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Indian Railways Junction

Discussion in 'World Economy' started by anant_s, Nov 1, 2016.

  1. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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    @anant_s why there is seperate Generator for LHB coaches?
    are they require more energy than ICF ? if yes then why?

    and does that mean they are incompatible with electric engins??
    @Ankit Kumar 001
     
  2. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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    The ICF rakes have a AC generation mounted above the bogies [ Wheel Set of each coach ] , generating enough power for that coach.

    In LHB coaches , the design of the wheel set [ Which is vastly safe over ICF ] does not allow the same. But there are attempts to install one.

    For now they work with EOGs.
     
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  3. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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    And the Coaches ICF/LHB does not get its electricity from Electric locomotives. [ Till Now ].

    We have only a handful[Dozen or so] of HOG locomotives [ Which can transmit electricity from locomotive to rakes. ]. But newer WAP 7s are coming with HOGs installed , so in future the generator vans in premium trains can be excluded.
     
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  4. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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    No.
    Infact i'm getting a news that IR is now aggressively pursuing a target of converting all Superfast expresses from ICF to LHB coaches by 2020. i'm not sure if this actually would be possible (given production capacities), but we can expect crack superfast trains, especially which donot require multiple rakes (2 atmost) are given higher priority.
    More coaching care centers have been asked to equip themselves to undertake LHB coach maintenance.
    this is a combined effect of Mission Raftaar (conversion from D to E traction) and Dr. Kakodkar committee report.
    hopefully we will start seeing many SF trains converting to LHB in next 2 years.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ‘Mission Raftaar’ of Indian Railway Starts To Yield Results

    Ghaziabad - Allahabad - Mughalsarai Route is Taken Up on Priority Basis Trains on this Section Now Runs With Improved Average Speed

    The Mission Raftaar project of the Indian Railways has now picked up and started yielding results. Under this project measures are being taken to raise average speed of both passenger carrying trains and freight carrying trains. The Mission is being spearheaded by a cross disciplinary mobility Directorate in the Railway Board. The average speed is reckoned as one of the key indicators of all the railway productivity and efficiency in operations and utilization of assets.


    Under this project the busiest Ghaziabad – Allahabad - Mughalsarai route which was taken up on priority basis, for increasing average speed which now has been successfully implemented. This was achieved by replacement of loco hauled commuter trains with Main line Electric Multiple Units (MEMU) and Diesel Electric Multiple Units (DEMU) trains has been undertaken. MEMU / DEMU trains have a potential for average speed increment upto 20 kmph in comparison to loco driven passenger trains. The Ghaziabad - Allahabad - Mughalsarai section is now free from conventional trains.


    The Railway Ministry is working on a target to do this kind of replacement on all identified routes viz., Delhi – Mumbai, Delhi –Howrah, Howrah-Chennai, Chennai – Mumbai, Delhi – Chennai and Howrah – Mumbai (Diamond Quadrilateral routes along with diagonals). These are the principal routes of the railways as they carry 58% of freight traffic and 52 of coaching traffic with a share of only 15 of the network.


    For implementing this target on the above six routes, 1048 MEMU coaches and 136 DEMU coaches are required. To achieve this target in three years, action plan has been drawn out to ramp up the production of MEMU to 400-500 per annum in next three years as against the present level 190 per year at present.





    Background:

    · Maximum speed of coaching trains has increased up to 130 kmph/160 kmph, but the average speed is hovering around 45 kmph. Maximum speed of freight trains has increased up to 75 kmph/100 kmph, but the average speed is hovering around 24 kmph.

    · Average coaching train speeds have declined by ~1 kmph in last 5 years. Average freight train speeds have declined by ~2 kmph in last 5 years.


    We reckon average speed as one of the key indicator of the overall railway productivity and efficiency in operations and utilization of assets. Hence, raising average speeds has been taken up as a mission area.


