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The ideology of thought control in Pakistan

Discussion in 'South Asia & SAARC' started by Galaxy, Aug 2, 2011.

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  1. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    The ideology of thought control in Pakistan | | DAWN.COM

    Denial is not just a river in Egypt. It has become something of a personality cult in Pakistan. Nowhere is this cognitive dissonance more visible than amongst the educated who refuse to accept facts and logic, clinging instead to a neurotic persecution complex.

    Columnist Khaled Ahmed says: “The vast majority of literate Pakistanis take comfort in ignorance, skepticism and conspiracy theories. The self-glorification of an imagined past matched by habits of national denial have assumed crisis proportions today when Pakistan’s existence is under far more serious threat from fellow Muslims than it was in 1947 from rival non Muslim communities.” What lies beneath this inability to critique and lack of intelligent analysis? Undoubtedly, one’s education influences views on politics and society. As Robert Frost aptly puts it: “education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence.”

    To sift the chaff from the grain, let us consider a ubiquitous slogan about the ‘ideology’ of Pakistan. A staple of our school textbooks, it echoed in massive public rallies as well as debates on secularism. Pakistan ka matlab kiya? La illaha il lallah (What is the meaning of Pakistan? There is no God but Allah) has become the rallying cry of the campaign to Islamise Pakistani society. Ironically, it is a slogan that was coined long after the creation of Pakistan, but it is now being falsely ascribed to the leaders of the Pakistan movement in 1947.

    Religion has often proved to be a powerful binding factor which has merged heterogeneous groups into a distinct nationality. Through appeal to supernatural authority, religion promotes national unity as a divine command. Examples abound in contemporary history: the Greek church as a source for Greek nationalism, the Catholic church as a factor in Irish separatism, Judaism and the state of Israel, Islam and Pakistan.

    Soon after he seized power in 1977, General Zia ul-Haq sought to create a nation based on religion rather than on secular principles. An important part of the Islamisation agenda was defining the Islamic ‘ideology’ of Pakistan. In stark contrast to modern textbooks, no textbook written prior to 1977 mentions the ‘Ideology of Pakistan’.

    Since education was a key factor in Zia’s Machiavellian manoeuvrings, a presidential order was issued that all Pakistan Studies textbooks must “demonstrate that the basis of Pakistan is not to be founded in racial, linguistic, or geographical factors, but, rather, in the shared experience of a common religion. To get students to know and appreciate the Ideology of Pakistan, and to popularise it with slogans. To guide students towards the ultimate goal of Pakistan – the creation of a completely Islamised State.”

    Instead of being a Muslim state as envisaged by its founders, Pakistan was recast in the mould of an Islamic state, where Islamic law would reign supreme. A state sponsored and systematic purging of liberal and secular values of future generations of Pakistan ensued.

    History was rewritten to redefine Pakistani as an Islamic society, and no research on ancient India, the medieval period or the colonial era. Our history was linked with the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates, thus alienating it from ancient Indian history. This interpretation creates a Muslim consciousness that seeks it’s identity outside India.
    Historian Mubarak Ali cautions “History should not be influenced by religious beliefs since history has no religion. Pakistan came into being in 1947, but our history existed before this which cannot be deleted.”

    History textbooks written soon after Partition – a time when the grief of shattered families who experienced communal killings was at its peak – show a more liberal mindset. The history of the subcontinent was taken to start with the ancient Indus valley civilisations rather than with the conquest of India by the first Muslim invader, Mohammad bin Qasim, in 712. In contrast to today’s history books, these books contained discussions of the empires of Emperor Ashoka and the Maurya dynasty. Has there has been a deliberate revival of communal antagonism over 30 years after Partition? Undoubtedly, the permanent militarisation of society requires a permanent enemy.

    Although Edward Everett may state that “education is a better safeguard of liberty than a standing army”, the task of defending Pakistan’s ideological borders has been entrusted to the military as they are defenders of the ‘faith.’ Textbooks extol the achievements of Muslim conquering heroes, as well as those of the Armed Forces. In sharp contrast, no contributions by any heroes in fields like education, medicine, law or social work are highlighted.

    September 6 commemorates the defense of the country against an Indian attack in 1965. According to our textbooks, it was India which attacked Lahore in the middle of the night, without any provocation, but our army won this war. The reality is that Pakistan started the 1965 war on August 5 by sending soldiers into Kashmir and India retaliated the following day.

    Instead of the soul searching and accountability undertaken by nations like Japan and Germany after devastating wars, our history textbooks explained the separation of East Pakistan in 1971 as an evil design by India which created the guerrilla group Mukhti Bahini in order to seize Pakistani territory. Although we lost half of Pakistan, there was no mention of the gross inequalities which led to the grievances of the Bengalis. Tens of thousands died, millions were displaced, atrocities were committed and the country was rent asunder. But the guilty were never punished.


