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Made in India, Industries of India

Discussion in 'World Economy' started by santosh, Mar 30, 2014.

  1. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Tata Motors Limited is India's largest automobile company, with consolidated revenues of INR 2,32,834 crores (USD 38.9 billion) in 2013-14. It is the leader in commercial vehicles in each segment, and among the top in passenger vehicles with winning products in the compact, midsize car and utility vehicle segments. It is also the world's fifth largest truck manufacturer and fourth largest bus manufacturer.

    The Tata Motors Group's over 60,000 employees are guided by the mission "to be passionate in anticipating and providing the best vehicles and experiences that excite our customers globally.''

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    Established in 1945, Tata Motors' presence cuts across the length and breadth of India. Over 8 million Tata vehicles ply on Indian roads, since the first rolled out in 1954. The company's manufacturing base in India is spread across Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Pune (Maharashtra), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Pantnagar (Uttarakhand), Sanand (Gujarat) and Dharwad (Karnataka). Following a strategic alliance with Fiat in 2005, it has set up an industrial joint venture with Fiat Group Automobiles at Ranjangaon (Maharashtra) to produce both Fiat and Tata cars and Fiat powertrains. The company's dealership, sales, services and spare parts network comprises over 6,600 touch points, across the world. :tup:

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    Tata Motors, also listed in the New York Stock Exchange (September 2004), has emerged as an international automobile company. Through subsidiaries and associate companies, Tata Motors has operations in the UK, South Korea, Thailand, South Africa and Indonesia. Among them is Jaguar Land Rover, acquired in 2008. In 2004, it acquired the Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company, South Korea's second largest truck maker. The rechristened Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company has launched several new products in the Korean market, while also exporting these products to several international markets. Today two-thirds of heavy commercial vehicle exports out of South Korea are from Tata Daewoo. In 2006, Tata Motors formed a 51:49 joint venture with the Brazil-based, Marcopolo, a global leader in body-building for buses and coaches to manufacture fully-built buses and coaches for India - the plant is located in Dharwad. In 2006, Tata Motors entered into joint venture with Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Company of Thailand to manufacture and market the company's pickup vehicles in Thailand, and entered the market in 2008. Tata Motors (SA) (Proprietary) Ltd., Tata Motors' joint venture with Tata Africa Holding (Pty) Ltd. set up in 2011, has an assembly plant in Rosslyn, north of Pretoria. The plant can assemble, semi knocked down (SKD) kits, light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles ranging from 4 tonnes to 50 tonnes.

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    Tata Motors is also expanding its international footprint, established through exports since 1961. The company's commercial and passenger vehicles are already being marketed in several countries in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South East Asia, South Asia, South America, CIS and Russia. It has franchisee/joint venture assembly operations in Bangladesh, Ukraine, and Senegal.

    The foundation of the company's growth over the last 68 years is a deep understanding of economic stimuli and customer needs, and the ability to translate them into customer-desired offerings through leading edge R&D. With over 4,500 engineers, scientists and technicians the company's Engineering Research Centre, established in 1966, has enabled pioneering technologies and products. The company today has R&D centres in Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow, Dharwad in India, and in South Korea, Italy, Spain, and the UK.

    It was Tata Motors, which launched the first indigenously developed Light Commercial Vehicle in 1986. In 2005, Tata Motors created a new segment by launching the Tata Ace, India's first indigenously developed mini-truck. In 2009, the company launched its globally benchmarked Prima range of trucks and in 2012 the Ultra range of international standard light commercial vehicles. In their power, speed, carrying capacity, operating economy and trims, they will introduce new benchmarks in India and match the best in the world in performance at a lower life-cycle cost.

    Tata Motors also introduced India's first Sports Utility Vehicle in 1991 and, in 1998, the Tata Indica, India's first fully indigenous passenger car.
    In January 2008, Tata Motors unveiled its People's Car, the Tata Nano. The Tata Nano has been subsequently launched, as planned, in India in March 2009, and subsequently in 2011 in Nepal and Sri Lanka. A development, which signifies a first for the global automobile industry, the Nano brings the joy of a car within the reach of thousands of families.

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    Tata Motors is equally focussed on environment-friendly technologies in emissions and alternative fuels. It has developed electric and hybrid vehicles both for personal and public transportation. It has also been implementing several environment-friendly technologies in manufacturing processes, significantly enhancing resource conservation.

