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Iran Nuclear Conflicts, News & updates

Discussion in 'International Politics' started by Hembo, Sep 28, 2011.

  1. sunny_10

    sunny_10 BANNED BANNED

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    I find most of you, not understanding few bottomline concepts which finally misguide you all. how if SU might have fallen even before 1970? you might have signed NPT, this or that way, or, have faced so many sanctions that, after that you might have gone completely into western trap........... thank to SU for their help in defence, space reasearch and number of times VETO they used for India to keep India standing for so long including the time of nuclear tests and different wars you had....

    whatever consequences will ever happen to India will come from Pakistan only and rest, whatever consequences Iran will offer to West, even strategic detarrance through nukes, will only ease western pressure from India. on the other side, more China will have developed high techs, less West will worry if India also progress in developing new techs by taking few ideas from western companies also. you will only gain from the resistance offered to US/EU. you would only stick with a nuclear free world and till then, you would worry from Pakistan or China and rest forget. you have to develop new techs and pray for a successful China all the times which will make US helpless if India also rise. US/West will never accept a successful India, :no:, and longer they are engaged with others like China or Iran, more space you will have to think for progress of india. you will only gain if Iran rise and become more powerful :smile:
     
    Last edited: May 25, 2012
  2. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Even Every Indian ...My Father and My son is also need to Thank you Soviet Union as well as Russian Federation.....Till My last breath i remember your Helps in No. of war between Pakki and a War in China also..Rest of my words come in clearly with some of my other Indian Friends....Because i have much of Knowledge about our Relationship
     
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  3. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Last-ditch salvage effort at tough Iran talks


    Iran and six world powers sought desperately Thursday to salvage something tangible from two days of talks that have revealed huge differences over how to resolve the crisis over Tehran's nuclear programme.

    With signs that Iran has found little common ground with the P5+1 -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States plus Germany -- diplomats said they were striving at least to agree a venue and date to meet again.

    The talks have already been extended by a day and on Thursday a planned news conference by EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton was abruptly called off, in order, officials said, to have more talks from 6:00 pm (1500 GMT).

    The meeting in Baghdad saw the P5+1 offer a new package of proposals that included Iran suspending enrichment of uranium to 20-percent purities, for the P5+1 the most worrying part of Tehran's activity and the crunch issue.

    The capability to enrich to 20 percent takes Iran significantly closer to being able to produce weapons-grade 90 percent, if it took the decision to build a nuclear bomb, by shortening the so-called "breakout" time.

    But the P5+1 offer, made on the group's behalf by Ashton, alarmed Tehran since in return it does not offer the relief from crippling sanctions it is seeking.

    An Iranian official had said Wednesday that the offer even put into doubt whether there was enough common ground to hold more in-depth talks getting to the nitty gritty of the issues, which was the main objective for the P5+1.

    Iranian media said the chances of talks going into another round were "very low," with several outlets saying Iran had essentially been handed Israeli demands.

    However, one diplomat said that new talks had been agreed but that it was "not yet" possible to say where and when it would be. An Iranian official, however, denied that an agreement on new talks had been struck.

    The P5+1 reportedly proposed a pledge not to impose any new sanctions, as well as easing Iranian access to aircraft parts and a possible suspension of an EU insurance ban on ships carrying Iranian oil.

    The proposals also reportedly included a revival of previous attempts to get Iran to ship abroad its stockpiles of enriched uranium in return for fuel for a reactor producing medical isotopes.

    But Iran announced on Tuesday that it was loading domestically produced, 20-percent enriched uranium fuel into the reactor, and the Iranian official in Baghdad was dismissive of reviving the idea of a swap.

    "There have been some areas of common ground and there has been a fair amount of disagreement," said a senior US official late Wednesday, portraying this as a sign that the negotiations at least were as serious as hoped.

    "We have engaged in a lot of back and forth. Some of that has been difficult, but any negotiation that is worth its salt is difficult because you are getting down to the issues that matter.

    "We are the beginning of this process. We are not in the middle of it and we are certainly not at the end of it."

    Another diplomat said on Thursday that there was "clear distance between our positions. But that's what negotiations are for. At least both are getting a clearer sense of where the other side is."

    On Wednesday, Iran made a five-step counter-proposal that an official said was "based on the principles of step-by-step and reciprocity" and that Iran's ISNA news agency called "comprehensive ... transparent and practical".

    The Baghdad talks were always going to be tough, as to make progress the two sides would have to tackle some of the thorny issues that have divided them -- and the P5+1 themselves -- for years.

    The cost of the talks failing could barely be higher. Iran is threatened with an EU oil embargo due to take full effect from July 1 that will also bar EU firms from insuring crude tankers heading to India, South Korea and Japan.

    Israel, which is widely considered to have the Middle East's sole if undeclared nuclear arsenal, sees itself as Tehran's number-one target if Iran gets the bomb and is highly sceptical diplomacy can help it.

