India's Deep Space Exploration Observatories (Orbital)

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    Announcement of Opportunity (AO) soliciting proposals for second AO cycle observations
    Announcement of Opportunity (AO) soliciting proposals for second AO cycle observations
     
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    Astronomers discover ‘powerful cosmic double whammy’ with help of India’s GMRT
    A supermassive black hole and the collision of giant galaxy clusters have combined to create a cosmic acceleration.
    By: PTI | Washington |
    Updated: January 7, 2017 5:06 PM
    [​IMG]The two clusters are both very massive, each weighing about a quadrillion – or a million billion – times the mass of the Sun.
     
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    Discovery of a hot companion associated with a Blue Straggler in NGC-188 using AstroSat UVIT data
    For details:
    [​IMG]FUV (left) and NUV (right) images of NGC-188 obtained on 18 February 2016.
    WOCS-5885 is marked as red square


    [​IMG]Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) for WOCS-5885. Points in light green are from UVIT

    Story of the Week - Archive
    Jan 09, 2017 : Discovery of a hot companion associated with a Blue Straggler in NGC-188 using AstroSat UVIT data
    Jan 02, 2017 : Golden Jubilee of Composite Materials Activities at ISRO
    Dec 26, 2016 : Indigenous Development of 4.5 ton Vertical Planetary Mixer
    Dec 19, 2016 : First National Finite Element Developers/FEASTSMT Users’ Meet at VSSC
    Dec 05, 2016 : National Rollout of GeoMGNREGA held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi
    Nov 28, 2016 : Applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) based Remote Sensing in NE Region
    Nov 21, 2016 : ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) Celebrates Ruby Year
     
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    ‘Vampire’ star caught in the act by Indian space observatory ASTROSAT

    India's first dedicated space observatory, ASTROSAT, has captured the rare phenomenon of a small, 6-billion-year-old "vampire" star "preying" on a bigger celestial body.
    By: PTI | New Delhi | Published: January 29, 2017 1:00 PM

    [​IMG]
    “The small star becomes bigger, hotter and bluer, which gives it the appearance of being young, while the ageing companion burns out and collapses to a stellar remnant,” said Annapurni Subramaniam, a Professor at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. (Representative image: Reuters)

    India’s first dedicated space observatory, ASTROSAT, has captured the rare phenomenon of a small, 6-billion-year-old “vampire” star “preying” on a bigger celestial body. Scientists say the smaller star, also called a “blue straggler”, feeds off its companion star by sucking out its mass and energy, causing its eventual death.

    “The most popular explanation is that these are binary systems in which the smaller star sucks material out of the bigger companion star to become a blue straggler, and hence is called a vampire star.

    “The small star becomes bigger, hotter and bluer, which gives it the appearance of being young, while the ageing companion burns out and collapses to a stellar remnant,” said Annapurni Subramaniam, a Professor at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics.

    Though this phenomenon is not unheard of, the observation of the entire process through the telescope will provide insights that will help scientists in studying the formation of ‘blue straggler’ stars.

    This discovery also highlights the capabilities of the telescopes on ASTROSAT, a dedicated space observatory satellite launched in September 2015.

    The study was recently published in Astrophysical Journal Letters by a team of scientists from IIA, Inter-University Centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

    Scientists are now looking to understand the chemical composition of the ‘blue straggler’ using high resolution spectroscopy, which could reveal more about the evolution of these peculiar celestial objects.

    The stars are part of a “cluster” called NGC 188 formed some 6 billion years ago, and are much older than the sun, which is believed to have come into existence nearly 4.5 billion years ago.

    “As the sucked up material from the ageing star will be polluted with material processed within the ageing star, this blue straggler will throw light on the kind of nuclear processing that happens in ageing stars”, Subramaniam, also the Calibration Scientist of UVIT on board the ASTROSAT, said.
     

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