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Whoever Wins On 11 March, Beware, UP Is A Big, Big Mess

Discussion in 'National Politics' started by Levina, Mar 1, 2017.

  1. Levina

    Levina Admin- Social media Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    Whoever Wins On 11 March, Beware, UP Is A Big, Big Mess
    Shantanu Gupta - Mar 01, 2017, 4:25 pm

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    Who is responsible for the poor governance and abysmal performance of Uttar Pradesh?

    The book, Uttar Pradesh Vikas Ki Pratiksha Mein (Uttar Pradesh waiting for development), has put on record how the state is struggling with poor power supply, bad roads, pathetic law and order condition, poor education and lack of employment.




    Only five countries in the world have population larger than that of Uttar Pradesh. With close to 2.2 million people, the state accounts for 16.5 per cent of India’s population, but contributes only 8.5 per cent to the gross domestic product (GDP). In contrast, Gujarat accounts for 5 per cent of the country’s population and contributes 7.5 per cent to the GDP. This clearly shows how Uttar Pradesh eats into India’s resources, rather than contributing to it.



    The anti-corruption movement of Anna Hazare and Baba Ramdev and the development-focused election campaign of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 has changed the electoral discourse of the country for decades to come. In my book, Uttar Pradesh Vikas Ki Pratiksha Mein (Uttar Pradesh waiting for development) I have documented how the state is struggling with poor power supply, bad roads, pathetic law and order condition, poor education and lack of employment. Who is responsible for this pathetic condition of Uttar Pradesh? The political class of the state is so focused on identity politics that it cares little for the state’s development.



    India’s population is mainly young and Uttar Pradesh is no exception. To exploit this demographic dividend, we need the youth to be engaged in meaningful employment, entrepreneurship or research. For employment, the state needs a vibrant industry. Speaking at a business conference organised by the Centre for Public Policy Research (CPPR), at the Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow, Anil Gupta of Indian Industries Association said when Mayawati was chief minister, it was very hard to meet her to discuss the problems related to industry. But while the current chief minister, Akhilesh Yadav, is very approachable, he too did nothing.

    In the ease of doing business rankings of states, a joint endeavour of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion and the World Bank, Uttar Pradesh was placed tenth in 2015; in 2016, its position slipped to fourteenth. This coupled with bad law and order conditions, entrepreneurs are not enthused about setting up or expanding industry in Uttar Pradesh.

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    This article is part of our special coverage of the Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh


    If a state does not have a good industrial and entrepreneurial environment, the youth will want to migrate to greener pastures for jobs. For that they need the right education and skills. Unfortunately, Uttar Pradesh fails them in this as well. According to the ASER report by Pratham, not even 35 per cent of the fifth grade children in Uttar Pradesh can read a Hindi text meant for the second grade. In higher education, 50 per cent of the engineering seats in the state still go empty, as there are no proper job placements, research or entrepreneurship initiatives by Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU).

    On the skill building side, the Uttar Pradesh Skill Development Mission (UPSDM) is better known for non-payment of dues to training partners, and the only thing it can boast of is its IIM-Ahmedabad and Cambridge-returned minister, Abhishek Mishra.

    The availability of high quality uninterrupted power is another requirement for industries to function smoothly. According to Alok Pratap Singh, a power sector expert who worked with the Uttar Pradesh State Electricity Board (UPSEB) for a decade, the connected load of the state is around 50,000 MW. But since the state has not been getting 24X7 power supply for decades, no one knows the real requirement of the state. Different estimates put the state’s requirement at around 25,000 MW of power, but Uttar Pradesh produces just 2500 MW. It buys electricity, but this still fall short of anything between 5000 MW to 9000 MW. Unfortunately, successive governments over the last 15 years have done little to bridge this gap; instead they have been more interested in preparing the rosters for power-cuts on the basis of their voter base.

    All that comes to mind when one talks of the public health delivery system of the state is the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) scam during Mayawati’s tenure, which is marked by the murder of chief medical officers and siphoning of huge amounts marked for the health mission through fake bills.

    Yes, there are some counts, where Uttar Pradesh is number one. National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) data show that Uttar Pradesh is number one in many crimes, especially those against women. The sensational rape and assault incidents at Badaun, Bulandshahar and Bareilly paint a very unsafe picture of the state. With such a record, Akhilesh Yadav’s tall claims of a 1090 women helpline look very hollow.

    The poor state of law and order also affect the business environment. Because of multiple cases of theft and assaults on courier delivery agents, many e-commerce companies don’t deliver products of high value in Uttar Pradesh and also hesitate to exercise the cash on delivery option in the state.

    In its manifesto, Akhilesh Yadav has claimed that his government completed the 300-km Agra-Lucknow expressway and the 8-km Lucknow Metro in record time. However the Allahabad High Court in a 9 February 2017 order has asked the chief minister and the Samajwadi Party to refrain from false declarations as both the projects are not completed and still not commissioned.

    Poor governance and the abysmal development indices of Uttar Pradesh still keep it under the age old BiMaRU (diseased) tag, even as Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh have successfully moved themselves out of this label. Uttar Pradesh is going through a fierce triangular electoral contest. Five phases of voting are over and two more phases remain. The results on 11 March will be crucial for the people of Uttar Pradesh who are eagerly waiting for it to develop and exploit its full potential.