    Like the United States, it has refused to rule out military strikes on Iran's nuclear facilities to prevent it developing a weapons capability.

    Oil prices have risen higher as a result, hurting global growth just as the eurozone crisis threatens to return with a vengeance and as US President Barack Obama seeks re-election in November on the back of an improving economy.

    Obama, who campaigned in 2008 for his first term promising to reach out to Tehran, is also wary of his Iran policy being branded a failure by his Republican challenger Mitt Romney.

    Last-ditch salvage effort at tough Iran talks
     
  4. sunny_10

    sunny_10 BANNED BANNED

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    double post
     
    Last edited: May 25, 2012
  5. sunny_10

    sunny_10 BANNED BANNED

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    sir SU was a certain type of concept. SU was more a group of resisting nations towards the western aggression. I always made my russian friends thankful to India also for its long history of uniting the NAM countries to resist NATO, to support SU. just have a look on the former SU states whether russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan etc, today they all know that they did a mistake and as a united SU, they were very successful. please check the GDP per capita on PPP as below. per capita income of Russia/SU on PPP in january 1990 was twice to Poland, Mexico, 12 times to CHina, and their per capita income on PPP was only 70% to UK in january 1990

    Russia GDP per capita PPP

    concept behind Soviet Union was fit in the concept of NAM. they respect your culture, they appreciate your strength and are ready to support you with all means etc. even if China is their neighboring country and russia has fought many wars with CHina in past, they are very happy with Chinese progress. when you are in SU group, its more about defending yourself, like NAM. I lived in a time of 90s when there was an act of US through which US used to keep threatening Indian companies even if they try to cope with old techs of US also. they just didnt want India to have any techs and keep blaming India for copy right violations even if India companies try cope with old techs of US also in 90s. and one of the big example we have about the Cryogenic engine techs. Russian economy was falling, Chechnya war going on, and US pressured so much that Russia had to openly say that they will not transfer this techs in 90s. But even from the back door, they had helped India and now we find India having almost similar type modals in India which India claim it developed by itself while whole world knows its just a copy/clone of russian cryogenic engines. And now China has copied and done mass production of so many western techs that now US is just not worried if Indian companies also do research on those techs. Its because China has done so much mess that its just not worth for US to think about Indian companies. And if China may finish with 95% of US’s techs by next 7-8 years, say, then you would assume that Indian companies would also have done the same by next 12-13 years :meeting:

    there was a time when we used to say that SU didn’t help India in 1962 because we didn’t have leader like Indira Gandhi that time. India was in the position to get whole Kashmir in 1948 but because of lose policy of Mr Nehru, he moved to UN and all got messed up. India was in the position to do nuclear test in 1959 when scientist Bhabha requested him but he was worried for good reputation of India among the ‘democratic’ countries and when India had to fight with China in 1962, after Hindi-Chini bhai bhai, then that time you didn’t have any good relationship with communist SU/Russia that they could help you, they in fact didn’t know you properly till Indira Gandhi came in rule in India. But since the time of India Gandhi, India had got every strength while being an enemy of US/West. Every nuclear power, breaking down pakistan in 1971, enough support for India in defence and space research, all with support of SU. also It was the time when SU was ruling in Afghan and that time India took over Siachen Glacier, sometimes in 1984, and SU had given green signal to take over whole Kashmir in mid 80s to have a road link between India and SU but it was again weakness of India who didn’t try for it in mid 80s :hitwall:. and friendship between India and Russia was made by just one person, Indira Gandhi and the concept behind it was, “Russia will always be with India until India is standing firmly with russia, whether its war in 1971, nuclear test, defense techs, space research bla bla…………” a direct road link between India and SU could be possible if India might have got the whole Kashmir in 80s, while control of SU on Afghan during that time :rolleyes2:

    [​IMG]

    when I value friendship of Russia with India, then I find the following points in this respect:

    1. I may use Russian Veto power in favor of India like during Cold War, whenever I want. Just have a look on the dramas we see in NSG on time to time. US still maintain their same standing of NPT and India has to resist it. You still have only one man who will stand on his words while transferring techs of ‘reprocessing techs’ of nuclear reactors, similar to cryogenic engine techs. And from my side, I would be very happy if Australia won’t supply uranium to India. But I would just expect them to say in open that its because of their strategy they had till Cold War and in response, Kazakhstan will kick its all the customers with supplying uranium to India only……………..

    2. no matter how big war India may face. in India ocean, Indian military may win over whole world at one time, we just want Russia always with India who may first stop any aggression from North, and send few of its arms in your ocean also, if required, similar to 1971……

    3. no matter how big war may be plotted for energy in world in future, Russia will manage to supply the requirements of India in any case, this much oil/gas they have.