    Through its subsidiaries, the company is engaged in engineering and automotive solutions, automotive vehicle components manufacturing and supply chain activities, vehicle financing, and machine tools and factory automation solutions.

    Tata Motors is committed to improving the quality of life of communities by working on four thrust areas - employability, education, health and environment. The activities touch the lives of more than a million citizens. The company's support on education and employability is focused on youth and women. They range from schools to technical education institutes to actual facilitation of income generation. In health, the company's intervention is in both preventive and curative health care. The goal of environment protection is achieved through tree plantation, conserving water and creating new water bodies and, last but not the least, by introducing appropriate technologies in vehicles and operations for constantly enhancing environment care.

    With the foundation of its rich heritage, Tata Motors today is etching a refulgent future.

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    Tata Motors Defence Vehicles | Military Vehicles | Police Vehicles

    Tata Motors Defence Vehicles | Military Vehicles | Police Vehicles
     
  2. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    The TATA group has operations in more than 80 countries across six continents, and its companies export products and services to 85 countries. The total revenue of Tata companies, taken together, was $83.5 billion (around Rs380,663 crore) in 2010-11, with 57.8 per cent of this coming from business outside India. Tata companies employ over 425,000 people worldwide. The Tata name has been respected in India for 140 years for its adherence to strong values and business ethics. Every Tata company or enterprise operates independently. Each of these companies has its own board of directors and shareholders, to whom it is answerable. There are 28 publicly listed Tata enterprises and they have a combined market capitalisation of about $84.16 billion (as on September 8, 2011), and a shareholder base of 3.5 million. The major Tata companies are Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Power, Tata Chemicals, Tata Global Beverages, Indian Hotels and Tata Communications.

    Tata Motors Armoured Vehicles Range: Group Profile

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    SCOOP - Spotted a Tata All-Wheel-Drive Truck - Page 4 - Team-BHP


    Tata Steel became the tenth-largest steelmaker in the world after it acquired Corus, later renamed Tata Steel Europe. Tata Motors is among the top five commercial vehicle manufacturers in the world and has recently acquired Jaguar and Land Rover. TCS is a leading global software company, with delivery centres in the US, UK, Hungary, Brazil, Uruguay and China, besides India. Tata Global Beverages is the second-largest player in tea in the world. Tata Chemicals is the world's second-largest manufacturer of soda ash and Tata Communications is one of the world's largest wholesale voice carriers.

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    Tata Motors' Tactical and Armoured Vehicles.


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    Tata 8x8 Water Purification system


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    Land Rover to enter Indian defense



    VIDEO: Newsx Report On The New Tata 155mm Howitzer

    The Tata Group's strategic electronics division (Tata Power SED) revealed today its truck-mounted 155mm howitzer gun, a weapon system that will bid for an Indian Army requirement for 814 mounted gun systems. These photo, the first of the new gun, are courtesy my network colleague Sandeep Unnithan, senior editor at INDIA TODAY magazine.

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    The Quick Deployment Mobile Communication Terminal (QDMCT), built on the Tata Light Specialist Vehicle (LSV) platform


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    Founded by Jamsetji Tata in 1868, Tata's early years were inspired by the spirit of nationalism. It pioneered several industries of national importance in India: steel, power, hospitality and airlines. In more recent times, its pioneering spirit has been showcased by companies such as TCS, India's first software company, and Tata Motors, which made India's first indigenously developed car, the Indica, in 1998 and recently unveiled the world's lowest-cost car, the Tata Nano.

    Tata companies have always believed in returning wealth to the society they serve. Two-thirds of the equity of Tata Sons, the Tata promoter company, is held by philanthropic trusts that have created national institutions for science and technology, medical research, social studies and the performing arts. The trusts also provide aid and assistance to non-government organisations working in the areas of education, healthcare and livelihoods. Tata companies also extend social welfare activities to communities around their industrial units. The combined development-related expenditure of the trusts and the companies amounts to around 4 per cent of the net profits of all the Tata companies taken together.

    Going forward, Tata is focusing on new technologies and innovation to drive its business in India and internationally. The Nano car is one example, as is the Eka supercomputer (developed by another Tata company), which in 2008 was ranked the world's fourth fastest. Anchored in India and wedded to traditional values and strong ethics, Tata companies are building multinational businesses that will achieve growth through excellence and innovation, while balancing the interests of shareholders, employees and civil society.

