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Rafale's mini encyclopedia.

Discussion in 'Indian Air Force' started by DrSomnath999, Mar 6, 2012.

  1. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Bachelor messin powered Rafale pilot

    Become a fighter pilot in the Air Force with a simple bachelor possible. The proof is the story of a young Messin, passed from dream to reality.
    22/10/2016 05:00, updated at 10:49



    [​IMG]At 26, Quentin became Rafale fighter pilot.Knowing that the die is unknown, his career has something to attract vocations.Each year, the Air Force recruits 50 pilots or navigators.Photo DR Aurélie GENETIER[​IMG]


    At school, Quentin did not really shone. Two college repetition, no particular desire as to its future direction. In short, the total fog. And then, one day in June 2007, during a meeting on the basis of Nancy-Ochey, dazzled by the Flight of a Mirage 2000 is THE revelation.

    The Messin has only one idea in mind: "Flying in the Air Force. "Scramble to a tray and S," in doubt ", a prep class in Fabert high school. Turbulence and new flight plan. Well prepared and motivated, the young man is heading for the Air office CIRFA Metz (Centre for Information and recruitment of the armed forces).

    psychometric tests, psychomotor, but also skills in math and English, the four-day selection in Bretigny-sur-Orge are conclusive.

    "He had the fiber"
    With its single package tray, the kid takes the holding of cadet flight personnel. That was in 2011. Five years later, at age 26, Quentin realized his dream: he is a fighter pilot Rafale.

    "When we saw it happen, we immediately felt he had the fiber. Quentin knew our website by heart, he had practically done our job ... "smiles the head office of Air CIRFA. His pride is palpable. At the time of debriefing as a copy qu'inespéré course, that of the aspirant Quentin is equally important.

    Remember his joy "intense" the day the positive response to its integration into the basic school in Salon-de-Provence is confirmed it. basic military training, first flights on a small Cirrus R20 ... A year and half later, the Metz joined the Cognac flight school, then continued the specialization "hunting" on Alphajets in Tours. To win the Grail: the patent and the famous fighter pilot badge, in July 2015.

    First flight in August
    A culmination shared the joy with his parents, his brother and friends. But not an end in itself since before being operational, the military has yet to spend six months of transition training in Cazaux. Since January, it's done and, in the process, the Messin was assigned to the base of Saint Dizier and made its first flight on Rafale in August. "That's it, I am! "Was he said when asking her ass in the cockpit.

    "To be honest, every time I look at that plane, I especially think that it is a sacred beast capable of reaching 1800 km / h ...»

    Combat missions, "the purpose fighter pilot profession," not for tomorrow. "It will take me many hours of flights," says the aspirant. Meanwhile, every time he flies over the Messina region included in its training area, Quentin makes the entire journey. It has just been enough of a ferry.

    But also a good dose of "biting and determination."
    https://translate.google.com/transl...achelier-propulse-pilote-de-rafale&edit-text=
     
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  2. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Soldiers, Rafale, guns ... the resources deployed by France in battle of Mosul
    Chaired by Jean-Marc Ayrault, a meeting for the stabilization of Mosul in Iraq opened Thursday at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    20/10/2016 11:22 CET | Updated 20/10/2016 24:57 ES


    INTERNATIONAL - This is the "mother of battles" to retake the city in the Islamic state. The offensive in Mosul, a stronghold of jihadist group in Iraq, began Tuesday. If the fighting could last for "months" , warned the Defence Minister Jean-Yves Drian, Iraqi authorities ensure that things are moving "faster than expected".


    It is in this context that is held on Thursday morning, 20 October, a meeting of "high level" for stabilization of Mosul to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Opened by Francois Hollande and chaired by Jean-Marc Ayrault, it brings together twenty countries and organizations, including the United States, Turkey, the Gulf States and Europeans.


    2
    500 French troops in Iraq

    As you can see in the infographic below, based on figures provided by the Ministry of Defence, 500 French soldiers are currently deployed in Iraq.

    Among these men was an artillery detachment of 150 soldiers, the Task Force Wagram, deployed in September on the Qayyarah West base (65 km south of Mosul). These men have "four heavy guns Caesar a range of 40 km," notes Le Parisien .

    The detachment is involved in the basic protection, logistics hub for the battle of Mosul, and support Iraqi troops in their advance.


    [​IMG]AFP


    About 150 men also provide training and advice from the 6th Division Iraqi infantry and Iraq Counter Terrorism Services (ICTS), which brings together elite units. The French army has trained about 5300 soldiers of the ICTS since spring 2015, about half of these elite units, says one to the Ministry of Defence.

    Finally, about 150 to 200 special forces advise peshmerga in Iraqi Kurdistan.