    Shantanu Gupta, is the founder of a leading youth-based organisation, Yuva Foundation, working on spreading awareness on policy, politics and social issues among youth. His book, Uttar Pradesh Vikas Ki Pratiksha Mein, has been published by Bloomsbury.
     
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  2. IndiranChandiran

    IndiranChandiran BANNED BANNED

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    Sometimes , I wonder why didn't the UP - BJP unit declare itself amenable to the idea of bifurcating UP into 3 states & gone into the current elections with such a pledge .That would be in keeping with the RSS agenda which calls for smaller more governable states , would be in sync with the pro development image of NDA-2 led by Modi and it would bisect the opposition ( knowing that the SP would be vehemently opposed to such a claim where as the BSP would be for it as Mayawati declared it on the eve of the last state elections ) .UP as it exists today is far too vast & unwieldy to have any bit of pro developmental activity undertaken which would help lift a massive amount of its populace from the depths of poverty .I haven't seen any news or policy which disputes this claim .Which leaves me baffled as to why can't Modi & his team undertake major structural reform .

    There are times when I feel like endorsing Arun Shourie's claim of the incumbent administration being similar to the previous one + cow.
    I realise I'm being a bit harsh but there seems to be no big ticket ideas to impart a massive lift to the body polity & economy as of today .
    Granted the economic outlook is sluggish internationally & the PM or his team can't be accused of not trying .Add to that the massive mess left behind by the previous government in practically every sphere of administration would in all likelihood call for a massive clean up exercise which seems to be ongoing ( we can see as much in the Def Min).

    Further , we haven't seen any major scam ( financial or otherwise ) in the nearly 3 years of the incumbent administration .While that's a given in any mature democracy and can hardly qualify as an achievement , this is India .
     
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  3. Levina

    Levina Admin- Social media Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    BJP is not new to state reorganization and bifurcations. Remember Chhattishgarh, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand were all formed during the NDA government?
    If I'm not wrong BJP manifesto (LS-2014) did mention greater decentralization through smaller states.

    It makes a lot of sense to split a state that has 75 districts.
    Since Mayawati had already passed a resolution to divide UP into Awadh, Purvanchal, Bundelkhand and Paschim pradesh, the legitimacy to start consultations on UP's division already exists.That makes things easier for BJP govt if it gets elected.
    Modi being notorious for giving us surprises like demonetization i have a feeling that this too might happen. :)
     
  4. IndiranChandiran

    IndiranChandiran BANNED BANNED

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    I don't think so.Had that been the case , they would have announced that in the run up to the state elections & floored the opposition besides earning an electorate .

    It's the lack of ideas from the incumbent government at the center which is worrying me .They seemed to have slipped in a shell as it were .They've turned status quo ist.
     
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  5. Levina

    Levina Admin- Social media Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    I'm sure formation of Jharkhand, Chattisgarh etc were also not mentioned during the election campaigns back then. But then it happened. Right?
    So lets not be pessimistic about it.





    I swear why does it hurt when somebody calls Modi's govt incumbent? Am i a Modi Bhakt too? #Introspection #SelfRealisation etc etc :girl_wacko:
     
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  6. IndiranChandiran

    IndiranChandiran BANNED BANNED

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    You have a point .




    That's the formal way .The British way of describing it.Its old fashioned journalism .Referring to it as the Modi Administration is more the American press 's way of describing it.
     
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  7. Robinhood Pandey

    Robinhood Pandey SECOND IN COMMAND Staff Member SECTION CHIEF

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    Looking at the demographics of UP dividing it will be disastrous.

    any state with "peaceful majority" in this region will be like getting Kashmir in the middle of India.

    that is the reason they never divided it after Uttarakhand.
     
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  8. Levina

    Levina Admin- Social media Staff Member ADMINISTRATOR

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    This is how it would have looked had it been divided. Which part do you think will get the peaceful majority? lol


    upload_2017-3-1_17-10-38.png
     
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  9. IndiranChandiran

    IndiranChandiran BANNED BANNED

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    That's conventional thinking .Percentage of population of Muslims in UP is 20% as per the census of 2011.

    More than 50% of this population is concentrated in western UP .It's been argued that if a state of western UP came into being , they would constitute 30% of the population .We already have Assam where the Muslims constitute around 30% of the population .Kerala & WB will be there in a couple of decades .

    Moreover , there's a section which argues that polarisation of votes occur in case the percentage of minority population goes beyond an certain threshold .

    In a left of centre party , that causes alarm .In a right wing party , they'd actually welcome it .
     
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  10. IndiranChandiran

    IndiranChandiran BANNED BANNED

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    This seems like the way to go in order to address the fears you've mentioned in your post !@Robinhood Pandey
     
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  11. Robinhood Pandey

    Robinhood Pandey SECOND IN COMMAND Staff Member SECTION CHIEF

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    You do know that the only proposal ever floated to divide UP after UK was only in three parts and this map you are showing is about linguistic and cultural demographic ?

    western UP already has a 30%+ peacefuls . .u know what does that mean in a state election ?

    That many states out of UP ?

    good luck with it :)
     
  12. Lion of Rajputana

    Lion of Rajputana Lieutenant FULL MEMBER

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    It's a tough situation, you can't have a state as big as Bihar or UP; but even more than that, you simply cannot have another Muslim majority state or even a state with 30% Muslim population. Both these scenarios are simply unacceptable, so the present Government better get creative and find a way to split up UP without laying the foundations for a major demographic headache in the future.
     

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