    The seeds of the distortion of history and the preponderance of religious dogma which were sown decades ago are bearing fruit today. Examples from the curriculum designed by the Federal Ministry of Education abound. The Social Studies textbook for Class 7 says: “European nations have been working during the past three centuries, through conspiracies on naked aggression to subjugate the countries of the Muslim world.”

    14-year-old students of Pakistan Studies are being taught that: “one of the reasons of the downfall of the Muslims in the sub-continent was the lack of the spirit of jihad.”

    13-year-olds are instructed: “In Islam jihad is very important…..The person who offers his life never dies….All the prayers nurture one’s passion of jihad.”


    Thus, a primary and secondary school environment is being created which is nurturing prejudice and extremism. “College and university come much too late; change must begin at the primary and secondary school level,” sums up physicist and lecturer Dr Pervez Hoodbhoy.
    Although religious schools or madrassas in Pakistan are often blamed for breeding extremism, only 6 per cent of children are educated in these schools. Furthermore, research does not confirm the link between madrassa education and terrorism. The cause for the intolerance experienced by Ahmadis, Hindus and Christians lies in public education, structured as it has been to defend Pakistan against some phantom enemy. Non-Muslims are forced to read the same textbooks which contain derogatory remarks against Hindus, e.g being eternal enemies of Muslims. Our myopic educational system discourages questioning and causes ethnic and religious minorities to be viewed with suspicion.

    Pakistan is primarily a young country, so it is the youth which is severely impacted by rampant unemployment, inflation, corruption and violence. Many amongst this disenchanted segment have started seeing religion as their anchor and are attracted to demagogues like Zaid Hamid. A self-proclaimed jihadist who claims to have fought against the Soviets in Afghanistan, Hamid banks on the insecurity and frustrations of college students and television viewers. Just as Adolf Hitler dwelt on Germany’s ‘wounded honour’ in his famous beer-hall oratory in Munich (where he promised that Germany would conquer the world), Hamid calls for the Pakistan Army to go to war against India and liberate Kashmir, Palestine, Chechnya and Afghanistan.

    Our curriculum stresses the formal and ritualistic aspects of Islam, as against those which emphasise social justice. Science and secular knowledge are regarded with contempt. Dr Hoodbhoy says, “I have never seen a first-rate Muslim scientist become an Islamist or a terrorist even when he or she is a strong believer. But second-and third-rate technologists are more susceptible. These are people who use science in some capacity but without any need to understand it very much—engineers, doctors, technicians, etc.—all of whom are more inclined towards radicalism. They have been trained to absorb facts without thinking, and this makes them more susceptible to the inducements of holy books and preachers.”

    The steady diet of religious fundamentalism and blind faith has clouded objective and rational thinking, and transformed Pakistan from a moderate Muslim-majority country into one where the majority wants Islam to play a key role in politics. A 2008 survey by World Public Opinion found that 54 per cent of Pakistanis wanted strict application of Sharia. The British Council polled 1226 young Pakistanis between 18 and 29 in 2009 and found that ‘three-quarters of all young people identify themselves primarily as Muslims. Just 14 per cent chose to define themselves primarily as a citizen of Pakistan.’

    Pakistan’s skewed priorities may account for the huge amount spent on its ever increasing “defence needs” and only 1.5 per cent of it’s GDP on education. But lost in the brouhaha over the lack of access to education is the dire need to revise the dogmatic and distorted school curriculum. As the pendulum swings in Pakistan between radicals and moderates, we need our friends to stand with us and demand that Pakistanis don’t need an education which stunts, blinds, distorts and deadens any more. As Alvin Toffler said, “The illiterate of the future will not be the person who cannot read. It will be the person who does not know how to learn.”

    Maheen Usmani is a freelance journalist. She has reported on varied subjects, ranging from socio-political issues to sports, travel, culture and counter terrorism.


    :tdown::tdown::tdown::tdown:
     
  2. Wolf 9

    Wolf 9 Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    It looks like December 2012 is comming soon now .
     
  3. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Pakistan is shame for Muslim world including Indian Muslim. They never taught the correct Ideology of Islam and importance of Secularism. They even never taught Our Ancient Civilsation in correct way and Yes, Hindus are evil. But who are suffering now.....Pakistan itself....... You reap what you sew. :tup:
     
    Last edited: Aug 2, 2011
  4. Jungibaaz

    Jungibaaz Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    :rofl::rofl::rofl:

    lol@ your reaction Galaxy.


    Do you know what 'Jihad' is? I bet you don't...
    You are misunderstood matey, these kids are not taught about the 'jihad' you are talking of.

    But I do acknowledge some of the wrong and dangerous info given in some text books.
    let me tell you about the History text books I have got from Pakistan...

    They describe it as the 'land of the pure' and later go on to describe it as 'the land of the pure, corrupted by so few'.
    So don't get it wrong, It's not all textbooks that are wrong, There are however some exception with these messed up textbooks.

    p.s. research Jihad :lazy:
     
  5. Naren1987

    Naren1987 Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    I hope to gift all those wanna talk peace leftards a piece of Pakistani school literature on India.
     