    The Air Force also has six Rafale fighter-bombers in Jordan and six other UAE. These air assets are engaged since September 2014 in the Iraqi skies and September 2015 in Syria.Three fighters from Jordan, accompanied by four Rafale from the Charles de Gaulle led a joint raid Monday on a gear warehouse of explosives Daech near Mosul.

    Deploying the Charles de Gaulle, "a politically strong gesture"

    Alain Rodier, deputy director of the French Research Centre on Intelligence (CF2R) quoted by 20minutes , believes that French involvement "is absolutely not decisive" militarily, the United States provides "80% to 85% deployed resources ", but" do not underestimate "the role of France.

    "The deployment of the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and Rafale is a sign, it is a politically significant gesture, even if it is militarily symbolic," he said. Some 3330 sailors, including 2,900 French, can be found on the aircraft carrier parked where 24 Rafale.

    [​IMG]

    AFP


    The Charles de Gaulle is accompanied by an escort protection and recognition, including a submarine attack and several frigates, including the American USS Ross and German Augsburg.

    In total, the French had - all methods - conducted 886 strikes in 1519 and destroyed targets since 19 September 2014, said Monday the General Staff, or about 5% of total coalition strikes, including the United States assume an overwhelming share.

    https://translate.google.com/transl...yens-deployes-par-la-france-bataille-mossoul/
     
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  3. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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  4. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Dassault Rafale | MOST BRUTAL JET DISPLAY EVER
     
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  5. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    An apple of the eye




    [​IMG]


    what a sight !! :rafale:
     
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  6. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Oct 23, 2016
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  7. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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  8. halloweene

    halloweene Major MILITARY STRATEGIST

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    From a 2009 Thalès pdf digged deep in internet ;)

    upload_2016-10-23_1-1-43.png
     
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  9. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Rafale: Parrikar keen on SAFRAN's manufacturing unit in Goa


    Press Trust of India | Panaji October 23, 2016 Last Updated at 19:03 IST



    Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar today "advised" French firm SAFRAN to set up a facility in his home state of Goato manufacture small parts for the fighter aircraft Rafale, for which India recently signed a deal with France.

    "I would also advice you to take advantage of the off-set in Rafale deal. From my side I will put a word. You (SAFRAN) are supplying engines for Rafale. The off-set of Rafale deal is around Rs 30,000 crore. If you are interested in setting up a manufacturing facility of some small parts then you can do it in Goa," Parrikar said during the inauguration of a joint venture between HAL and French firm SAFRAN in North Goa.




    He said Rs 1,000-1,500 crore of the total offset deal can be invested in Goa.

    "If that happens, Goa will provide technical support which is required for such activity," he said.

    The Defence Minister also appealed state Chief MinisterLaxmikant Parsekar for setting up courses for skill development in aeronautical engineering.

    Parrikar said Goa requires engineering industry.

    "Goans are in high tech jobs across India. Also a lot of talent is available locally," he added.

    The Defence Minister also suggested that HAL should tie up with SAFRAN and get into manufacturing of engines.

    "We are going to require 6,000-10,000 engines in next ten years and most of them are SAFRAN engines," he said.

    Parrikar said the Goa government is ready to provide land and other facilities required to set up an engine manufacturing plant.
    (This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
    http://www.business-standard.com/ar...manufacturing-unit-in-goa-116102300564_1.html
     
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  10. BON PLAN

    BON PLAN Major SENIOR MEMBER

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  11. Gessler

    Gessler Lt. Colonel Technical Analyst

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    Rainbows & Unicorns. :bunny:

    (that refueling probe can pass for a horn, right?)
     
  12. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    Nagpur SEZ to host Rafale offset manufacturing



    Four French companies with a major stake in the Rafale deal will execute the work

    An integrated facility will be commissioned by the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group and its French partner Dassault in Nagpur in the next few months for the execution of offset contracts of the just-concluded deal for 36 French fighters. A significant part of the whopping Rs. 30,000 crore offsets would be executed through the joint venture, Dassault Reliance Aerospace.

    According to industry sources, the new facility will come up in the Reliance Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Nagpur, and it would be fully operational within the next 12 months.

    Four French companies which have a major stake in the Rafale deal — Dassault Aviation, Thales, Safran and MBDA — will execute offsets worth about Rs. 30,000 crore as per their share. The Dassault-Reliance JV will only execute a part of the offsets because some of the investments have to be done in DRDO for technology development.

    Last month India and France concluded a €7.87-billion deal for 36 Rafale multi-role fighter jets in a fly-away condition but it has a 50 percent offset clause under which that contract value has be invested and sourced from India.


