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Seven-billionth baby to be born in Uttar Pradesh on October 31?

Discussion in 'National Politics' started by jack, Oct 27, 2011.

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  1. jack

    jack FULL MEMBER

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    BAGHPAT: The world's 7 billionth person, which the UN says will be born on October 31, will join a population more aware than ever of the challenges of sustaining life on a crowded planet but no closer to a consensus about what to do about it.

    Some demographers see turbulent times ahead: Nations grappling with rapid urbanization, environmental degradation and skyrocketing demand for healthcare, education, resources and jobs. Others feel a shrinking population, not overpopulation, could be the longer-term challenge as fertility rates drop.

    "There are parts of the world where the population is shrinking and in those parts of the world, they are worried about productivity, about being able to maintain a critical mass of people," Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the UN Population Fund, said. "Then there are parts of the world where the population is growing fast. "

    No one knows what circumstances the baby will be born into, but Uttar Pradesh, with a population that combines that of Britain, France and Germany, provides a snapshot of the challenges it could face. How do we know for sure that it will be born in UP? Well, India has the highest number of babies born every minute, at 51. So the probability of Baby 7 Billion being an Indian is highest. And UP alone has about 11 babies born every minute.

    Pinky Pawar, 25, is due to give birth in UP at the end of the month and is hoping her firstborn will not join the estimated 3 billion people living on less than $2 a day. "I want my child to be successful in life," she said sitting outside her mud and brick home in Sunhaida village. With the number of people on earth more than doubling over the last fifty years, resources are under more strain than ever before.Agencies

    A prime worry is how to provide basic necessities to the 2-3 billion people expected to be added in the next 50 years.

    Nutritious food is in short supply in many parts of the globe. The World Bank says 925 million people are hungry today, partly due to rising food prices since 1995.

    To feed the two billion more mouths predicted by 2050, food production will have to increase by 70%, the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization says.Providing basic necessities to the 2-3 billion people expected to be added in the next 50 years is going to be a challenge as water usage is set to increase by 50% between 2007 and 2025 in developing nations and 18% in developed ones.

    Also, nutritious food is in short supply in many parts of the globe.

    Link:Seven-billionth baby to be born in Uttar Pradesh on October 31? - The Times of India
     
  2. jack

    jack FULL MEMBER

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    Population seven billion: UN sets out challenges

    A major United Nations report has set out the challenges facing humanity a few days before the world's population is expected to reach seven billion.

    The report calls for a change of focus, no longer asking "are we too many", and instead concentrate on making the world better.

    It identifies many reasons to celebrate, including increased life expectancy and falling fertility rates.

    But it also acknowledges the risks of rapid population growth.

    The UN estimates that the world's seven billionth person will be born on 31 October and says by the end of this century, the world's total population could number more than 10 billion.

    The report, State of World Population 2011, says this is not a time of crisis but a moment for action.

    "The world's population is going to continue to grow and we may as well be prepared for it, " says the editor, Richard Kollodge.

    "We may as well make sure that as many people as possible are healthy, that as many people as possible have access to education."

    "We have a chance right now in our world of seven billion to build a more stable, more socially just world by the time we reach 10 billion but that requires us to act now," he says.

    World population in numbers

    1 billion- 1804
    2 billion- 1927
    3 billion- 1959
    4 billion- 1974
    5 billion- 1987
    6 billion- 1999
    7 billion- 2011


    Source: UN

    Link:BBC News - Population seven billion: UN sets out challenges
     
  3. Praveen Taneja

    Praveen Taneja 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    this data is for kids born in hospital but what they dont know is millions of kids born at home in villages by nurse called Dayeei
     
  4. sayed kayes ahamed

    sayed kayes ahamed FULL MEMBER

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    how un becomes sure that 7th billion baby will born in india.interesting.
     
  5. Manmohan Yadav

    Manmohan Yadav Brigadier STAR MEMBER

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    who know we might have already crossed 7 Billion Mark,
    not every birth is reported in the world.
     
  6. lucifer

    lucifer Lieutenant SENIOR MEMBER

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    [​IMG]

    BAGHPAT, India, Oct 27 (TrustLaw) - When Munni arrived in this fertile, sugarcane-growing region of north India as a young bride years ago, little did she imagine she would be forced into having sex and bearing children with her husband's two brothers who had failed to find wives.

    "My husband and his parents said I had to share myself with his brothers," said the woman in her mid-40s, dressed in a yellow sari, sitting in a village community centre in Baghpat district in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.

    "They took me whenever they wanted -- day or night. When I resisted, they beat me with anything at hand," said Munni, who had managed to leave her home after three months only on the pretext of visiting a doctor.

    "Sometimes they threw me out and made me sleep outside or they poured kerosene over me and burnt me."

    Such cases are rarely reported to police because women in these communities are seldom allowed outside the home unaccompanied, and the crimes carry deep stigma for the victims. So there may be many more women like Munni in the mud-hut villages of the area.

    Munni, who has three sons from her husband and his brothers, has not filed a police complaint either.

