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Rafale's mini encyclopedia.

Discussion in 'Indian Air Force' started by DrSomnath999, Mar 6, 2012.

  1. somedude

    somedude Captain FULL MEMBER

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    I don't feel like translating everything, so just a few tidbits:
    According to the article,
    - the IAF is very interested in the SCALP EG, aka Storm Shadow.
    - the Exocet might be included among the weapon package, which surprises me given how another source claims that Harpoon integration was among the requirement of the Indian standard
    - Indian pilots will be trained by Dassault and the French Air Force
    - There is no question of any further order beyond the 36, despite IAF demands.
     
  2. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Egypt has received 3 Rafale yesterday
    In News Defence
    Published on 01/29/2016 at 5:54 p.m., by William Belan
    [​IMG]
    National pride, Egyptian television has echoed the arrival of three Rafale near Cairo © Egyptian TV / DR
    And 6! The Egyptian army has confirmed the arrival of three other hunters Rafale in the day Thursday, bringing to six the number of hunters delivered by Dassault. Concluded in February 2015, the contract is for 24 aircraft. The first three Rafale were delivered in July. Egyptian pilots were trained by the Air Force on air base 118 of Mont-de-Marsan and 113 of Saint-Dizier.

    Egypt is the first customer for the Rafale, followed by Qatar (24). Negotiations with India to acquire 36 aircraft have reached an important milestone during the visit of President Hollande in New Delhi this January 25. Finally, the prospect with the UAE is still under discussion for 60 devices to a different standard than French.
    Google Translate
     
  3. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    INTERACTIVE. The Rafale explained 4 cards
    Where is the Rafale built? Where is he committed? Who are the potential buyers? Who are its competitors? Here are the answers to these four questions, four cards.
    ToL |25 Jan. 2016, 4:20 p.m.|MAJ:25 Jan. 2016, 4:20 p.m.
    REACT
    13
    [​IMG]
    Archive - Dassault and France won their first in 2015 export contracts for the Rafale, French aviation true flagship AFP.
    After an excellent year in 2015, he Rafale will continue its momentum in 2016? All eyes are on India, which must be finalized in the coming weeks an order for 36 copies of the flagship of Dassault Aviation, just wreathed in these very first export contracts, with Egypt and Qatar, after years of hopes and disappointments.



    This handy and versatile, which has yet been proven in Afghanistan, Libya, Mali and now in Iraq, has indeed long struggled to entice overseas. Where is it built? Where he fought? Who are the potential buyers? Who are its competitors? Here are the answers to these four questions, four cards *.

    A plane made in France

    First things first: where the aircraft is it built? As shown in this map, the Rafale is a pure French product, a collaboration of Dassault Aviation (60%), with two major partners, the electronics Thales (22%) and the engine manufacturer Snecma (Safran group, 18%) . These three companies account for half of 7,000 jobs involved in building the fighter, eleven copies come out each year of the assembly plant in Merignac (Gironde). The rest of the workforce is distributed not less than 500 hexagonal SMEs. The budgetary cost per unit amounts to one hundred million euros to the French state. The program of 40 billion euros in total, had a cost overrun of 4.7%, rather reasonable in relation to its competitors.

    Map of the construction of the Rafale
    This card identifies the Rafale construction sites. Click on the points to obtain more information.



    A plane that has proven

    Considered one of the hunters of fourth generation top performers now in service, the Rafale, which equips the Air Force and the French Navy, has proven itself in four major conflicts since 2006: the Afghanistan, Libya, Mali and Iraq, where nine Rafale are being made to bomb the positions of the jihadist Islamic state. Beyond its strengths (low radar signature, versatile weapon system, -unique ability in the world - to take away 1.5 times its weight, and only non-American aircraft be allowed on US aircraft carrier), it multirole fighter (defense bombardment, ground support, air reconnaissance), has a very fast deployment capability and operational performance deemed excellent, which make it very effective in current conflicts. First aircraft to intervene in Libya in 2011, where he distinguished himself by shooting including a screened at more than 50 km away, it is also illustrated in Mali in 2013 by conducting the longest raid of the army of French Air: 9:35 flight from the air base of Saint Dizier (Haute-Marne) and N'Djamena, Chad.

    Map of the Rafale's commitment
    This map shows where the foundations were made Rafale and the corresponding military operations. Click on the areas and points for more information. NB: It is not the map of the current deployment of the Rafale, but places where it has already been deployed.