    Contract share
    The first three companies individually have about 25-30 percent share in the aircraft which will also be the case in executing the offsets. Another 10 percent is held by several other French companies based on their contribution. MBDA is the weapons manufacturer which is also part of the contract.

    According to sources the entire offset amount will not go into the private sector. As per the agreement about 30 percent of the Rs. 30,000 crore i.e. about Rs. 9,000 crore has to be invested in Reseach & Development (R&D) along with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for technology development.

    In response to a query from The Hindu, Thales said that offsets would be delivered through various avenues including the Dassault-Reliance JV.

    The JV was needed as Dassault India, a service-oriented company, cannot take up manufacturing which will be done by the JV. “There will be several Independent Offset Partners (IOPs) through the JV,” industry sources said.

    http://www.thehindu.com/news/nation...afale-offset-manufacturing/article9258985.ece


    ×
     
  13. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    The Rafale an emblematic French hunter

    On the Rafale, in recent years, so much has been said that we finally kept only two. The first: everyone recognized that the aircraft was exceptional, according to all French and foreign pilots (exchange pilots or test pilots) [ 1 ] who stole this "omnirole" device, the first fighter that is truly versatile. [ 2 ] the basic idea is not to make one type of combat aircraft for our Air Force and our naval aviation, to gradually replace seven different types of aircraft that filled the full spectrum of airpower missions. [ 3 ] the second thing sometimes perceived fatalistically as a kind of curse, as with its predecessor, the Mirage, America the United States did everything to the Rafale does not export, [ 4 ] and sometimes in the most brutal manner. Today, Egypt has once again demonstrated courage and lucidity by buying an airplane, unlike his F16 is not "restrained" by forging a strategic partnership with France. [ 5 ] " over the past sixty years, Dassault Aviation has exported 72% of its aircraft to more than 90 countries. "[ 5 ] It would be wrong to deprive our readers of the excellent press release issued by the International Directorate General of Dassault Aviation . St. Cloud, 15 February 2015 ( English Version ) [ 6 ]

    [​IMG]

    Eric Trappier with General Sedki Sobhi, Egyptian MINDEF

    Introduction:

    The airline is the first weapon to be used in all the crises and conflicts of recent years, the Falklands War to the Gulf War, Bosnia and Kosovo, from Afghanistan to Libya, and more recently , Mali. [ 7 ] The combat aviation is the most strategic weapon, both in its effects than the critical technologies it uses. It is essential to master the sky from the first days of fighting, in order to subsequently lead of air-ground and air-sea operations.

    [​IMG]

    GAA Denis Mercier: "In Mali, I was glad to have the Rafale" [ 7 ]

    In the lower intensity conflicts (asymmetric wars against insurgency), the air force is also required by its versatility and precision. In peacetime or in times of crisis like September 11, 2001, we need to secure the national airspace with planes mobilized quickly to provide air policing. The decisive role of air power in modern warfare is illustrated by the choice made by states wishing to play a leading role on the international stage. [ 8 ]

    The Rafale, for its capabilities "omnirole" perfectly matches the desired capability approach by many governments. It addresses the need to ensure all missions with minimal aircraft. It allows the operational duty missions and homeland security, force projection for external operations, strikes in depth, air support of ground troops, reconnaissance, training of drivers, and nuclear deterrent.

    © [​IMG]

    Versatility, interoperability, flexibility and survivability

    The three versions (single-seater and two-seater "Air" and car "Marine") have been developed with the same functionality and the same equipment. The feedback from recent conflicts shows the expectations of policymakers regarding airpower:
    - Versatility, ie the ability to ensure the same plane, different missions, [ 9 ]
    - Interoperability, or the ability to fight in coalition with allies following procedures and common standards, which requires the ability to communicate in real time with other participants,
    - Flexibility, that can, for example illustrate the ability of a fighter to combine multiple tasks on a single flight (capacity "omnirole").This ability to switch on injunction of the policy maker, a coercive mission (air-ground strikes) to a mission of prevention (bullying - "show of force"), or even to cancel the mission at the last moment
    - Survivability, which is to ensure the success of the mission and the return of the crew, in a dense environment threats, through stealth and / or self-protection devices.

    [​IMG]

    GAA Denis Mercier " The Gust, it does not undergo the "[ 7 ]

    The Rafale combines all these qualities. It is perfectly suited to conventional threats and asymmetric threats. It is in full line with the new needs of armies in a geopolitical context in constant evolution, and it is at the forefront of technological innovation.

    Thanks to its versatility and its ability to perform all the tasks of the air force, the Rafale is emblematic of the process of "transformation" used by the staffs. It helps to solve the problem of air forces face the requirement to do more with diminishing budgets in an economic and strategic environment always changing.