    4. and, export volume of India is very small as compare to China to be affected from rest of the world. I would only expect India to stick with WTO norms and keep kicking a$$ of US/West on time to time. As, anyhow US wants to give you disadvantage in most of the areas of business, with trying to get as big share of business of Indian market also, as much they may get. Just keep kicking those b@stards who just want to destroy your economy and get business of your market but they want to give you disadvantage when you also try for business with them……………

    5. for support from russia on defence sector and space research sector. from one of the best tank T90 and its full tech transfer, from full tech transfer of one of the best 4++ aircraft SU30MKI, full participation in 5th gen aircraft, opportunity to buy stealth submarines, support in building aircraft carrier etc. russia has all the one of the best arms, much superior than china and india gets its full tech transfer also. with full support on indian proposed manned space mission.....

    I have read too many articles regarding the current power balance/ business environment of the world and there is never a doubt that, “US always has someone on their gun point and you always have to resist them. And more you may resist them, more you will have opportunities to progress in future. Your ability to resist US/West is your only friend. US/West just don’t recognize your culture, values, standing as a nation and your national identity, your efforts to become a ‘success’ in future and your ability to resist them is your only friend.” And right now, we have only two hopes which may keep us civilized in world, otherwise we will have to become animals to fight for our rights in world. and these two hopes are Iran and China. Iran who may engage US/West as much that US won’t get much time to think about rest of the world including India, And, China would have copied as much Western high techs by next 6-7 years that western champions won’t worry if others also do the similar research to develop new techs.

    Just go to a Chinese forum and open the threads about Russia – China wars and see the comments of Chinese members but Russia always knows that until China is capable enough to resist Western aggression, we all may sleep peacefully and to do that, Russia offer every possible help to China against US. India won’t become a country like Brazil whose young generation would only dream to go to US and hate their own country/ identity/ culture and keep saying wrong about their own people in a Western nation, similar to 80s and 90s. those who go to West are free to say whatever they can and get their work done there and those who are based in India, has to defend India (themselves)….………

    There is no meaning to cheat ourselves and we can’t have friendship with our ‘existential enemy’, the US/West. Those who go to US/West would say every good for those nations and wrong about India to get their personal interests done there, and those who are based in India has to defend themselves. India won’t become a country whose high skills would work for Western factories and then they would sell those products in India itself and then we will need a Gandhi who may unite the whole nation to boycott those Western (British) products. We won’t reach a level that Indians may become as poor like during WW2 that their brave people would then fight for British army for their personal benefits and for their families. And on the top of that, in return of ‘security guarantee’ from US/West, we will have to pay them taxes also, similar to British Raj. First they will divide Asia, with making them fighting between India-China, India-Pakistan, China-Japan, Iran-Arab bla bla and then US would come in middle to offer help to both the sides, India and Pakistan both, similarly how British ruled in India, as below:

    We read too many things in books of primary schools but forget all till the age of even 20 also. How cruel those Jamindars, regional Kings/ Nawabs used to be while taking taxes (Lagaan) from the common poor of India and give it to their British lords/ British rule can be seen from one of the most popular Indian movie, LAGAAN, which was also nominated for Oscar.

    See this movie in between 4.20min to 6.20min to have an idea of how British ruled India.

    And double Lagaan (tax) charged to poor farmers, in return of 'security guarantee' of both the kings who used to fight with each other, in between 20.30min to 22.35min.

    and see how men of ‘British Queen’ got worried if they could lose tax (Lagaan) for even one year also for few villages, in between 1:19:40 to 1:21:30 :angry:

     
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  6. satz

    satz Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    ^^^

    Well written post. Indo-Russia friendship will be for ever. The days of SU are good but unfortunately i was not there to witness it hope we can see some thing back when we have putin back in hot seat. The problem for EAST is china and there Idiotic Foreign policy, they think they are super power and bullying small neighboring states, this action will not bring Asia close. Next we have Pakistan these mullas doen't know any thing other than there Religion. The first step in preventing us from the west is to stay united which purely depends upon china, they need to open the iron curtain of there country unless & until this is possible its easy for the west to make the region unstable.
     
  7. sunny_10

    sunny_10 BANNED BANNED

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    sir we always have to deal with 'Grey Areas', we will never have luxury to make difference between two choices on the basis of Black and White. things are always mixed up. and first of all we know that Indian young generation are very capable on educational background and if the world may get equalized, providing equal opportunity for all, then people of today's western society will become labors and Indians on high positions :meeting:. we all know every type of threats from North, China, but we have to deal a number of issues which are mixed up all together. we know China keeps pakistan to keep engaging India on the local level but we also know that this is very natural. they simply dont want India to become more powerful and they have pakistan in their pocket. but have a look on this news as below, till Cold War, SU had policy of No First Use of nukes but now Russia has changed it by saying, "Russia may use nukes in response of a large scale conventional arms aggression." and we know, neither US can put that big number on the russian border to fight, nor EU has that big number of army. change in Russian nuclear doctrine is pointed towards China only. Doesn’t Russia know that a powerful India will only help them have a power balance in Asia, easing pressure from Russia also, they know……....:agree:

    but it wont mean that we would engage China on local politics if it may be used on the world platform to resist the common interests of emerging economies as a whole. I tell you one recent example of voting about Syria, India also wanted to support Syria and Indian PM even made an open statement that “Use of Force to Change Regime will never be accepted”, but can you openly go against US/West to support Syria in the way as China does? :nope:, then here, why do you want to create any problem for China on regional level, China who may do that work on the international platform which you yourself can’t do? :what: read this news as below from a chinese newspaper, they know you yourself can't do these works on the international platform for what you look on China for help.......

