Paramilitary and Central Armed Police Forces of India

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    A dedicated thread for discussion of issues related to paramilitary and CAPFs.

    List of Paramilitary and CAPFs to be discussed here :-

    1. Assam Rifles
    2. Special Frontier Force [Establishment 22]

    3. Central Reserve Police Force
    4. Border Security Force
    5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police
    6. Sashastra Seema Bal
    7. Central Industrial Security Force

    These aren't called CAPFs, yet are included as they are either headed by CAPF or work on the lines of Paramilitary

    8. Railway Protection Force
    9. National Disaster Response Force

    Special Forces under Home Ministry

    10. National Security Guards
    11. Special Protection Group

    Note :- Indian Coast Guard too is a part here , but since it already has a dedicated thread in Indian Navy Section , we will keep it out.
     
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    ASSAM RIFLES

    Formation :- 1835
    HQ :- Shillong

    Strength :- 66,411 Personnel under 46 Battalions [Source :- Home Ministry of India Annual Report 2015-2016]

    The main areas of operation for this force is North East. It also guards the India Myanmar Border under One Border One Force Plan. The Assam Rifles also have been sent to other countries under the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.

    Tasks include internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency, and the provision of communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed.

    They also are involved in supporting Development Works in North East .
     
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    SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

    Formation :- 14/11/1962
    HQ:- Chakrata, Uttarakhand, India

    Strength :-Classified [ Speculated to be upto 10,000-15,000]

    Functioning under RAW its main focus of operations is in Tibet. Its major chunk forms Tibetan Refugees ,Sikkimese and some other tribes of Tibet/Himalayas.

    The main task is covert operations beyond the Chinese lines.Support to Indian Army in case of India-China War.

    They also have played their part in India Pakistan Wars and Internal Security Operations.
     
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    CENTRAL RESERVE POLICE FORCE

    Formation :- 27/07/1939
    HQ :-New Delhi , India

    Strength :- 3,08,862 Personnel under 235 Battalions [Including 10 Cobra Battalions]
    [Source :- Home Ministry Annual Report 2015-16]

    Besides Law and Order and counter-insurgency duties, the role of CRPF in the General Elections, held repeatedly during the past few years, has been very significant and vital. This is especially true for the trouble-ridden states of Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and in the North East. During the Parliamentary elections of September 1999, the CRPF played a major role in the security arrangements. Of late, CRPF contingents are also being deployed in UN missions.
     
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    BORDER SECURITY FORCE

    Formation :- 1/12/1965
    HQ :-New Delhi

    Strength :- 2,57,025 Personnel

    The Gurdians of India's border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is the biggest Border Protection Force in the world , called First Line of Defence in India.

    It has its own Artillery Units and Commando Units.
     
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    CENTRAL INDUSTRIAL SECURITY FORCE

    Formation :- 10/03/1969
    HQ :-New Delhi

    Strength :- 1,42,526 Personnel [To be increased to 1,82,000 under the new Sanctioned Strength by 2019]

    The CISF provides security cover to 300 industrial units and other establishments located all over India. Industrial sectors like atomic power plants, space installations, mints, oil fields and refineries, major ports, heavy engineering, steel plants, barrages, fertilliser units, airports and hydroelectric/thermal power plants owned and controlled by Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), and currency note presses producing Indian currency are protected by CISF. It thereby covers installations all over India straddling a variety of terrain and climatic conditions. CISF also provides consultancy services to private industries as well as other organisations within the Indian government. The consulting wing has amongst its clients some of the renowned business houses and organisations of India including TISCO, Jamshedpur; SEBI Hqrs. Mumbai; Vidhana Sabha, Bangalore; Orissa Mining Co., Bhubaneswar; Telangana Assembly, Hyderabad; Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corp.; HIL Kerala;IB Thermal plant,Odisa; IARI, Delhi; NBRI, Lucknow and Electronics City, Bangalore. The scope of CISF's consulting practice includes security consulting and fire protection consulting.

    CISF is just a unique organisation in paramilitary forces for India, which works for sea ways, airways and some of the major installations in India. In CISF there are some reserved battalions which works with the state police to protect law and orders. CISF plays a major role in Disaster Management, for Disaster Management course the personnel are trained from NISA, Hyderabad. Another unique thing which the CISF has is a Fire Wing which helps during fire accidents in Industries where CISF is on guard.
     
    Last edited: Dec 26, 2016
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    INDO-TIBETAN BORDER POLICE

    Formation :- 24/10/1962
    HQ :-New Delhi

    Strength :- 89,430

    Primary task includes Border Security of India Tibet Border. They are also employed in Anti Insurgency Operations throughout India. They are also involved in security and protection of Indian Consuls in Afghanistan.
     
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    SASHASTRA SEEMA BAL

    Formation :- 1963
    HQ:-New Delhi

    Strength :- 82,000

    Its present-day role consists of preventing cross-border crime and smuggling as well as other anti-national activities.
     