    Of moderate size, extremely powerful and superbly agile and very discreet, the newest of Dassault Aviation combat aircraft does not just boarding the broadest and most advanced sensors, it multiplies the efficiency through a radically new technology, "multi-sensor data fusion".

    [​IMG]

    LCL François Tricot, commander of the Normandie-Niemen

    I. - "omnirole" from the beginning

    Originally the Rafale program, the Air Force and the French Navy have expressed the need to replace seven different types of combat aircraft [ 2 ] by a plane omnirole able to complete all their tasks: [ 10 ]
    - Air Defence / Air Superiority,
    - Recognition,
    - Close Fire Support,
    - Strikes air-ground precision / interdiction missions,
    - Combating anti-ship,
    - Nuclear Mission
    - Hunter fighter-flight refueling.

    Taking account of these needs from the beginning of development, has allowed Dassault Aviation to design a plane that largely meets the needs of each mission. Versatile and cutting edge in each mission, the Rafale is a true "multiplier Forces."

    The Rafale has demonstrated a remarkable survivability in recent operations of the Air Force and the Navy with its optimized cell in terms of discretion, and a wide range of smart and discrete sensors. It will be the fighter of the French army at least until 2040.

    [​IMG]

    Rafale C101 ground

    II. - An optimized aircraft

    The Rafale aircraft "omnirole" is available in three versions:
    - The Rafale C single-seat,
    - The Rafale M, embeddable car on aircraft carriers,
    - And Rafale B two-seater.

    These three versions share the same cell and the same weapons system, the main differences being the strengthened landing gear and landing of lacrosse Rafale M.

    II-1 - Cell - Materials - Flight Controls
    The Rafale features a delta wing and aerodynamically coupled ducks on the wing. The numerical simulations conducted by Dassault Aviation have highlighted the interest of the duck-wing coupling: a large cg range and excellent flying qualities throughout the area of use of the aircraft. This choice leads to excellent performance of the Rafale in mission remains agile in flight high incidence and its reach in heavy configurations is unparalleled for a plane of this size.

    [​IMG]

    Burst chain in Merignac

    A system of electric flight controls (FBW) fully digital control longitudinal stability and gives the Rafale its exceptional flight characteristics. This offers a quadruple redundant with three digital channels and separate analog channel, and has no mechanical link between the controls and surfaces. The independence between channels ensures that no defect can not assign multiple channels simultaneously.

    The flight control system of the Rafale achieved a very high level of security through the significant experience of Dassault Aviation in electric flight controls. This experience is illustrated by over one million accident free flight hours due to CDVE.

    The Rafale is an aircraft safe and easy to fly: his behavior in command remains healthy and a precise throughout the flight envelope in all payload configurations.

    The Rafale flight commands perform monitoring of land on autopilot without visibility, allowing it to penetrate the opponent's space undetected and thus provides excellent survivability.

    With shapes and suitable materials, the Rafale has an extremely low radar signature. The technical features contributing to this result are mostly confidential, but a few are visible, such as "shark teeth" on the trailing edge of the wings and ducks.


    [​IMG]
    Burst chain in Merignac

    Dassault Aviation is renowned worldwide for the strength of its planes that can easily exceed 30 years of operational service without major renovation of the structure.

    With the experience of Dassault Aviation for finite element modeling, structural fatigue of the Rafale is constantly monitored by a system without strain gauges, which has proven itself on the Mirage 2000.

    Composite materials are widely used and cover 70% of the wetted area of the aircraft. They improve by 40% the maximum weight ratio takeoff / empty weight compared to traditional cells constructed of aluminum and titanium.

    II-2 - M88 - A new generation engine

    The M88-2 SNECMA is a double flow generation engine that offers both a high-performance push-weight ratio, ease of maintenance, high reliability and low operating costs. It incorporates advanced technologies blisks, clean combustion chamber, turbine blades HP monocrystalline ceramic coatings and composite materials. The M88-2 offers a push from 5 tons to dry and 7.5 tonnes with afterburner. It is managed by two redundant digital computers to (FADEC), which provide exceptional handling throughout the flight envelope: this engine and supports a complete reduction of power followed by a return to full charge in less than three PC seconds.

    [​IMG]

    Burst chain in Merignac

    The "Pack CGP" (Global Cost of Ownership) was launched in 2008 to improve the life of the M88 and reduce the cost of use.From the achievements of the project ECO (Engine Cost of Ownership), SNECMA has obtained an extension of engine life up to 50%, by changes in the HP compressor, the HP turbine and the cooling of the M88 -2; more durable components have also been introduced. Many modules have had their TBO increase, reducing the impact of scheduled maintenance on the availability of the motor.

    The M88 is the subject of constant improvement from SNECMA and the latest version, the M88-4E, is now fully operational.Serially produced since 2012, this version incorporates the achievements of the "TCO Pack" team and now all outgoing Rafalechain.