    Social workers say decades of aborting female babies in a deeply patriarchal culture has led to a decline in the population of women in some parts of India, like Baghpat, and in turn has resulted in rising incidents of rape, human trafficking and the emergence of "wife-sharing" amongst brothers.

    Aid workers say the practice of female foeticide has flourished among several communities across the country because of a traditional preference for sons, who are seen as old-age security.

    "We are already seeing the terrible impacts of falling numbers of females in some communities," says Bhagyashri Dengle, executive director of children's charity Plan India.

    "We have to take this as a warning sign and we have to do something about it or we'll have a situation where women will constantly be at risk of kidnap, rape and much, much worse."

    SECRET PRACTICES

    Just two hours drive from New Delhi, with its gleaming office towers and swanky malls, where girls clad in jeans ride motor bikes and women occupy senior positions in multi-nationals, the mud-and-brick villages of Baghpat appear a world apart.

    Here, women veil themselves in the presence of men, are confined to the compounds of their houses as child bearers and home makers, and are forbidden from venturing out unaccompanied.

    Village men farm the lush sugarcane plantations or sit idle on charpoys, or traditional rope beds, under the shade of trees in white cotton tunics, drinking tea, some smoking hookah pipes while lamenting the lack of brides for their sons and brothers.

    The figures are telling.

    According to India's 2011 census, there are only 858 women to every 1,000 men in Baghpat district, compared to the national sex ratio of 940.

    Child sex ratios in Baghpat are even more skewed and on the decline with 837 girls in 2011 compared to 850 in 2001 -- a trend mirrored across districts in northern Indian states such as Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan and Gujarat in the west.

    "In every village, there are at least five or six bachelors who can't find a wife. In some, there are up to three or four unmarried men in one family. It's a serious problem," says Shri Chand, 75, a retired police constable.

    "Everything is hush, hush. No one openly admits it, but we all know what is going on. Some families buy brides from other parts of the country, while others have one daughter-in-law living with many unwedded brothers."

    Women from other regions such as the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal speak of how their poor families were paid sums of as little as 15,000 rupees (187 pounds) by middle-men and brought here to wed into a different culture, language and way of life.

    "It was hard at first, there was so much to learn and I didn't understand anything. I thought I was here to play," said Sabita Singh, 25, who was brought from a village in West Bengal at the age of 14 to marry her husband, 19 years her elder.

    "I've got used to it," she says holding her third child in her lap. "I miss my freedom."

    Such exploitation of women is illegal in India, but many of these crimes are gradually becoming acceptable among such close-knit communities because the victims are afraid to speak out and neighbours unwilling to interfere.

    Some villagers say the practice of brothers sharing a wife has benefits, such as the avoidance of division of family land and other assets amongst heirs.

    Others add the shortage of women has, in fact, freed some poor families with daughters from demands for substantial dowries by grooms' families.

    Social activists say nothing positive can be derived from the increased exploitation of women, recounting cases in the area of young school girls being raped or abducted and auctioned off in public.

    UNABATED ABORTIONS

    Despite laws making pre-natal gender tests illegal, India's 2011 census indicated that efforts to curb female foeticide have been futile.

    While India's overall female-to-male ratio marginally improved since the last census in 2001, fewer girls were born than boys and the number of girls under six years old plummeted for the fifth decade running.

    A May study in the British medical journal Lancet found that up to 12 million Indian girls were aborted over the last three decades -- resulting in a skewed child sex ratio of 914 girls to every 1,000 boys in 2011 compared with 962 in 1981.

    Sons, in traditionally male-dominated regions, are viewed as assets -- breadwinners who will take care of the family, continue the family name, and perform the last rites of the parents, an important ritual in many faiths.

    Daughters are seen as a liability, for whom families have to pay substantial wedding dowries. Protecting their chastity is a major concern as instances of pre-marital sex are seen to bring shame and dishonour on families.

    Women's rights activists say breaking down these deep-rooted, age-old beliefs is a major challenge.

    "The real solution is to empower girls and women in every way possible," says Neelam Singh, head of Vatsalya, an Indian NGO working on children's and women's issues.

    "We need to provide them with access to education, healthcare and opportunities which will help them make decisions for themselves and stand up to those who seek to abuse or exploit them."
     
  7. lucifer

    lucifer Lieutenant SENIOR MEMBER

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    Much can be done to lessen the impact of the world's population growth, mainly by improving the lives of the poorest people.

    [​IMG]

    It was one of the more arresting headlines to accompany an article of mine. In big, bold type, under a picture of me cradling a newborn infant, were the words: “My Five Billionth Baby.â€

    How come? Well, in the summer of 1987, my daughter was born just as the world’s population reached five billion: indeed, I was unable to go to a conference marking the event because I was attending the birth. Nobody knows who the epoch-making infant was – the UN arbitrarily picked a boy born in Zagreb – but it might just have been her.

    “By the time she is 12,†I wrote in the piece beneath the headline, “there will be another 'billion baby’; by the time she is 23, another.†I was wrong on the second date by a year. The best guess is that the seven billionth baby will be born on Monday, probably somewhere in the developing world, where 95 per cent of global population increase is taking place.

