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Saudi Arabia's king deposes crown prince, promotes son as successor

Discussion in 'Greater Asia & Middle East' started by Agent_47, Jun 21, 2017.

  1. Agent_47

    Agent_47 Admin - Blog IDF NewBie

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    Saudi Arabia's king deposed the sitting crown prince Wednesday and replaced him with Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, the deputy crown prince, according to state media.

    Mohammed bin Salman, who is the son of King Salman, will now be the first in line to the throne.

    The 31-year-old has been appointed deputy prime minister and will continue in his role as defense minister, according to a royal decree cited by state media.


    Mohammed bin Salman has always had a visible role in the government, and has spearheaded the kingdom's attempts to wean itself off oil as part of an economic strategy announced last year.

    As defense minister, he also oversaw the Saudi-led military campaign against Yemen's Houthi rebels, which has caused the deaths of thousands of civilians since 2015 and left the country spiraling towards "total social, economic and institutional collapse," according to the United Nations.



    Power shift


    The now former Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz was named to that role in 2015 in what many called a surprise power-shift.

    He replaced the king's half-brother Prince Muqrin as future ruler, bumping Mohammed bin Salman to second in the line of succession.

    That has now been reversed, with Mohammed bin Salman now first in line to succeed the king and Mohammed bin Nayef stripped of his title and his roles as deputy prime minister and interior minister.

    "This is a much more rapid consolidation of power than was expected," longtime CNN Middle East correspondent John Defterios said.

    "It gives allies and the Kingdom's counterparts a clear indication of who is in charge today and who will lead the Kingdom, potentially for decades."

    Defterios added that many key reform policies currently in place -- such as the Vision 2030 plan and a planned IPO by Saudi oil giant Aramco -- were already being driven by Mohammed bin Salman.

    Images published in Saudi state media showed the new crown prince kissing the hand of his cousin Mohammed bin Nayef, who was said to have pledged allegiance to the man who has replaced him at the Safa Palace in Mecca.

    When and if Mohammed bin Salman succeeds his father, he will be the first Saudi king who is not the son of the country's founder King Abdul Aziz Al Saud.




    Reform-minded


    Mohammed bin Salman has long been a prominent figure in Saudi politics, seen as a key power player behind the king and a reformer by Kingdom standards.

    He visited the United States in March, where he had lunch at the White House with US President Donald Trump.

    In an interview with the Washington Post in April, he praised the country's relationship with the US, saying that without American influence "we would have ended up like North Korea."

    He has also called for Saudis to be given more influence in government, telling the Economist last year that he wanted to build a country that "guarantees the participation of everyone in decision-making."

    Mohammed bin Salman has also voiced support for "freedom of expression" and "human rights."

    According to US-based NGO Freedom House, Saudi Arabia "restricts almost all political rights and civil liberties through a combination of oppressive laws and the use of force."

    In the most recent "Freedom in the World" report, the group listed Saudi Arabia as the ninth least free society in the world.



    Tense region


    The Saudi political reshuffle comes amid the biggest crisis to hit the Middle East in decades -- an unprecedented, Saudi-led diplomatic freeze of Qatar by key allies and neighbors which started on June 5.

    Gulf allies have accused Qatar of allegedly supporting terrorist groups but many observers have been surprised by the excessive response.

    US State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert told reporters this week Washington is "mystified" by the continued blockade of Qatar.

    "The more time goes by, the more doubt is raised about the actions taken by Saudi Arabia and the (United Arab Emirates)," she said.

    https://www.google.co.in/amp/s/amp....ddleeast/saudi-arabia-crown-prince/index.html
     
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  2. Ankit Kumar 001

    Ankit Kumar 001 Major Technical Analyst

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    @Hellfire
    The person , now deposed was in extremely good books of Pakistan Army. He made it obvious when he went out of his way to praise Kiyani and Pak Army.

    I am not saying that the present Prince will not be so towards Pak Army, but till now he hasn't done anything which says so.

    Do you see this as a signal of shift in Saudis Policy with respect to Pakistan.

    From seeing Pakistan Army as a army with nukes which can be rented , to a army which is not willing to fight its wars [like in Yemen ] ?
     
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  3. Hellfire

    Hellfire Devil's Advocate THINKER

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    I would refrain from even having P of Pakistan mentioned in an analysis of this situation.

    It is merely a consolidation of power and hold over Saudi Arabia in the backdrop of slowing economy and necessity of hard economic decisions taken in the recent days.

    One also needs to recall the fact that increasingly Saudi Arabia has been named as being complicit in actions against others, including US and now Syria, wherein, radical Islam has been the point of the Saudi led initiatives. The fact that Saudi Arabia was becoming synonymous with radical islam and terror, is a poor policy decision in view of the economic 'crisis' Saudi Arabia now faces.

    Posturing of the new Crown Prince has been all along in line with an attempt to take a corrective course. As more and more carnage spreads in Middle East, there is also the possibility of the 'alliance' between wahabi elements in Saudi Arabia and the House of Saud, coming under significant stress due to the perceived 'withdrawal' of Saudi support and economic conditions increasing possibility of new inroads by these elements.

    Pakistan, in my opinion, has no role. The stringent anti-Iran posturing as also the war in Yemen, are a move to distract the country from difficult economic realities that they have to face.
     

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