    III. - A wide range of smart and discrete sensors

    III-1 - Radar RBE2 / AESA electronic scanning and active antenna
    The Rafale is the first - and only - European combat aircraft to use an electronic scanning radar. RBE2 the radar is a product of research and development of Thales. It also benefits from the expertise acquired by Thales on previous generations of radar.Compared to mechanically scanned radars, electronic scanning provides unrivaled perception of the tactical situation, with detection and tracking improved multi-target environment. [ 11 ]

    [​IMG]

    RBE2 mounted Rafale B01 based Istres

    The agility of the beam, permitted by the electronic scanning and computing speed RBE2 make it capable of performance and use patterns inaccessible radar antenna mechanically.

    In October 2012, the first Rafale equipped with an even more powerful radar, RBE2 active antenna (Active Electronically Scanned Array, or AESA), was delivered to the French Air Force. This antenna has the following functions:
     In air-to-air, the simultaneous detection and automatic tracking numerous air targets at great distances, down or up, in jammed environment, and in any weather,
     Ability to pursue and engage targets out of the research area, providing a major advantage in air combat,
     The development of real-time 3D maps for automatic ground tracking. This function allows to enter blindly into inadequately mapped areas. The Rafale is the only new generation fighter aircraft to currently offer such a function,
     The presentation to the pilot of a high-resolution radar 2D map of the terrain overflown for the registration of navigation, and the detection, identification and designation of land targets,
     The detection and tracking of ships.

    The RBE2-AESA radar is fully compatible in terms of detection volumes with the next use of the air-air missile at very long range Meteor. It has very strong potential for growth in the future. [ 11 ]

    In cases where discretion is the requirement main tactic, the Rafale can rely on several other sensor:
    III-2 - frontal sector optronics - OSF
    Developed by Thales, the OSF is fully integrated with the aircraft. Insensitive to radar jamming, it offers in the spectrum optronic detection capability and passive pursuit and thus discrete, long distance. It has a capacity of angular tracking high resolution. An integrated equipment laser rangefinder measures the distance of air targets, sea or land. The OSF makes the pilot services of a powerful telephoto lens coupled to various passive and active sensors, and allows him to visually identify aerial targets in accordance with the rules of engagement.

    III-3 - The internal system of electronic warfare - Spectra
    Developed by Thales and MBDA, the internal system of Spectra electronic warfare is the basis of the excellent survivability of the Rafale deal with threats air-air and latest generation of ground-air. Fully integrated with other aircraft systems, it provides a capacity of multi-spectral warning against radar, missiles and enemy lasers. Ensuring the long-range detection, identification and localization of threats with an excellent level of credibility, it allows the driver to react quickly with the most appropriate tactic involving interference, infrared decoy and / or electromagnetic, and evasive maneuvers.

    Spectra angular location of performance are used to identify ground threats with high accuracy in order to avoid or destroy them with precision-guided munitions. The outstanding capabilities of detection and Spectra of aerial threats location are an essential asset in the early development of a tactical situation of great quality. For this, Spectra leverages internal threats library, users can define and update with great responsiveness and total autonomy. Spectra has just benefited from the introduction of a new generation of missile detector providing improved performance against the latest threats.
     
  14. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 Major RESEARCHER

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    II-4 - Sharing network information
    By sharing network information, the R afale is truly "connected" to other players in the field. [ 12 ] This sharing is made possible by the multisensor data fusion and an open architecture that makes it suitable for many data link systems.

    [​IMG]

    CPA10 a commando guide the driver on the goal

    A high-speed secure data link system allows the Rafale to exchange data in real time with other aircraft in its patrol and with command centers on the ground or airborne, advanced tactical controllers or any other body . The link L16 is of course available to authorized users.

    The Rafale can be equipped with L16 type of data link solutions (NATO), or specific data link to customer needs. Interoperability within an international system has been demonstrated on numerous occasions.

    III-5 - laser designation pod - Damocles
    The Damocles laser designation pod from Thales, [ 13 ] gives the Rafale capacity laser designation of day and night, with a metric precision. It allows to draw the laser guided weapons from a safe distance. The infrared sensor of the Damocles pod operates in the middle band, allowing it to retain its effectiveness in warm and humid atmosphere. Damocles is interoperable with all laser guided weapons.

    III-6 - Areos reconnaissance pod - with real-time transmission
    The Air Force and the French Navy Rafale selected to equip the new generation reconnaissance pod AREOS Thales for their strategic and tactical reconnaissance missions. As has been demonstrated in Libya, Mali, Central African Republic and Iraq, it is a high-tech equipment that can operate day and night to very varied usage scenarios: high altitude / distance or skimming flight at high speed. The performance of this car, and in particular its ability to shooting at very long distances, make it a quasi-strategic level tool.