    Long shunned the Rafale abroad

    After the sale of Rafale to Egypt in February, Paris would hope a "snowball effect", after several years of dieting, during which the Rafale was systematically beaten by a competitor in various tenders in which it was engaged. It will not take long to see French hopes confirmed: a few months later, Qatar announced the acquisition of 24 aircraft, and India plans to buy at 36. A contract whose completion is expected early 2016. Other potential buyers still are the United Arab Emirates, Poland and Finland. But observers who recognize the superiority of the Rafale on many competitors always point too high a price.

    The export map
    This card identifies potential buyers of the Rafale, as well as lost contracts.Click on the points to obtain more information.


    Who are the competitors?

    If the Rafale's performance is unanimously acclaimed by the armies that test, he is facing very serious competitors, including the Saab Gripen, certainly less efficient ... but much cheaper, which notably had his favor from Brazil.Eurofighter Typhoon is also nominated in many tenders, against the Rafale, like the American hunters.

    Map competitors
    This card identifies the main competitors of the Rafale aircraft. Click on each point to see the data sheet for the device.


    * This article is an update of a version originally published in April 2015.
    Google Translate
     
  4. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    FROM SP AVIATION MAI ISSUE NO 18


    The Rafale Deal – Finally Inked




    [​IMG] By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd.)
    Former Director General of Information Systems, Indian Army



    [​IMG]
    The Union Minister for Defence, Manohar Parrikar and the French Defence Minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, signing the intergovernmental agreement on Rafale, in New Delhi on September 23, 2016

    [​IMG]
    The Union Minister for Defence, Manohar Parrikar and the French Defence Minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, exchanging the Rafale contract agreement, in New Delhi on September 23, 2016

    [​IMG]


    16 years after the IAF projected the demanded for new multi-role fighters and four years after the Rafale deal was mooted in 2012, India has finally signed the agreement with France for 36 Rafale fighters. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian signed the deal at a ceremony in New Delhi on September 23. Inked at Euro 7.87 billion, it is one of the biggest import deal signed by India in recent decades. All the 36 fighters are to be imported from France. While the first Rafale is to be received by India within three years, all 36 will be received by early 2022. The Rafale is armed with the Meteor air-to-air missiles that have a range of 150 kms, which will give a combat edge over the F-16 fighter aircraft held by Pakistan sine the missiles onboard F-16 have a range of 80 kms. According to French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation's CEO Eric Trappier the Rafale is more in competition with the American F-35 fifth-generation fighter because it is a generation ahead of the F-16.

    These 36 Rafale fighters will be tweaked to specific multiple Indian requirements. These will include requirements like capability for cold start at high-altitude regions like Leh, Israeli helmet-mounted displays, advanced missile warning and synthetic aperture radars etc. The deal does not put any restrictions for the Rafale to carry nuclear weapons and for using them as strategic platforms. The overall per unit cost of the 36 Rafales being imported will be some Rs 1,640 crore taking into account the weapon package, complete spares and costs for 75 per cent fleet availability, plus performance-based logistics support for five years. Though different fighters cannot be compared since they have their own roles and capabilities, India can buy two to three Russian heavy-weight Sukhoi-30MKIs or five to six indigenous Tejas light combat aircraft for every Rafale.

    But it's also true that while a Tejas has a limited range of 400 km and weapon load-carrying capability of 2.5 tonnes, a Rafale can go up to 1,650 km with a 9.3-tonne load. India will pay around 15 per cent (around Rs 9,000 crore) as the first installment. Under this logistics support, Dassault will ensure that at least 75 per cent of the fleet remains operational or air worthy at any given time under what is called the existing frontline fighter, the Sukhoi 30-MKI has only 60 per cent availability clause. The Rafale deal has a 50 per cent offsets clause, under which France will have to invest half of the actual contract value (some 3.94 euros) back into India, which has the potential to generate direct and indirect employment opportunities in India. According to government sources, India saved some Euros 328 million from bargaining over the price for the original medium multi role combat aircraft (MMRCA) being negotiated by the erstwhile UPA regime. The Rafale deal does fall short of previous proposals for India to buy 126 of the jets because of costs and assembly guarantees. Rafale aircraft are currently being used for bombing missions over Syria and Iraq. The Rafale can fly distances of up to 3,800 kms (2,360 miles).

