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Nine Nations Have Nukes – Here’s How Many Each Country Has

Discussion in 'Indian Military Doctrine' started by tusharm, Jun 24, 2014.

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  1. tusharm

    tusharm Captain FULL MEMBER

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    Nine Nations Have Nukes – Here’s How Many Each Country Has | Defenceradar News

    According to a new report from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), nine nations – the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – possess approximately 16,300 nuclear weapons in their collectively.

    SIPRI notes that “all five legally recognized nuclear weapon states – China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA- are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programs to do so.”

    At the start of 2014 nine states—the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea—possessed approximately 4000 operational nuclear weapons. If all nuclear warheads are counted, these states together possessed a total of approximately 16 300 nuclear weapons (see table 1) compared to 17 270 in early 2013.

    Reductions slow and modernizations continue ::
    Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the overall number of nuclear warheads in the world (see table 2). The decrease is due mainly to Russia and the USA—which together still account for more than 93 per cent of all nuclear weapons—further reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons under the terms of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START).

    At the same time, all five legally recognized nuclear weapon states—China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA—are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programmes to do so. India and Pakistan continue to develop new systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons and are expanding their capacities to produce fissile material for military purposes.

    There is an emerging consensus in the expert community that North Korea has produced a small number of nuclear weapons, as distinct from rudimentary nuclear explosive devices.

    World nuclear forces, 2014 ::
    USA : 7300 nuclear warheads
    RUSSIA : 8000 nuclear warheads
    UK : 225 nuclear warheads
    FRANCE : 300 nuclear warheads
    CHINA : 250 nuclear warheads
    INDIA : 90-110 nuclear warheads
    PAKISTAN : 100-120 nuclear warheads
    ISRAEL : 80 nuclear warheads
    NORTH KOREA : 6-8 nuclear warheads
    TOTAL ::: 16300 nuclear warheads across the globe

    All estimates are approximate and are as of January 2014.

    ‘Once again this year, the nuclear weapon-possessing states took little action to indicate a genuine willingness to work toward complete dismantlement of their nuclear arsenals. The long term modernization programmes under way in these states suggest their views that nuclear weapons will remain deeply embedded elements of their strategic calculus,’ say SIPRI Researchers Shannon Kile and Phillip Patton Schell.

    * Based on public information about North Korea’s past plutonium production activities, it is estimated here that North Korea has built 6–8 nuclear weapons.

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    Nine Nations Have Nukes – Here’s How Many Each Country Has | Defenceradar News
     
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