    The acceleration is astonishing for, although it took until 1804 for the first billionth baby to be born, the other five billion may all still be alive to greet the new arrival, since the second only arrived in 1927. Within the lifetime of anyone over 70, the world’s population has trebled. And it is expected to go on growing until it reaches more than 10 billion.

    There is, of course, no shortage of voices sounding the alarm. Nothing new there: 1,800 years ago, the early Christian polemicist Tertullian complained that the “teeming population†(then under 300 million) was “burdensome to the worldâ€. Malthus predicted doom around the time it reached the billion mark, as – notoriously – did Paul Ehrlich in 1968, when it was about half its present level (he is still predicting almost certain disaster despite the non-occurrence of his “hundreds of millions†of deaths from starvation).

    Yet things have improved as the population has grown. Not only has humanity as a whole got richer, but the amount of food produced per person has increased and the proportion of the world’s people without enough to eat has declined. Average life expectancy has risen from 48 to 68 since the 1950s, while infant mortality has fallen by nearly two thirds.

    The rate of population increase, moreover, has almost halved since 1968, as has the average number of children born to each woman. And study after study has shown that the world could supply enough food: in fact, it already produces enough grain to feed 11 billion, if only that grain were evenly distributed and not fed to animals to produce meat.

    Indeed, over-consumption by the relatively rich places a far greater strain on the planet’s resources than over-population by the poor: with telling symmetry, for example, the wealthiest seven per cent of the world’s people emit about half the carbon dioxide; the poorest half about 7 per cent.

    But there is no room for complacency. In a world where almost a billion people still go hungry and available water supplies are expected to fall 40 per cent short of demand by 2030, rising numbers must make it harder to ensure that everyone’s needs are met. Even more important, the global figure obscures an essential truth, which is that the worst impacts of population growth are a matter of pace and place – in other words, too much of an increase in vulnerable countries.

    Africa, the world’s least prosperous continent, is suffering much the greatest rise; at the present rate, its people would multiply by an unmanageable 15-fold this century. Or take Yemen, where the population has quadrupled in four decades, while the depletion of its aquifers has helped shrink grain harvests by a third.

    Much can be done. Making contraception available to the 215 million women without access to it would make a big difference and would cost less each year than Americans will spend on Hallowe’en (the day the seven billionth baby is due). But that is not enough. Contraceptives are free in Niger, for example, but that country has the world’s highest birth rate, because people there want big families to help earn money and provide security.

    That desire falls when poverty decreases, parents have confidence that their children will live and – above all – girls are educated. Improving the lives of the poorest people on earth is thus the most effective way of slowing population growth – and of producing a world fit for the seventh billionth baby to live in.

    The murky side of clean shale gas needs to be highlighted

    Almost two years ago, I hailed the potential of shale gas as an abundant, relatively clean fuel. So let me now sound a note of caution.

    Its potential does remain immense. The Blackpool area alone is thought to have reserves running into trillions of cubic metres. Worldwide, the International Energy Agency believes it, and other unconventional gas, could supply the world’s needs for 250 years at present consumption levels. It looks as if it is going to be relatively cheap. And since it is comparatively low in carbon, it seems to offer a bridge to a future powered by renewables or, possibly, nuclear power.

    But though some of its dangers are being overhyped, it appears that chemicals used to extract the gas can endanger water supplies (France, Switzerland and some American states have banned the process). Meanwhile, methane – a potent greenhouse gas – leaks and is vented from the operations; one hotly contested study even suggests that this could make it worse for global warming than coal.

    Part of the trouble has been that exploiting shale gas has been unaccountably exempted from anti-pollution legislation in America. And there are disturbing signs that it is being only weakly regulated here. Even big companies are asking for strict regulation to minimise the dangers. It is high time this was brought in.

    How to defend yourself when faced with a rampant rhino

    Here’s a tip for when you go on safari. Take some camomile. Not to settle the stomach, ward off anxiety, or even make a refreshing cuppa – but to cope with charging rhinos.

    Nepalese villagers have found the calming herb to be the best defence against the three-ton, one-horned rhino (top speed 34 mph). For generations, the Tharu people, who live along the country’s southern border, have been beset by the animals invading their land, crushing their crops and injuring people.

    Believing themselves to be direct descendants of the Bhudda, they were reluctant to retaliate against the threatened species. But they found that planting hedges of camomile around their land almost magically kept them away. The reason? The animals hate its smell; in other words, its odour gets up the rhinos’ rhinos.

    That could be just the start of its benefits. Conservationists are now suggesting the villagers harvest the plant and sell it as a herbal remedy. Used to treat a whole variety of ailments besides calming nerves and stomachs – ranging from coughs to gout, muscle pains to flatulence – it could, I suppose, provide hedge funds.

    But maybe the villagers were not the first to realise the herb’s defensive value. George V accounted for 18 rhinos on a single hunting trip in Nepal – as well as 39 tigers, four bears and a leopard run over by a van. He also planted the famous camomile lawn at Buckingham Palace. Was he fearing revenge?
     
  8. Himanshu Pandey

    Himanshu Pandey Don't get mad, get even. STAR MEMBER

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    Family planning is a urgent by the way with the development the population growth will be reduced as happened in many southern states (2011 census)
     
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