 when currently under-construction projects go onstream in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.
      Banswara (Rajasthan), Chutka (Madhya Pradesh), Kaiga (Karnataka) and Gorakhpur (Haryana).

      "As the government marks three years of its nation and people-centric governance, in a first of its kind project for India's nuclear power sector, the 10 new units will come up in fleet mode as a fully homegrown initiative," a government statement said.


      "It would be one of the flagship Make in India projects in this sector," it added.

      With likely manufacturing orders of close to Rs 70,000 crore to the domestic companies, the project is expected to help transform Indian nuclear industry and likely generate more than 33,400 jobs in direct and indirect employment.

      "The Cabinet's decision reflects the government's commitment to prioritise the use of clean power in India's energy mix, as part of low-carbon growth strategy and to ensure long-term base load requirement for the nation's industrialisation.

      "It also supports India's commitment to sustainable development, energy self-sufficiency, and bolsters global efforts to combat climate change." PTI
    http://m.economictimes.com/industry...00-crore-opportunity/articleshow/58720482.cms
     
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  5. migflug

    migflug FULL MEMBER

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    True make in india. Piyush goyal is the best of this govt. Hope we can achieve criticality in fast breeder plant this year as well . Its already behind the schedule.

    Piyush goyal for dm:agree:( he is already in race)
     
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  6. Poonam Bandgar

    Poonam Bandgar IDF NewBie

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  7. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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  8. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Kudankulam Nuclear Plant Unit 3, 4 Construction Begins in India

    "A concrete pouring ceremony into the base slab of the Kudankulam NPP third unit's reactor building took place on June 29, 2017, marking the beginning of construction work at the site of construction of the nuclear power plant's second stage," Rosatom state corporation's Atomstroyexport (ASE) Group said.
     
  9. Golden_Rule

    Golden_Rule Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Nuclear reactor at Kalpakkam: World’s envy, India’s pride

    Published July 2, 2017

    SOURCE: PTI

    [​IMG]

    Hidden from public, on the shores of the Bay of Bengal at Kalpakkam near Chennai, Indian nuclear scientists are in the final throes of starting a high-tech giant stove more than 15 years in the making.

    This novel nuclear reactor is a kind of an ‘akshaya patra’, the mythical goblet with a never-ending supply of food.

    The Department of Atomic Energy is getting ready to commission its ultra-modern indigenously designed and locally mastered fast-breeder reactor.Experts say to make nuclear energy sustainable, one sure shot way is to make fast-breeder reactors mainstream.

    Yukiya Amano, Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, says “fast reactors can help extract up to 70 per cent more energy than traditional reactors and are safer than traditional reactors while reducing long lived radioactive waste by several fold.”

    Easier said than done, since these reactors are also notoriously unstable and hence difficult to run reliably over long periods.

    Called a ‘Fast-Breeder Reactor’, these are a special kind of nuclear reactors that generate more atomic fuel than they consume as they work.

    India has been running an experimental facility called a Fast-Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) now for 27 years.

    This is a small nuclear reactor a forerunner for the monster that India has constructed at Kalpakkam called the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR). This will generate electricity commercially using the fast breeder route.

    The world’s only commercially operating fast breeder reactor is situated in the Ural Mountains of Russia at the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant, not far from Russia’s fourth largest city Yekateringburg.

    The Russians today are the global leaders in fast-breeder reactors having operated a fast-breeder reactor called BN 600 since 1980.

    In 2016, the Russian nuclear agency Rosatom commercially commissioned its big brother — the BN 800 fast breeder reactor.

    This reactor produces about 800 MW of electricity and supplies it to the Ural region including the city of Yekateringburg.

    While electricity that is produced is no different than any other electricity but the global community of atomic boffins is suitably chuffed about this unique achievement.

    M Chudakov, now with the IAEA and well-known Russian fast breeder expert, calls “these reactors a bridge to the future as they can supply an almost unlimited supply of electricity”.

    All eyes are now on southern India where another global nuclear milestone is likely to be crossed this year. Arun Kumar Bhaduri, Director of the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research(IGCAR), Kalpakkam says, “fast breeder reactors are far safer than the current generation of nuclear plants and that all efforts are being made to kickstart within this year India’s first commercial fast breeder reactor at Kalpakkam.”

    Such is the interest in fast breeder reactors that more than 700 of the best atomic scientists from over 30 countries gathered at Yekateringburg in IAEA’s conference on the ‘next generation nuclear systems for sustainable development’. The scientists deliberated on how to make nuclear energy last for several centuries.

    Given India’s expertise, the co-chair of the conference was Suresh Chetal, one of the early pioneers of fast breeder reactors who helped tame fast breeder reactors for New Delhi when he was at the IGCAR.

    Many countries have dabbled with fast breeder reactors and have given up, first off the block was the US but it gave up since inherently American governments have an allergic response with re-processing of nuclear waste in addition since USA has enough supplies of fissile material there is no hunger to maximally extract energy from uranium.