    A successful China will provide enormous opportunity to India, Indian companies, Indian professionals. China will first rape every technology of US/West and produce them so cheaply that West will then not worry what next happens to those techs. and at the same time, China will offer so much resistance to US/West that they won’t get much time about you. US just don’t want you to have your own space reasearch techs, your own defence industries, your own successful industries, your successful society and they want you to become completely dependent on them and you have to resist these efforts. Its not Syria or Iran, use of force to change regime wont ever take place anywhere and we find only one political independent country in gulf region, its Iran and until it will stand as it is, it will definitely ease pressure from India………

    (while doing my BE in India, it used to be the common talks among us, with our senior while having lunch/dinner, that US would simply won't let India any high tech. its not just in defence and space research sectors but in any area of specialization, they simply won't let India rise, if its within their capabilities to resist Indian rise. they won't accept that successful India who would export high tech products to western nations in future by using the same high qualified indian professionals who helped US's firms have high techs. they would only keep 'Indian', an inferior identity, and you only have to resist their intentions to use your high skills for their uses and then make Indians wrong example in world also. you simply have to resist them who are your existential enemies. even a chinese migrant keep appreciation for indian origins but never expect the same from western nationals who are trying to maintain their current status without any credibility or proper educational background............)
     
    Last edited: May 26, 2012
  8. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    'No reason' to cede on 20% enriched uranium: Iran


    Tehran has "no reason" to suspend its enrichment of uranium to 20 percent -- one of the key demands of world powers engaging Iran in talks -- the head of its Atomic Energy Organisation said.

    "We have no reason to cede on 20 percent, because we produce only as much of the 20 percent fuel as we need. No more, no less," Fereydoon Abbasi Davani was quoted as saying late Saturday by the ISNA and Mehr news agencies.

    The issue of Iran's enrichment of uranium to 20 percent, and its stockpile of that uranium, were at the centre of talks on Wednesday and Thursday in Baghdad between Iran and six world powers (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States plus Germany).

    Those talks neared collapse when the powers, known as the P5+1, demanded Iran give up that activity and its stockpile in exchange for some inducements such as aircraft parts for its dilapidated commercial fleet and technical assistance in nuclear energy.

    Iran, which is suffering under Western sanctions, said the inducements were far too little and countered with a demand that the P5+1 declare that it has a right to enrich uranium.

    With that impasse, which Abbasi Davani termed "predictable," the talks teetered on failure and were saved only by last-minute wrangling that agreed to give negotiations another shot in Moscow on June 18-19.

    Abbasi Davani was quoted as saying that Iran had now joined the small group of countries "that can produce fuel for others."

    He added: "It is better that others engage us about providing (them) with fuel, not that they (the West) demand we shut down our fuel production."

    According to the latest report by the International Atomic Energy Agency, Tehran has produced 145.6 kilogrammes of 20-percent enriched uranium, of which nearly a third has been converted into fuel for its research reactor.

    Iran has also produced more than six tonnes of uranium enriched to 3.5 percent, part of which was processed further to make the 20-percent stock.

    Uranium enriched to 90 percent or above is used for military ends, to make nuclear warheads. Twenty-percent uranium is considered just a few steps short of that level.

    The IAEA has voiced suspicions that Iran might be working towards nuclear weapons research. It says its inspectors have not been given sufficient access to verify or invalidate that suspicion, although it expressed optimism that an agreement should be signed soon with Tehran permitting that.

    Iran, for its part, insists its nuclear programme is exclusively peaceful. It has railed against Western sanctions hitting its vital oil and financial sectors that aim to force it to curb its activities as unfair and illegal, although it claims they are ineffective.

    Those sanctions are set to tighten further on July 1, when an EU embargo on Iranian oil comes fully into effect. By then, US sanctions targeting Iran's central bank will also be fully implemented.

    A diplomat on the P5+1 negotiating side told AFP that the Iranians were already obviously hurting under the Western sanctions, "but are too proud to say anything explicit."

    The diplomat added that Iran's threat to walk away from the talks in Baghdad appeared to have been an attempt to "panic concessions out of us" but it did not work, and the P5+1 closed ranks.

    With the talks moving to Moscow next month, the diplomat said, the onus would be on Russia -- which has supported Iran within the P5+1 -- to move them forward.