    Tata Motors Armoured Vehicles Range: Group Profile


    => Fourteen Tata companies provide critical and indigenous technologies to the Indian defence sector

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    Strategic partner in defence - Tata Sons - Tata group


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    Tata LPA 713
     
    Last edited: Aug 9, 2014
  3. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Attached Files:

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  4. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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  5. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Jaguar India | How alive are you?

    JAGUAR XF
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    JAGUAR XJ
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    NEW JAGUAR XE
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    C-X17
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    INDUSTRY LEADING GROWTH IN INDIA

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    Jaguar India | How alive are you?



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    Jaguar Cars (/ˈdʒæɡjuː.ər/ jag-ew-ər) is a brand of Jaguar Land Rover,[6] a British multinational car manufacturer headquartered inWhitley, Coventry, England, owned by Tata Motors[7] since 2008.

    Jaguar was founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company in 1922, originally making motorcycle sidecars before developing passenger cars. The name was changed to Jaguar after World War II to avoid the unfavourable connotations of the SS initials.[8] Sale to The British Motor Corporation followed in 1966, the resulting enlarged company now being renamed as British Motor Holdings (BMH), which in 1968 merged with Leyland Motor Corporation and became British Leyland, itself to be nationalised in 1975.

    Jaguar was de-merged from British Leyland and was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984, becoming a constituent of theFTSE 100 Index until it was acquired by Ford in 1990.[9] Jaguar has, in recent years, manufactured cars for the British Prime Minister, the most recent delivery being an XJ in May 2010.[10] The company also holds royal warrants from Queen Elizabeth II andPrince Charles.[11]

    Jaguar cars today are designed in Jaguar Land Rover's engineering centres at the Whitley plant in Coventry and at their Gaydon site in Warwickshire, and are manufactured in Jaguar's Castle Bromwich assembly plant in Birmingham with some manufacturing expected to take place in the Solihull plant.

    In September 2013 Jaguar Land Rover announced plans to open a 100 million GBP (160 million USD) research and development centre in the University of Warwick, Coventry to create a new generation of vehicle technologies. The carmaker said around 1,000 academics and engineers would work there and that construction would start in 2014.[12][13]

    On 1 January 2008, Ford formally declared that Tata was the preferred bidder.[38] Tata Motors also received endorsements from the Transport And General Worker's Union (TGWU)-Amicus[39] combine as well as from Ford.[40] According to the rules of the auction process, this announcement would not automatically disqualify any other potential suitor. However, Ford (as well as representatives of Unite) would now be able to enter into detailed discussions with Tata concerning issues ranging from labour concerns (job security and pensions), technology (IT systems and engine production) and intellectual property,[41] as well as the final sale price.[42] Ford would also open its books for a more comprehensive due diligence by Tata.[43] On 18 March 2008, Reuters reported that American bankers Citigroup and JP Morgan would finance the deal with a USD 3 billionloan.[44]

    On 26 March 2008, Ford announced that it had agreed to sell its Jaguar and Land Rover operations to Tata Motors of India, and that they expected to complete the sale by the end of the second quarter of 2008.[45] Included in the deal were the rights to three other British brands, Jaguar's own Daimler, as well as two dormant brands Lanchester andRover.[46] On 2 June 2008, the sale to Tata was completed at a cost of £1.7 billion.[47][48][49] :coffee:
     
    Last edited: Aug 16, 2014
  6. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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  7. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Luxury carmaker does profit U-turn

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    The Range Rover Evoque is the latest in the luxury brand's line-up, and goes on sale in Australia later this year.

    In one of the greatest industrial turnarounds in British corporate history, Jaguar Land Rover, the luxury carmaker so troubled during the depths of the recession that there were fears it could go bankrupt, has reported a profit of more than £1 billion ($1.54bn). :cheers:

    Tata, the Indian parent of the British manufacturer, reported that JLR made a profit after tax of £1.043 billion ($1.6 billion) in the financial year to March 31, compared to £32 million ($49.3 million) the previous year. :india:

    The rebirth of the carmaker comes courtesy of the strong overseas demand for Jaguars, Range Rovers and Land Rovers which has made the company one of the UK's most important exporters.