  6. ek_indian

    ek_indian Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    Well.....this so-called ideology of thought control applies to India as well.

    (1) We have media houses who blatantly takes sides and shows biased (both incomplete and inaccurate) pictures.

    (2) We have history books written by people, belonging to certain ideology/inclination.

    (3) We have twisted words like freedom of speech, secularism etc. By the way, can anyone let me know why tv serial "Chanakya" and "Vishvamitra" was banned. :unsure:

    (4) We have a special catagory of people called socialists who for some unknown reasons, are always working for political goals. This could be applied for NGOs also upto some extent.
     
  7. UNAM

    UNAM 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    i m not surprised after reading this article after all whole ideology of pakistan is based on hate against india & hindus.
     
  8. Bad Wolf

    Bad Wolf Major SENIOR MEMBER

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    omg
    they want leave at stone age like taliban
     
  9. Jungibaaz

    Jungibaaz Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    do read my reply and understand it.

    Sure I agree that whoever wrote these text books is nothing but a fundi hell bent on corrupting the next generation.
    You cannot associate the b@stard that wrote/issued these text books with other Pakistanis.

    So don't stereotype, this case doesn't apply universally.
     
  10. Galaxy

    Galaxy Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    I already said, Pakistan failed to explain true meaning of Islam. Today perception for non-Muslims are Jihad means "Kill Non-Muslims and make world as Islamic by anyway". I am sure, this is not the correct meaning but Pakistan taught in some different way. It's Pakistan responsibility to explain it's true meaning after all Pakistan is flag bearer for Muslims [Even Arabs consider Pakistani Muslims as Not pure Muslims like Arabs]

    I always failed to understand why Pakistan talks about Anti-Hindu. Isn't it disgrace for own Hindu minority population??. May be that's why Hindu population declined from 22% to less than 2%. We as Indian, learnt equality and consider Indian only. What to be proud of being Muslim 1st and Pakistani 2nd??

    As per my little knowledge, Jinnah was a Secular person and his dream for Secular vibrant Pakistan shattered by own people. I am damn sure, he would be ashamed to see Today's Pakistan if he would be alive. There is great misconception among Pakistani people that an Islamic country is Good. 50+ Islamic countries and GDP is equal to Tokyo.

    You even changed the facts of Indus Valley civilisation. Isn't this is against the ethics ?? We didn't changed the facts of Taj Mahal even when it was build by Muslim invaders who killed Millions of Hindus. We know but there is nothing about in Text books. We are proud of Taj Mahal then what's wrong to be proud of Swastika "Symbol of Hinduism" and 4,000 year old IVC. Even Hitler Symbol was Swastika even when there was no relation with India and Germany in 30's and 40's.
     
    Last edited: Aug 2, 2011
  11. Star Wars

    Star Wars Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    When kids are taught this at such a young age where they will just listen and not really quesion what ever being taught, will only lead to indoctrination.. which is not really their fault..

    If such text books exist , then it should be removed with immidiate effect..

    "A person who offers his life never dies " You never teach that to kids man....
     
  12. JanjaWeed

    JanjaWeed Captain SENIOR MEMBER

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    It's more of an ideology of living in denial & relying on conspiracy theories to console your own misfortunes! Genral public in pakistan are not to be blamed for this sad reality. This concocted history & relying on conspiracy theories are the kind of fatal drugs induced to the general public by the ruling elites, be it from the security establishment or civil leaders! When your ability to guide & govern your own people is questioned, easiest way to divert public's rage is to blame everything on someone you despise the most. Unless pakistan & pakistanis go through a serious rehabilitation for this deadly addiction of living in denial & lies, nothig will change!!
     
    Last edited: Aug 3, 2011
  13. Jungibaaz

    Jungibaaz Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    it seems you blindly ignored what I'm saying!!!
    I have no need to reply to you, if you would like to know what my reply was, read my posts again, this time open your eyes.
     
  14. Jungibaaz

    Jungibaaz Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    Minority protection is what you want in Pakistan?
    because you've already established that in India?

    You are living in a dream world, you don't have the right to criticize Pakistan's status on protection of minorities.
    While I agree that the guy who wrote the books is a nut case and must be stopped, this is not what we should be teaching the next generation.

    BUT, YOU stereotyped all Pakistanis to being exposed to this idiocy, YOU made it seem like all Pakistani kids are exposed to this.
    This of course is untrue!
     
  15. Manmohan Yadav

    Manmohan Yadav Brigadier STAR MEMBER

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    Country Flag:
    India
    Not my country,
    Not my concern,
    They can do whatever they want to their youth,
    what do i care.

    There is nothing we can do about it,
    all we can do is keep our eyes open to the truth in our country,
    Afterall we have our own troubles to deal with.
     
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