    "The Russians will feel the need to deliver something positive and will have to sit on Iran," the diplomat said.

    'No reason' to cede on 20% enriched uranium: Iran
     
  9. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Iran doubts P5+1 willingness for success in nuclear talks

    Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad accused major world powers on Wednesday of looking for ways to "find excuses and to waste time" in talks over Tehran's controversial nuclear programme.

    "Iran is ready to pursue negotiations in Moscow, and even in Beijing, and has made good proposals," Ahmadinejad said in the Chinese capital, referring to talks set for later this month in Moscow amid claims by Tehran that the so-called P5+1 powers are dragging their feet on preparatory arrangements.

    "But taking into account that, after a meeting in Baghdad and, in conformity with what was agreed, our efforts to arrange a meeting between the deputies of (EU foreign policy chief Catherine) Ashton and the deputy of (Iranian negotiator Saeed Jalili) have not been successful, we consider that the West is looking for excuses to waste time."

    Ahmadinejad's remarks were posted on the government website.

    Earlier on Wednesday, Jalili said Iran doubts the willingness of world powers to succeed in upcoming crunch talks in Moscow over its disputed nuclear programme.

    "Delay by the other side in holding the meeting of experts and deputies is casting doubt and uncertainty on the willingness (of the P5+1) for success in the talks in Moscow," state news agency IRNA quoted Jalili as saying.

    Jalili, who made the comments in a letter to Ashton, the P5+1 lead negotiator, said: "The process of talks only for (further) talks is fruitless."

    Iran's doubts were publicised a day after reports that it had sent two letters to Ashton deputy Helga Schmid asking for a preparatory meeting of experts as agreed in talks last month in Baghdad.

    Iran's Supreme National Security Council, which oversees the nuclear talks, found the EU response to the letters "unsatisfactory" and only touching on "general topics," according to the reports.

    Jalili, who is the council's secretary, said he hoped the P5+1 (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany) would be ready for the meeting between his deputy, Ali Bagheri, and Schmid to prepare an agenda for the talks in Moscow on June 18-19.

    Ashton spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic told AFP in Brussels on Wednesday that to succeed in Moscow "engagement on substance is key, not the process."



    Iran doubts P5+1 willingness for success in nuclear talks
     
  10. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Watchdog to seek elusive deal to access Iran nuclear sites

    The United Nations' nuclear watchdog will push Iran in fresh talks Friday to strike a deal on access to sites where Tehran is suspected of working on an atomic bomb, particularly the Parchin military base.

    The International Atomic Energy Agency's representatives will be going into the meeting looking for progress, after its director general Yukiya Amano signaled Monday that differences between the two parties had "narrowed."

    However, the United States' envoy to the IAEA, Robert Woods, dampened expectations that a deal can be struck at Friday's discussions in Vienna, saying that he is "not optimistic."

    "I certainly hope an agreement will be reached," he said on the sidelines of a meeting of the IAEA's board of governors. But he added: "I'm not certain Iran is ready."

    Western powers and Israel suspect Iran is trying to develop a bomb behind the veil of its civilian nuclear programme, a charge Tehran denies.

    The IAEA is particularly interested in the Parchin military base near Tehran, where it believes suspicious explosives testing has been carried out. Its repeated requests to visit Parchin in months have been rebuffed by Tehran.

    IAEA chief inspector Herman Nackaerts and deputy director general Rafael Grossi will meet Iran's ambassador to the agency, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, in Friday's meeting.

    Soltanieh has so far kept an upbeat tone.

    "We'll try to continue to work on the text of a structural approach. Hopefully we will be able to conclude it," he told journalists.

    "I'm always optimistic," he added. "I hope that both sides will be able to find a common denominator."

    Amano made a whirlwind trip to Iran last month after a promising round of talks in Vienna, and said after his return that the two sides were close to a deal.

    But Western diplomats have since said Iran seems to be dragging its feet.

    On Wednesday, the European Union called on Iran to "conclude the agreement without further delay."

    Israel has repeatedly threatened military action to stop Iran from developing a nuclear warhead.

    The so-called P5+1 -- the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany -- revived talks with Iran in Istanbul in April and met again in May in Baghdad, though little was achieved.

    Iran and the six world powers are due to meet again in Moscow on June 18 and 19. Barring progress, an EU oil embargo against Iran will come into force on July 1.

    Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported on Monday that Israel and the US are also discussing new sanctions against Iran if the Moscow talks fail.

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov for his part said Wednesday that more sanctions against Iran would be "counterproductive".

    In November, the IAEA said in a report that it had "credible" intelligence suggesting Iran had worked toward building nuclear warheads.

    The watchdog is seeking a deal that would enable it to answer lingering questions raised in the report -- which drew on its own information, foreign intelligence and limited input from Iran itself -- by giving its inspectors access to all sites, documents and people involved in the nuclear programme.