    Last year, more than 77 percent of JLR's output of about 240,000 cars were bound for shipment, with China for instance now making up a fast-expanding 10 per cent of its market.

    JLR is also Britain's single largest automotive employer, with nearly 20,000 staff.

    Carl-Peter Forster, chief executive of Tata Motors, the Indian company which bought JLR from Ford for €2.3 billion ($3 billion), said, "Jaguar Land Rover is now a strong, profitable and innovative competitor in the premium car industry and will deliver even more attractive models and technologies to customers worldwide."

    The new baby Range Rover, the Evoque, is being launched in the US this northern summer and the company has also committed to the construction of a limited edition hybrid electric-powered supercar, the Jaguar C-X75.

    Cookies must be enabled. | The Australian
     
  8. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    FT: Tata hands Jaguar £5bn to match German rivals :tup:
    By Peter Marsh in London

    Jaguar Land Rover is investing £5bn ($8.2bn) over the next five years to catch up on quality with BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Audi – the three German companies that dominate the luxury end of the automotive business globally. :india:

    The money will be spent mainly on product development and new equipment at JLR’s three UK plants, which together employ just over 17,000 people, with some of it likely to cover new investments at a planned factory in China.

    The spending is seen as a sign of commitment to the UK by JLR’s Indian parent group, Tata. Ratan Tata, chairman, authorised the $2.3bn purchase of JLR three years ago from Ford, only to see his plans blown off course by the global recession.

    Prof Garel Rhys, an automotive specialist at Cardiff Business School, said the plans indicated that JLR, in spite of its relatively low production volumes, was keen to be a “real force” in its car sector niche.

    The £5bn in investment will focus on new engine technology and advances in car body design to emphasise reductions in fuel use to fit in with legislation forcing carmakers to cut carbon dioxide emissions.

    It does not include the estimated £750m that would be needed to build a new engine plant that JLR will almost certainly construct in the UK in the next few years. At present JLR sources its engines from Ford Motor but is keen to sever this link.

    As part of the five-year plan, JLR is to collaborate on engines and other elements of design with Williams Grand Prix Holdings, one of the leaders in the UK’s Formula 1 racing car industry.

    The plan will also feature closer links with Tata Steel – another part of the Tata Group that made a similar commitment to Europe with the $13.1bn acquisition of the Anglo-Dutch Corus steelmaker in 2007.

    Tata Steel is supplying new types of lightweight steel alloys that could prove useful for novel car types that could enter production within five years.

    Tata hands Jaguar �5bn to match German rivals - FT.com
     
    Last edited: Aug 16, 2014
  9. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Mazagon Dock

    View attachment 826
    Mazagon Dock Limited - Ship Builder to the Nation.


    Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) is India’s prime shipyard. It manufactures warships and submarines for the Indian Navy, as well as offshore platforms and associated support vessels for offshore oil drilling.[1] It also builds tankers, cargo bulk carriers and passenger ships and ferries.

    The shipyards of MDL were established in the 18th century. These yards have over two centuries of experience inshipbuilding. Ownership of the yards passed through various entities, including the P&O Lines and the British India Steam Navigation Company. Eventually, Mazagon Dock Limited was registered as a public company in 1934. The shipyard was nationalized in 1960, and is now a PSU of the Government of India.[1]

    Mazagon Dock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


    Warships

    Nilgiri class frigate
    The first warship built by MDL was the 2,900-ton displacement, INS Nilgiri, the lead ship of her class. She was launched on 15 October 1966 and commissioned on 23 June 1972. Five more frigates of this class were built over the next nine years for the Indian Navy.[4]

    Godavari class frigate
    While construction of the Nilgiri-class was being completed, the Indian Navy proposed requirements for an indigenously designed and built frigate. This new frigate was to be of wholly Indian design and manufacture. To address these requirements, MDL designed and built the Godavari class guided-missile frigates with a 3800 tons displacement, and ability to embark two helicopters. Three ships of the class were built by MDL - the lead ship, INS Godavari, the INS Ganga and INS Gomati.[5]
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    Khukri class corvettes
    MDL designed and built the first two vessels of the Khukri class corvettes for the Indian Navy. The remainder of the class were built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) following a transfer of technology from MDL, in order to diversify warship building capabilities to other yards, as well as to make room at MDL for the larger projects to follow.[6]
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    Delhi class destroyers
    The next class of vessels designed and built by MDL were the Project-15 Delhi class guided-missile destroyers. The second, INS Mysore, was commissioned on 2 June 1999 followed by the last ship in the series, INS Mumbai, on 22 January 2001.[7]
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    Shivalik class frigates