    IV. - The power of data fusion

    The differentiator Rafale is its process of merging data from all the sensors. The multi-sensor data fusion passed the pilot stage of the Rafale simple sensor operator to that of true tactical decider. This is the modular calculator EMTI ( "Modular Package Information Processing") Rafale who performs data fusion. It contains 19 swappable modules online (URL), including 18 each provide power 50 times greater than that available combat aircraft of the previous generation. It uses processors and standard electronic components.

    The EMTI calculator is the key to the scalability of the Rafale: it is he who allows easy integration of new weapons and new abilities to maintain the relevance of the Rafale combat, while the tactical requirements evolve, and as new generations of processors and software follow each other incessantly.

    The multi-sensor data fusion is the intermediary through which the tactical environment is perceived by the driver, who is then able to understand the implications of the actual situation and take appropriate tactical decision. With the computing power of the system, data fusion integrates information from the electronic scanning radar-RBE2 EASA, the optronics system Frontal Sector (OSF), Spectra electronic warfare system, IFF, infrared homing missiles Mica IR, and data binding.

    IV-1 - The fusion of multi-sensor data
    The fusion of multi-sensor onboard the Rafale data allows for accurate, reliable and robust tracks, and images of the less crowded environment. It thus helps to reduce pilot workload, increase responsiveness, and ultimately to improve its understanding of the actual tactical situation.

    It is carried out fully automatically in three steps:
    1. The preparation of consolidated tracks, and refining primary information provided by the sensors,
    2. The compensation of the limitations inherent to each sensor (in terms of wavelength / frequency, field of vision, distance, resolution, etc ...), through the sharing of information received from all the sensors,
    3. Evaluation of the confidence rate for each consolidated track, and removing redundant track symbols to avoid cluttering the screen visualizations.

    IV-2 - A unique man-machine interface in the world
    Dassault Aviation has developed an ergonomic and intuitive user interface combining the concept "Hands On Throttle And Stick" (Hands on Throttle and Stick "- HOTAS) associated with touch screens.

    [​IMG]

    cockpit Gust

    It relies on a set of high level of integration equipment to:
     For short-term actions, the steering head high through a head-up display (HUD) holographic wide field,
     In the medium and long term actions, the perception of the tactical situation as a whole in an average head-up display (VTM) windowing. This image is collimated at the same distance as that of the head-up display, to allow the pilot to toggle quickly between the two displays and the outside world,
     resource management systems in two side head visualizations (VTL) color touchscreen.

    The elaborate design of the cab offers everything a crew expect from a plane "omnirole" high visibility to the front, sides and backwards, agility superior handling, improved protection against the high load factors with an ejection seat inclined at 29 °, and an air conditioning whose effectiveness was demonstrated in the most extreme climates.

    V. - A full range of advanced weaponry

    The Rafale weapon system based on open architecture enough to be adapted to most existing and future arms. The Rafale is now able to implement:
     The air-to-air missile Mica, interception, combat and self-protection in its IR and EM versions. It can be used both for (WVR - Within visual range) that beyond visual range (BVR - beyond visual range)

    [​IMG]

    Photo shooting in an AASM Gust June 27, 2006

     The range of AASM weapons modular air-ground powered HAMMER. The AASM is equipped with a guidance kit GPS / inertial, GPS kit / inertial / infrared imaging or a guidance kit GPS / inertial / laser, [ 14 ]
     The cruise missile Scalp, [ 15 ]
     The anti-ship missile AM39 Exocet,
     The laser-guided bombs,
     Non-guided conventional bombs,
     The internal gun Nexter 30M791 30 mm (2,500 strokes / min) available in single-seater and two-seater
     The future missile air-air Meteor long-range, [ 16 ]
     Specific arms selected by some customers.

    [​IMG]

    Armament in Saint-Dizier Rafale departing for Mali with GBU bombs

    The interoperability of the Rafale is guaranteed by compliance with Mil-Std-1760 standard, which facilitates the integration of weapons held by the client. With an empty weight of the class of ten tons, the Rafale has 14 points (13 on the Rafale M). Five of them are designed to carry heavy weapons and external fuel tanks. The total mass of external loads exceed nine tonnes.

    [​IMG]

    Flight refueling of a Gust Normandie-Niemen between N'Djamena and a targeted goal in Mali by a C135 F

    The Rafale can refuel in flight other combat aircraft with a supply ship, particularly in areas of airspace too exposed to the actions of the opponent to conventional aircraft refuellers.