    Parchin base is of particular interest. The IAEA has said new satellite imagery indicates "extensive activities" at the base, which experts see as signs of a clean-up.

    Watchdog to seek elusive deal to access Iran nuclear sites

    Watchdog to seek elusive deal to access Iran nuclear sites

    The United Nations' nuclear watchdog will push Iran in fresh talks Friday to strike a deal on access to sites where Tehran is suspected of working on an atomic bomb, particularly the Parchin military base.

    The International Atomic Energy Agency's representatives will be going into the meeting looking for progress, after its director general Yukiya Amano signaled Monday that differences between the two parties had "narrowed."

    However, the United States' envoy to the IAEA, Robert Woods, dampened expectations that a deal can be struck at Friday's discussions in Vienna, saying that he is "not optimistic."

    "I certainly hope an agreement will be reached," he said on the sidelines of a meeting of the IAEA's board of governors. But he added: "I'm not certain Iran is ready."

    Western powers and Israel suspect Iran is trying to develop a bomb behind the veil of its civilian nuclear programme, a charge Tehran denies.

    The IAEA is particularly interested in the Parchin military base near Tehran, where it believes suspicious explosives testing has been carried out. Its repeated requests to visit Parchin in months have been rebuffed by Tehran.

    IAEA chief inspector Herman Nackaerts and deputy director general Rafael Grossi will meet Iran's ambassador to the agency, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, in Friday's meeting.

    Soltanieh has so far kept an upbeat tone.

    "We'll try to continue to work on the text of a structural approach. Hopefully we will be able to conclude it," he told journalists.

    "I'm always optimistic," he added. "I hope that both sides will be able to find a common denominator."

    Amano made a whirlwind trip to Iran last month after a promising round of talks in Vienna, and said after his return that the two sides were close to a deal.

    But Western diplomats have since said Iran seems to be dragging its feet.

    On Wednesday, the European Union called on Iran to "conclude the agreement without further delay."

    Israel has repeatedly threatened military action to stop Iran from developing a nuclear warhead.

    The so-called P5+1 -- the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany -- revived talks with Iran in Istanbul in April and met again in May in Baghdad, though little was achieved.

    Iran and the six world powers are due to meet again in Moscow on June 18 and 19. Barring progress, an EU oil embargo against Iran will come into force on July 1.

    Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported on Monday that Israel and the US are also discussing new sanctions against Iran if the Moscow talks fail.

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov for his part said Wednesday that more sanctions against Iran would be "counterproductive".

    In November, the IAEA said in a report that it had "credible" intelligence suggesting Iran had worked toward building nuclear warheads.

    The watchdog is seeking a deal that would enable it to answer lingering questions raised in the report -- which drew on its own information, foreign intelligence and limited input from Iran itself -- by giving its inspectors access to all sites, documents and people involved in the nuclear programme.

    Parchin base is of particular interest. The IAEA has said new satellite imagery indicates "extensive activities" at the base, which experts see as signs of a clean-up.

    Watchdog to seek elusive deal to access Iran nuclear sites
     
  11. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    New setback with 'no progress' on IAEA-Iran deal

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    The UN nuclear watchdog and Iran failed Friday to agree a deal allowing greater access to Tehran's contested nuclear programme, a setback as world powers prepare for crucial talks in Moscow.

    "There has been no progress," IAEA chief inspector Herman Nackaerts announced late Friday after all-day talks with Iran's envoy to the agency Ali Asghar Soltanieh and IAEA deputy director general Rafael Grossi.

    "This is disappointing," he said, reading out a prepared statement at a joint briefing with the Iranian ambassador.

    The International Atomic Energy Agency had come to the meeting "in a constructive spirit and with the desire and intention of finalising the paper" but Iran had imposed new conditions on a deal, Nackaerts said.

    A date for a new meeting between the two sides had yet to be set, he added.

    The agency has been seeking a deal with Iran that would allow greater access to sites, people and documents tied to Tehran's nuclear programme.

    After a visit to Iran on May 21, IAEA chief Yukiya Amano had said the two sides were close to a deal.

    However, Soltanieh appealed Friday for "time and patience" and vowed that Iran was "ready to remove all ambiguities and prove to the world that our activities are exclusively for peaceful purposes."

    "Let Iran and the IAEA do their work," he said, adding that "there is no obstacle" to an accord being struck at a later date.

    The planned accord would include agency access to the Parchin military base near Tehran, where the IAEA believes suspicious explosives testing was carried out before 2003 and possibly after that.

    On two visits to Iran, in January and February, the UN nuclear watchdog said it was denied access to the site.

    Meanwhile, new satellite imagery indicated "extensive activities" at the base, which "could hamper the agency's ability to undertake effective verification" of the site, the IAEA said in a report last month.

    In other words, experts spoke of a clean-up, pointing to the razing of two small buildings and what looked like a water run-off.