    The 6000 tons Shivalik class (Project-17) frigates are the first warships with stealth features to be designed and built in India.
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    Kolkata class destroyers
    Kolkata class vessels are the next-generation of guided-missile destroyers in the 6,800 tonnes range to be designed and built at MDL. They incorporate stealth features. The lead vessel of the class was launched on 30 March 2006. At least three vessels of the class are planned. :coffee:

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    Livefist: EXCLUSIVE FIRST LOOK: Navy's 1st Kolkata-class Destroyer At Sea During Final Trials


    Coast Guard vessels

    The yard also builds Offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) for the Indian Coast Guard. These vessels are specialised ships built for patrolling, policing, search and rescue operations in India's Exclusive Economic Zone. Each of these ships carries a helicopter on board. Seven such ships have been delivered to the Coast Guard.
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    Floating police stations

    Based on the order by the BSF the yard started construction of floating Border Out Posts (BOPs). Essentially these BOPs are floating police stations, each with four high-speed boats. The yard has delivered 9 out of an order of 14 BOPs. :tup:

    Other vessels
    Among other ships, the yard has built three fast missile boats, a cadet training ship, and various other utility ships for the Indian Navy.

    Mazagon Dock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


    Submarines

    Shishumar class submarine

    The Shishumar class submarines are a variant of the Type 209 diesel-electric submarine designed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft. Two vessels of this class were constructed at MDL. These were the first two indigenously built submarines in India. INS Shalki was commissioned on 7 February 1992 and INS Shankul was commissioned on 28 May 1994.
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    Scorpène class submarine
    MDL is presently building six diesel-electric submarines of the Scorpène class under a technology-transfer agreement with DCNS. :tup:
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    Mazagon Dock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  10. SidKhadak

    SidKhadak REGISTERED

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    East India Company & Indian Education In The 21st Century

    It can be stated with certainty that the Order was first established on the Yale campus in 1832. It was officially incorporated only in 1856 under the name Russell Trust Association. According to virtually all the available biographical data on its early members, the money required to sustain the secret order’s campus affairs and its broader role in placing its members into key positions of influence upon their graduation from Yale, derived from the opium grown in India. That trade was set up by the British East India Company destroying Indian agriculture leading to 400 year Indian Holocaust and was flourishing by the time the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 ending the American War for Independence. The East India Company during this period was controlled by the Baring Brothers Bank. Toward the closing decades of the 17th century, the British House of Rothschild would supplant the Baring Brothers as the controlling financial interests in Opium trade.

    It was the East India Company that split what was once a shared common language of people of India stretching from Peshawar to the borders of Bengal into two languages, Urdu and Hindi, towards the end of the 19th century under the policy of Divide & Rule. As a result, there arose two artificially separated literary cultures, each harking back to a different literary past due to the chauvinistic attitudes both of Hindus and Muslims. This cultural chauvinism was to subsequently embroil them in a practice of divisive politics, and each language became a marker of religious identity.

    Now, the same East India Company masquerading as reputed institutions wish to teach us Hindi, Sanskrit, Tamil, and Urdu with their own interpretation and history of it. The same economic history of Colonial India that made Modern Britain ? What is mind-boggling is that our own Education Ministers and leaders are advocating these same East India Company policies that divided the country and ruled us for almost 400 years.

    Through the Parliamentary Leadership Program distinguished members of India’s Parliament are trained at Yale for the better understanding and implementation of their policies in India. It was this very same leadership program degree that our HRD Minister Smriti Irani was referring to when she so rebelliously declared “I have a degree from Yale University”.

    It is possible that our leaders are not aware of the history of these institutions or maybe they are. In both the cases do such people deserve to be our leaders who unknowingly or knowingly implement the same East India Company policies ?

    Should we depend on Universities like Yale & Harvard erected by the East India Company on the graves of nearly a billion Indians that perished during the 400 year Indian Holocaust to teach us our own Heritage ? Aren’t we going the same Macaulay way all over again ?

