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The Paris Fire Birgade

Discussion in 'Europe & Russia' started by Vergennes, Nov 11, 2017.

  1. Vergennes

    Vergennes Strategist Staff Member MILITARY STRATEGIST

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    The Paris Fire Brigade (French Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris, BSPP), is a French Army unit which serves as the primary fire and rescue service for Paris and certain sites of national strategic importance.

    The brigade's main area of responsibility is the City of Paris and the surrounding départements of Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, and Hauts-de-Seine. It also serves the Centre Spatial Guyanais in Kourou, the Military Rocket Test Centre in Biscarosse, and the gas plant of Lacq-Artix.

    The brigade is a unit of the French Army's Engineering Arm (l'arme du génie) and the firefighters are therefore sappers (sapeurs, thus sapeurs-pompiers).

    With 8,550 firemen, it is the largest fire brigade in Europe and the third largest urban fire service in the world, after the Tokyo Fire Department and New York City Fire Department. The brigade is placed at the disposal of the Paris Prefecture of Police in an arrangement similar to that of the French Gendarmerie. Its motto is "Save or Perish" (French "Sauver ou périr").

    Another military force responsible for firefighting in France is the Marseille Naval Fire Battalion (BMPM). The remainder of France has civilian fire and rescue services (services départementaux d'incendie et de secours).

    Mission


    As any French firefighter, their missions are

    Fire Suppression
    Emergency Basic Life Support ambulance
    Utility Safety – Gas Leaks et al.
    Personal Assistance – Victims services, SAR lost persons
    Motor vehicle collision response
    Protection of beings
    Patrol, Reconnaissance and Research
    Animal rescue
    Pollution control and HAZMAT Response
    Alarm response

    They defend Paris and its "little crown" (close suburbs), but also specific sites :
    Guiana Space Centre of Kourou Guyane.
    test field for missiles in Biscarosse.
    site for extraction and processing of natural gas in Lacq-Artix.

    Special missions for Bastille Day

    Traditionally,the Paris Fire Brigade parades twice during the Bastille Day military parade: once on foot, and a second time with its vehicles.

    During the parade members are armed with the FAMAS, the famous French bullpup-style assault rifle, reminding them of their membership in the armed forces. Different fire stations of the Paris Fire Brigade organize each July 13 or 14th an evening dance party within the walls of the barracks, called Bal des pompiers (firemen's ball in English).

    History

    Founded in 1793 as the Corps des gardes-pompes de la ville de Paris and following the 23-hour Austrian Embassy Fire in 1810 became a military organisation by imperial decree by Emperor Napoléon. On 18 September 1811, it became the Bataillon de sapeurs-pompiers de Paris and was expanded to the Régiment de sapeurs-pompiers de Paris in 1867. On 1 March 1967 became the Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris.

    Selection and training


    The operational personnel (hommes du rang i.e. privates) are usually engaged for five years. They must have French nationality, be between 18 and 25 years old, have a clean criminal record and have at least a vocational training CAP certificate. The selection is three days long, with sports tests, psychomotor tests, medical examination, etc.

    Training takes place in the Instruction Grouping (Groupement d'instruction, GI), at the fort of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges. The first period lasts two months, with the first aid and first responder training, and basic military instruction (including shooting).

    The sapper then undertakes practical training of four months in an operational fire company (compagnie d'incendie); he takes part in personal assistance and utility safety operations.

    The sapper then returns to the Instruction Grouping for two further months for his fire training. He is then permanently attached to a fire company.

    Resources


    The BSPP consists of 8,550 personnel with 81 stations and facilities who conduct 1200 operations daily.

    463 pieces of equipment
    130 Pumpers
    63 Aerial Devices
    66 Ambulances
    71 Command and Patrol vehicles
    133 Special Engines
    Fireboats
    All terrain vehicles
    Four wheel drives

    The brigade is commanded by a Brigade General as part of the French Army's engineering arm.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Fire_Brigade
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    The new red uniform.

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    @Gessler @randomradio @GuardianRED @Hellfire @Agent_47 @Levina
     
  2. Vergennes

    Vergennes Strategist Staff Member MILITARY STRATEGIST

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    The emergency resuscitation ambulance celebrates its 50th anniversary with the Paris Fire Brigade !

    This new type of vehicle made it possible to quickly take care of seriously injured victims at the scene of the accident.

    50 years of difference !

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  3. Hellfire

    Hellfire Devil's Advocate Staff Member MODERATOR

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    The most under appreciated heroes of any nation :(
     
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  4. GuardianRED

    GuardianRED Captain FULL MEMBER

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    The reasoning behind having civil defence force such as this fire fighters under the army??? ... Are these forces also on rotation for combat??
     
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  5. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    They sure wax their trucks along with their shoes:biggthumpup:
     
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  6. Som Thomas

    Som Thomas 2nd Lieutant FULL MEMBER

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    Our emergency personnel are not at par with their western counterparts. We must start frequent exchange visit of these personnel’s so we can learn more.
     
    Last edited: Nov 11, 2017
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  7. Vergennes

    Vergennes Strategist Staff Member MILITARY STRATEGIST

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    It is an heritage of the XIXth century.

    Faced with the insufficiency of fire fighting at that time, Napoléon decided to reorganize and professionalize the firefighting response in Paris. (Notably after the fire of the Austrian embassy in 1810)
    By an Imperial decree in 1811, he entrusted this mission to a military corps, pledge of efficiency, the battalion of firefighters of Paris. Little by little, the trend was spreading to the communal volunteer fire brigades that are integrated into the National Guard.

    After 1871,there was a trend to demilitarize the communal fire brigades,but the Paris fire brigade retained its military status.

    The 1st article of the law on military status states that the military's mission is "to prepare by the force of arms,the defense of the motherland and the superior interests of the nation".
    But Paris is a particular case of "superior interests", by its geography and history. The law authorizes the Paris Fire Brigade to be armed.
    -
    As for the Marseille naval fire batallion,it was created by a decree dated on 29 July 1939, following the 28 October 1938 fire of the New Galleries, located on the Canebière, which caused the death of 73 people . The firefighters of Marseille,by the magnitude of the fire were disorganized,had obsolete equipments and lacked water. Admiral Muselier, commander of the Navy in Marseille, whose premises are located near the New Galleries, then requested reinforcements to Admiral Mottet, major general of the arsenal of Toulon.

    Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister of then, observed the professionalism of the Toulon marine brigade and the quality of their equipment. He then decided to entrust the security of Marseille to a military unit.

    The Paris Fire Brigade is part of the army,while the Marseille Naval Fire Batallion is part of the navy. Nowadays,a part from Marseille + Paris and its surrounding departements,all other French departements have civil fire services.

    In some large camps occupied by the French army abroad,detachments from the Paris Fire Brigade (and Marseille Naval Fire Batallion) might be sent to protect French soldiers and defend infrastructures. They also organize first-aid and fire procedure training courses. They may also develop cooperation with local firemen and can intervene as helpers on neighboring areas,provided that it's safe.

    They may have guns in their vehicles when sent abroad ! ;)
     
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  8. GuardianRED

    GuardianRED Captain FULL MEMBER

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    NNice .... It is great when a Armed forces and the nation understands the history and heritage of her forces and what they stand for!

    Can't say the same for the British - lots of historical regiments just gone /reformed due to budget cuts - case and point the Royal Gurkha Rifles :( .... Heck when i read abt the Dam Busters was disbanded- WTF !!! as least now they will reform and share the F35 with the naval arm - but still its just sad!

    India - well only those in the armed forces know - the rest ie the Govt and majority of the nation - well less said the better :(
     
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