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NSA, DOE Say China's Supercomputing Advances Put US At Risk

Discussion in 'China & Asia Pacific' started by RMLOVER, Mar 31, 2017.

  1. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    http://www.computerworld.com/articl...-china-nearing-supercomputing-leadership.html

    [​IMG]

    • In June of 2016, China newest supercomputer, the Taihu Light system, nearly triple the previous record-setting numbers of another Chinese supercomputer, Tianhe -2. These results were achieved using a Chinese designed and fabricated 28nm System -on -Chip (SOC) architecture. This announcement was coupled with impressive advancements in indigenously developed system software and high performance computing ( HPC) applications , as shown by having three Chinese research teams as finalists for the 2016 Gordon Bell prize. These results indicate that China has attained a near -peer status with the U.S. in HPC. The U.S. asserted its intention to maintain a leadership position in HPC in the July 2015 Executive Order establishing the National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI).
    It is now clear that future U.S. leadership will be challenged by the Chinese. The 2012 Net Assessment of Foreign HPC noted the aggressive development of Chinese HPC capabilities, and , in particular , the accelerated rate of investment that China was making in these areas . In September 2016, experts and leaders from the U.S. HPC community convened to update that assessment in light of the recent Chinese results. Meeting participants expressed significant concern that – absent aggressive action by the U.S. – the U.S. will lose leadership and not control its own future in HPC. There was broad support for maintaining HPC leadership, and a common belief in the importance of that leadership, as well as wide agreement on key steps to maintain this leadership position.

    National security requires the best computing available, and loss of leadership in HPC will severely compromise our national security. HPC plays a vital role in the design, development or analysis of many – perhaps almost all – modern weapon systems and national security systems: e.g., nuclear weapons, cyber, ships, aircraft, encryption, missile defense, precision - strike capability, and hypersonics. Loss of leadership in HPC could significantly reduce the U.S. nuclear deterrence and the sophistication of our future weapons systems. Conversely, if China fields a weapons system with new capabilities based on superior HPC, and the U.S. cannot accurately estimate its true capabilities, there is a serious possibility of over - or under - estimating the threat. Either possibility leads to unwelcome situations such as distortions in the allocation of R and D resources and strategic planning for defense, uncertainty in national policy -making, and incorrect responses to world events. The U.S. enjoys relatively cost effective HPC due to our indigenous ecosystem and trusted access. Loss of leadership could easily require the USG to acquire HPC capabilities in much the same way it acquires aircraft carriers, at vastly increased cost.

    HPC leadership has important economic benefits because of HPC’s role as an enabling technology. A loss of leadership will be felt beyond the HPC vendor community, which would be significantly impaired: HPC resources are required for the development of a variety of military, scientific , and industrial capabilities. Loss of a U.S. leading position would threaten our ability to compete internationally in all of these fields. The effects of losing leadership can be expected to be long -lived; HPC help s drive the development of talent in math, science, and engineering. The economic and social benefits of the “Post Moore’s Law ” era may very well be concentrated where HPC leadership exists. For industrial applications, reliance on foreign HPC resources could threaten the loss of intellectual property and competitive edge. Personal email and private information, social networks, and the emerging Internet of Things are all subject to even greater privacy risks if offshore entities have superior HPC analytics or control the data / information markets.

    Leadership positions, once lost, are expensive to regain. To maintain U.S. leadership in HPC, a surge of USG investment and action is needed to address HPC priorities. Many of these priorities have been out lined by the NSCI and some are clearly under way, in particular , DOE efforts in accelerating delivery of a capable exascale computing system (Objective #1) , and some aspects of establishing “post -Moore's Law” computing (Objective #3), led by IARPA (Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity ) and other agencies.
     
  2. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    https://www.top500.org/
    https://www.top500.org/system/178764
    Sunway TaihuLight - Sunway MPP, Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz, Sunway
    Site: National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi
    Manufacturer: NRCPC
    Cores: 10,649,600
    Linpack Performance (Rmax) 93,014.6 TFlop/s
    Theoretical Peak (Rpeak) 125,436 TFlop/s
    Nmax 12,288,000
    Power: 15,371.00 kW (Submitted)
    Memory: 1,310,720 GB
    Processor: Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz
    Interconnect: Sunway
    Operating System: Sunway RaiseOS 2.0.5

    List Rank System Vendor Total Cores Rmax (TFlops) Rpeak (TFlops) Power (kW)
    11/2016 1 Sunway MPP, Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz, Sunway NRCPC 10,649,600 93,014.6 125,435.9 15,371.00
    06/2016 1 Sunway MPP, Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz, Sunway NRCPC 10,649,600 93,014.6 125,435.9 15,371.00


    1
    Sunway TaihuLight - Sunway MPP, Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz, Sunway
    NRCPC
    2
    Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2) - TH-IVB-FEP Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2692 12C 2.200GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P
    NUDT
    3
    Titan - Cray XK7 , Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA K20x
    Cray Inc.
    4
    Sequoia - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom
    IBM
    5
    Cori - Cray XC40, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Aries interconnect
    Cray Inc.
    6
    Oakforest-PACS - PRIMERGY CX1640 M1, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Intel Omni-Path
    Fujitsu
    7
    K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect
    Fujitsu
    8
    Piz Daint - Cray XC50, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Aries interconnect , NVIDIA Tesla P100
    Cray Inc.
    9
    Mira - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
    IBM
    10
    Trinity - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Aries interconnect
    Cray Inc.
     
    Last edited: Mar 31, 2017
  3. RMLOVER

    RMLOVER Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    India Planning to Deploy 10-Petaflop Supercomputer

    https://www.top500.org/news/india-planning-to-deploy-10-petaflop-supercomputer/

    India is getting ready to field the country’s most powerful supercomputer to date. According to a report in The Hindu, the 10-petaflop system will be installed this June, returning India to the upper echelons of supercomputing.

    The machine is to be jointly hosted by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in Pune and the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting at Noida in Uttar Pradesh. Not surprisingly, the new system will be used mostly for weather modeling, but according to the report, also for non-meteorological research such as protein folding.

    The Hindu quotes Madhavan Rajeevan, Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, who said the bid to select the vendor that will build the machine is ready to go, and they hope to have the computer in place by June. The Indian government has allocated 400 crore or about $60 million for the project.

    The upcoming 10-petaflop system promises to propel the nation back into the elite ranks of supercomputing stardom, something it has not enjoyed for a decade. The last time India had a top 10 system on the TOP500 list was 2007, when EKA, an HPC cluster from Hewlett Packard (now HPE) captured the number 4 spot.

    The most powerful Indian supercomputer today is SahasraT, a 1.2 petaflop (peak) system that can run Linpack at 901 teraflops. SahasraT is a Cray XC40 installed at the Supercomputer Education and Research Centre, as part of the Indian Institute of Science. SahasraT is currently ranked as number 133 on the TOP500, and is one of just four Indian supercomputers on the current list. From 2012 to 2015, India has made a more substantial showing, claiming between 9 and 12 such systems.

    The new machine may get India back into the top 10, but it’s not a given. The current 10th-ranked system on the TOP500 list is Trinity, an 11-petaflop (peak) supercomputer that eked out 8.1 teraflops on Linpack. Even if no new top systems show up on the June list, the Indian machine would have to have a very efficient Linpack run to make it a top 10 machine.

    Last year, the Indian government enacted a plan to build as many as 80 new supercomputer over the next seven years, allocating 4,500 crore for the effort. Many of those future systems are supposed to be domestically produced. It’s not clear if this upcoming 10-petaflop system is part of that plan or funding allocation.
     
    SrNair likes this.

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