    East India Company & Indian Education In The 21st Century | Great Game India

     
  11. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    @Averageamerican
    @Picdelamirand-oil
    @rocky.idf

    i'm always inclined towards Tata's Jaguar as there is always a reason to support when you can make a sick industry generating profit after the takeover. and thats why im always a fan of Jaguar :cheers:
     
  12. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    Economic State of Today's India, at a Glance

    I have reared a post in this regard, which may have a lace here too, i think :tup:

    first, all the growth of India has been covered up due to high population growth. we generally remember 1991 Economic Reform of India, as the year till then per capita income of India was higher than that of China, as below [​IMG]

    BRITAIN GDP PER CAPITA PPP at 1991, $22808.53

    United Kingdom GDP per capita PPP

    RUSSIA GDP PER CAPITA PPP at 1991, $12,625.62

    Russia GDP per capita PPP

    INDIA GDP PER CAPITA PPP at 1991, $1,216.63 [​IMG]

    India GDP per capita PPP

    CHINA GDP PER CAPITA PPP AT 1991, $1,100.66

    China GDP per capita PPP


    while Average Growth Rate of India since 1951 itself stands at around 5.82% to date.....
    => Literacy Rate

    here the comparison based on 347 million people in 1947 to 1.25 billion people by 2013. here we find, Youth Literacy Rate would have reached 90%+ by 2013, as we had almost 95%+ attendance of kids in schools since 1997.

    Per Capita Income of India

    Considering the method which was in application till 2006, by both World Bank and IMF

    British Left around 2% to 5% rich and rest poor in 1947, out of total 347 million population in 1947, while we now have around 350 million Middle Class of India whose Per Capita Income is well over $20,000+ on PPP now, similar to Very High HDI countries like Argentina, Poland, Saudi Arabia etc [​IMG]

    We have new GDP Per Capita on PPP calculation for India considering the year 2013 also, as below:

    now poverty of India is because of its over population. Most of the problems of India is because of its Over Population and India has to reduce its population only. otherwise India has around 350mil Upper Middle Class, more than total population in 1947, whose per capita income on PPP is similar to the Very High HDI countries like Argentina, Poland, Saudi Arabia etc. one day I calculated as below:-

    first, we find GDP on PPP of India was $4.8tn in 2012 but its still manipulated by the US/UK since 2007. as, till 2006, we had a different way of measuring GDP on PPP which used to include estimated undocumented part of GDP also. and I remember, this way GDP of high population 'developing' countries was around 50% to 80% higher, and for the middle order countries like Brazil/Turkey it was around 10% to 25% higher. and for the developed nations, the difference was hardly around 1% to 3% by that "Old Method" which was in application till 2006. like as below:
    means, GDP of India on PPP was already $5.16tn in 2007, higher than Japan that year, making it the 3rd Largest Economy on PPP by 2007 itself this way. [​IMG]

    again we have India's growth rate since 2007 as below:

    India GDP Annual Growth Rate


    here we find, "Average Growth Rate" of India from first quarter of 2008 till the December quarter 2012, stood at around 7.6%, on 'annual' basis. hence considering GDP on PPP of India at $5.16tn in 2007 by Old Method as above, with the estimated 5.0% growth by 2013, we may calculate its value by 2013, after 6 years since early 2008, as below:

    GDP on PPP of India by end 2012 = 5.16*1.076*1.076*1.076*1.076*1.076*1.05= $7.81 trillion on PPP

    but we would also get to know that PPP value consider value of goods and services in US$ term, means we would also include the factor of inflation of United States also. and if we consider average 2.0% inflation of US for these 6 year in between early 2008 to 2013, with considering an overall factor of just 1.12 this way, then GDP on PPP of India comes around = 7.81* 1.12= $8.75tn by 2013. and it still hasn't included 'Value Added' effects........

    again, we know that share of agriculture would be around 17.0% in India's GDP in 2013. therefore, we find share of agriculture in indian economy, 0.17 * 8.75= $1.5 trillions (around), on which 50% population of india is dependent. means around 600mil people based on agriculture in india have per capita income around = $2,500 on PPP by 2013 this way, which is itself similar to the better side of Lower Order Countries like Bangladesh.....

    this way, 8.75 - 1.50 = $7.25tn is left for rest of 600mil people based in industry and service in India, with per capita income of around $12,100 on PPP which is higher than Middle Order Countries like Brazil, South Africa etc..........