    But Soltanieh dismissed this as politicisation by Western countries.

    "Whoever raises the issue of Parchin or other sites which is going to be dealt with in this framework... is just creating a negative environment, and this is not advisable and this is not conducive," he told journalists.

    Western powers and Israel suspect Iran is trying to produce a nuclear bomb, but Tehran insists it is merely developing atomic power for civilian purposes.

    Earlier this week, IAEA chief Yukiya Amano again warned Iran that it needed to do more to alleviate international concerns over its nuclear drive.

    "Iran is not providing the necessary cooperation to enable the agency to provide credible assurance about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran, and therefore to conclude that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities," he said.

    The negotiations with the IAEA come ahead of a crucial new round of talks between Iran and the so-called P5+1 world powers -- the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany -- in Moscow on June 18-19.

    Barring progress there, an EU oil embargo against Iran will come into force on July 1, adding to a range of sanctions imposed under UN resolutions.

    During a meeting in Beijing Friday, China's President Hu Jintao urged his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to be "flexible and pragmatic" ahead of Moscow and to cooperate with the IAEA, Xinhua state news agency reported.

    Talks with the P5+1 were revived in Istanbul in April after being stalled for a year, and were held again in Baghdad in May, although little was achieved.

    A key source of dispute has been Iran's enrichment of uranium to 20-percent purity, bringing Tehran consistently closer to producing the 90-percent enriched uranium required to make a bomb, according to Western powers.

    On Thursday, Tehran insisted that Western powers must recognise its "right" to uranium enrichment -- which it says it needs to produce medical isotopes -- if talks in Moscow are to advance.

    New setback with 'no progress' on IAEA-Iran deal
     
  12. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Iran to be given 'clear path' to end nuclear impasse: US


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    World powers will outline to Iran a "very clear path" to resolve the impasse over its suspect nuclear program at talks in Moscow next week, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Tuesday.

    "There is a unified position being presented by the P5+1 that gives Iran, if it is interested in taking a diplomatic way out, a very clear path that would be verifiable and would be linked to action for action," Clinton told a US think-tank.

    "I am quite certain that they are under tremendous pressure from the Russians and the Chinese to come to Moscow prepared to respond. Now whether that response is adequate or not we will have to judge," she added.

    Iran's top nuclear negotiator on Tuesday confirmed an agreement had been struck with the EU official representing world powers negotiating with Tehran on the content of upcoming talks in Moscow.

    Saeed Jalili, the secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council, and EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton had a telephone conversation late on Monday, Jalili's office said in a statement reported by Iranian state media.

    Ashton had met senior officials from the so-called P5+1 group -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States plus Germany on Monday -- to prepare for the talks in Moscow on Tehran's contested nuclear drive.

    Moscow will host a third round of negotiations on June 18-19 between Iran and the global powers that up until now have failed to yield results in efforts to curb Tehran's nuclear activities.

    The Western nations in the P5+1, and the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency, suspect Iran has conducted research towards developing nuclear weapons.

    Iran denies that accusation and claims it is being unfairly treated by the West under the terms of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It says its activities are solely for peaceful purposes.

    "The Russians have made it very clear that they expect the Iranians to advance the discussion in Moscow. Not just to come, listen and leave. We will know once it happens," Clinton said.

    The Moscow round follows two earlier unproductive meetings since early April, in Istanbul and in Baghdad which failed to yield results in efforts to curb Tehran's nuclear activities.

    Clinton said the threat posed by Iran "is real" and it was clear "we are dealing with a regime which has hegemonic ambitions."

    "The continuing effort by the Iranians to extend their influence and to use terror as a tool to do so extends to our hemisphere and all the way to East Asia. So the threat is real," she added.

    Iran to be given 'clear path' to end nuclear impasse: US
     
  13. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Russia presses Iran ahead of nuclear talks


    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov flew into Iran on Wednesday for a brief visit to discuss upcoming international talks over Tehran's disputed nuclear programme.



    The trip preceded a new round of negotiations between Iran and the major powers that is to be held in Moscow next Monday and Tuesday.

    In a joint news conference after meeting his Iranian counterpart, Ali Akbar Salehi, Lavrov revealed little of what they talked about.

    "The Iranian side is interested in coming up with solutions which would contribute to the settlement of the nuclear issue," he said, speaking through an official interpreter.

    He reiterated Russia's opposition to unilateral sanctions imposed by Western countries that are hurting Iran's oil export-dependent economy.

    Salehi said he was "optimistic" about the prospects of the Moscow negotiations, despite two unproductive rounds in Istanbul and Baghdad earlier this year.

    "The direction taken by the two sides to resolve the issue is the right one," he said. "The issue is complicated and one has to have patience to make progress."

    He added: "In this process, it can slow down at times, then accelerate. But we are optimistic about the final result."

    Lavrov was also to meet Iran's lead negotiator, Saeed Jalili, before flying out, according to Iranian officials.