    Progress and Road Map:

    • A cross disciplinary, Mobility directorate has been set up in April 2016 to spearhead the mission.
    • For a focused action, Golden Quadrilateral routes along with diagonals (Delhi – Mumbai, Delhi – Howrah, Howrah- Chennai, Chennai – Mumbai, Delhi – Chennai and Howrah – Mumbai) have been taken up for initial emphasis. These are the principal routes of the railways as they carry 58% of freight traffic and 52% of coaching traffic with a share of only 15% of the network.
    • Multi-pronged strategy has been developed to overcome the existing impediments due to fixed infrastructure, movable infrastructure, operational practices and institutional mechanisms.

    Thrust of the strategy:


    • To move in the direction in which these routes are developed in a unified way making them seamless and free from congestion points. So far such development works have been largely guided and governed by needs of individual division/ zone due to which the works were dispersed/ distributed/ discontinuous and speed gain commensurate to the inputs could not be realized.
    • To establish operating systems in which the trains technically have the best capability to achieve maximum possible speed in least time along with quickest acceleration and deceleration capability so that the transit time is reduced.

    Action Taken:


    • Replacement of loco hauled commuter trains with MEMU/DEMU trains: MEMU trains have a potential for average speed increment of up to 20 kmph in comparison to loco driven passenger trains. Recently, the busiest Ghaziabad- Allahabad – Mughalsarai route has been made free from conventional trains by replacement by MEMU. The punctuality of this route has shown significant improvement.

    Target is to do replacement on all routes. We require 1048 MEMU coaches and 136 DEMU coaches to implement this on these six routes. To achieve this target in three years, action plan has been drawn out to ramp up the production of MEMU to 400-500 per annum in next three years as against the present level 190 per year at present.


    • Introduction of Twin Pipe Air Brake System on freight trains: Twin piped braking system saves on an average ~90 seconds in every event of braking. Hence over a long distance this feature in the trains has a big potential for reducing the transit time and accelerating average speed. Board has decided that all new freight stock will have twin pipe system and the existing stock will be retrofitted with twin pipe. About 2lac wagons have to be retrofitted. 7000 will be done in the current year. Approval for another 20000 has been done, which is under process of sanction. In the budget 2017-18 sanction for another 60000 wagons will be planned. Effort will be made to achieve the target by accelerating the progress.

    • Right Powering of freight trains: Ratio of Horsepower of the locomotive to the trailing load of the train. (HP/TL ratio). Appropriate HP/TL ratio saves about 10 to 12 minutes in the time taken to attain the maximum speed level. Internationally this ratio is between 2-2.25. On Indian Railways, due to increase in trailing load from 2400 ton/3200 ton in year 1970 to 5308 ton in year 2016, HP/TL ratio has dropped from a level of 1-1.30 to a level of 0.94-1.13 over the same period. Board has decided to implement a powering arrangement for freight trains with a ratio of 1.5-2.0. Action plan is being finalized for achieving the implementation in next three years.

    • Review of time table:
    • To avoid traction change and loco reversals at busy stations/ terminals.
    • Increase time tabled average speed by eliminating slacks and taking into account speed increases which have taken place on the section

    • Review of coaching trains and freight stocks running at less than maximum permissible speeds

    • Removal of constraints in the fixed infrastructure on these routes is considered a high priority. These routes are having about 9100 route kilometres. Major impediments have been identified and following areas have been finalized for focused action.
    · Raising of Sectional Speed to minimum 130 kmph: Out of 9100 route km, 6400 km (~70%) is having sectional speed of less than 130 kmph.

    · Removal of Level Crossings: There are 2736 level crossings on 9100 route km averaging one LC every 3-4 km. 931 are already sanctioned for elimination.

    · Removal of Speed Restrictions: On these routes, there are speed restrictions at about 730 locations existing since long due to various factors pertaining to design and maintenance of fixed assets. There is a restriction every 15 km on these routes.

    · Raising of Speeds on Turnouts: At present ~10% turnouts on these routes have a speed of less than 30 kmph and all are less than 50kmph.


    Strategy and institutional mechanism for implementation:


    We have decided for a paradigm shift in approach to works. Route to be the primary unit for decision about works as against existing practice of zonal/ divisional jurisdiction. This fundamental shift will prove to be a game changer for achieving unified development of the routes essential for achieving Mission Raftaar goals.