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    RAILWAY PROTECTION FORCE

    Formation :-1921
    HQ :- New Delhi

    Strength :- 65,000

    Tasks include ,Carry on an unrelenting fight against criminals in protecting railway passengers, passenger area and railway property.
    Facilitate passenger-travel and security by removing all anti-social elements from trains, railway premises and passenger area.
    Remain vigilant to prevent trafficking in women and children and take appropriate action to rehabilitate destitute children found in Railway areas.
    Co-operate with other departments of the Railways in improving the efficiency and image of the Indian Railways.
    Act as a bridge between the Government Railway Police/local police and the Railway administration.
    Adopt proactively all modern technology, best human rights practices, management techniques and special measures for protection of female and elderly passengers and children, in the pursuit of these objectives.
     
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    NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE

    Formation :- 2006
    HQ :- New Delhi

    Strength:-Around 14,000

    The aim of the National Disaster Management Authority is to build a safer and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology driven strategy for disaster management. This has to be achieved through a culture of prevention, mitigation and preparedness to generate a prompt and efficient response at the time of disasters. This national vision inter alia, aims at inculcating a culture of preparedness among all stakeholders.
     
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    NATIONAL SECURITY GUARD

    Formation :- 1984
    HQ:- New Delhi

    Strength :-About 8,000

    The NSG is trained to conduct counter terrorist task to including counter hijacking tasks on land, sea, and air; Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralization of IEDs); PBI (Post Blast Investigation) and Hostage Rescue missions.
     
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    SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP

    Formation :- 1988
    HQ :-New Delhi

    Strength :-Classified

    Tasks include providing proximate security to the Prime Minister of India and former Prime Minister of India and members of their immediate families wherever they are.

    Protection to other VVIPs as deemed important by the Cabinet.
     
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    STEPS TAKEN FOR MORE EFFICIENT RECRUITMENT

    With effect from 2014-15 the recruitment of Constables in CAPFs & Assam Rifes has been revised in order to make the recruitment process fair, effcient, effective and transparent to reduce the scope of subjectivity by maximizing the use of technology in the recruitment process. The revised recruitment scheme of recruitment of Constables in CAPFs & AR is as under:-

    a) The Recruitment is being made centrally by conducting a single combined examination for all the CAPFs & AR through Staff Selection Commission (SSC). Necessary assistance is being provided to candidates through
    telephone/website/mobile phone/ SMS.
    b) The application Forms are designed centrally in OMR (Optical Magnetic Recognition) sheet so that it can be scrutinized promptly through computers. The written test consists of only OMR based objective type multiple choice questions.

    c) The question papers are being settrilingually in non-Hindi speaking States and bilingually
    (in Hindi & English) in Hindi speaking States.

    d) The PET (Physical Effciency Test) is now only qualifying in nature and does not carry any marks. Also, interviews have been discontinued.

    e) The recruitment process is preferably being video-graphed.

    f) The biometric methods are being used at all stages of the recruitment.
    8.96 With a view to provide more job opportunities to the youth of border and militancy-affected areas, allocation of vacancies is now made in the following manner:

    a) 60% of the vacancies are allotted amongst States/UTs on the basis of population ratio.

    b) 20% of the vacancies in the Border Guarding Forces (viz.AR, BSF, ITBP and SSB) are allotted to the border districts, which fall within the responsibility of the Force.

    c) 20% of the vacancies in Border Guarding Forces(BGFs) are allotted to districts/areas affected by militancy i.e. J&K, North-Eastern States, and naxal-affected areas as notifed by the Government from time to time.

    d) In Forces other than BGFs, 40% vacancies are allotted to militancy-affected areas i.e. J&K, North-Eastern States and naxal-affected areas, as notifed from time to time.

    e) In respect of those State(s)/Area(s)/ Region(s) where a very high number of percentage of vacancies remain unflled after completion of the recruitment process through SSC, the Ministry of Home Affairs directs the Force concerned to hold Special Recruitment Rallies to fll the vacancies of that particular State(s)/Area(s)/Region(s) as per the recruitment scheme.
     
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    @Abingdonboy @PARIKRAMA @Agent_47 @MilSpec @Gessler

    Air Wing of BSF [Source Home Ministry Annual Report 2015-16]

    BSF Air Wing under the aegis of the Ministry of Home Affairs came into existence on 01.05.1969 to provide air support to CAPFs for casualty evacuations, air maintenance of Border Out Posts (BOPs) located at high altitude and inaccessible areas, provide substantive air support to the troops engaged in Anti-Naxalite operations in Left Wing Extremism infested areas, conveyance of contingents for operational purposes, carry out tasks assigned during natural calamity and national crisis and air courier service of CAPFs personnel. It consists of two wings i.e. fxed wing and Rotary wing. Both these wings have been expanded in the last few years and further expansion is now underway. At present, the feet comprises of 01 Embraer 135BJ Executive Jet, 02 AVRO HS-748, and 06 MI-17 1V, 08 Mi-17 V5, 06 ALH/Dhruv and 01 Cheetah helicopter.
     
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