    Significantly, the Rafales will come with much better weapons and maintenance support packages now as compared to what was being negotiated by the previous government. The Rafale has a faster turnaround time, capable of undertaking five sorties in a day. The French company will make India-specific changes, such as next generation missiles like Meteor and Scalp, which will add capability much beyond India’s immediate adversaries. The Meteor, is a BVR (Beyond Visual Range) air-to-air missile with a range in excess of 150 km. It will allow IAF to hit targets inside both Pakistan and Tibet from within its own territory. The Scalp is a long-range air-to- cruise missile with a range of 300 km and precision of two metres. The IAF has not procured any new fighter jets since the start of this century, the last one being the Sukhoi 30-MKI from Russia that was first ordered in mid-1990’s and since have been produced under license in India by HAL. The Rafale will certainly be a boost for the IAF, however the real edge will come when we build our own fifth generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) in India. Our plans for joint development of FGFA in collaboration with Russia need to be accelerated in this context.



    Photo Credit: PIB, Dassault Aviation, French Air Force – R. Nicolas-Nelson



    http://spsmai.com/experts-speak/?id=276&q=The-Rafale-Deal-Finally-Inked

    for more
    http://spsmai.com/ebook/?id=160921103152-74de3d7ee91b9471ee9e5df30d8d2a38&Name=sp_s_mai_18-2016&Info=SP's%20MAI%20September%2016-30,%202016&t=1368878995306&r=39&mob=10090514&year=2016
     
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  5. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Two Russian bombers intercepted by Rafale off Brittany

    Two Russian bombers were spotted and intercepted a hundred kilometers of the Brittany coast in late September (picture image).

    afp.com/ALEXEY PANOV

    The two Russian planes had already been detected by Norway and Ireland. Four countries had to intervene to intercept at the time, on 22 September.
    As a deja vu. French fighter planes intercepted two Russian September 22 bombers off the Brittany, announced Tuesday the air force. The aircraft were detected in the morning in northern Norway by the army, then west of Ireland before appearing early in the afternoon to "100 kilometers of Brittany" is he said on the site of the Defense Ministry .

    A first such incident in February
    The two "Blackjack" - code name for the two aircraft - struck with a red star were escorted by several Rafale early afternoon to drive "off to Mont-de-Marsan" in the South -Where is. "The two Russian planes (have) then head west along the Iberian coast," the site of the Air Force. It was at that time that the Spanish planes took charge.



    The two Russian planes are finally reassembled to Russia via Ireland. In total four countries - Norway, the UK, France and Spain - have implemented aerial means of interception and escort aircraft in conjunction with NATO operation centers.

    Of "provocations" frequent Russian
    Termed "provocations" by Russian Westerners in full escalation of tension with Moscow, these incidents are increasing for several months. On 17 February, the French fighter aircraft and had intercepted Russian aircraft off Touquet in northern France this time.


    ALSO READ >> Two Russian bombers intercepted by the air force off Touquet

    The phenomenon is even more common for the Baltic countries, which regularly accuses Russia of violating its airspace and flying over the Baltic Sea.
    https://translate.google.com/transl...e-la-bretagne_1837349.html&edit-text=&act=url
     
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  6. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Thales. The success of the Rafale is also Brest

    Recent successes of the Rafale are played in part in Brest. It is indeed within the walls of what Thales integrated and tested the Spectra electronic warfare system, which gives a step ahead of the fighter plane pilots.
    "The challenge is simple: to be able to enter the first in the theater of operations." In front of a model of the Rafale but far benches where the system is tested, classified in zone prohibited any outside visitor, Thierry Weulersse, site director of Thales, describes how the Spectra (protection system and avoidance of conduct shot Burst).

    The system equips the whole fleet of Rafale built by Dassault, for which it was designed. "The system is developed in Élancourt, integrated and tested in Brest, at Thales Airborne Systems (TSA). Its role is to automatically consider the entire electromagnetic spectrum for the protection of the platform, detection transmitters and radars in the area, and intelligence missions, "explains Thierry Weulersse.


    Detection and against measures
    The whole system is integrated into the unit cell which frees any external hard points for weapons in particular. The different sensors can capture the radar waves, infrared laser or, 360 degrees around the device. But not only that: "With an onboard data library, the system immediately provides cons-measures to the pilot as radar-jamming sequins or infrared waves to fool detection systems enemy radars or missile guidance" .