    [​IMG]

    Fueling a Rafale by another Rafale

    With its high payload capacity and the power of its weapons system, the Rafale is able to combine the actions of ground attack and air combat in the same mission. It is able to simultaneously perform multiple tasks such as firing air to air missiles during penetration phase at very low altitude: this gives it a real ability "omnirole" associated with a remarkable survivability.

    VI. - An operational aircraft mastered employment cost

    VI-1 - An aircraft designed for easy operation and maintenance
    Logistical support of the Rafale was defined based on the experience with the Mirage 2000, allowing the Rafale to inherit its excellent operational availability. [ 8 ] [ 17 ] From the beginning of its development, the Ministry of Defence has imposed theRafale very strict requirements for integrated logistics support (ILS). Thanks to the techniques of concurrent engineering in bold technological choices, and Dassault Systèmes CATIA software that these requirements have been met, and even exceeded.

    [​IMG]

    Win "the battle of the MCO" is essential so that planes are available [ 8 ] [ 17 ]

    The following examples, chosen from a set of original and innovative solutions, demonstrating the advance of the Rafale in terms of reliability, availability and maintainability:
     An experience of more than twenty years on the Mirage 2000 has demonstrated the value of integrated testing of the navigation system and armament (SNA). It was decided on the Rafale to extend this principle to all aircraft systems. Thanks to the accuracy of diagnoses they provide integrated testing can perform track highly targeted replacements, up to the level of electronic maps and specific components.
     In-depth ergonomic studies were conducted with the help of CATIA to ensure good accessibility elements in cargo aircraft, and allow the mechanic can perform only the track maintenance. These studies have helped to reduce the risk of runtime errors and duration of these operations.
     A centralized security system Arms eliminates all operations relating to withdrawal traditional safety pins end of the runway. It certainly reduces the risk of accidents and errors in the implementation of the arms, and gives unbeatable reset time that speed rotations in operations.
     The use of CATIA leads to mechanical assemblies with high precision, which are then used to replace the barrel, the viewfinder (HUD) or radar without the need for long sessions of harmonization.
     In case of deposits for work on the M88 engine, there is no mandatory check on a specific engine test bench before reassembling on aircraft. This is a significant innovation of the M88.
     To ensure its maximum autonomy in its operational deployments, particularly to areas with rudimentary infrastructure, the Rafaleneeds only minimal ground equipment:
    o With an internal oxygen generating system (OBOGS - On Board Oxygen Generation System), no external supply of liquid oxygen is not necessary, which eliminates the need for associated equipment floor production and transport.
    o The nitrogen cooling optronic equipment is made in a closed circuit, which provides a supply chain of supply of nitrogen.
    o The group of auxiliary power (APU) allows it to boot in standalone without park group.
    o All servitude means are compact enough (and possibly folding) to be air transportable. They do not require external power. In addition, two types of carriage enough to install and remove the arms.
    These maintainability characteristics have been tested thoroughly, and validated by specialists supported by the Air Force and the Navy.

    VI-2 - A high-tech fighter controlled budget
    Thanks to its excellent reliability, the Rafale maintenance costs significantly reduced.
     The original maintenance concept results in a lighter scheduled maintenance requiring less working hours and a workforce of more tightened mechanics.
     The Rafale does not need to leave his operational base for maintenance reasons. Unlike what happens in other types of combat aircraft, there is more for the cell and for engines of periodic visits Gust heavy maintenance lengthy and expensive. Only URA (Replaceable Units in Atelier) should be sent for review or redress.
     With 21 modules, the M88 engine architecture is perfectly representative of this maintenance philosophy engine overhauls and repairs are made exclusively by returning modules or parts to the central workshop or at the company. No fixed point, and no balancing is required prior to return to service.
     Removing far upstream in the design of the Rafale, of certain organs may decrease reliability:
    o Spoilers.
    o Moving parts of the air inlets.
    o drives at constant speed (CSD) alternators.
    o Extension mechanism and retraction of the refueling boom.
    This leads to a significant decrease in needs for spare parts, maintenance hours and ground facilities.
     A standardization effort at the design stage has also helped to reduce the number of different spare parts:
    o The same reference is used at different locations on the aircraft. With precision mechanical manufacturing which eliminates the adjusting operations and alignment during assembly of the cell, it is easier to mount even a part reference at all locations where it is used.
    o The left and right elements are identical when possible: ducks, servos, etc.
    o Miscellaneous items, such as screws or electronic modules, also benefited from this approach.