    The World Factbook


    again, we have news that 25% of the population of cities are either in slum or in bit better condition only. so we would consider per capita income of 300mil living in cities in low condition at hardly $3,000 which takes a share of $900 billion from its GDP. hence we are then left with around 7.25 - 0.9 = $6.35 trillions for the rest of 300 mil people living in cities, the so called Middle Class of India with per capita income around $21,166 on PPP this way.

    but it is estimated that out of total 600mil people based in agriculture sector, it also has around 50mil Lower Middle Class with Per Capita Income around $15,000 on PPP. (as we know that agriculture has higher share of 'undocumented' part, with that, Agriculture also has higher share of non-taxable business of India.) Hence, we find total middle class of India around 350mil with per capita income around $20,000+ on PPP which is similar to Very High HDI countries like Argentina, Poland etc, which is more than total population of India at the time of freedom in 1947 [​IMG]
     
  13. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    The Industrialized India

    ; India has now entered among the Newly Industrialized nations as below:

    => Newly industrialized country - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


    India had overall 5.81% growth rate since 1951.....
    India GDP Annual Growth Rate averaged 5.81 Percent from 1951 until 2013

    India GDP Annual Growth Rate | Actual Data | Forecasts | Calendar

    We now have Industrialists as below too, who are building the nation. as we do know that our these honored Super Riches/ Billionaires don't have money in pocket, but they are Industrialists/ billionaires in terms of the industries they have to provide employment, generating taxes for the government which government use to help the common public itself, with introducing new technologies too through their industries, hence building the nation this way....[​IMG]

    The report as below, mention around 115 Billionaires in India, as compare to hardly around 60 by Forbes. its because Forbes estimate only Share values, while the report as below includes, "shares in public and private companies, residential and investment properties, art collections, planes, cash and other assets, according to Wealth-X...".
    World's Billionaire Club Grows; Ultra Millionaires Lose Money - WORLD PROPERTY CHANNEL Global News Center

    and here is the main report, as below.....
    Wealth-X World Ultra Wealth Report 2011-2012 | Wealth-X


    Further to the above talks, BRIC economies as whole have their UHNWI estimate, with India's at around 8,200, is given in the article as below:


    => BRIC Country Super-Rich Worth $4 Trillion

    The future of wealth will be built with BRICs.

    According to new data from Wealth-X, the wealth research and consulting firm, Brazil, Russia, India and China now have a combined 25,600 people with $30 million or more in net worth (which includes shares in publicly traded and closely held companies, residential and investment real estate, art, planes, cash and other investible assets).

    That is about half the number of ultra-high-net individuals in the U.S., according to Wealth-X.

    The BRIC ultrarich have a combined net worth of $4.125 trillion, compared to $6.4 trillion for the U.S.

    [​IMG]

    What is most interesting about the BRIC data is the concentration of wealth at the very top of the wealth pyramid. In Russia, the nation’s 80 billionaires account for 7% of the total population of people with a net worth of $30 million or more, but they own 84% of that group’s $640 billion in wealth.

    In Brazil, the nation’s 50 billionaires account for less than 1% of the ultrarich population but a third of the group’s $890 billion in wealth. India’s 115 billionaires represent 1.4% of the total ultrarich population and 20% of the group’s wealth of $945 billion.

    China’s billionaires account for 1% of the ultrarich and about a third of their wealth of $1.65 trillion.

    The U.S., of course, isn’t exactly a model of equity when it comes to billionaires and the ultra-rich. Its 450 billionaires account for less than one percent of the ultra-rich population but control 25% of the group’s $6.4 trillion wealth.

    But the fastest global growth in billionaires and their lesser ultra-rich aspirants will likely be from the BRICS rather than the U.S. or Europe.

    “In Russia, as in other emerging markets….billionaires and near-billionaires, followed in aggregate by the mass of ultra-high-net-worth will dominate wealth,” according to Wealth-X.

    Which country would you want to live in if you had a net worth of $30 million or more?

    BRIC Country Super-Rich Worth $4 Trillion - The Wealth Report - WSJ
     
  14. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    further to the above post#297, stating how GDP per capita of India was well maintained over China till 1991, the year of Indian Economic Reform, and how its so low at present due to high population growth since then, i prepared a post as below too, which may have a place here too, i think? :tup:

    => Over-Population Notes

    World is changing and few points everyone knows on the world platform in today's world, no need to read articles, as below:

    1st; High Population means high consumption of resources, and hence its higher prices for the people of whole world.