    After only equipped the French Air Force, Rafale coming off a series of commercial successes with 24 orders in Egypt and Qatar and 36 other still signed last month to India, a total of 84 firm orders signed by 18 month. So successful in Brest today part and proves the relevance of the competence center for electronic warfare developed in the 1990s by Thales at the tip Finistère.

    "The activity is perpetuated"
    These commercial successes are not without effect on employment, since Thales announced last month, recruiting 150 people across its sites in Brittany. And this success also benefits contractors, as Novatech, in Pont-de-Buis.

    At Brest, they are already 1,600 employees, Thales Underwater System and TSA, and the effect Rafale should be very spectacular on employment. "We have already anticipated for several months with recruitment which should allow us to be ready to respond to this increase in activity, explains Thierry Weulersse. But the main achievement is that these export contracts perpetuate the activity Rafale in Brest ".

    Especially since TSA does not intend to rest on its laurels and is working on the evolution of the Spectra system, "including on the interference portion and scanning." But this is, of course, well secluded ...
    http://www.letelegramme.fr/finister...le-est-aussi-brestois-11-10-2016-11250058.php
     
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  7. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Maintenance is digitizes
    Helen Chachaty in Bordeaux

    [​IMG] 05/10/2016 | 934 words
    [​IMG]
    © Thales


    ADS file Show

    Support: Thales plays the game of the digital revolution
    The duality of platforms: an asset for maintenance?
    A "clean bubble" for the maintenance of pods on the theaters of operations

    Potential calculation of remaining equipment, fault recording, serious games, simulators, the maintenance in operational condition (MCO) of aeronautical materials tend to scan more and more, how to testify in several solutions presented at ADS Show room devoted to MCO Defense. Example of three tools developed to benefit the maintenance of the Rafale.

    Already in service in the forces, the Harpagon system allows engineers to detect all faults that arose during a mission
    https://translate.google.com/transl...m/actualites/34588-la-maintenance-se-numerise
     
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  8. Picdelamirand-oil

    Picdelamirand-oil Lt. Colonel MILITARY STRATEGIST

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    The translation is relatively bad: I don't understand when reading it in english and have to read in French. For exemple
    "including on the interference portion and scanning" need to be replaced by “including on jamming part and digitalisation
     
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  9. PARIKRAMA

    PARIKRAMA Angel or Devil? Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    i posted it in rafale thread as well but seems google translate lately has been terrible for french articles..
     
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  10. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    First test flight of Rafale pod Talios

    The test team in the F3R Rafale prototype equipped with the pod Talios © Thales

    [​IMG]


    The pod TALIOS new generation of laser designation (Targeting Long-range Optronic System Identification) has successfully completed its first test flight on Rafale.

    The test flight was carried out from the base of Istres by Dassault Aviation in the F3R Rafale program. The prototype pod Talios took off on July 27 in a single-seat airplane for a flight lasting more than 2 hours.
    The test flight has collected images taken through a "day" and test score performance and telemetry, says Thales.

    Designed by Thales optronics TALIOS is the first targeting pod to cover the entire decision chain, from intelligence gathering to neutralization. The pod is equipped with the latest generation of high-resolution electro-optical and infrared sensors, a stabilization of the line of sight and image processing. Its capabilities range from deep strikes with precision-guided munitions, identification of air-goals and close air support, day and night.

    The pod TALIOS equip the Rafale of the army of the French air and the Navy. It is one of the advanced Rafale F3R standard. The first flight of the pod Talios was conducted under the aircraft Mirage 2000 test bench development tests and performance measurement will continue throughout the year 2017. They will lead to the qualification of equipment on the one hand, and the qualification standard Rafale F3R planned for mid 2018.

    The Law of Military Planning provides the command 45 pods for the Air Force and Navy, 20 of which have already been ordered by the DGA to Thales. Deliveries of the series of materials will occur from 2018.
    http://www.air-cosmos.com/premier-vol-d-essai-sous-rafale-du-pod-talios-83905
     
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  11. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    III) AVIONICS

    IN AERONAUTICS, AVIONICS MEANS ALL THE ELECTRONIC AND COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OF AN AIRCRAFT. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ALLOW THE AIRCRAFT TO SURVIVE AND WIN IN A BATTLEFIELD. THE MAIN RAFALE SYSTEMS WE WILL STUDY ARE THE FRONTAL SECTOR OPTRONICS, THE RBE2 RADAR, SPECTRA SELF-DEFENSE SYSTEM AND HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE.