    [​IMG]
     Similarly, thanks to improving fault finding means it is possible to change the track circuit boards of a line replaceable unit (URL) instead of replacing the URL itself. This allows to reduce spare batch of RBE2, Spectra, EMTI the mission computer and other equipment.
     Special attention was paid to issues of accessibility. For example, the side opening of the canopy facilitates replacement ejection seat: two mechanics can thus perform removal in ten minutes.
     The Rafale does not use any external means test track:
    All test systems are integrated, the engineers conducted tests on the aircraft itself.
     There are more motor control bench, which represents a remarkable innovation in the field of maintenance of combat aircraft.
     Dassault Aviation has a long history of treatment against corrosion in terms of carrier aviation (Super Etendard) and maritime patrol (Atlantic 1/2 Atlantic) that allowed him to develop effective protection techniques. The Rafale and has protection against corrosion that uses the latest techniques and contributes to the reduction of aircraft operating costs. Indeed, corrosion discovered during maintenance visits often leads to unpredictable delays in the return to service of aircraft and cost overruns.

    VII. - "Combat proven": Operational proof
    Between 2006 and 2011, the Air and Marine Rafale were engaged repeatedly in the Afghan theater where they showed an undeniable effectiveness. The air-to-ground weaponry AASM modular, laser guided bombs, and the 30mm cannon there were used many times with remarkable accuracy.

    In 2011, the Rafale of the Air Force and the Navy have been at the forefront of coalition operations in Libya. They were the first to operate over Benghazi and Tripoli and filled the whole mission spectrum for which the Rafale was designed: air superiority, precision attack with AASM, deep strike with cruise missiles Scalp , intelligence gathering as part of the task ISTAR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Tactical Acquisition and Reconnaissance) and fire support SCAR (Strike Coordination and Reconnaissance). During this conflict, hundreds of targets - tanks, armored vehicles, artillery, fuel and ammunition depots, command center, anti-aircraft systems (fixed and mobile launchers SA-3 and SA-8 Goa Gecko) - were hit with devastating accuracy by crews Gust.

    In 2013, the Rafale Air were engaged in operations in Mali. They took part in strikes against hostile forces logistics infrastructure and provided support to troops in contact. Four Rafale led the longest raid in the history of the Air Force, between Saint-Dizier and N'Djamena, Chad's capital. [ 18 ]

    A total of 21 targets were destroyed in the raid to 9 h 35 min. N'Djamena has subsequently become a forward base for the Rafaleand detachment hosted up to eight devices. This commitment is a first for the Rafale, which operates for the first time in African soil. [ 19 ]

    VIII. - Future prospects

    The Rafale will be ultimately the only fighter aircraft used by the Air Force and the French Navy. Everything will be done to enable it to maintain its leading role in the French armed forces.

    Since 2013, the Rafale come with the new radar-RBE2 EASA active antenna. They are also equipped with the new missile launch detector (DDM-NG), and a Frontal Sector Optronics update (OSF-IT), with enhanced detection and identification capabilities.New developments are already underway to equip the Rafale on the horizon for the next decade of new air-air and air-ground capabilities tailored network operations tomorrow.

    These developments should enable to ensure the detection, tracking and identification of emerging air-to-air threats, and improve the survivability of the Rafale with new discrete modes and an electronic warfare system to the cutting edge . The surface air modes in turn will be equipped to help algorithms to target recognition and improved resolution sensors to enable it to handle ever more elusive threats. Some of the engine components will have their lifetime increased with the use of new materials. And finally, the Rafale will still extended its network capabilities to enable it to remain at the forefront in the network centric warfare tomorrow.

    IX. - Specifications and performance

    dimensions:
    Wingspan ................................................. .............. 10.90 m
    ................................................. length ................ 15.30 m
    Height ................................................. .................. 5.30 m

    Mass :
    A vacuum ................................................ ..................... approx. 10 t (depending on the version)
    Max. .................................................. ............................ 4.5 t
    Fuel (internal) .............................................. .......... 4.7 t
    Fuel (external) .............................................. ......... 6.7 t
    Capacity external payload ............................................. 9.5 t

    Hardpoints:
    Total ...................................................... ...... 14
    Whose heavy loads - fuel .................. .......... 5

    performances:
    Thrust max. .................................................. ................ 2 x 7,5 t
    Factor max .............................................. ..... - 3.2 g / + 9 g
    Max. .................................................. ................. M = 1.8 / 750 knots
    Approach speed .............................................. ............ less than 120 knots
    landing distance .............................................. ...... 450 m (without a parachute)
    operational ceiling ................................................ ........ 50,000 ft
    https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&tl=en&u=http://www.european-security.com/n_index.php?id=6787
     
    Last edited: Oct 25, 2016
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  15. R!CK

    R!CK 2nd Lieutant Technical Analyst

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    Appreciate the excellent work by @DrSomnath999 to keep this thread up to date. The data is so immense and detailed, I plan on spending the weekend going through this. Thanks alot for your effort.

    Good Day to you!
     

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