    Key Elements of the decision:


    • Planning and Sanction of Works: Only one work for each route clubbing all activities. Works to be planned centrally.

    • Financing: Works to be financed through EBR-IF as there is high likelihood of favourable ROR on the route basis.

    • Execution: Route wise execution. The work of each route to be entrusted to one execution authority for accountability and expeditious execution by deploying state-of-the-art engineering technology/machines. There is a big role of technology in saving the execution time and minimizing the requirement of interruption to train flow in traffic block. This is very important because chosen routes are very busy hence the objective will be to cause minimum inconvenience to the passengers and setback to operations. A Traffic Block Optimization System on an IT platform is being developed to provide a congenial environment for execution of works required to achieve mission goals.

    Board has decided to implement this approach initially on Delhi – Mumbai and Delhi- Howrah routes.


    • Human capital is our key resource. Thrust will be given to training, skill development of the staff involved in operations and maintenance of assets so that they maintain pace with the new machines and technology.
    http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=151418
     
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  5. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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    Indian Railways Measures to Promote Digital Payments

    In pursuance of this announcement made by Government of India for promotion of Digital & Cashless Economy, Ministry of Railways has initiated some additional following package of incentives and measures. This shall be made effective from 1st January 2017.
    1. Ministry of Railways has decided to instruct Yatri Ticket Suvidha Kendras (YTSKs) to install POS machines and accept payments through all banks debit/credit cards for issuing both reserved and unreserved tickets. They are encouraged to accept payments through other modes also like UPI, USSD, e-wallet, Aadhar enabled payments system.
    2. Ministry of Railways has decided to instruct Jan Sadharan Ticket Booking Seva (JTBs) are also instructed to accept payments through other modes like UPI, USSD, e-wallets, Aadhar enabled payments system to issue unreserved tickets.
    3. Ministry Of Railways have decided to allow 5% Discount for booking of Retiring Room through digital means like using debit/credit cards.
    4. Ministry of Railways have decided that 0.5% discount in the base fare of season tickets (Monthly, quarterly, Half yearly, yearly) over suburban section shall be granted in case the payment is made through digital means through debit card, credit card etc.. Other charges like MUTP surcharge, Mela surcharge, service tax etc., if applicable shall be levied separately on the base fare arrived at after giving the 0.5% concession.
    ***
    AKS/MKV/AK

    (Release ID :156010)
     
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  6. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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  7. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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    Freight
    Screenshot_2017-01-01-08-59-37_1.jpg

    Finance , Safety and Security Screenshot_2017-01-01-08-59-41_1.jpg

    Electrification and other initiatives

    Screenshot_2017-01-01-08-59-51_1.jpg

    High Speed Railway
    Screenshot_2017-01-01-08-59-56_1.jpg

    MOUs Screenshot_2017-01-01-08-59-59_1.jpg

    Source : Ministry Of Railways
     
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  8. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog Staff Member MODERATOR

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  9. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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  10. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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    WDG 5 in action

    15826903_10207634175923742_1868325743402966068_n.jpg 15781545_10207634178683811_2892268944959104813_n.jpg
     
  11. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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    Trials for Dwarf double stack containers

     
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  12. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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    New Antyodaya Express Coaches.
    Antyodaya is a new class of completely unreserved sitting class only superfast trains introduced in last year's budget.
    Antyodaya1.jpg Antyodaya2.jpg Antyodaya3.jpg Antyodaya4.jpg Antyodaya5.jpg Antyodaya6.jpg Antyodaya7.jpg Antyodaya8.jpg Antyodaya9.jpg Antyodaya10.jpg
     
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  13. PARIKRAMA

    PARIKRAMA Angel or Devil? Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    Mail from IRCTC

    Dear Friend,


    It gives me immense pleasure to write to you at the onset of another new year. I wish the coming year brings happiness and prosperity in your life.


    It is the able leadership of our Honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji which is inspiring us to strive for revamping the Indian Railways.He has said that "This is a technology driven century. Innovation is important. Railways has to be about both 'Gati' and 'Pragati'. It is this mantra that guides us on this journey of transformation.