    2nd; high energy consumption and hence higher green house gas emission, hence increasing Climate Change threats this way

    3rd; High Subsidy to feed poor below poverty line, especially in case of India. which is possible only until its Middle Class may afford it. and we must avid that breaking point :tup:

    4th; and, we also encourage a "Population Tax" on every second kid taking birth in a family, which may be denoted to World Bank/ Climate Change Organizations to reduce its effects. i mean, if you can't reduce population then at least pay something to reduce its effects on the world's Climate Change. and yes, this "Population Tax" on the 'non-first' child would be same for the people of whole world. :coffee:

    this issue is being discussed in the thread as below too :tup:

    => Population based on “Resource Sufficiency Evaluation” is Crucial | Indian Defence Forum
    .

    Few Key Points I always mention on this Topic as below:

    these are my own ideas so it does require criticism by other members to make the topic interesting :tup:

    1st; if the poor of India ask the Western nations to share the burden of subsidies then they will simply kick these shiits of India, isn't it? and if its only Indian Middle Class who is generating money and running government and also paying heavy price for the welfare/subsidies for poor, then they do have a right to ask the Indian Government, "to what extent they will have to bear this burden of tax just to feed poor, and whether they will remain capable enough in future also to bear this burden on long run if the government doesn't control the population?????" :facepalm:

    like the news as below, around 50% indian population is based in agriculture only, around 600mil, while even 200mil population may produce the same agriculture output? and the same in cities of India, around 50% people just try to earn a decent salary which they can't, simply because too many mouths and limited resources. and Indian Middle Class is just paying high price to feed these around 600mil 'excess' population, but still there is no effort to have a control on this growing population????

    2nd; here for example of Pakistan and Bangladesh, right now overly populated Pakistan is full of target killings, simply because too many mouth and no resources to feed them. its also similar to 'genocide' itself?????? and Bangladeshis just want to run from Bangladesh, mainly to India. its the worse to see people dying without dignity than controlling population by force........

    3rd; many economists of India advocate "food security"/ "free medicines"/ "right to get a job" etc in India which is not possible until the Indian government may control its population. they simply can't feed 1.2bil population from the limited natural resources they have . USA is 3 times bigger in area than India but population of India is 4 times to USA? and on the top of that, Indian government wants to give welfare/ heavy subsidies to its people? if India face a sudden fall like ASEAN in late 90s and South America like in 80s, all these they will have to withdraw after that so better they keep habit to live in less and get rid off the unnecessary subsidies/welfares . for example, we always find Pakistan increasing petrol and diesel prices as per market prices as they can't afford to give subsidies while the people of Pakistan are poorer than India, but Indian government always hesitate to do so? but the day India will reach level of Pakistan, just one good economic fall is required, and India will learn all by themselves. :wave:

    4th; here we have report from world bank that around 60% people of India are living with income less than $2.0 per day, as below

    here, how is it wise to have high population if you can't give them good life? how is it advisable to have more population this way??? :facepalm:

    => Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population) | Data | Table

    5th; Population of India was hardly around 341 million at the time of freedom, in 1947, and we can't have more than 700 million people, and we need a national consensus on it. :india:

    and as Overpopulation of India is directly related to consumption of natural resources of the world, high pollution and hence Climate Change due to high consumption of energy. reduced water level has also been caused in India due to the same high population and hence high demand reasons, hence India is directly answerable to the rest of the world about the measures it is adopting to reduce its population to 700 million, say by 2050
    :truestory:

    we can't let India become one of the reason for the destruction of this world, as the Earth belongs to every person of the world, regardless any nationality :nono:

    6th; and here, first there is no control on the population, as much as India can have, and on the top of that, they want to feed them for nothing too :rofl:

    => At Rs 1,25,000 cr, Food Security Bill largest in world: Implementation a challenge, says Morgan Stanley - Economic Times

    This topic is also discussed int he thread as below :tup:

    Population based on “Resource Sufficiency Evaluation” is Crucial | Indian Defence Forum
     
  15. santosh

    santosh Major SENIOR MEMBER

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