    1) FRONTAL SECTOR OPTRONICS (OSF)
    A) PRESENTATION
    The Frontal Sector Optronics is the result of collaboration between Thales and Sagem. This is a sensor Rafale, in front of the glass, the nose of the aircraft. It allows the search, acquisition and target tracking, as well as air sea or land, in high resolution and with telemetry LASER.

    Except laser rangefinder, the entire system emits no radiation and is therefore undetectable (merely receive information, they say it is a passive sensor). It also proves immune to radar jamming, operating in optical wavelengths. For use in the optical and infrared, it makes complementary RBE2 radar.

    For missions that do not require its use, it can be removed from its housing and replaced by a ballast, in order not to disturb the aerodynamics and center of gravity.

    [​IMG]
    OSF Rafale
    B) A CONCENTRATE OF TECHNOLOGY
    In a volume of only 80 L, OSF provides:

    • an optical channel / LASER rangefinder, allowing identification and tracking targets up to 50 km
    • an infrared channel with two functions: Suspend / tracking (IRST) and imaging (FLIR). The infrared sensor wide field of view allows to operate at a range of 100 km.
    [​IMG]
    View of an F-22 Raptor by OSF of a Rafale
    The OSF covers the front area of 120 to 150 °. Its viewing angle is down because of the aircraft's nose, only 14 °. The addition of Damocles designation pod is therefore necessary to broaden the vision of the OSF field.

    The OSF is fully integrated navigation and attack system Rafale. It has the ability to adapt easily to environments in which it is operating. Unlike similar system installed on the Eurofighter Typhoon, it can pass during a mission of air-air configuration to the air-sea configuration or air to ground, that its competitor is unable to do. Its infrared capabilities are of great importance during a night flying.

    [​IMG]
    .
    2) THE RADAR: RBE2


    The RBE2 is a multifunction radar equipping Dassault combat aircraft in the early 1990s is developed exclusively for the Rafale by Thales, then called Thomson-CSF in collaboration with Electronic Serge Dassault.

    A) RADAR OPERATION
    The radar is one of the essential components of a fighter. Indeed it allows it to ensure its security against threats on a battlefield and to have a clear description and long-range air tactical situation. But such a radar is not sufficient for the Rafale. It is a multirole aircraft, which must conduct both air-ground missions air-air missions.

    On a "traditional" radar, air-to-air and air-ground capabilities are not processed simultaneously, and aircraft must be equipped with a different radar depending on version. For example, in the case of Mirages 2000: D and N versions, for ground attack and nuclear bombardment, are equipped with radar Antelope V that has good terrain following capability, but whose performance air- air are very low. Conversely, versions B and C are for their part equipped RDI radar which is only intended for air combat

    The RBE2 has meanwhile powerful capabilities in both air to air in air-ground or air-sea, which was planned from the outset of the program. To meet these requirements, Thomson-CSF, during his research in the '80s, was based on the radant antenna, developed by the manufacturer of the same name and developed in the 70 Operating as a lens network, it is composed of two crossed patties and illuminated by a TWT (Traveling wave Tube). Each wafer includes a large number of channels in which take place the PIN diodes.The combination of the successive states of successive diodes of a same channel produces a phase shift that provides the deflection of the beam, such as a prism. The operation of the scan is thus optimized so that the air-air and air-ground functions operate simultaneously. The vertical scanning ensures air-ground capabilities and horizontal sweep to load the air-air capacity, which is the character of the Rafale multirole. When the radar is installed on the then Rafale in development since 1991, Dassault aircraft became one of the first to have such technology with the Russian MiG-31 and the B-1 bomber American. This first version of the radar is known to RBE2 PESA (Passive Electronically Scanned Array Radar = passive antenna).
    [​IMG]

    .B) PERFORMANCE
    A major advantage of RBE2 is its low possibility of detection by enemy equipment (LPI capacity: Low Probality of Intercept). It results in an emission discretion, random sweeps or hopping frequencies


    The radar is supported by powerful computers capable of performing more than one billion operations per second.