    Last year saw many milestones being set in Indian Railways and many new initiatives being taken. We believe not only in making promises,but also keeping them.We fulfilled many of the announcements made in the Railway Budget last year and we are committed to achieve the remaining ones.


    Improving travel experience for our fellow citizens is at the core of our work and philosophy. Enhancing safety, improving speed, creating new passenger amenities, augmenting infrastructure, introducing of new train products all have been means to achieve this end.


    Recent train accidents have anguished and pained me beyond words. We had started on this mission to make Indian Railways safe 2 years ago, when I joined office. Systemic issues accumulated over years take time to be resolved. Chronic underinvestment in infrastructure has affected the safety of Rail network. Much has been done but there is still so much more to do to make Indian Railways a safer mode of transport. We are determined to address the issues and come up with solutions. In the last 2 years, we have taken following measures to enhance safety:


    • Capital expenditure on safety related activities increased from Rs.39,200 Cr in 2013-14 to Rs. 46,048 Cr in 2015-16. We will be further increasing it to Rs.53,727 Cr in 2016-17.
    • Pace of track renewal has been increased substantially to over 2000 km every year.
    • Working on a mission to eliminate all unmanned level crossings by 2019.
    • All coaches to be retrofitted and improved with anti climbing and anti telescopic features over the next 4-5 years.
    • Entered into partnerships with several best-in-class global research bodies like Railway Technical Research Institute, Japan and Korean Rail Research Institute.
    • Introduction of Ultrasonic Broken Rail Detection System to detect rail fractures on a real time basis.
    • Train collision avoidance system is being introduced along high density routes.
    Some of the highlights of our work, among many others have been:



    • Introduction of country's first Humsafar Express between Gorakhpur and Anand Vihar in New Delhi. It is a fully air conditioned train with host of features like GPS enabled announcement system, pleasing interiors and exteriors,CCTV system,pantry with coffee making machine and microwave oven etc. An effort to provide luxury service at affordable price point.
    • We had revamped the general coaches into special `Deendayalu' Coaches with amenities like pure drinking water, better ergonomically designed seats for our general class passengers.
    • In the next 2 months, we would be ready with Tejas Trains which would redefine passenger travel experience in India.
    • We organised one of the world's largest brainstorming exercise involving all Railway employees, Rail Vikas Shivir which was graced by Honourable Prime Minister.A dedicated transformation office is being set up in the Ministry to implement innovative ideas coming out of this exercise.
    • We commissioned high speed Wi-Fi in over 100 stations across country and we would cover 200 more stations in the next year.
    • We signed a MoU with Ministry of Urban Development to create "Smart Stations" in planned Smart Cities.
    • On the freight side,we launched a spate of reforms including reduction in charges,liberalised key policies such as Siding and Parcel.
    • Indian Railways bagged a total of 27 National Energy Conservation Awards (NECA) this year, given annually by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) under aegis of Ministry of Power, Government of India. This is highest ever tally by Railways.
    • Partnered with Self Help Groups to provide local cuisines on trains, and thus facilitating employment creation,women empowerment and digital financial inclusion.
    • A capital expenditure of Rs. 94,000 Cr in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of Rs.46,000 Cr.
    • 2828 kms of broad gauge lines commissioned in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of 1528 kms.
    • 1730 kms of electrification completed in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of 1184 kms.
    • Declaration of India's first "Green Rail Corridor" of Rameswaram-Manamadurai section which is 100% human waste discharge free.
    • Installed 15000+ Bio Toilets in 2015-16.
    • Clean my Coach service started to enhance on board cleanliness.
    • E-catering, E-bedroll and E-wheelchair services introduced to provide seamless access to these services.
    • Introduced one of the world's cheapest travel insurance for our passengers at only 92 paise for insurance of up to Rs. 10 Lakh. It has now been made free of cost.
    • Reserved accommodation capacity increased to 44.7 Cr berths from 37.1 Cr.
    • Implemented one of the world's largest complaint resolution system through social media,dedicated helpline numbers.
    • 100% E-procurement of goods implemented to ensure transparency.
    • Largest ever online recruitment exam conducted with over 94 lakh applications.
    • 1000+ Water Vending Machines providing RO water installed at stations across country.
    • A total of 340+ stations have been provided with CCTV surveillance to ensure safety.
    • Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP)- Phase III approved by the Cabinet with an estimated cost of Rs 11,000 Cr.
    • A total of 365 new trains have been introduced in 2014-15 and 2015-16.
    • Trials of Talgo trains capable of running at 200 kmph successfully completed.-
    • Collaboration between India and Japan on Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed Rail project.
    • Indian Railways has been at the forefront when it comes to promoting sports in the country.Sakshi Malik, who created history by becoming the first women wrestler from India to bag an Olympic Medal is a member of our Railways family. A total of 35 sports persons who represented India in the Rio Olympics were Indian Railways employee, thus comprising almost a third of Indian contingent.
    • Three of our employees contributed in India's win in the Hockey Junior World Cup.
    • Key result areas defined for ensuring accountability, objective performance appraisal.
    All these milestones have been set under challenging circumstances.Years of underinvestment have led to overstretched infrastructure, inadequate carrying capacity and huge unmet passenger demand. Non rationalised passenger fares and cross subsidisation by freight revenue led to strain on financial health.