    US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Tuesday that the Iranians "are under tremendous pressure from the Russians and the Chinese to come to Moscow prepared to respond" to proposals by the world powers to alleviate the showdown over Tehran's nuclear activities.

    She said: "The Russians have made it very clear that they expect the Iranians to advance the discussion in Moscow. Not just to come, listen and leave. We will know once it happens."

    Moscow is the most sympathetic to Tehran among the six powers negotiating with it in the talks, although it has sided with the West in expressing fears that Iran could be pursuing the development of a nuclear weapons capability, which has raised the spectre of military strikes by the United States or Israel.

    The so-called P5+1 group of nations -- comprising UN Security Council permanent members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany -- offered a package of proposals to Iran in the last round, in Baghdad in May.

    They called for Iran to halt its enrichment of uranium to 20 percent, ship out its stockpile of 20-percent uranium and halt enrichment at its fortified Fordo facility.

    In return, they offered nuclear cooperation, spare parts for Iran's dilapidated passenger aircraft fleet and an easing of a EU ban on tanker insurance that hinders oil sales to Asia.

    Iran's negotiators rejected the package as grossly insufficient. They countered with a list of their own issues that included many non-nuclear topics such as regional security, and the demand that the P5+1 override several UN Security Council resolutions by agreeing that Iran has a "right" to uranium enrichment.

    The distance between the two sides' positions almost caused the Baghdad round to collapse, but last-minute discussions managed to eke out an agreement for the Moscow round, which will take place just two weeks before an EU embargo on Iranian oil imports is due to to be fully imposed.

    In the past few days, Iranian officials have softened slightly their stance by saying the issue of 20-percent enriched uranium could still be up for negotiation -- but only if the concession offered in return was of the same importance.

    Russia presses Iran ahead of nuclear talks
     
  14. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Ahmadinejad says ready for 'positive step' at nuclear talks


    Iran is ready to make a "positive step" at talks in Moscow on Tehran's disputed nuclear programme, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said, adding that he hoped for progress at next week's crucial meeting.

    Two days of talks between Iran and the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany begin Monday under the watchful eye of President Vladimir Putin -- a strongman who expects results.

    "We are ready on a voluntary basis to make a positive step if the other party makes a similar step," Ahmadinejad told Germany's Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, a Sunday paper.

    "We hope that we will make progress in Moscow."

    Moscow is the most sympathetic to Tehran among the six powers negotiating with it in the talks, although it has sided with the West in expressing fears that Iran could be pursuing nuclear weapons, which has raised the spectre of military strikes by the United States or Israel.

    The so-called P5+1 group of nations -- comprising UN Security Council permanent members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany -- offered a package of proposals to Iran at the last round of talks in Baghdad in May.

    They called for Iran to halt its enrichment of uranium to 20 percent, ship out its stockpile of 20-percent uranium and halt enrichment at its fortified Fordo facility.

    In return, they offered nuclear cooperation, spare parts for Iran's dilapidated passenger aircraft fleet and an easing of an EU ban on tanker insurance that hinders oil sales to Asia.

    Iran's negotiators rejected the package as grossly insufficient.

    They countered with a list of their own issues that included many non-nuclear topics such as regional security and the demand that the P5+1 override several UN Security Council resolutions by agreeing that Iran has a "right" to uranium enrichment.

    Ahmadinejad says ready for 'positive step' at nuclear talks
     
  15. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    US, Israel made Flame virus to thwart Iran


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    The United States and Israel collaborated to create the Flame computer virus as part of an effort to slow Iran's suspected nuclear weapons drive, The Washington Post reported Tuesday.

    The newspaper, citing "Western officials with knowledge of the effort," said the sophisticated malware was designed to spy on Iran's computer networks and send back intelligence used for an ongoing cyberwarfare campaign.

    The Post said the US National Security Agency and CIA worked with Israel's military on the project.

    A number of reports had linked Israel and the United States to Flame and another virus called Stuxnet which caused malfunctions in Iran's nuclear enrichment equipment.

    US officials have not publicly discussed the matter except to say that they are focused on cyber efforts as part of defense and intelligence.

    "This is about preparing the battlefield for another type of covert action," one former high-ranking US intelligence official told the Post.

    The Russian security firm Kaspersky, first credited with discovering Flame, said last week the malware had strong links to Stuxnet.

    Kaspersky said its research shows the two programs share certain portions of code, suggesting some ties between two separate groups of programmers.

    The New York Times reported June 1 that President Barack Obama accelerated cyberattacks on Iran's nuclear program and expanded the assault even after the Stuxnet virus accidentally escaped in 2010.

    The cyberattack, aimed at preventing Iran from developing nuclear weapons and keeping Israel from launching a preventive military strike, sowed widespread confusion in Iran's Natanz nuclear plant, the Times said.

    US, Israel made Flame virus to thwart Iran: report
     

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