    Japan and France both had robust programmes with fast breeder technology but repeated failure to safely handle liquid sodium forced them to more or less give up on fast reactors.

    China is more than a decade behind India in trying to master this complex beast.

    Russia invested heavily in developing the fast breeder technology but since it commissioned its first fast breeder reactor BN 600 in 1980 it suffered an economic meltdown as the former Soviet Union broke up and only recently Russia could gather enough resources to complete its upgraded fast breeder reactor BN 800.

    Today the BN 800 is a flagship reactor that uses both uranium and plutonium as fuel and generates electricity that is supplied to the grid. A visit to the facility reveals a squeaky clean reactor where seasoned operators like Ivan Sidrow are also experimenters as they go about trying to design a bigger 1200 MW fast breeder reactor.

    India’s own PFBR is unique and rather different from the Russian fast breeder reactor though both use the same basic principle of physics.

    Fast breeder reactors are called such not because they run faster but because the neutrons that sustain the atomic chain reaction travel at a much higher velocity than neutrons that help run the traditional atomic plants.

    These are called breeders as they generate more fuel than they consume a fact hard to fathom since they seem to defy the laws of conservation of energy.

    But a very unique quirk of elemental uranium makes this possible.

    Nuclear reactors use a flavour of uranium called U-235 which unfortunately constitutes a minuscule quantity even in super purified uranium.

    The larger component is what is called U-238 this flavour is the bulk but is essentially a waste product as the atomic reaction cannot be sustained by this elemental flavour.

    In a fast breeder reactor the very special fast neutrons interact with the so called wasted uranium U-238 and converts it into a valuable resource. This is why fast breeders are akin to an ‘akshaya patra’.India’s fast breeder reactor is even more unique as within it the country also deploys special rods of thorium which when they get exposed to or irradiated by fast neutrons they generate U-233 and a normally benign thorium turns into a valuable atomic material.

    It is well known that India is very energy hungry and as economic growth takes place mega quantities of electricity will be required.Unfortunately, nature has not been bountiful on India as the Indian land mass is not endowed with enough uranium but on the other hand the country has the world’s second largest store of thorium.

    Today the country in a well thought out strategy is mastering fast breeder reactors that can be an effective via media for utilising the vast thorium reserves.

    source: http://idrw.org/nuclear-reactor-at-kalpakkam-worlds-envy-indias-pride/#more-140064 .
     
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  10. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia REGISTERED

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    :rolleyes:
    Our current Breeding ratio in oxide fueled reactors is around 1.2, making a doubling time of around 27 years.
    Once we get into metal fuel regieme, our DT would come down drastically to around 8-9 years.
    Then we can say in true sense, that our FRBR are Akshay Patras (or a vessel that never runs out of goodies).
     
  11. lca-fan

    lca-fan Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    pfbr-w300.jpg PFBR_large1.jpg tem4r5t6.png
     

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  12. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major REGISTERED

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    Department of Atomic Energy20-July, 2017 15:54 IST
    Progress in INDO-US Nuclear Deal

    The fruition of International cooperation in nuclear energy or Indo – US nuclear deal as has been commonly known, has resulted in enabling import of fuel for reactors placed under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safeguards and paved the way for setting up of large capacity Light Water Reactors (LWRs) with foreign technical cooperation. In this regard, the Government has accorded ‘in principle’ approval of five coastal sites and designated them for locating such reactors in cooperation with the Russian Federation, France & the USA. Two projects, KKNPP 3&4 (2X1000 MW) and KKNPP 5&6 (2X1000 MW), to be set up in technical cooperation with Russian Federation at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu have been accorded financial sanction. Construction of KKNPP 3&4 has commenced. Discussions with technology partners from France and USA have commenced to arrive at viable project proposals.

    At present there are nine reactors under construction and another twelve have been accorded administrative approval and financial sanction by the government, work on which is being taken up progressively.

    The Government has recently accorded financial sanction for ten indigenous 700 MW reactors and two reactors to be set up in technical cooperation with Russian Federation [KKNPP 5&6 (2X1000 MW)].

    The approved completion cost of KKNPP 1 to 6 is Rs. 106740 crore for the total capacity of 6 x 1000 MW.

    This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.