    In a mass of 270 kg (which is light for a radar), the RBE2 ensures:

    • air-to-air capabilities, air-ground and air-sea as the search targets, support for acquisition, tracking, shooting and track the missile
    • the ability to engage multiple aircraft simultaneously (up to four simultaneous shots), also called multi-target capability, liaison with aircraft missile
    • Field monitoring mode, which allows a fighter to marry as close to the shape of the land to ensure it great discretion. The mode is coupled to the electrical flight controls and automatic camera driver.The driver determines a desired height of 100 feet and 2000 feet (30 to 650 meters, 3 feet ≈ 1 meter), and a type of flexible flight, medium or hard, for the number of "g" suffered ( g is the acceleration of gravity, equal to approximately 9.78 ms -2). This results to more or less "stick the plane" to the terrain at a speed between 400 and 600 knots (between 740 and 1111 km / h)
    • an imaging mode synthetic cover (able to map an area for the needs of the mission in all weather conditions, day or night.
    The radar operates within a hundred kilometers. To prevent the power of its emissions will harm the personal air bases or aircraft carriers, it only becomes active when it left the ground or the flight deck of the aircraft carrier.

    C) THE CHANGING RBE2: RBE2 THE AESA (ACTIVE ANTENNA)
    Since 2012, the outgoing radar assembly lines have been added an active antenna which makes them much more efficient.

    • The range is increased to 200 kilometers.
    • The investigation and prosecution is now possible for 40 targets including twenty in a very enhanced. It can engage in 8 the same time, against 4 of the PESA.
    • It can perform mapping in 3D with excellent definition in real time (it is the only radar in the world to do so).
    • The scan area is increased to +/- 70 °.
    • Noise immunity is improved and the investigation and prosecution of stealth targets (low detectable radar) is facilitated.
    • It consists of thousands of transmitting / receiving modules including the failure of some does not prevent the functioning of the unit. It therefore needs less maintenance.
    In addition, the use of the Meteor missile, whose range exceeds 100 kilometers, could not have come at full capacity without EASA.

    [​IMG]
    RBE2 advantage over a conventional radar
     
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  12. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    3) SPECTRA
    SPECTRA = System Protection and Avoidance of Burst Shot pipes.

    SPECTRA, developed by Thales and MBDA, is a collection of sensors, receivers, antennas, ... who defend the Rafale. It offers protection against most attacks and threats existing in a theater. The system is effective to 360 °. All the aircraft therefore enjoys its protection, and for any type of weapons, air to air or surface to air. The development of this system started in the 1980s, along with that of the air, while electronic systems and "electronic warfare" were booming. It is of course specific to the Rafale.

    [​IMG]
    In the photo, the SPECTRA items are circled in red
    All the equipment that compose it has a mass of about 250 kg. The system is divided into six major parts providing specific functions:

    • Two infrared missile launch detectors (DDM), placed on top of the drift of the Rafale. The standard "F3-04T" currently up and which also brings the EASA RBE2, sees the arrival of a new generation of infrared missile launch detector DDM-NG (the first version of DDM has become obsolete with changes weapons systems). It allows to detect the firing of a missile at enemy longer distance with a spherical field of view around the largest aircraft. Also, the system has the ability to sort the false alarms and has an angular detection capability that offers him greater efficiency
    • DAL 3 (laser warning sensors) that allow the pilot to see if his plane is designated by a laser signal.There are 3 in total: two are located in the cockpit and at the top of the drift. They cover a range of 120 ° each
    • 3 radar detectors, at the root of the ducks and the top of the drift, which enable whether a radar is active near the aircraft.
    Then, when one of these signals a warning (with less than 1 ° accuracy, and a large database to identify its origin), SPECTRA (which merged with the RBE2 and OSF) uses devices of cons-measures adapted its disposal to protect the aircraft:

    • 3 jammers placed close to the air inlets of the reactor and on the drift; Both are active antenna and allow to jam radars and lasers that can pose a threat to the aircraft
    • 4 thermal rocket launchers (decoys) on the back of the wing-fuselage junction to protect against infrared-guided missiles. The decoy will emit a stronger infrared signature as reactors for the missile launched against the plane is heading these lures rather than reactors
    • 2-lances glitter (decoys) that are close to the nozzles of the reactor and designed to deceive the electromagnetic guided missiles or radar guidance, reflecting the waves of enemy radar in the following wavelengths the same "signature" Electromagnetic the Rafale.
    [​IMG]
    Firing decoy flares
    4) THE MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE (HMI)
    A) THE DATA OF MELTING
    The data fusion is the synthesis of all the information gathered by the aircraft sensors, such as OSF, SPECTRA, RBE2, etc. The wealth of information obtained must be selected and presented to the driver in the most accessible way possible. The merger is accomplished by EMTI: Set Modular Data Processing. It consists of 19 modules each developing a power 50 times greater than previous systems

