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When the Chinese fought against the Indians in the 7th century

Discussion in 'Military History' started by Parmar Rajput Warrior, Aug 26, 2017.

  1. Parmar Rajput Warrior

    Parmar Rajput Warrior IDF NewBie

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    Many of the enthusiasts of Indian history would find it fascinating to know that Tang dynasty, one of the greatest Chinese Empires was involved in the political feud of Magadha, although for a brief period.

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    Xuanzang, famously known as Hiuen Tsang / Mokshadeva [in Sanskrit] in India traveled to India in search of Buddhist Knowledge and he was enchanted with India. He attended the court of Harsha of Pushyabhuthi dynasty, one of the great early medieval Indian emperors and was enamoured by him.

    As he returned to China in 645 CE, he was granted a great welcome by the Tang Emperor Emperor Taizong of Tang and even offered a ministerial post [which he politely declined].

    Nevertheless, Xuanzang played a key role as Harshavardhana and Taizong exchanged embassies for some time.

    During one such embassies , Harsha sent an embassy to Taizong during the end of his reign and in return, the Chinese emperor sent Wang Xuance, a diplomat with 30 subordinates to Harsha in 647–648 CE .

    Meanwhile, the death of Harsha of Pushyabhuthi dynasty in 647 CE created a political vacuum as he left no successors and his throne was usurped by Arunaswa.

    This new usurper attacked the Chinese and killed many of the members of the Chinese detachment. Wang Xuance escaped to Tibet. The Tibetan emperor, Songtsen Gampo, was a friend of Harsha and Taizong .

    After hearing the news of death of Harsha, the Tibetan emperor dispatched a formidable force of cavalry and infantry [consisted of Nepalese and Tibetans] under Wang Xuance to defeat the usurper, Arunaswa and in this process, the king of Assam, Bhaskar Varman [who was also a friend of Harsha] helped them.

    The Chinese diplomat , with the Nepalese and Tibetan army and with the help of another India King defeated the Indian usurper and took him as a political prisoner to the Chinese Emperor’s court.

    This is how the Chinese fought against the Indians in the 7th century.

    [Source]
     
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  2. zebra7

    zebra7 Captain FULL MEMBER

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    This is the Nepali source


    With the growth of close relations between Nepal and Tibet, Nepal became well known to China as well. In 648-49, during the reign of Narendradeva, son of Udayadeva II, who is believed to have succeeded his father to the kingship in 643, with the help of Tibet, the Nepalese and Tibetan forces combined to avenge an insult offered by a chief of Tirhut (Tirabhukti) to an embassy from China, led by [Wang Xuance] and proceeding to Harsha’s court. This chief of Tirhut is described incorrectly in Chinese accounts as the usurper of Harsha’s throne. [Ram Rahul/Making of Modern NepalInternational Studies 16:1]


    This is chinese source

    The great King Siladitya, who called himself King of Magadha, is mentioned as having sent a mission to the T’ang Emperor after his interviews with the Buddhist monk Yuanchuang, which arrived in 641,in answer to which a Chinese envoy, Li Yipiao, was sent to India. Another mission arrived with offerings of pearls, incense and p’uti fFicus religiosa) trees, and Wang Yuants’e was sent to India, the Kings of the otner four divisions of which all sent tribute.

    At this time the King of Central India, Siladitya, died, and one of his ministers, who had usurped the government, led troops against Yuants’e, who, having only a following of thirty horsemen, fought with them, but their arrows being soon exhausted, they were captured, the foreign troops plundering all the tribute offerings from the other countries. Yuants’e escaped alone in the night, and fled to the T’ufan, who led 1200 well-armed warriors, together with over 7000 Nepal horsemen, to follow Yuants’e. He and the assistant envoy, Chiang Shihjen, led the troops of tbe two countries, and advanced as far as the capital of Central India, where they fought for three days in succession, and inflicted a great defeat, cutting off 3,000 heads, while some 10,000 were drowned in the river; the minister was taken, and brought back with them to the imperial capital, where they arrived in 648.[SW Bushell/The Early History of Tibet. From Chinese Sources/JRAS 12:4]

    Now strangely, when did Nepal was under the Chinese possession, and Tibet was also an Autonomous Region with Chinese providing the military support.

    Around the same time, when Korea broke off tributary relations, Bushell cites Chinese records saying that the “Son of Heaven himself led a million warriors across the Liao (river) to chastise it, overthrew its cities and destroyed its armies..”
     
    Last edited: Aug 26, 2017
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  3. sangos

    sangos Lt. Colonel ELITE MEMBER

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    The same battle in Kungfu Yoga. Chan is the Tang special forces versus Indian villain(Arunsava) on elephant.
     
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