    ********


    KSD/NK/KM
    (Release ID :168716)
     
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  13. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major REGISTERED

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    Indian supply chain benefits from nuclear boost
    27 July 2017
    Orders for a wave of new reactors to be constructed in India will give a boost to the efficiency of the country's nuclear supply chain, Atomic Energy Minister Jitendra Singh said yesterday. Ten indigenously designed pressurised heavy water reactors were recently approved, while construction has already started on two VVERs with Russian cooperation.
    In answer to a written question to the Lok Sabah, India's lower house, Singh confirmed that the 500 MWe prototype fast breeder reactor at Kalpakkam would start up this year. He also noted continuing construction of four 700 MWe PHWRs, two at Kakrapar in Gujurat and two at Rawatbhata in Rajasthan.
    A further ten 700 MWe PHWRs were recently "accorded administrative approval and financial sanction", noted Singh. They will be units 5 and 6 of the Kaiga nuclear power plant in Karnataka state; units 3 and 4 of the Gorakhpur plant in Haryana state; units 1 and 2 of the new Chutka plant in Madhya Pradesh; and unit 1 to 4 at the new Mahi Banswara plant in Rajasthan. They are scheduled to be progressively completed by 2031.
    Together with two 1000 MWe VVERs at Kudankulam which in May started construction in cooperation with Russia, this new wave of nuclear construction would "result in manufacturing orders in a big scale to the domestic industry, which will help create efficiency in their operation," said Singh.
    Researched and written
    by World Nuclear News

    http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Indian-supply-chain-benefits-from-nuclear-boost-2707177.html
     
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  14. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Second Kudankulam nuclear plant unit may restart mid-November

    The mega nuclear power plant was shut down on August 4, due to hydrogen concentration in the stator. It was originally expected to restart generation on September 4. However, the restart date was postponed to October 7, then to November 3 and then to November 7. “We overhauled the systems and hence the delay,” Jinna said.
    The second plant was inaugurated by Prime Minister
    Narendra Modi and former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa on August 10, 2016. Two more units – third and fourth – of similar size are being built at Kudankulam. According to Jinna, construction work is going on for the third and fourth units.



    Robots Replacing Man to Test Eddy Current at Indian Nuclear Plants

    This robot is used for testing the eddy current of steam generator tubes inside nuclear power plants. This task has been traditionally carried out manually and was considered hazardous due to the highly-radioactive atmosphere.

    New Delhi (Sputnik) — Indian scientists have developed a breakthrough technology for a radioactive environment which will replace the human intervention for testing the eddy current inside nuclear power plants.

    The robot manipulator was developed by scientists from the Center for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR), Bengaluru, the state-owned Defense Research and Development Organization's (DRDO) premier research laboratory. Last month the DRDO transferred the technology to the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL).

    "The ECT Robot Manipulator system is a remotely controlled 5 Degree of Freedom (5-DoF) robotic system used for positioning the ECT probe below the steam generator tube, which has to be inspected. The system has been designed with a unique 2 DOF base for automatic calibration. The probe holder is equipped with a camera for automatic visual position correction to compensate for mechanical errors in the system," DRDO said in a statement.

    The steam generator tubes are used as a barrier between the primary wall that fills up with highly radioactive coolants and uncontaminated secondary coolants. It transfers the heat of the primary coolants to the secondary coolants efficiently.

    Any defects or cracks inside the tubes directly impact the reliability and performance of the plants and is also dangerous from the point of view of human safety. Many countries have already started using robot manipulators in place of human inspection for steam generator tubes, but Indian plants were still dependent on human resources for such inspections.
     
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  15. Zer0reZ

    Zer0reZ 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Russia eyes over 50% localisation for new Kudankulam reactors

    Mumbai, Nov 12 () Russia, which is building the 6,000-mw Kudankulam nuclear plant, plans to raise localisation to more than 50 per cent for the upcoming units at the Tamil Nadu plant from the present 20 per cent levels.

    Rosatom, the Russian partner for state-run Nuclear Power Corporation (NPCIL), is supplying the water-water energetic reactors (VVER reactors), for the Kudankulam nuclear plant, which currently generates 2,000 mw (2x 1,000 mw).

    "Already, two units of 1,000 mw each have been commissioned and the next two are under-construction. These units have around 20 per cent localisation," consul general of Russian Federation in Mumbai Andrei Zhiltsov told here over the weekend.

    He said Moscow recently signed an agreement with New Delhi for the units 5 & 6, which will begin after the ongoing units 3 & 4 are completed.

    "Currently, the extent of localisation in the commissioned units is near 20 per cent but going forward we expect it to increase over 50 per cent," he said.

    At present, the Russians are sourcing locally manufactured parts and equipment to the tune of around 20 per cent. "But by the time we reach units 5 & 6, we hope local sourcing will increase to nearly 50 per cent," Zhiltsov added.

    The fifth and sixth units will cost about Rs 50,000 crore with half of it being funded by Russia as loan. The third and fourth units began last year and will cost Rs 39,747 crore.

    Russia has also offered India the latest "generation 3-plus" nuclear reactors -- the VVER-1200-powered by advanced fuel -- for the yet-to-be designated site in parallel to the ongoing 6,000-mw Kudankulam project.

    "We expect a new site for the six reactors to be announced soon. If we do this project, it will allow us to lower the construction cost since we already have the expertise and equipment and so will not have to start afresh. Also, serial production is cheaper," Zhiltsov said.

    He said for a fast-growing economy like India there will be no substitute for nuclear power and Russia will participate in the Indian growth story. PSK BEN RSY PTP

    Read more at:
    //economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/61614019.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst
     

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