    Data fusion is performed in three steps:

    • developing and refining the track of the information provided by the set of sensors
    • compensation limitations inherent to each sensor (distance, resolution, field of view, wavelength ...)
    • Assessment of confidence levels of the track and removing redundancies to avoid unnecessary clutter.
    This system is a great help for the pilot, which is reliable and clear information.

    B) CONCEPT "HOTAS"
    The concept HOTAS, "Hands On Throttle And Stick" in French literally "Hands on Channel and Machine" refers to a concept where no handle in the center of the airplane cockpit, but a side handle and a throttle.Thus, the pilot nearly all commands he needs when he hands on the stick and throttle, thus allowing it almost never let go of its controls. The throttle is on the left of the pilot and-stick to his right. 37 switches and switches total integrated therein (13 and 24 on the handle on the throttle). The switches allow the driver to manage the position ducks plans telecommunication, RBE2 usage modes or the autopilot. The directional handle (that directs partly the plane, without pedals) has a small clearance of about 10 cm around its axis of rotation in the rest position.

    C) THE AVERAGE HEAD-UP DISPLAY (VTM)
    The average head-up display (VTM) is the central display in the cockpit of the Rafale. Its dimensions are 25.4 x 25.4 cm for a resolution of 1000 x 1000 pixels. With its field 20 ° x 20 °, it allows the display of the tactical situation (SITAC) resulting from the merger of the data recorded by the sensors of the aircraft. The screen also lets you overlay the display of the SITAC with a navigation map or satellite images, may come from the RBE2. We can also appear zones shooting arms, represented by colored bubbles calculated in real time and associated with the NOSE (No Escape Zone) of the selected arming, or the minimum distance shooting in close combat.

    D) THE HEAD-UP DISPLAY (HUD)
    HUD (Head Up Display), also known as HTC (Collimator Head High) or HUD (Head High Visualization) is placed just above the GTW. This device is located near the VTM to allow a quick change of a device to another. It provides the driver all flight information such as course, speed, altitude, attitude, angle of attack, ... he has an "artificial horizon" indicates the time flight conducted and quantity of armaments. It covers an area of 30 ° x 22 ° and is also compatible for projecting an infrared imaging, from the Pod Damocles or OSF.

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    Cockpit Rafale
    LAST UPDATE
    March 13, 2015
    https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&tl=en&u=http://www.tpesurlerafale.fr.nf/Avionique.php
     
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  13. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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  14. somedude

    somedude Captain FULL MEMBER

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    "Avoidance of Burst Shot pipes" is now my favorite Google Translatism.
     
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  15. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Thales targeting pod integrated, tested on Rafale fighter
    A new laser targeting pod from Thales has been successfully tested aboard a Rafale fighter plane.

    By Richard Tomkins | Oct. 17, 2016 at 8:09 AM
    Follow @upi

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    The TALIOS targeting pod mounted onto a Rafale fighter. Photo courtesy Thales


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    PARIS, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- Thales' new-generation TALIOS laser targeting pod has successfully completed a more than two-hour first flight on a Rafale fighter.

    The prototype targeting long-range identification optronic system collected high-quality images taken using the "day" channel, and offered remarkable performances in pointing and telemetry, Thales said.

    "TALIOS is the first optronic targeting pod to cover the entire decision chain, from intelligence gathering through to neutralization," the company said in an announcement. "With the latest-generation high-resolution infrared and electro-optical sensors, line-of-sight stabilization, and high performance image processing, its capabilities range from deep strike with precision-guided munition, to air-to-air target identification and close air support, both during the day and at night."

    The TALIOS pod is to be used on French Air Force and Navy Rafales and is a major part of a development program for the fighters.

    The TALIOS pod development and Rafale integration programs run in parallel. Adjustment and performance measurement tests will continue throughout next year.
    http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Se...rated-tested-on-Rafale-fighter/3311476678448/
     
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