    We believe, Indian Railways belongs to you and when we involve you in creating a vision for Indian Railways, excellent results could be achieved. With this in mind, we launched Railways Innovation Challenge inviting suggestions to improve various aspects of our working. We also launched a website to invite inputs for preparation of National Rail Plan 2030.



    A lot has been done and a lot is yet to be achieved. It is our Honourable Prime Minister's firm belief that Railways can be the driver of country's economic growth. With this in mind, we step into the new year with renewed enthusiasm to achieve more, set new milestones.We are working on many focus areas which will propel Indian Railways further on the growth trajectory and benchmark it with the best in the world.



    Some of the endeavours among many others we are working on are:-



    • Redevelopment of railway stations into world class modern terminals with modern passenger amenities. The construction of first such terminal being planned at Habibganj, Bhopal would get underway in next few weeks.

    • A five year investment plan of Rs. 8.56 Lakh Cr for giving a major push to infrastructure augmentation and thus create capacity for future.

    • Enabling cashless transactions across Indian Railways at all interfaces.

    • Working on a multi pronged strategy for running of high speed trains (with a speed of 300 kmph+), semi high speed trains (with a speed of 160 kmph+ - 200kmph), running of existing trains with increased speeds and introduction of faster trains.

    • A big push on enhancing non fare revenue through advertisings, leasing out of spaces etc.In a first,a Non Fare Revenue Directorate has been set up in Railway Board for this purpose.

    • More structural reforms and creation of new organizations to keep pace with the changing requirements. Railway Planning and Investment Organisation to prepare National Rail Plan 2030 and SRESTHA, a R&D organization to name a few.

    • Plan to connect all capital cities of North Eastern states to be connected with broad gauge line by 2020 and stimulating economic development of the region.

    • Two Dedicated Freight Corridors to be commissioned by 2019 which will decongest existing traffic and pave way for better passenger and freight service.

    • Making Indian Railways 100% human waste discharge free through use of Bio-Toilets.

    • Plan to generate 1000 MW solar power in next 5 years, thus becoming one of the country's largest solar power producer.

    • Undertaking Accounting Reforms to create a transparent accounting system which will enhance profitability and improve overall efficiency.

    • Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning(ERP) to streamline operations, infuse technology, enhance efficiency.

    • Establishment of Rail University as a holistic knowledge centre for Railways.

    • LED luminaries at all stations.

    All these visions could not be turned into reality without the support of our fellow citizens. Thus, we seek your support in taking Indian Railways to the next level and benchmark it with the best in the world.

    I wish you and your family again, a very Happy New Year.


    Yours,

    Suresh Prabhu
     
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  14. AbRaj

    AbRaj Captain FULL MEMBER

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  15. anant_s

    anant_s Encyclopedia Technical Analyst

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    NO!
    LHB coaches, notice the fiat bogies
     

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